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“ Not that same famous temple of Diáne, “ Into the inmost temple thus I came, Whose hight all Ephesus did oversee,

Which fuming all with frankensence I found, And which all Asia sought with vowes prophane, And odours rising from the altars flame. One of the worlds seven wonders sayd to bee, Upon an hundred marble pillors round Might match with this by many a degree: The roof up high was reared from the ground, Nor that, which that wise king of Iurie framed All deckt with crownes, and chaynes, and girlands With endlesse cost to be th’ Almighties see;

gay, Nor all, that else through all the world is named And thousand pretious gifts worth many a pound, To all the heathen gods, might like to this be clamed. The which sad lovers for their vowes did pay ;

And all the ground was strow'd with flowres as fresh “ I, much admyring that so goodly frame,

as May. Unto the porch approcht, which open stood;

“ An hundre: altars round about were set, But therein sate an amiable dame, That seem'd to be of very sober mood,

All naming with their sacrifices fire,

That with the steme thereof the temple swet, And in her semblant shew'd great womanhood : Strange was her tyre; for on her head a crowne

Which rould in clouds to Heaven did aspire,

And in them bore true lovers vowes entire:
She wore, much like unto a Danisk hood,
Poudred with pearle and stone; and all her gowne

And eke an hundred brasen candrons bright,

To bath in ioy and amorous desire, Envoren was with gold, that raught fulllow adowne.

Every of which was to a damzell hight; “ On either side of her two young men stood,

For all the priests were damzels in soft linnen dight. Both strongly arm’d, as fearing ove another;

“ right in the midst the goddesse selfe did stand Yet were they brethren both of halfe the blood,

Upon an altar of some costly masse, Begotten by two fathers of one mother,

Whose substance was uneath to understand : Though of contrárie natures each to other:

For neither pretious stone, nor durefull brasse, The one of them hight Love, the other Hate;

Nor shining gold, nor mouldring clay it was; Hate was the elder, Love the younger brother;

But much more rare and pretious to esteeme, Yet was the younger stronger in his state

Pure in aspect, and like to christal! glasse; Then th' elder, and him maystred still in all debate.

Yet glasse was not, if one did rightly deeme;

But, being faire and brickle, likest glasse did seeme. " Nathlesse that dame so well them tempred both, That she them forced hand to ioyne in hand,

“ But it in shape and beautie did excell Albe that Hatred was thereto full loth,

All other idoles which the heath'en adore, And tum'd his face away, as he did stand,

Farre passing that, which by surpassing skill L'nwilling to behold that lovely band:

Phidias did inake iu Paphos isle of yore, Yet she was of such grace and vertuous might,

With which that wretched Greeke, that life forlore, That ber commaundinent he could not withstand,

Did fall in love: yet this much fairer shined, But bit his lip for feloneus despight,

But covered with a slender veile afore ;
And gnasht his yron tuskes at that displeasing sight. And both her feete and legs together twyned

Were with a snake, whose head and tail were fast “ Concord she cleeped was in common reed,

combyned. Mother of blessed Peace and Friendship trew; “ The cause why she was covered with a vele They both her twins, both borne of heavenly seed, was hard to know, for that her priests the same And she herselfe likewise divinely grew;

From peoples knowledge labourd to concele: The which right well her workes divine did shew: But sooth it was not sure for womanish shame, For strength and wealth and happinesse she lends, Nor any blemish, which the worke mote blame; And strife and warre and anger does subdew; But for (they say) she hath both kinds in one, Of little much, of foes she maketh frends,

Both male and female, both under one name: Ard to afficted minds sweet rest and quiet sends. She syre and mother is herselfe alone,

Begets and eke conceives, ne needeth other none. By her the Heaven is in his course contained,

And all about her necke and shoulders flew And all the world in state unmoved stands,

A flocke of litle Loves, and Sports, and loyes, Ås their Almightie Maker first ordained,

With nimble wings of gold and purple bew;
And bound them with inviolable bands;
Else would the waters overflow the lands,

Whose shapes seem'd not like to terrestriall boyes, And fire devoure the ayre, and Hell them quight; | The whilest their eldest brother was away,

But like to ange's playing heavenly toyes ;
But that she holds them with her blessed hands.
She is the nourse of pleasure and delight,

Cupid their eidest brother: he enioges
And unto Venus grace the gate doth open right.

