Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB
[graphic][merged small]

OR THE

BLACK HILLS OF SOUTH DAKOTA.

A COMPLETE HISTORY

Of the Gold and Wonder-Land of the Dakotas from the Remotest Date
up to the Present, Comprising a Full Account of the Original
Inhabitants, the Whites who Came in Contact with
them; Opening up of the Country for
Civilization, and its Social and
Political Development.

BY REV. PETER ROSEN,

For Seven Years a Missionary in the Black Hills.

[graphic][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small]
[blocks in formation]

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1895, by

PETER ROSEN,

In the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.

Press of Nixon-Jones Ptg. Co.

St Levis, Mo.

PREFACE.

It was in September, 1882, when coming from Europe where I had finished my education, that I was put in charge of St. Ambrose Parish at Deadwood and the Missions in the Black Hills. Rev. J. J. Shea was at that time pastor at Lead, and by mutual agreement we exchanged frequently our outside work, and I was thus placed gradually in contact with all the people and places in the Black Hills. Naturally desirous for information regarding all that pertained to this grand region of the Northwest I found that outside of local newspaper accounts the resources for information were rather meager, and that what existed was difficult of access. But gradually the notes and "clips" I got from here and there amounted to considerable material, and when a well-meaning friend suggested the publication of the same, another true friend warned me saying: "I pity a friend of mine who goes into book-making."

Still believing that a benefit would be conferred upon the public by making it easier to others than it had been for me to become acquainted with the country, I collected wherever I could get hold of anything referring to the Black Hills, and regardless of expenses obtained all books where mention is made of the region. Assistance was kindly given me by the Hon. Librarian of Congress at the Capitol at Washington, D. C., and all Government records referring to the Black Hills were put at my disposal. Likewise did the Rev. Fathers, Librarians, of the Jesuit Colleges at Georgetown and St. Louis, allow me the use of their records; and at the latter place the manuscript letters of Father DeSmet.

Of the many books consulted I can mention only a few: The Annals of the Propagation of Faith; Bancroft's His

tory of the United States; Schoolcraft's History of Indian Tribes; Parkmann's Works; Catline's Indian Gallery; George E. Ellis' works; the Memoirs of Rev. S. R. Riggs and Rev. Gideon H. Pond; A. T. Andreas' Atlas of Dakota; the reports of the Minnesota Historical Society; the works of General and Mrs. Custer; books on frontierlife on the plains, and many others too numerous to mention were consulted.

Oral information was often unintentionally given on the many and often long "trips" across the country on stage or hack lines. For over five years I had to travel about two hundred miles weekly in and around the Hills ou wheels. The companions on the public conveyances did their share to make me acquainted with Western life and manners. But I must say here that never did they allow themselves to be carried away to such an extent as to use in my presence rude or unbecoming language. In case the weather would cause me to wrap shawl and furs so tight around me that I was hardly recognizable, and thus my presence not noticed, a sharp cut, "Don't you know that a priest is in the coach" had the desired effect. The conversation became often most interesting, and many a line within this book owes its origin to these "trips."

Hon. Dan McLaughlin of Deadwood deserves my and the public's thanks for placing his excellent lectures of Mines and Mining at my disposal. The officers of the School of Mines at Rapid allowed me the benefit of their researches, for which I thank them. The editors of the local papers in all the localities in the Black Hills were most kind to me, and I thank them for it. My thanks are also due to John Treber, Thomas Russell and Porter Warner of Deadwood; P. A. Gushurst and the Abt family of Lead; C. C. Moody and Olaf Helweg of Sturgis ; John Brennan, Dr. McGillicuddy and P. McCarthy of Rapid, and many others.

My frequent contact with the Indians made me acquainted with many of their habits and modes of life; lengthy conversation with many of the chief men imong

« ZurückWeiter »