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congregations, the schools, and the mission, but the whole couns try, has lost a father. Whoever had but known him, wept.

On the foilowing day, between four and five in the afternoon, we deposited his, remains in the grave, which was dug in the church in the garden. Serfogee, the Tanschaur Prince, whose tutor he was, came to see his corse before the coffin vois nailed! down, bedewed it with his tears, and accompanied it to the grave. T'he Malabar assistants wished to carry the body; but as Europeans had already been engaged the day before for the purpose, we let it remain so. We had intended to sing hymns on the road to the burial-place; but the lamentations of the people did not permit it. In the church we sung, before and after the interment ; and when the English were gone, the Malabar's also sang a hymn, and expected an address from me ; but I could scarcely utter a word; and was obliged to summon up all my resolution to enable me merely to read the prayers. The servant of the deceased stood next to me, and said, in the tone of one ready to sink into a swoon, "Now all our hopes are gone !' This penetrated my heart.; for this is the sentiment not only of one, but of many, old and yonny, great and small, far and near, both Christians and Heathens.

“ After I had changed my apparel, I went to the Prince, who still remained in the neighbourhood, and endeavoured to comfort him. The principal servant of the widow of the late King also begged me to come to her and comfort her ; but she lives at too' great a distance. The next morning we all went to the physician, and thanked him for the kind attention which he had shewn to our deceased brother in his last illness. I also examined the papers which he had left behind him, as I am appointed exccutor to his will; and I found that the Mission at Tanschaur, and all the peor and the establishments belonging to it, are his heirs. In the aiternoon I spoke for an hour with the assistants, and prayed with them. In the evening the Malabar congregation assembled in the church, and wished to hear a discourse : 1 took for my text the words of Jacob on his death-bed : “ I dic; but God will be with you.” I quoted many things said by the deceased respecting the congregation, and his hope that the kingdom of Christ would be established here. I endeavoured to animate them to the demonstration of such a mind as dwelt in our departed brother, whose tomb we saw before us *.

* A monument to the memory of Mr. Schwartz has been executed by Mr. Bacon, at the expence of the East India Company, which is now onits way to India, where it is to be erected.

The Missionary labours of Mr. Schwartz being so well known in that country, it was thought unnecessary to represent him (as the artist at first intended) in the character of a Missionary; and that to give in his anonument an idea of ihe correspondence of his last moments with the well known course of his life, would be a more desirable plan ot design.

The principal compartment of the monument is, therefore, occupied with an alto-relievo representation of Mr. Schwartz in the closing scene

« On the following day, I prayed once more with the brethren, and departed.”_ Thus far Mr. Gerické.

Thus this excellent man, who has been of such importance to the Mission, is no more! O that his upright mind may animate all who labour in each of our Missions, and thus the hope of the deceased, for the extension of the kingdom of Jesus in the East Indies, be fulfilled!

CONCIO AD CLEROS:
OR, A NEW YEAR'S GIFT TO A MINISTER.
Beloved Brethren,

Ask not who it is that here ventures to teach the teachers of the church. His name is worthless. Suffice it to know, that, though a fellow-labourer with you in the gospel, he is so far from thinking himself wiser or better than those whom he thus addresses, that he is profoundly conscious of being "unworthy to wash the feet of one of the least of the servants of his Lord.” Far be it from bim to cast any reflection on his brethren; he has just risen from his knees, imploring the Fountain of all Honour to pour on them that Spirit which will make them precious in the eyes of the saints, and prove more abundant blessings to the church than, alas! the writer of this has ever been. But, penetrated with the importance of your situation, convinced that in you, Zion is blessed or poisoned in the spring,

- grieved that, though we also need it, we have few sermons addressed to us, - one who is less than the least of all saints, and not worthy to be called a Minister, has ventured to obey the impulse which, he trusts, you will not call enthusiastic, in addressing to you a counsel at the opening of the new year. We present our flocks with such pastoral new year's gifts, why should we not hail each other irr the language of faithful love? of his existence. He is surrounded by a group of the infant pupils to whom he gave an asylum in his house, and several clerical friends who attended him at the time. One of the children is embracing his dying hand; and a brother Missionary is supporting his head; but the attention of Mr. Swartz is directed to, and his hand raised touards, an object in the upper part of the bas-relief; namely, the Cross, which is borne by adescending angel, implying that the grand subject of his ministry is the chief support of his soul, when “flesh and heart fail."

