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according actually Alfonso already Arab Aragon arms army authority battle became bishops brother called capital Castile Castilian Catholic celebrated century chapter Christian Church command Cordova Council course court crown daughter death defeated died Dominic doubt early ecclesiastical Emperor Empire entirely established Europe faith father Ferdinand followed forces greater hands Henry Hist honour Iberians Imperial important independent influence interesting Italy James John king kingdom knights known land language Languedoc laws least length Leon less lived marched marriage master Moslem neighbours never noble once Order origin peace Peninsula Peter political Pope possessed present prince provinces reign religious remained returned Roman Rome royal rule Sancho says Seville soldiers sovereign Spain Spaniards Spanish subjects succeeded successful Toledo took town Valencia victory Visigothic
Seite 35 - If a man were called to fix the period in the history of the world during which the condition of the human race was most happy and prosperous, he would, without hesitation, name that which elapsed from the death of Domitian to the accession of Commodus.
Seite 44 - We authorize the followers of this doctrine to assume the title of Catholic Christians; and as we judge, that all others are extravagant madmen, we brand them with the infamous name of Heretics; and declare that their conventicles shall no longer usurp the respectable appellation of churches. Besides the condemnation of divine justice, they must expect to suffer the severe penalties, which our authority, guided by heavenly wisdom, shall think proper to inflict upon them.
Seite 411 - Brescia, who lived at the end of the fifteenth and beginning of the sixteenth century, and died 1510, at Bergamo, at a very advanced age.
Seite 44 - We authorise the followers of this doctrine to assume the title of Catholic Christians; and as we judge that all others are extravagant madmen, we brand them with the infamous name of Heretics, and declare that their conventicles shall no longer usurp the respectable appellation of churches.
Seite 274 - Adams says that the period from the middle of the twelfth to the middle of the thirteenth centuries was an interval of "almost unparalleled prosperity...
Seite 221 - To bring the world back again within the pale of the Church was the aim of two religious orders which sprang suddenly to life at the opening of the thirteenth century. The zeal of the Spaniard Dominic was roused at the sight of the lordly prelates who sought by fire and sword to win the Albigensian heretics to the faith. "Zeal...
Seite 50 - So numerous were the receivers in comparison with the payers, and so enormous the weight of taxation, that the labourer broke down, the plains became deserts, and woods grew where the plough had been It were impossible to number the officials who were rained upon every province and town The crack of the lash and the cry of the tortured filled the air. The faithful...
Seite 43 - It is our pleasure (such is the Imperial style) that all the nations which are governed by our clemency and moderation should steadfastly adhere to the religion which was taught by St. Peter to the Romans; which faithful tradition has preserved ; and which is now professed by the pontiff Damasus, and by Peter, bishop of Alexandria, a man of apostolic holiness.
Seite 194 - ... remains that they had two daughters, who married into some of the noblest houses of all Spain. The elder, Christina, became the wife of Ramiro, Infante of Navarre; while the younger, Maria, married Count Ramon Berenguer III. of Barcelona. After a long series of intermarriages, to quote from Burke, in a double stream, through the royal houses of Spain and of France, the blood of the Cid is found to flow in the veins of his majesty Alfonso XIII., the reigning King of Spain. The religious side of...
Seite 285 - ... calculations. Their progress in mathematical geography was no less remarkable. The works of Ibn-Haukal. of Makrizi, al-Istakhri. Masudi, al-Beiruni, al-Kumi and al-Idrisi, Kazwini, Ibn ul-Wardi, and Abu'l Feda, show what the Saracens attained in this department of science, called by them the rasm-ularz. At a time when Europe firmly believed in the flatness of the earth, and was ready to burn any foolhardy person who thought otherwise, the Arabs taught geography by globes.