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Fifth Series, Volame LXXXII.

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No. 2567.— September 16, 1893. {

From Beginning
Vol. OXCVIII.

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CONTENTS.
I. A VISIT TO PRINCE BISMARCK. By
George W. Smalley, .

Fortnightly Review, .
II. THE HELGORN. A Welsh Mystery.
By Edward Laws,

Temple Bar,
III. GILBERT WHITE OF SELBORNE. By
W. Warde Fowler,

Macmillan's Magazine,
IV. A GROUP OF NATURALISTS. By Mrs.
Andrew Crosse,

Temple Bar,
V. CHARLES BAUDELAIRE AND EDGAR
PoE:

A LITERARY AFFINITY. By
Esmè Stuart,

Nineteenth Century,
VI. NEW ORLEANS A HUNDRED YEARS
AGO,

Bailey's Journal,

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Single copies of the LIVING AGE, 18 cents.

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TO DAISY.

And so I took that busy sprite, Your eyes, my sweetest Daisy, own the That was my helper and delight,

hue A German singer erstwhile gave to sly

And drove him far before my fears

And cleansed his dwelling with my tears. ness ; They are not black, my dear, nor brown,

But since I turned him out of door nor blue,

I sing my happy songs no more.
And never droop from shyness.

MAUDE EGERTOX KING.
The saucy piquancy of your pert chin,
Recalls the conch which, borne on West-

ern waves,
Comes from the gulf 'mid ocean's warring

BEFORE THE DAYBREAK. din

BEFORE the daybreak shines a star To charm our Cornish caves.

That in the day's full glory fades ; Your ears, my love, no pink and white of Too fiercely bright is the great light pearl

That her pale-gleaming lamp upbraids. Could carver set more deftly 'neath the hair ;

Before the daybreak sings a bird They woo to wonder with their curve and

That stills her song at morning's light;

Too loud for her is the day's stir, curl, In flowerlike beauty rare.

The woodland's thousand-tongued de

light. Your nose in all its beauty fain I'd sing,

Its dainty curves deserve a stately rhyme; Ah! great the honor is, to shine But who in words could shape so fair a

A light wherein no traveller errs ; thing,

And rich the prize, to rank divine
And make those words keep time ?

Among the world's loud choristers.
No opening bud's so tempting as the lips But I would be that paler star,
Which, archly pursed, await your lover's And I would be that lonelier bird,
kiss ;

To shine with hope while hope's afar,
And, ah ! his joy when he that nectar sips ! And sing of love when love's unheard.
He thinks this queer life bliss.

F. D. BOURDILLOX. Yet ill it is, my Daisy, when the heart Yearns deathlessly for one so sweet of

face; But doubts much if the soul hath any part

THE SEA-SONG, In all the outward grace.

THERE is no song unto the sea unknown. Public Opinion. FRANK BANFIELD, With wild dance-melodies and laughter

low, Its happy ripples frolic to and fro; With passionate love-lays breathed in un

dertone, ALAS!

It woos the quiet night ; with wailing moan, A LITTLE thought of doubtful kin

It sobs to clouded skies its tale of woe; Came housed himself my heart within, With triumph-song as o'er some ran

quished foe, And spied about, and furled his wings,

It passes on with foamy locks wind-blown. And tried my heart's long silent strings,

And dirges to the dying ear it brings, And to the sound he wakened there

And requiems chanted soft of waves that I sang a song upon the air ;

weep, A song, and songs, and ever more,

And strange dead-marches, as with I never sang so sweet before :

muffled drums,

It beats on lonely shores ; and when Until a whisper came and stayed

night comes, The sweetest songs I ever made,

A tender, crooning lullaby it sings, And told me, 'twas a very sin

Rocking its own unto eternal sleep. Had made himself so snug within !

Spectator.

M. C. GILLINGTON.

I.

From The Fortnightly Review. neither that seclusion which the EnA VISIT TO PRINCE BISMARCK,