The wide kingdome of Love with lordly sway,

And to his law compels all creatures to obay. " By her I entring half disınayed was ;

“ And all about her altar scattered lay But she in gentle wise me entertayned,

Great sorts of lovers piteously complayning, And twixt herselfe and Love did let me pas;

Some of their losse, some of their loves delay, But Hatred would my entrance have restrayned, Some of their pride, some paragovs disdayning, And with his club me threatned to have brayned, Some fearing fraud, some fraudulently fayning, Had not the ladie with her powrefull speach As every one had cause of good or ill. Him from his wicked will uneath refrayned; Amongst the rest someone, through Loves constraynAnd th' other eke his malice did empeach,

Tormented sore, could not conteine it still, [ing Till I was throughly past the perill of his reacha But thus brake forth, that all the temple it did fill; «« Great Venus! queene of Beautie and of Grace, “ And next to her sate sober Modestie, The joy of gods and men, that under skie

Holding her hand upon her gentle hart; Doest fayrest shine, and most adorne thy place; And her against sate comely Curtesie, That with thy smyling looke doest pacifie

That unto every person knew her part; The raging seas, and makst the stormes to Alie; And her before was seated overthwart Thee, goddesse, thee the winds, the clouds doe feare; Soft Silence, and submisse Obedience, And, when thou spredst thy mantle forth on hie, Both linckt together never to dispart; The waters play, and pleasant lands appeare, Both gifts of God not gotten but from thence ; And Heavens laugh, and al the world shews ioyous Both girlonds of his saints against their foes offence. cheare:

Thus sate they all around in seemely rate : « «Then doth the dædale Earth throw forth to thee | And in the midst of them a goodly mayd Out of her fruitfull lap aboundant flowres ;

(Even in the lap of Womanhood) there sate, And then all living wights, soone as they see The which was all in lilly white arayd, The Spring breake forth out of his lusty bowres, With silver streames amongst the linnen stray'd; They all doe learne to play the paramours: Like to the Morne, when first her shyning face First doe the merry birds, thy prety pages,

Hath to the gloomy world itself bewray'd : Privily pricked with thy Justfull powres,

That same was fayrest Amoret in place, (grace. Chirpe loud to thee out of their leavy cages, Shyning with beauties light and heavenly vertues And thee their mother call to coole their kindly rages.

“ Whome soone as I beheld, my hart gan throb "" Then doe the salvage beasts begin to play And wade in doubt what best were to be donne : Their pleasant friskes, and loath their wonted food: | For sacrilege me seem'd the church to rob; The lyons rore; the tygers loudly bray;

And folly seem'd to leave the thing undonne, The raging buls rebellow through the wood, Which with so strong attempt I had begonne. And breaking forth dare tempt the deepest flood Tho, shaking off all doubt and shamefast feare, To come where thou doest draw them with desire: Which ladies love I heard had never wonne So all things else, that nourish vitall blood,

Mongst men of worth, I to her stepped neare, Soone as with fury thou doest them inspire, And by the lilly hand her labour'd up to reare. In generation seeke to quench their inward fire.

“ Thereat that formost matrone me did blame, " " So all the world by thee at first was made, And sharpe rebuke for being over-bold; And dayly yet thou doest the same repayre: Saying it was to kuight unseemely shame, Ne ought on Earth that merry is and glad,

Upon a récluse virgin to lay bold,
Ne ought on Earth that lovely is and fayre, That unto Venus services was sold.
But thou the same for pleasure didst prepayre: To whom I thus ; Nay, but it fitteth best
Thou art the root of all that ioyous is :

Por Cupids man with Venus mayd to hold;
Great god of men and women, queene of th' ayre, For ill your goddesse services are drest
Mother of laughter, and wel-spring of blisse, By virgins, and her sacrifices let to rest.'
O graunt that of my love at last I may not misse!'

“ With that my shield I forth to her did show, “ So did he say: but I with murmure soft,

Which all that while I closely had conceld, That none might heare the sorrow of my hart,

On which when Cupid with his killing bow Yet inly groning deepe and sighing oft,

And cruell shafts einblazond she bebeld, Besought her to graunt ease unto my smart,

At sight thereof she was with terror queld, And to my wound her gratious help impart.

