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EDINBURGH MAGAZINE,

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CONTENTS:
Page

Page

Register of the Weather for July, 2 Account of the Life and Writings

High Water at Leith for August, ib. of the late John Maclauring Esq.

Letter to the Editor, on the Ques of Dreghorn ; one of the Sena-

tion, " Whether the Difference tors of the College of Justice, 36

perceptible in the human Mind

Remarkable longeviry of the Inha.

is the result of original Organi. bitants of New Galloway,

44

zation, or of Education ?" 3 Present State of Religion in

Original Letters from the late Mr.

France,

Sheridan, to Mr Samuel Whyte, Remarks of Mr Bofwell's Ac-.

Dublin,

4

count of the Difference between

Extracts from Horace Walpole's Dr Johnson and Mr Sheridan, 49

Works,

6 The real History of the Gold Me.

Character of Lord Chesterfield, 7 dal given to the Author of the

Deseription of the View,

8 Tragedy of Douglasi -53

Description of the Manners and Books and Pamphlets published

Adions of the Deftrus Equi, 9

in London in June 1798, - 54

A Parody of Lord Chesterfield's, History of Adonai and Almanza,

Letters to his Son,

an Oriental Tale,

Remarks on the Government, Re..

POETRY.

ligion, Courthip, Marriage,

Cuftoms, and Manners of the Choral Ode in the Oedipus Tyran-

Natives of New South Wales,. 12 nus of Sophocles,

бо

Curious Particulars of the Cruel. The Dryad's warning,

ib.

ties exercised towards Louis The Soldier, a Fragment,

61

XVI. during his Confinement, The Beggar Girl, a Song,

in the Temple,

18 Ode to the Spirit of Freshness, 63

Hogarth's Anecdotes of his own

Life,

26 Proceedings of Parliament,

Character of Sir Robert Walpole, Interesting Intelligence from the

by Governor Pownall,

29

London Gazettes,

70

Major Rennell's and Mr Edwards's Affairs in Scotland,

76

Report to the African Associa. Births and Marriages,

77

tion,

78

А

State

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64

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H. M.

H. M.

46

4o 7 28-

54 69

0.055 | Rain

5668

State of the BAROMETER in inches, and decimals, || H igh Water at Lerth

and of Farenheit's THERMOMETER in the open

for AUGUST 1798.

air, taken in the morning before sun rise, and

Morn. Even.

at noon; and the quantity of rain-water fallen,

Days.

in inches and decimals, from July ift to 31st, w. 1.

5 26– 5

in the vicinity of Edinburgh.

6 6 6 26

F.

3.

7 7

1798. Barom. Thermom. Rain. Weather. Sa.

7 50

July

In. Pts.

Su. 5. 8 12- 8 36

O 9 25

Cloudy

29.355 1 55

T.

29.305 56 71

7. 9 SI-10 '9

Clear

W. 8. 10 48-Il 18

3 29.505

Th. 9. IT 49-11 59

4 29.411

56 73

5 29.355 56 | 73 0.035

Showers

I 22-

29.319

Rain

0.115

Rain

5667 0.08

7

223-252

21

29 38 5270

Clear

T. 14. 4 14 4 41

9 29-445 55 70

Showers

0.035

lo

29.4255469

Rain

0.195

II

6 23

29.385 55 70

0.09

Rain

F. 17. 648-

12

Shower

7 13

29.35

Sa. 18. 7 3948 5

13 29.325 53

66

Cloudy

14 29.285 51

68

Su. 19. 8 314 8 58

Rain

0.015

15

9 25 9 52

29.23

0.245

Rain

T. 21. 'IO 9-10 47

16 29.275

0.08 Ditto

W. 22. II 13-ID 40

53

66

17. | 29.4

Shower

0.025

18 29.64

51

66

Th. 23. 11 59

Rain

0.055

19 29.55

- O 55

53

68

Clear

I 191 42

20. 29.255

66

54

Su. 26.

