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Vatican policy. What was seriously sug. French garrison, ready to come to the gested was nothing less than that the Pope Holy Father's rescue at the first call. We should cede his remaining States to the have no hesitation in pronouncing these and Emperor, naming bim Patrician of the many other stories of a similar character to Church; and this grotesque idea 'actually be the hoaxes hatched by a fond and selfobtained the active countenance of men deluding fancy. There is absolutely nothwho take rank amongst the shrewdest ing which can warrant the inference that intellects in the Court of Rome. There is the French authorities bave been playing indeed small room left for choice when we a delusive game in the language which they find ourselves between such visionary no- bave been holding with such remarkable tions as these, and apathy of the most per- consistency. But if, then, three months verse kind. On the whole the latter has at hence we are really to witness the marching least the advantage of a certain dignified of the French battalions out of Rome, if calmness of aspect. We are not surprised three months hence those priests who canto learn that both the above adventurous not and will not bring their hearts to believe suggestions fell dead on the Pope and Car- in this reality will then be actually lookdinal Antonelli, and that this council has ing upon it in utter amazement, what a practically been productive of no alteration scene of consternation and moral prostrain that strictly impassive attitude which it tion will not Rome present that day, and has ever been the Cardinal Secretary of who can venture to predict the character of State's advice to assume. Still the party the events to which such thorough confueager for a more active line has not desisted sion of thought may not improbably give from working on the Pope's more mobile rise ? Plainly the 15th of December will nature, and as happens generally, has suc- usher in upon Rome and those who dwell ceeded in pushing him to some half-meas- in it an entirely new period, a period of ures in this sense. So it has been that, as the Unknown, whose atmosphere will be we mentioned last week, the French Episco- thickly saturated with inflammable elements, pate was instructed to send a round Robin more likely to be productive of grand'ex to the Emperor; and the tone struck by plosions than of brilliant and fascinating Cardinal Cullen and Bishop Gillooly in their spectacles conceived in the interest of leirecent pastorals would indicate that the plan surely lookers-on. which we know was under consideration has been acted upon, namely, to cause the Catholic Episcopate in a body to commence a combined series of demonstrations against the French Emperor. All these measures are so manifestly child

From the Examiner of Sept. 8. ish in their design so utterly beside the THE INVENTOR OF THE NEEDLE-GUN. immediate purpose to which they are directed — that it is impossible to fancy that The Berlin correspondent of the Times human beings not absolutely without their gives a most interesting account of a conordinary senses can believe in their efficacy. versation with the inventor of the needle. The suspicion cannot be repressed that in gun, Herr von Dreyse, an old man of the bottom of their hearts, when professing seventy-eight, still intent upon the improvedeliberately to meet the emergencies so ment of arms. Von Dreyse is not satisfied plainly ahead with weapons so sure to with his needle-gun. It has not killed and break in the hand, they must be trusting wounded enough to come up to his expectato some secret source of hope. That source tions, but he hopes to do better. He was of hope is to be found in the difficulty they originally a locksmith, and his attention feel in realizing that the Emperor will actu- was first directed to arms by observing the ally take away his forces from Rome. This extraordinary clumsiness of the muskets superstitious incredulity has been roughly used by the Prussians at Jena. He then shaken of late, but springs up as fast as a came to the conclusion that Prussia would weed that, though cut down, cannot be never become a first-rate military Power eradicated. To-day confidence is revived without better arms. When he invented by the assertion that the contracts for the what is really the heart and soul of the imgarrison have been renewed for a term be- provement, not the breechloading, but the yond the 15th of December, to-morrow de- material of the cartridge and the method of spondency is cheered by the statement that igniting it, he was looked upon as a madRome indeed is to be evacuated, but Civita man, and had to encounter the most terrible Vecchią is to remain in the keeping of a of all enemies of improvement, roatine.

He obtained the support, however, of two to surpass us once more in weapons of warfare ; persons in authority, by whose influence he but this ought not to be -- it must not be.” obtained a trial of his gun.

A commission was appointed for the purpose, and com

Von Dreyse is quite aware that the great posed mainly of officers who bad predicted fault of his gun is its weight, which he proevery sort of failure. The scene described poses to diminish by three pounds and a is good :

half in an improved gun.