glishman thinks the first condition of

agreeable country life, nor that stateliWHEN the Emperor William First ness or splendor which one might exgave Friedrichsruh to Prince Bismarck, pect in an emperor's gift to his great it certainly was not with any thought chancellor, a gift in acknowledgment of of the convenience of the German peo- the empire which the servant had beple. It cannot have occurred to him stowed on his sovereign. But the Gerthat they were concerned in the mat- mans have their own views in these, ter, or that a day would ever come as in other matters, which, sooner or when the prince would be an exile later, they contrive generally to justify from power, and when the nearness of to the world. In 1871 the house, or so Friedrichsruh to Hamburg might have much of it as then existed, was, or had a certain influence upon his relations been, a kind of inn, or boarding-house, to his fellow-subjects, and upon theirs of brick faced with pale yellow stucco, to him. Yet so it is. The accessibility the window-frames and doors of a of the place encourages pilgrimages brighter, brown-yellow ; no architecture and visits. When Prince Bismarck to speak of. It has since been doubled goes to his other estate at Varzin, in and trebled in size, and has become á the far north-east of Prussia, a day's spacious, comfortable mansion, quite journey by rail from Berlin, the pil devoid of external decorative features. grimages and visits become much less But it has angles and gables, with a frequent. Now events have taken such balcony or two and a broad terrace ; a turn that Prince Bismarck's commu- the trees dignify the edifice, the shadnications with the world he used to ows softening the hard outlines, and govern have come to depend on this on the side towards the forest the rather casual intercourse; except, in- charm of the place becomes evident. deed, when he has occasion to journey A few steps have carried you far away through the land. Then we see the from the glare and noise, and from the journey become a kind of progress ; world, and you find yourself in a forest. last year's the most remarkable of all. It was, in fact, not the house but the But when residing at Friedrichsruh he estate which must be considered the receives some visitors and many visits emperor's offering ; an estate of thirty - leputations from far and near, stu- thousand acres, all in timber. There denis, societies, schools, statesmen, in- is no cultivated land. The village of dividuals. And these are the occasions Friedrichsruh was built by a certain on which he is likely to say something, count who owned a small shootingso that Friedrichsruh has become a lodge there. When Prince Bismarck kind of platform from which its owner first came, the house was so far from addresses his fellow-countrymen and being tenantable that he stayed at the the rest of mankind. Never, as I said, lodge of the forest-keeper, beyond the could it have entered into the head of stream which divides the house from liis old comrade and emperor that a the greater part of the wood. There it use of this kind would be found for his was that he first made acquaintance imperial gift.

with his new property, which he, with The station of Friedrichsruh is but his love of nature anıl of country life, forty minutes by rail from Hamburg, and perhaps of trees above all, perand the house not more than two min-ceived at once to be a noble domain. utes' drive from the station. The train But that is an impression which to the passes within a hundred yards of the visitor comes later. As we drove from entrance, and you get your first view the station along the sandy road parof the mansion from the window of the allel with the railway, it was the house railway carriage. The expresses be- and not much else that we became tween Berlin and Hamburg roar past aware of; trees about it on three sides many times a day. The house has evidently, but the house stands out and

we

at any

is placed so near the road that you pull | quired, I believe, that we should have up at the front door almost as soon as presented ourselves first to the master you have passed the gate. We were of the house, but the German, strict met at the door by Prince Bismarck's himself and strict with his own people, secretary, Dr. Chrysander. The name is tolerant to the foreigner. The greetsounds like that of a Greek. He is not ings on either side passed very much a Greek, however, but an accomplished as they might in England or America

. young German with a knowledge of Not quite so when we sat down. Places English and an amiability of character for both of us had been left on either by which we profited in many ways.

side of Prince Bismarck, as if in recogWe were to have arrived for luncheon nition of the interest which to us, as to at half past twelve, but were late, and the rest of the world, centred in him. the family had already gone in, and The princess took her former seat at

were asked to follow at once. the side near the upper end; if it was There was time to notice that we stood not the lower. in an entrance-ball of some size, its I own myself embarrassed, or, fittings in a light varnished wood, with rate, much perplexed, as I set down two long stands for coa on one of these particulars, and think of others which hung a large, full, blue military that are to come, and of my position as coat, with red facings, and broad fur the narrator of them. The reader may collar; easy to imagine what figure also be perplexed, and in his interest and it had enveloped. Thence through a mine perhaps I had better say what had morning-room to the right, furnished, happened. I had been asked to Friedlike all the rooms we saw, with sim- richsruh before now, but had not gone. plicity ; thence into the dining-room When this visit was arranged I said I where, at the farther end of the long would either put the journalist wholly dining-table, sat Prince Bismarck. The aside, or, if Prince Bismarck saw fit, it room is some thirty feet by twenty, might be understood that I should use with grey painted walls crowded with my own discretion and either say nothpictures, the windows looking on the ing or say what I thought best. It was terrace and a balcony. Here it was left in that way. Certainly I did not go that we first felt as if the outer world to Friedrichsruh to “ interview" Prince had been left behind, for from these Bismarck, nor did I interview him, nor windows only woods, and meadows, could I interrogate him, nor shall I and stream were visible ; the meadow repeat much of what he said. If I dean amphitheatre rising beyond the scribe, though in the briefest way,