21

28.75

0.215

Rain

22 | 29.365

2 48 3 8

5265

0.00-5

Shower

T. 28.

23 29.54 52 65 0.05

Rain

3 29- 3 49

24 29.55

W. 29. 4 10 4 30

0.02

Shower

66

25 29.715 | 53

Clear

Th. 30. 450-5 II

26

F. 31. 530 5.51

29.705

0.045

Shower

27 | 29.81 55 70

Clear

MOON.

28 29.755 56 68

0.02

Shower

29

29.9

Clear

Lat Qrtr. 4. IO 3 morn.

30 29.8

0.06 Rain

New Moon II.

II IS after.

31 | 29.563 | 55 | 63 | 0.25 Rain

First Qrer. 18. I 53 morn.

Full Moon 26. 9 15 after.

Quantity of Rain 2.435

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56619

T HE

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE,

OR

LITERARY MISCELLANY,

FOR JULY 1798.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE EDINBURGH MAGAZINE. SIR, THE HE question, Whether the dif- fons can receive the same instruc.

ference perceptible in the hu- tion. “What is necessary,” says he, man mind is the result of original “ in order that two individuals should organization, or merely of the educa- be educated in the same manner that tion received ? is yet undetermined: they should be in precisely the same the principal champion of the latter fituation: now this is what can never opinion is Helvetius, a name of great take place." This reasoning deserves weight : he regards the understand. confideration : perhaps the same indiing, the virtue, and the genius of vidual objects cannot be set before man, as altogether the product of in two perfons ; but in unorganized, as struction or education. He afferts, well as organized beings, we discern that “it is at the very inftant when that many of them have the same a child receives motion and life, that principalmodes and relations, and pofit receives its first instruction.” Dif. sess several properties in common with ference of disposition shews itself at a each other, so as to form a class by very early period: often the most themselves, distinguished by a geneAriking diffimilarity is obvious be. ral name applicable to every indivi. tween two children not above nine dual of that class. I conceive, then, months old : at that age, the only that two persons may be said to be ideas the child can be supposed to educated in precisely the same man• have received, are two or three of the ner, when, although the objects which moft forcible and simple kind, as hun- surround them are not individually ger, thirst, cold, heat, &c. which pro- the same, yet they belong to the fame bably happen to, and operate alike class, and excite the fame sensations upon all; but if the mind is complete. when they are the objects of thought. ly the creature of sensation, unifor. If you give this paper a place in mity of temper would be the confe. your Magazine, more light may be quence; as this is far from being the thrown upon the question by some case, the difficulty is only to be solv- of your correspondents. ed, by allowing that fimilar sensations produce different effects, according

I am, Sir, yours, &c. to the conftitution of mind. Helve. Alnwick, 16 July 1798.

R. R. tius rejects the idea that any two per.

A 2

ORIGINAY

From Whyte's Poems, third edition. To Mr Samuel Whytė, Master of the the act, in which, through your

English Grammar Schools in Graf- friendly and disinterested exertions, ton-ftreet, Dublin.

I am concerned ; nor mentioned the DEAR SAM!

time that it will be proper for me to You OUR long-expected letter has go to Ireland. I should be glad you

at length arrived without date. would take the first opportunity of You mention in it that it was writ conveying a copy of the ad to Mr the poft after Mr Sheen's, but by Chamberlaine, because there are fume some ftrange fatality it has been fix points on which I would take advice weeks longer in its passage. I own in London, before my setting out your long silence astonished me, and for Dublin. And now, my dear raised in me maoy mortifying reflec- Sam! I must tell vou, that withtions. The general neglect which I out your farther affiftance it will experienced from all quarters in my be impoflible for me to reap the bediftreft situation, created in me such nefit of what you have done for me. an apathy for all the affairs of this From the perpetual fluctuation, in life, that I was almost brought to the ministry, the payments are no wish to pass the rest of my days longer punctual at the Treafury.

There now due to me a year of my Oblitufque meorum obliviscendus et illis.

penfion; and at the moment I am But

your last has hewn me that writing to you I am reduced to my friendship is 'not entirely banished laft Louis.

I had relied upon refrom the earth. I find that it is to ceiving about fifty pound from shcen, your care solely I am indebted for for the books and a year's rent of a the turn my affairs have taken, and certain farm at Quilca. But this I it pleased me the more, as you are find, without any notice given me, the only perfun living to whom I has been forestalled, and sheen writes would wish to owe such an obligati- me word that he has not a fhilling on.

