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according acquainted afterwards agree ancients appears applied ascribed assigned Beck Beckmann brass brought called characters classed Cleav color common comprehended contained copper crystal derived described Dioscor Dioscorides distinguished doubt earth Egypt Egyptian emerald employed engraved fire formed gems glass gold Greeks green hardness Hist India infer iron island Italy jasper kind known lapis latter lead learned less light lustre magnet marble material means mentioned metal mineral mines native nature observes obtained occurs origin oxide perhaps period pigment Plin Pliny Pliny says Pliny's possessed precious present probably produced properties pyrites quartz reason referred regard remarks resembling respecting Romans salt says seems silver sometimes speaks specified spoken steel stone Strabo substance supposed term Theoph Theophrastus thing thinks thought tion topaz variety various veins vessels Vitruv Vitruvius whence yellow
Seite 17 - O thou afflicted, tossed with tempest, and not comforted, Behold, I will lay thy stones with fair colours, And lay thy foundations with sapphires. And I will make thy windows of agates, And thy gates of carbuncles, And all thy borders of pleasant stones.
Seite 19 - These seem to be general images to express beauty, magnificence, purity, strength, and solidity, agreeably to the ideas of the eastern nations ; and to have never been intended to be strictly scrutinized, or minutely and particularly explained, as if they had each of them some precise moral or spiritual meaning.
Seite 32 - The LORD shall make the rain of thy land powder and dust: from heaven shall it come down upon thee, until thou be destroyed.
Seite 39 - ... invented. There are swords, daggers, and knives, the blades of which are of gold, whilst an edge of iron is formed for the purpose of cutting. Some of the tools and weapons are formed principally of copper, with edges of iron ; and in many of the implements the profuse application of copper and of gold, when contrasted with the parsimony evident in the expenditure of iron, seems to prove, that at the unknown period, and among the...
Seite 184 - Rome by repolishing the fragments, is sufficient to prove that specimens of every known marble, and of many not now existing in cabinets, as well as every sort of precious stone, were commonly and most successfully imitated by the ancients, who used these imitations in cups and vases of every size and shape.
Seite 43 - The Parthian steel ranks next with Pliny, and these two kinds only " mera acie temperantur." Daimachus, a writer contemporary with Alexander the Great, speaks of four different kinds of steel, and the purposes to which they were severally suited. " Of steels (rwv OTOJUWJJLCLTUV) there is the Chalybdic, the Synopic, the Lydian, and the Lacedsemonian. The Cha1 See Plin., Exercitationes, p. 763, b F. lybdic is best for carpenters...
Seite 177 - ... retains its ancient name, and is sufficiently well described to leave no doubt concerning it; as the heliotropium, a gem which occurred in ^Ethiopia, Africa, and Cyprus, of a leek-green color, with blood-red veins. Its name, according to Pliny, is derived from the manner in which it reflected the solar to the hardness of stone; for the ancients supposed coral to grow as a vegetable underneath the waves, and to harden into stone when removed from its native element. Wherefore Ovid says, " Quo...
Seite 138 - ... which displayed changeable or prismatic colours, and, as Vossius says, were procured in Egypt, and were so rare that Adrian sending some to Servianus ordered that they should only be used on great occasions. The myrrhine vases, however, which were in such request, seem at last to have been successfully traced to China. Propertius calls them Parthian, and it seems certain that the porcelain of the east was called Mirrha di Smyrna to as late a date as 1555.
Seite 170 - Bohemian topaz ; or yellow fluorspar, the false topaz ; whose specific gravities are to that of the Oriental topaz as three and four respectively to five. The chrysolite obtained in Spain, from the same locality with rock-crystal, we may suppose was yellow quartz. Such as had a white vein running through them, called leucochrysi...
Seite 70 - Greeks •Seodoriov, from the name of the person, Theodotus, upon whose farm it was first discovered. From the fact that this greenish earth was regarded as a sort of ceruse, we might infer that the ceruse of the ancients was not always of a very pure white."1 *CE'RYLUS (nt'ipvtoc.), a species of Bird ; the same, according to Suidas and Tzetzes,