And the writer

whom we owe this most interesting account “I had brought with me a hundred car

seems to consider him equal to his task, so tridges to be shot

off from the same gun. It active and vigorous is his mind at seventywas a long time before the gentlemen of the eight. The King of Prussia ought to surcommission relaxed a muscle of their counte- round the age of so invaluable a servant nances, but when one shot followed the other in with all possible care and props, not only quick succession, the ammunition gradually de- from gratitude for the past, but also in the creased, and the gun would not oblige them by lively expectation of more services to come. exploding, their faces by degrees became longer If the locksmith do no more, he has made a and Jonger. I did not utter a word, but re. key opening a great door for Germany. But joiced at the unmixed pleasure evinced by Gen- we do not believe that Prussia will keep eral Witzleben. Prince Augustus became very her lead in breechloading arms.

Other red. He rode up and down gazing with aston- nations are on the track ; they have got the ishment at the heap of cartridges, which was diminishing one by one. For the space of ten principle, and will succeed in modifications. minutes the firing was kept up, till at last the A grievous mistake it would be for us to rest rifleman declared he could shoot no more, for satisfied with an improvement of the needlethe barrel was too hot to hold. Fifty cartridges gun, a matter of little or no difficulty. had been fired from it. You may imagine the With us a complete recast and reorganizaexpression on these gentlemen's visages when tion of the army are wanted, the whole upon opening

the barrel they found the breech, thing being as obsolete as the old musket. instead of being stuffed full as they anticipated, A little pedaling alteration here and there as clean as that of a common double-barrelled will not do, the whole thing must be overgun. Prince Augustus was visibly moved.

Shoot again,' he cried, as soon as the barrei hauled, and reconstructed from bottom to had cooled a little, and in ten minutes more not top. a cartridge was left. In less than half an hour 100 shots had been fired from the same gun, and not one of all the mischances prophesied by the gentlemen of the commission had taken place."

From L'Opinion Nationale - Paris : Liberal, Von Dreyse has the good sense to foresee

Aug. 20. that other nations will adopt breechloaders,

THE RUSSO-AMERICAN ALLIANCE. and that, though they may not have the secret of the material of the cartridge, they

The visit of the American squadron to will hit upon something which will answer Cronstadt, and the alliance between the the same purpose, and he most fears the United States and Russia, which is every rivalry of the French :

day becoming closer, are facts which force

themselves on our attention, although it F?" You see,” said he, “It is the most likely would be more agreeable to turn away our thing in the world that, afier this war, almost head and not to consider the spectacle of all other nations will introduce the needle.gun such a compromise. into their armies. They do not know the secret of our Zündspiegel, but they will make some

While the New York Herald publishes an sort of a substitute more or less like it, and article entitled, “ The Great Powers of the have this advantage in constructing their new

Future” the United States and Russia guns, that they can avoid all the faults they ob- one of the principal organs of the Russerve in ours, while we must put up with what sian press, the Journal de St. Petersburg, exwe have, and thus other nations will excel


itself thus : Prussia in this particular. I fear France es

“ The sympathy which exists between pecially, having a very high opinion of the the Americans and us is natural, and hence French manufactories of arms, and am con durable. It is not any artificial entente corvinced that though they have not the Zünd- diale whatever. The visit of the American spiegel the French will succeed in producing a very capital needle-gun, with all those squadron to the port of Cronstadt does not improvements which it may, perhaps, be too resemble, for example, the interview belate to make in ours. In a word, they will try tween the French and English fleets at Cherbourg, during which the semi-official | American war vessels, took their seats at French papers alone scattered officiál com- the table of the Ministers. pliments; when we shake hands with the While crossing the park, the American right hand we do not hold a dagger bidden officers met General Todtleben, to whom with the left. ... In America and Asia they asked to be introduced. The heroes there are territories enough for us even in of Charleston, Mobile, and New Orleans a thousand years not to interfere with each received the defender of Sebastopol with a other.