And said no more : but I, which all that whilo Whilest thus I spake, behold! with happy eye

The pledge of faith her hand engaged held, I spyde where at the idoles feet apart

(Like warie hynd within the weedie soyle) A bevie of fayre damzels close did lye,

For no intreatie would forgoe so glorious spoyle. Wayting whenas the antheme should be sung on hye. “ The first of them did seeme of ryper yeares

“And evermore upon the goddesse face And graver countenance then all the rest ;

Mine eye was fixt, for feare of her offence: Yet all the rest were eke her equall peares,

Whom when I saw with amiable grace Yet unto her obayed all the best :

To laugh on me, and favour my pretence, Her name was Womanhood; that she exprest

I was emboldned with more confidence; By her sad semblant and demeanure wyse:

And, nought for nicenesse nor, for envy sparing, For stedfast still her eyes did fixed rest,

In presence of them all forth led lier thence, Ne rov'd at random, after gazers guyse, [tyse.

All looking on, and like astonisht staring, Whose luring baytes oftimes doe heedlesse harts en

Yet to lay hand on her not one of all them daring. “ And next to her sate goodly Shamefastnesse, “ She often prayd, and often me besought, Ne ever durst her eyes from ground apreare, Sometime with tender teares to let her goe, Ne ever once did looke up from her desse,

Sometime with witching smyles: but yet, for As if some blame of evill she did feare,

nought That in her cheekes made roses oft appeare : That ever she to me could say or doe,

And her against sweet Cherefulnesse was placed, Could she her wished freedome fro me wooe; • Whose eyes, like twinkling stars in evening cleare, But forth I led her through the temple gate,

Were deckt with smyles that all sad humors chaced, By which I hardly past witir much adoe: And darted forth delights the which her goodly But that same ladie, which me friended late graced.

In entrance, did me also friend in my retrate.

" No lesse did Daunger threaten me with dread, Yet farre and neare the nymph his mother sought, Whenas he saw me, maugre all his powre,

And many salves did to his sore applie, That glorious spoyle of beautie with me lead, And many herbes did nse: but whenas nought Then Cerberus, when Orpheus did recoure She saw could ease his rankling maladie; His leman from the Stygian princes boure. At last to Tryphon she for helpe did hie, But evermore my shield did me defend

(This Tryphon is the sea-gods surgeon bight)
Against the storme of every dreadfull stoure: Whom she besought to find some remedie:
Thus safely with my love I thence did wend." And for his paines a whistle him behight,
So ended he his tale; where I this canto end. That of a fishes shell was wrought with rare delight.

So well that leach did hearke to her request,
And did so well employ his carefull paine,

That in short space his hurts he had redrest,
CANTO XI.

And him restord to healthfull state againe :

In which he long time after did remaine
Marinells former wound is heald;

There with the nymph his mother, like her thrall;
He comes to Proteus hall,

Who sore against his will did him retajne,
Where Thamës doth the Medway wedd,

For feare of perill which to him mote fall
And feasts the sea-gods all.

Through his too ventrous prowesse prored over all. But ah! for pittie that I have thus long

It fortun'd then, a solemne feast was there Left a fayre ladie languishing in payne!

To all the sea-gods and their fruitfull seede,
Now well away! that I have doen such wrong, In honour of the spousalls which then were
To let faire Florimell in bands remayne,

Betwixt the Medway and the Thames agreed.
In bands of love, and in sad thraldomes chayne; long had the Thames (as we in records reed)
From which unlesse some heavenly powre her free Before that day her wooed to his bed;
By miracle, not yet appearing playne,

But the proud nymph would for no worldly meed, She lenger yet is like captív'd to bee;

Nor no entreatie, to his love be led;
That even to thinke thereof it inly pitties mee. Till now at last relenting she to him was wed.
Here neede you to remember, how erewhile So both agreed that this their bridale feast
l'nlovely Proteus, missing to his mind

Should for the gods in Proteus house be made; That virgins love to win by wit or wile,

To which they all repayr'd, both most and least, Her threw into a dongeon deepe and blind, As well which in the mightie ocean trade, And there in chaynes her cruelly did bind, As that in rivers swim, or brookes doe wade: In hope thereby her to his bent to draw:

All which, not if an hundred tongues to tell, Por, whenas neither gifts nor graces kind