the water and enclosed by the not distant interior of a private house, and even the forest, with which here you became at inhabitants of it, it is because Prince once on intimate terms. The furniture Bismarck is indisputably the first public of the room not remarkable, except the man of his time, and belongs to history ; high, straight-backed, deep, capacious even, to some slight extent, to that armchair, covered with smooth black contemporary history which is called or, perhaps, very dark green leather, in journalism ; and the world does, I supwhich the prince sat. Princess Bis- pose, care to see as much of him as it marck's place was not opposite, but at can, and likes a glimpse of his hone the side next the windows near the and home life, which he is not unother end ; on the other side the Count- willing to allow. The frame, as well as ess von Rantzau, their daughter, whose the portrait, is interesting. The world, husband is German minister at the of course, would like to have some Hague; and two other ladies.

things it ought not to have and cannot The prince and princess rose and have. There are limits which I hope came forward to welcome us. The not to overpass. If I do, or if I convey princess being nearest the entrance, I a wrong impression of him, or of his spoke first to her, and introduced E. opinions and feelings on any point, the Strict German etiquette would have re-responsibility is mine. I am availing myself of a permission of which the thing, that of the host anxious to wel. obligations are the more imperative be- come his guests. Almost his first word cause it was freely given.

was a regret that the clocks at FriedI had last seen Prince Bismarck in richsruh did not keep what he called 1888, in the Reichstag ; and on various mid-German railway time ; an artificial occasions before that, notably one even- sort of time, based on an average of ing in his palace in the Wilhelmstrasse differences for the zone in which it is - the old one — of which I have many observed, and extremely helpful to the memories. But never till now had I punctuality and smooth working of the seen him except in uniform, whether in German railway system. “Still,” said public or private, in Parliament or in he, “here in Friedrichsruh we must the street, or as a figure in a military have the real time.” All his life long he parade. I don't know that he ever ap- has clung to realities, the make-believe peared or spoke, whether in the Prus- having no attraction for him nor, to his sian Diet or in the Reichstay, otherwise mind, any validity in public or private than in a soldier's dress. Soldier he affairs. has always been, and still is, and noth

There are

more Prince Bismarcks ing seems to be dearer to him than the than one, and the one which the world military character, as, indeed, it is to knows best may not be the most real of most Prussians. The civilian in Prus- all, uor quite like the one who reveals sia has ever been, and still is, an inferior himself in his own home to his guests, being; minister, chancellor, whatever E. and I were both, as we afterwards he is, he must be a soldier also if lie is agreed, struck by the same thing at to be on a level with the soldier and first — by the kindliness, the geniality one of that military caste which in Prus- of manner, the human and friendly sia is, in one sense, the true aristocracy quality in him which came at once to of the country, if for no other reason the surface, when it was the moment than because the aristocrat belongs in- for the expression of this quality, just variably to the profession of arms. as a different side of his character be: Prince Bismarck, when I first saw him came evident when the circumstances in 1866, was a major of cuirassiers. were different. It is fair in judging i He has risen — slowly, inasmuch as he man to put aside, if one can, what one has had other things than soldiering to has heard, and to judge with one's own do — to be general, and that is his rank eyes and ears. The English courts in the army to-day.

have never liked hearsay evidence or He was now in black from head to second-hand testimony. If everybody foot ; black double-breasted frock-coat, is to base his belief on somebody else's buttoned to the throat across the chest, observation, how is a genuine impresrelieved by no order or decoration, or siou to be had ? The word which any touch of color, except that he wore comes most frequently to one's mind, round his neck a pale yellow, or per- in thinking it all over, is simplicity or haps cream-colored, soft silk neckcloth, sincerity ; that and, during the time something like the cravat which pre- you are with him, courtesy — courtesy vailed in England in the earlier part of not to us only but to everybody, anıl the century, but less voluminous and you shall by and by see it shown in antied carelessly.

He wore no collar. other and not less charming way. To He wore his coat, as E. said, like a suppose that the first diplomatist of his uniform. It set off the breadth of the time wears his heart on his sleeve, shoulders, the depth of the chest, and whether of a black coat or a uniform, is the whole huge framework and vast absurd. I do not mean anything so body which of itself seemed to fill the absurd. What I do mean is that these room, whether he stood or sat. He amiable and friendly, or, as I called towered far above everybody. His them, human traits are just as true as manner, when he walked down the those by which he is more comm

mmonly room as we came in was, above every-, known.

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