Your filence during the trans- to spare. I had before applied to action carries its excuse with it. It some friends in England, who had was better on every account that the made large professions to me; but I attempt should be made without my find, by an obstinate filence on their privity. And to deal ingenuously part, that nothing is to be expected with you, had you consulted me, I from them. My role reliance at should never hav consented to it. present is upon you ; nor hould I But as the thing has passed with so have the least doubt upon me, if much credit to me, the whole ho. your abilities were equal to your nour and merit of it is

yours. What good will. But I must conjure you I mentioned in a former, relative to by all that is sacred in friendship to an act of Parliament, had no refer raise a hundred pounds for me, as ence to any such act to be made in [peedily as you can, and convey it to Ireland, of which I had not the least William Whately, Esq; banker in idea, but to an English act paired London, for my use; on the receipt the sessions before for the relief of of which I will immediately set out insolvent debtors, with the nature of for England in my way to Dublin. which I desired to be made acquain. Mrs Sheridan and the children will ted..... You have not made me ac. continue in France, 'till my affairs quainted with the circumstances of are settled, and after that you may

rely

rely upon it, that this is the first debt with the happy circumstance of relI shall think myself bound to dif. toring Mrs Sheridan to a perfect charge. I need not say more upon good itate of health, a blefling which this head, I am sure your utmost en: he had not known for ten years bedeavours will not be wanting to serve fore ; and this alone would make me me in this exigence, and to complete think it a fortunate event which what you have so well begun. drove us hither. But I have other

And now I must give you some reasons to bless this event. It has account of what we have been doing afforded me an opportunity of aefince our arrival at Blois. I have quiring two of the most useful kinds long since finished the dictionary, and of knowledge, which one can be pof. have got together the greatest part feffed of in this life, I mean a knowof the materials for the grammar, ledge of the world, and a knowledge which only want being reduced into of myself. To know the world well, order. I have likewife almost finish- one must cease to be an actor in the ed a volume of dialogues on the busy scene of life, and be contented English language, to serve as a pre- to be an humble spectator ; and to parative for the other work. The know one's self well, long unintermore I reflect on the general use rupted leisure for self examination, which must be made of this work at a distance from the turbulence and wherever English is taught, the more feductions of the world, is effeatially I am convinced that the profits of it necessary. The result of my reflecwill be considerable, and that if I tions with regard to the world has keep the right of the Copy to my- been the same with that of the wise self (which is my delign) it will be man, that it is, Vanity of Vanities. an estate to my family. I have fi- But I have not like him ended my nished a grammar tov in English and enquiries there. My mind could neFrench, for the use of all foreigners ver rest in fo dispiriting a conclusion, who understand French, that are de- it naturally led me to the considerafirous of attaining a knowledge of tion of another life, where all that is the English tongue by an easy and amiss here will be rectified. And Mort method. I have also drawn up after the most unprejudiced enquia grammar in English to facilitate ries, I remained in the full convicti. the attainment or the French tongue on, that it is from religion alone that to all who fpeak English. A work we can hope for contentment in this much wanted, and which I began at life, or happiness in a future one : first for the use of my children, upon and the result of my self examinatie finding the great imperfection of all on was, a determined resolution to hitherto published with that view. make her sacred dictates the guide Mrs Sheridan has writ a comedy cal- of all my future actions. Don't led a l'rip to Bath, in which some think, Sam ! that either superstition good judges in England find a great or melancholy have had the least in. deal of merit. She has also made Auence on this occasion, for I have two additional volumes to the me not a grain of either in my compofimoirs of Sidney, and has begun a tion; it has been the effect of a long, tragedy in profe upon part of the cool, deliberate train of reflection. story contained in this latter part. I am sorry I was not before made Thus you see, that, together with acquainted with the very kind part the time employed in the instruction which Mr Boyle took in' my affairs. of the children, we have not been I fear a letter, after so great a disidle fince our arrival here. Our tance of time, would appear with but coming to Blois has been attended an ill grace : I must therefore beg

you

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