And hundred moothes, and voice of brasse I had, Her constant mind could move at all he saw, And endlesse memorie that mote excell, He thought her to compell by crueltie and awe. In order as they came could I recount them well. Deepe in the bottome of an huge great rocke Helpe therefore, O thou sacred impe of love, The dongeon was, in which her bound he left, The noursling of dame Memorie his deare, That neither yron barres, nor brasen locke, To whom tho e rolles, layd up in Heaven above, Did neede to gard from force or secret theft And records of antiquitie appeare, Of all her lovers which would her have reft : To which no wit of man may comen neare; For wall'd it was with waves, which rag'd and ror'd Helpe me to tell the names of all those floods As they the cliffe in peeces would have cleft; And all those nymphes, which then assembled were Besides, ten thousand monsters foule abhord To that great banquet of the watry gods, Did waite about it, gaping griesly, all begor’d. And all their sundry kinds, and all their hid abodes. And in the midst thereof did Horror dwell, First came great Neptune, with his three-forkt mace, And Darkenesse dredd that never viewed day, That rules the seas and makes them rise or fall; Like to the balefull house of lowest Hell,

His dewy lockes did drop with brine apace
In which old Styx her aged bones alway

Under his diademe imperiall:
(Old Styx the grandame of the gods) doth lay. And by his side his queene with coronall,
There did this lucklesse mayd seven months abide, Faire Amphitrite, most divinely faire,
Ne ever evening saw, ne mornings ray,

Whose yvorie shoulders weren covered all,
Ne ever from the day the night descride,

As with a robe, with her owne silver haire, But thought it all one night, that did no houres di- And deckt with pearles which th' Indian seas for her vide.

prepaire.

And all this was for love of Marinell,

These marched farre afore the other crew: Who her despysd (ah! who would her despyse !) And all the way before them, as they went, And wemens love did from bis hart expell,

Triton his trompet shrill before them blew, And all those ioyes that weake mankind entyse. For goodly triumph and great jollyinent, Nathlesse his pride full dearely he did pryse; That made the rockes to roare as they were rente For of a womans hand it was ywroke,

And after them the royall issue came, That of the wound he yet in languor lyes,

Which of them sprung by lineall descent': Ne can be cured of that cruell stroke

First the sea-gods, which to themselves doe clame Which Britomarthim gave, when he did her provoke. The powre to rule the billowes, and the waves to tame. 236

SPENSER'S POEMS. Phorcys, the father of that fatall brood,

And after him the famous rivers came, By whom those old beroes wonne such fame; Which doe the earth enrich and beautifie: And Glaucus, that wise southsayes understood; The firtile Nile, which creatures new doth frame, And tragicke Inoes some, the which became Long Rhodanus, whose sourse springs from the skie; A god of seas through his man mothers blame, Faire Ister, flowing from the mountaints hie; Now hight Palemon, and is saylers frend;

Divine Scamander, purpled yet with blood Great Brontes; and A-trus, that did shame Of Greeks and Troians, which therein did die; Himselfe with incest of his kin unkend;

Pactojus glistring with his golden flood; And huge Orion, that doth tempests still portend; And Tygris fierce, whose streames of none may be

withstood; The rich Cteatus ; and Eury us long;

Great Ganges; and immortall Euphrates; Neleus and Pelias, lovely brethren both;

Deepe indus; and Mæander intricate; Mightie Chrysaor; and Caicus strong;

Slow Peneus; and tempestus Phasides; Eurvpulus, that calmes the waters wroth;

Swift Rhene; and Alpheus still immaculate ; And faire Euphemus, that upon them go'th,

Ooraxes, feared for great Cyrus fate; As on the ground, without di-may or dread;

Tybris, renow med for the Romaines fame; Fierce Eryx; and Alebius, that know th

Rich Oranochy, though but kpowen late; The waters depth, and doth their bottome tread;

And that huge river, which doth beare his name And sad Asopus, comely with his hoarie head.

Of warlike Amazons which doe possesse the same. There also some most famous founders were

Ioy on those warlike women, which so long
Of puissant nations, which the world possest,
Yet sonnes of Neptune, now assembled here :

Can from all men so rich a kingdome hold !