Over the bas-relief is the ARK of the Covenant, which was peculiarly the charge of the Priests, and was a striking emblem of the constant theme of his preaching, before referred to. :

Under the bas-relief are futher emblems of the pastoral office ; namely, the Crosier ; the Gospel Trumpet, distinguished by the banner of the Cross, which is attached to it, and the open Bible, on which is inscribed the divine commission, “ Go ye into all the world, and preach the gos. pel to every creature." * We rejoice that the Honourable Company have borne this public testimony of their approbation to a Christian Missionary, who laboured in their territories.

XV.

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My Brethren, we are placed in a station which, like every other eminence, bas in it something very awful and dangerous, as well as pleasant and honourable. We shall be no common, but most eminent, blessings or curses, both to our flocks and our own souls. Woe to us, if we possess not eminent personal religion! Let us see that, as we make a more public profession, we may have more secret devotion. If the tree which towers on high, strikes not its roots proportionably deep, it will be surely overthrown by the blast. We watch over the flock of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood, and sound the alarm if we see a soul declining ; but we ourselves must go to the Shepherd and Bishop of Souls in secret, that he may watch over our souls, and preach much to us by his Spirit and his word. By more secret religion we must supply the want of those privileges which other Christians enjoy. When religion is our element, when we breathe the atmosphere of Heaven, and live only for our Lord and his work, we shall bless him for it: we shall pity princes, and scarcely envy angels. But, when we lose this, wbich ought to be our spirit, we shall be lashed into the pulpit as to the pillory. Be assured, our flocks know better than we think, whether our religion flourishes or droops. I have been overwhelmed with confusion to see a heavenly-minded Christian sigh over the deadness and carnality of his minister, whom he yet struggles to love as well as he can, and to screen from shame as far as truth would allow. But, oh! how opposite the sensations I have felt when the beloved flock has triumphed and gloried to say, “ Our pastor is a man of God; he has a right to teach us, for he knows more of God and religion than we!”

Your Study will sympathize with your Closet. When it goes well with our own souls, we find too much work cut out for us, to have any time to lose in idle gossip; we shall “ study to approve ourselves to God workmen that need not be ashamed :" we shall give ourselves wholly to these things.” To our dying day we shall feel abundant need to study the theology of the Bible. A thousand schemes of usefulness will arise, which will need to be digested with study: if we are men of the right stamp, we shall wear out many a pen in our Master's service. My dear brethren, how disgraceful it is to us to be lounging about, as if we had nothing to do! hindering our people who are hard at work to support us in our idleness, when we have inore reason to be industrious than they can have! The Lord, who ordained that they who preach the gospel should live by it, never intended we should have a lazy moment; but he will bless the industrious use of our time and talents ; and the church, v:hose bodily labours afford us opportunity to give ourselves to mental and spiritual employments, will be edified and delighted by the evidence of a laborious life, consecrated to God.

From the closet and the study you will find an easy step to : the pulpit. You will not dread Black Sunday as the children do Black Monday, nor be dragged to the assembly “ as a tool to the stocks,” if the preceding week has been properly employed. Innumerable edifying views, reflections, sentences, and anecdotes will have occurred to our mind, to enrich our public services. In prayer, borne by the Spirit's impulse to the very throne of God, we shall, by a spiritual attraction, draw our congregation with us. Instead of a dull sameness, which makes them suspect we have learned a form, they will perceive the rich, though unstudied, yariety of a soul embosoming its most secret thoughts and emotions before its Father. Such prayers will make them pray. Instead of this, I bleed to think how some of us have extinguished our people's gifts and graces by the coldness of our own ! • But our preaching, that most awful, delightful, part of our work, demands our most solemn regard. When we are light and trifling, our choice of subjects will be like ourselves : but, when right-minded, our texts will be serious as our own souls, and evangelical as our views. Oh! what care shall we then bestow, rightly to understand the mind of the Spirit in the Scrip, tures, to present the pure truth of God before the minds of the hearers, with all the clearness of light, so that the simplest may not be able to misunderstand, except blinded by a carnal mind ! Our own souls, filled with the infinite, eternal importance of the truth, will not suffer us to be contented with a cold statement, however clear ; but we shall pour forth burning words from a heart all on fire with redeeming love. Then we shall and may venture to be faithful, and the hearers will be bound to receive it,-feeling that it is not the mere man indulging a censorious spirit, and venting his own passions ; but a something divine in him, labouring for their souls at the hazard of their frowns.

