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the fragility of the Anemone, is in the poems of Sir W. Jones:
“ Youth, like a thin anemone, displays
The name of this flower is from two Greek words, signifying a flower and madness. Why they are so applied I do not know, unless it has been used in hydrophobia.
THE Antholyzas being chiefly from warmer countries, will not bear the open air in this: they are usually kept within doors from October, until they have ceased flowering; when, if it is intended to save the seeds, they are set abroad to perfect them; but the better mode of raising them in private gardens is to part the offsets from the bulbs, which furnish them in plenty. Those raised from seed do not flower till the third year. The best time to plant the roots is in August; they should be housed at the end of September, and will continue growing all the winter. In April, or early in May, the flowers appear: when these and the leaves have decayed, the bulbs should be taken up, dried in the shade, and cleaned, and preserved as directed for other bulbs. In August they may be replanted: the offsets may be planted three or four in a pot, the first year; the second, they should be separated '. to flower. In winter, they should be gently watered once or twice a week; in the spring, they will require it oftener, perhaps every evening, but sparingly.
The principal species are the Plaited-leaved Antholyza, with red flowers; the Scarlet-flowered, which is very beautiful; the Broad-leaved, which has also scarlet flowers ; and the Red-flowered (or Antholyza Meriana, Fr. la merianelle, so named by Dr. Trew, from Sybilla Merian, the celebrated female Dutch botanist; but placed by some in the genus Gladiolus; and by others in Watsonia), of
; which the flowers are of a copper-red colour outside, and of a deeper red within. They are all handsome plants; having, in addition to the beauty of their flowers, large dark green leaves, some of them a foot in length; they are natives of the Cape of Good Hope.
Kidney-vetch; ladies-finger; Jupiter's beard ; silver bush. The name Anthyllis is derived from the Greek, and signifies a downyflower; from the down on its leaves.-French, barbe de Jupiter [Jupiter's beard7.-Italian, barba di Giove, signifying the same.
The Silvery Anthyllis, which is the only species necessary to mention here, is so called from the whiteness of its leaves: it is a handsome shrub, bearing yellow flowers which blow in June. This Anthyllis is a native of France, Spain, Italy, Portugal, and the East. It must be sheltered in winter; but the more air it enjoys in mild weather, the better it will thrive: in dry weather it should be gently watered every evening; in winter once a week will suffice.
Cuttings planted in any of the summer months in a pot of light earth, and placed in the shade, will take root, and may then be treated in every respect as the older plants.
Linnæus observes of the common Anthyllis, that the colour of the flowers varies with that of the soil: in Poland, where the soil is a red calcareous clay, the flowers are red: in Gothland, where the soil is white, the flowers are the same: here they are yellow.
Toad-flax; snap-dragon ; from the resemblance of its flowers to an open mouth.-French, mufle de veau.-Italian, antirrino.
THESE flowers are many of them large and handsome, but some persons consider them coarse ; which, indeed, is the case with many of the most splendid flowers, as the hollyhock and the sun-flower. They are, however, very magnificent, particularly the great snap-dragon, or calve's snout; called by the French, le muflier commun; mouron violet [violet pimpernel]; vil de chat [cat's eye); gueule de lion ; &c. The flowers of this species are red, white, purple, yellow, or a combination of any two of these colours. They are single or double. It is a native of the south of Europe, and blows in June and July. The Russians express an oil from the seeds, little inferior to the oil of olives. This species is increased by cuttings planted in the summer in a dry soil: and this and the following are the kinds most commonly cultivated in gardens:
2. The three-leaved; Valentia and Sicily; purple or yellow;
July and August. 3. The branching; Spain; yellow;
May and June. 4. The violet-flowered ; France and Italy. 5. The many-stalked ; Sicily and the Levant; yellow;
July. 6. The hairy ; Spain; yellow;
July. 7. The common yellow; Europe ;
June to August. 8. The brown-leaved ; Siberia, Piedmont, &c.
yellow. 9. The purple, or Vesuvian;
July to September. 10. The Montpelier ; sweet-scented ; blue; June to the end of
autumn. 11. The dark-flowered ; Gibraltar; flowers most of the summer. 12. The Alpine ; very elegant; a fine violet-colour,
with a rich gold-colour in the middle; many
all the summer,
2, 3, 4, 5, 6, are annual plants, and must be increased by seeds, which may be sown in the spring ;-or in autumn, sheltering them in the winter; with the exception of the last, which should be sown in March, and will require no shelter. 3, 4, in five-inch pots: 6, three or four seeds in an eight-inch pot.
7, 8, 9, 10, are perennial plants; they may be sown as the last mentioned, in spring, or in autumn; they will require shelter from hard frost. The two last may also be increased by parting the roots in autumn. The common-yellow is an indigenous plant, and if in a tolerably dry soil, will bear frost itself: a little straw over the roots will suffice for 8. In Worcestershire the common yellow toad-flax is called butter-and-eggs. It has leaves somewhat similar to flax, and on that account is named toad-flax, flax-weed, and wild flax. Its juice, mixed with milk, is used as a poison for flies; and water distilled from it is said to remove inflammation in the eyes.
11, 12, may be increased by cuttings, planted in the summer in a light unmanured soil. They must be removed into the house in October, and brought out again about the end of April, or early in May.
The origin of this name, which signifies the tree of life, does not appear, though it seems to have reference to the tree mentioned in the book of Genesis.-French, l'arbre de vie ; cedre Americain [American cedar].-Italian, albero di vita.
THE Arbor-vitæ is a native of Siberia and Canada, where it is very plentiful. Being the strongest wood in Canada,
it is there used for enclosures and palisades, for boats, and the floors of rooms. It is reckoned one of the best woods for the use of the lime-kiln; and besoms made of its branches are carried over Canada by the Indians for sale. When fresh, they have a very agreeable scent, which is perceptible in houses swept with them. The leaves have medicinal properties. In England the wood is used for bowls, boxes, cups, &c.
This tree is sometimes called the white cedar. It begins to flower about May. A young plant may be procured from a nursery as soon as its education is so far advanced that it may be introduced to the world with propriety. It will thrive well in a pot for many years: but the best species for this purpose is the Chinese Arbor-vitæ, which does not grow too large for a pot. It will bear our climate in all its seasons, only requiring to be watered occasionally in dry weather.
Strawberry-tree.-French, le fraisier en arbre, l'arbre à fraises, both similar to the common English name: the fruit is called arbouse, arboise, or arboust.— Italian, arbuto, albatro, albaro, corbezzolo, from the fruit called corbezzola. By Pliny the fruit is called unedo.
This is called the strawberry-tree, from the resemblance of its fruit to a strawberry. Although it attains a considerable size, it is frequently grown in pots, and will bear transplanting very well. For this operation, April is the most favourable time, the cultivator taking care to preserve the earth about the roots, and to shade them from the mid-day sun, when newly planted.