And shame on you, O men, which boast your strong Ancient Ogyges, even th' auncientest;

And valiant hearts, in thoughts lesse hard and bold, And Inachus renowmd above the rest; Phenix ; and Aon; and Pelasgus old;

Yet quaile in conquest of that land of gold!

But this to you, O Britons, most pertaines, Great Belus; Phæax; and Agenor best;

To whom the right hereof itselfe hath sold; And mightie Albion, father of the bold

The which, for sparing litle cost or paines, And warlike people which the Britaine islands hold :

Loose so immortall glory, and so endlesse gaines. For Albion the sonne of Neptune was;

Then was there heard a most celestiall sound Why, for the proofe of his great puissance,

Of dainty musicke, which did next ensew Out of his Albion did on dry-foot pas

Before the spouse: that was Arion crownd;
Into old Gall, that now is cleeped France,

Who, playing on his harpe, unto him drew
To fight with Hercules, that did advance
To vanquish all the world with matchlesse might; That even yet the dolphin, which him bore

The eares and hearts of all that goodly crew;
And there his mortall part by great mischance
Was siune; but that which is th' immortali spright Stood still by him astonisht at his lore,

Through the Ægéan seas from pirates vew, Lives still, and to this feast with Neptunes seed was

And all the raging seas for ioy forgot to rore. dight.

So went he playing on the watery plaine: But what do I their names seeke to reherse,

Soone after whom the lovely bridegroome came, Which all the world have with their issue fild?

The noble Thames, with all his goodly traine. How can they all in this so narrow verse

But him before there went, as best became, Contayned be, and in small compasse bila?

His auncient parents, namely th' auncient Thame; Let them record then that are better skild,

But much more aged was his wife then he, And know the moniinents of passed age:

The Ouze, whom men doe Isis rightly name; Onely what needeth shall be here fulfild,

Full weake and crooked creature seemed shee, T" expresse some part of that great equipage [age. And alınost blind through eld, that scarce her way Which from great Neptune do derive their parent

could see. Next came the aged Ocean and his dame

Therefore on cither side she was sustained Old Tethys, th' oldest two of all the rest;

Oftwosmal grooms, which by their names were bight For all the rest of those two parents came,

The Churne and Charwell, two small streames, Which afterward both sea and laud possest;

which pained Of all which Nereus, th' eldest and the best,

Themselves her footing to direct aright, Did first proceed ; then which none more upright, Which fayled oft through faint and it eble plight: Ne more sincere iu word and deed profest;

But Thame was stronger, and of better stay; Most voide of guile, most free from fowie despight, Yet seem'd full aged by his outward sigiit, Doing himselfe and teaching others to doe right : With head all hoary, and his beard all gray,

Deawed with silver drops that trickled dos ne alway: Thereto he was expert in prophecies, And could the ledden of the gods unfold;

And eke he somewhat seem'd to stoupe afore Through which, when Paris brought his famous prise, With howed backe, by reason of the lode The faire Tindarid lasse, he him foretold

And auncient treavy burden which he bore That her all Greece with many a champion bold Of that faire city, wherein make abode Should fetch againe, and finally destroy

So many learned impes, that shoote abrode, Proud Priains towne: so wise is Nereus old, And with their braunches spred all Britany, And so well skild; pathlesse he takes great ioy No lesse then do her elder sisters broode. Oft-times amongst the wanton nymphs to sport and loy to you both, ye double noursery

[rify toy.

Of arts! but, Oxford, thine doth Thame most glo

But he their sonne full fresh and iolly was, Next these the plenteous Ouse came far from land,
All decked in a robe of watchet hew,

By many a city and by many a towne,
On which the waves, glittering like christall glas, And many rivers taking under-hand
So cunningly enwoven were, that few

Into his waters, as he passeth downe,
Could weenen whether they were false or trew: (The Cle, the Were, the Guant, the Sture, the Rowne)
And on his head like to a coronet

Thence doth by Huntingdon and Cambridge fit, He wore, that seemed strange to common vew, My mother Cambridge, whom as with a crowue In which were many towres and ca-tels set,

He doth adorne, and is adorn'd of it That it encompast round as with a golden fret. With many a gentle Muse and many a learned wit.

Like as the mother of the gods, they say,
In her great iron charet wonts to ride,
When to loves pallace she doth take her way,
Old Cybel·, arayd with pompous pride,
Wearing a diademe embattild wide
With hundred turrets, like a turribant.
With such an one was Thamis beautifide;
That was to weet the famous Troynovant,
In which her kingdomes throne is chiefly resiant.