Our visits, my honoured brethren, will then be like those of Jesus, or of Paul, who taught not only publicly, but from house to house. Our charge will not then say (woe to us if they do !)

Here is our minister : we must get a pipe and something to drink, and prepare for a good laugh, or a dish of politics ;' but they will say in their hearts, "Now I hope for a time of refreshiing to my soul ; for a lift from earth, which draws me up towards the Heaven to which I aspire. My soul has wept in secret to hear Christians complain, Our minister seems to have had religion enough in the pulpit, for he takes care never to introduce it into the parlour. All his piety consists in preaching, and yet he tells us we must have more than lies in hearing.' My dearly beloved brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, I entreat you, by the blood of the Saviour shed for the church, by the value of ihe souls for whom he bled, by the Holy Ghost, who hath made us overseers of the blood-bought flock, let us rouse our souls, and call upon our Lord, that, from his fulness, He may shed on us the grace to devote the ensuing year to his

ms, and yet he tollie parlour. Pupit, for he takes seen

service, as those who must give an account. Oh ! let not the churches of the living God be scattered, and dying, as, alas ! they too often have been, through our ignorance, sloth, pride, impurity, covetousness, and passion! Tremble, my brethren, at the dreadful re-action of your own follies and sins, when you shall feel you have to do with a miserable people, destitute of the spirit of true religion ! Tremble, oh my soul ! lest thy negligence, unfaithfulness, and sins, in thy Lord's work, should provoke him to leave thee to the commission of some sins, which would cause the enemy to blaspheme, and disqualify thee for the office of a bishop, 66 who must be blameless." Then what anguish would rend the soul! Then the most laborious life, in the meanest part of the Lord's vineyard, would seem to thee a privilege of inestimable worth. This year may be the last of our ministry! Oh! let it be spent in watching for souls as those that must give account !: Our Master has called to his reward, one * whose life and labours are a pattern to us all : he finished his work before evening ; but he lived much in little time. Hearken to this loud call to encreased diligence, that we may supply his lack of service. Oh! that, having laboured like him, we may hear the chief Shepherd say, “ Well done, thou good and faithful servant, receive a crown of life which fadeth not away.”

* Brother Moody, of Warwick.-Several others will be found among our Recent Deaths.

EDITOR.

THE CIVILIZATION OF THE HEATHEN NOT ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY BEFORE THEIR CONVERSION.

Several writers, not very friendly to the exertions of the Missionary Society

and other Christians to evangelize the Heathen, have not been sparing of abuse, when they have referred to the praiseworthy efforts made at Otaheite and other places, the inhabitants of which have not been in a state of civilization. Many excellent sentiments have been advanced by various authors in their sermons and other publications, to prove that the rudest as well as the most polished nations, have gladly received the word of life when it has been offered to them. But as some of your readers may not have received full satisfaction on this head, I beg leave to introduce to their attention the following Remarks, taken from a note to à Missionary Sermon preached by the Rev. Dr. Mason, before the New York Missionary Society.

"An objection,” says he, “ to missions among the Indians, or other savages, which many view as unanswerable, is, “ That some considerable progress in civilization is previously necessary

to prepare a people for the reception of Christianity. You must · first make them men,' say the patrons of this opinion, before

you make them Christians. You must teacli them to live in fixed habitations, to associate in villages, to cultivate the soil,

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