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King Richard the Second.
John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster; }
Edmund of Langley, Duke of York; Uncles to the King.
Henry, furnamed Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford,Son to John of Gaunt; afterwards King Henry IV. Duke of Aumerle,' Son to the Duke of York. Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk.
Duke of Surrey.
Earl of Salisbury. Earl Berkley.1
Creatures to King Richard.
Earl of Northumberland: Henry Percy, his Son.
Queen to King Richard.
Lady attending on the Queen.
Lords, Heralds, Officers, Soldiers, Two Gardeners, Keeper, Meffenger, Groom, and other Attendants.
SCENE, difperfedly in England and Wales.
1 Duke of Aumerle,] Aumerle, or Aumale, is the French for what we now call Albemarle, which is a town in Normandy. The old hiftorians generally use the French title. STEEVENS.
There was no
2 Earl Berkley.] It ought to be Lord Berkley. Earl Berkley till fome ages after. STEEVENS.
3 Lord Rofs.] Now fpelt Roos, one of the Duke of Rutland's titles. STEEVENS.
THE LIFE AND DEATH OF
KING RICHARD II.
ACT I. SCENE I.
London. A Room in the Palace.
Enter King RICHARD, attended; JOHN of GAUNT, and other Nobles, with him.
K. RICH. Old John of Gaunt, time-honour'd
Haft thou, according to thy oath and band,+
thy oath and band,] When these publick challenges were accepted, each combatant found a pledge for his appearance at the time and place appointed. So, in Spenfer's Fairy Queen, B. IV. c. iii. ft. 3:
"The day was fet, that all might understand, "And pledges pawn'd the fame to keep aright." The old copies read band inftead of bond. The former is right. So, in The Comedy of Errors:
"My mafter is arrested on a band."
Band and Bond were formerly fynonymous. See note on The Comedy of Errors, Act IV. fc. ii. MALONE.
K. RICH. Tell me moreover, haft thou founded him,
If he appeal the duke on ancient malice;
GAUNT. As near as I could fift him on that argument,
On fome apparent danger feen in him,
K. RICH. Then call them to our prefence; face to face,
And frowning brow to brow, ourselves will hear
Re-enter Attendants, with BOLINGBROKE and NORFOLK.
BOLING. May many years of happy days befal My gracious fovereign, my moft loving liege!
NOR. Each day ftill better other's happiness; Until the heavens, envying earth's good hap, Add an immortal title to your crown!
K. RICH. We thank you both: yet one but flatters us,
As well appeareth by the cause you come; Namely, to appeal each other of high treafon.Coufin of Hereford, what doft thou object Against the duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray ?
BOLING. Firft, (heaven be the record to my speech!) In the devotion of a fubject's love,