And after him the fatall Welland went,
That if old sawes prove true (which God forbid !)
Sball drowne all Holland with his excrement,
And shall see Stamford, though now h, mely hid,
Then shine in learning more then ever did
Cambridge or Oxford, Englands goodly beames.
And next to him the Nene downe softly sid;
Aud bounteous Trent, that in himselfe: enseames
Both thirty sorts of fish and thirty sundry streames.

And round about him many a pretty page] Next these came Tyne, along whose stony bancke Attended duely, ready to obay;

That Romaine monarch built a brasen wall, All little rivers which owe vassallage

Which mote the feebled Britons strongly flancke To him, as to their lord, and tribute pay:

Against the Picts that swarmed over all, 'The chaulky kenet; and the Thetis gray; Which yet thereof Gualsever they doe call: The niurish Cole; and the soft-shdi:g Breane; And Twede, the limit betwixt Logris land The wanton Lee, that oft doth loose his way; And Albany: and Eden, though but small, And the still Darent, in whose waters cleane Yet often stainde with bloud ut many a band Ten thousand fishes play and decke his pleasant Of Scots and English both, that tyned on his strand. streaine.

Then came those sixc sad brethren, like forlorne, Then came his neighbour fonds which nigh him That whilome were, as antique fathers tell, dwell,

Sixe valiant knights of one faire nymphe yborne, And water all the English soile throughout; Which did in noble deedes of armes excell, They all on him this day attended well,

And wonued there where now Yorke people dwell; And with meet service waited him about ;

till Ure, swift Werfe, and Oze the most of might, Ne none disdained low to him to lout:

High Swale, unquiet Nide, and troublous Skell; No not the stately Severne grudg'd at all,

All whom a Scythian king that Humber hight, Ne storming Humber, though he looked stout; Slew cruelly, and in the river drowned quite: But both bim honor'd as their principall, And let their swelling waters low before him fall.

But past not long, ere Brutus warlicke sonne,

Locrinos, them aveng'd, and the same date, There was the speedy Tamar, wbich divides

Which the proud Humber unto them bad donne, The Cornish and the Devonish confines; Through both whose borders swiftly downe it glides, Por in the selfe same river, where he late

By equall dome repayd on his owne pate: And, ineeting Plim, to Plimmouth thence declines:

Had drenched them, he drowned him againe; And Dart, oigh chockt with sands of tinny mines :

And nam'd the river of his wretched fate; But Avon marched in more stately path,

Whose bad condition yet it doth retaine, [maine. Proud of his adamants with which he shines And glisters wide, as als of wondrous Bath, Chath. Oft tossed with his stormes which therein still reAnd Bristow faire, which on his waves he builded

These after came the stony shallow Lone, And there came Stoure with terrible aspect,

That to old Loncaster his name doth lend; Bearing his sixe deformed beads on hye,

And following Dee, which Britons long ygone That doth his course through Blandford plains direct, Did call divine, that doth by Chester tend; And washeth Winborne meades in season drye.

And Conway, which out of his streame doth send Next him went Wylibourne with passage slye,

Plenty of pearles to decke his dames withall; That of his wylinesse bis name doth take,

And Lindus, that his pikes doth most commend, And of himselfe doth name the shire thereby :

Of which the auncient Lincolne men doe call : And Mole, that like a pousling mole doth make All these together marched toward Proteus hall. His way still under ground till Thames he overtake.

Ne thence the Irishe rivers absent were: Then came the Rother, decked all with woods Sith no lesse famous then the rest they bee, Like a wood-god, and flowing fast to Rhy; And ioyne in neighbourhood of kingdome nere, And Sture, that parteth with his pleasant floods Why should they not likewise in love agree, The Easterne Saxons from the Suutherne ny, And joy likewise this solemne day to see? And Clare and Harwitch both doth beautify: They saw it all, and present were in place; Him follow'd Yar, soft washing Norwitch wall, Though I them all, according their degree, And with bim brought a present joyfully

Cannot recount, nor tell their bidden race, Of his owne fish unto their festivall, (ruffins call. Nor read the salvage countries thorough which Whose like none else could shew, the which they they pace.

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