triple hurrah, which resounded through the “ Even in foreign relations there is a park, and prevented the plash of the founstriking resemblance between the Russians tains from being heard. and the Americans. Neither they nor we The Nord does not devote less than two are liked by old Western Europe, and the columns to the recital of the festivities barbarous peoples of the other parts of the ordered by Russia in honour of the envoys world.

of the great republic. “ We do not hate our Western neigh- Captain Fox, says another letter, after bours, and we would gladly live in peace having been received by the Emperor, went with them if they did not provoke us on to visit Kommissaroff, the same who a short every favourable occasion. If we are more time ago saved the life of Alexander II. powerful than they would like we partici- This act moved the inhabitants of St. pate in this fault with all young nations Petersburg even to tears. who acquire strength and

This monstrous alliance of democracy " It is thus our friendship for America is with despotism has been prepared by Westfully explained, as well as the hitch which ern Europe, and wished by Western Europe. there generally is in our relations with the If, instead of pursuing the dream of reWestern Powers, by the natural liking of suscitating the Latin races on the Amerithe young for the young, and the no less can continent, we had remained the faithnatural indifference of old age, which loses ful allies of that republic which counts all hopes of a future.”

Lafayette amongst its founders, we should The Nord, in its correspondence of St. not now behold this deplorable misunderPetersburg, transmits us the following in- standing. With such a lesson before us, is telligence on the sojourn of the American it politic to be jealous of all who grow ? envoys. At the moment when Captain What do MM. Thiers and Forçade Fox presented to the Emperor, at Peterhoff, think of it ? Is it wise, is it prudent, to the address of the Congress, a telegraphic sow division everywhere, to defend everymessage - the first which has been trans- thing which is crumbling against everymitted directly from Russia to America — thing which is growing up ? to cavil with conveyed to New York the news of this victory and discount defeat ? After having audience, in which the American nation fallen out with the United States, is it expressed its profound respect for the head patriotic or sensible to do so also with Italy of the Russian nation.

and Prussia, and only to leave ourselves At the close of the audience, Captain Benedek, Narvaez, and Maximilian, the Fox and General Clay, accompanied by Emperor of Mexico in partibus infidelium, their secretaries and the captains of the for allies ?

power with


NINE weary uphill miles we sped,

The setting sun to see;
Sulky and grim he went to bed,

Sulky and grim went we.

Seven sleepless hours we tossed, and then,

The rising sun to see,
Sulky and grim we rose again,

Sulky and grim rose he.

No. 1168. Fourth Series, No. 29. 20 October, 1866.



1. New Picture by Richards ; Ball's Statue of Abraham Lincoln, Leutze's New Pictures

130 2. Recent Humorists : Aytoun, Peacock, Prout : North British Review,

131 3. Madonna Mary. Part 9.

Mrs. Oliphant,

148 4. Voltaire and his Valet

Dublin Unirersity Magazine, 166 5. Philosophers and Negroes

Saturday Review,

181 6. The Uses of Fiction

183 7. Recovery of the Atlantic Cable

186 8. Mozley on Miracles . 9. The Boston Transcript

192 Poetry: The Meadow Brook, 147. The Dawn, 147. The Tunnel, 147. Mignonette, 165. Echo, 165. Praed's Charade, 180.

Short ArticLES : Eliana, 180. Swinburne's Poems and Ballads, 191.


NEW BOOKS. HISTORY OF THE UNITED States, FROM THE DISCOVERY OF THE AMERICAN ContiNENT. By George Bancroft. Vol. IX. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company.

Some years ago, we published in the Living Age, in successive Nos., a very good Story, called KATE COVENTRY: AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY.

This we have now re-printed as a handsome paper-covered book, price 38 cents. It will be sent by mail, postage free. Booksellers supplied on liberal terms.

Lately published at this office : ZAIDEE, by Mrs. Oliphant, 75 cents. WITCHHAMPTON HALL, 25 cents. MISS MARJORIBANKS, 75 cents.





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New Picture BY RICHARDS. Some of our | which is supported by four volumes, emblematic readers who passed the summer vacation on the of the Constitution. The figure of Lincoln is a coast of Maine, (“ Belle and I," among the striking likeness, both in form and feature. No number), will remember a work in the hands attempt has been made to idealize the costume, of W. T. Richards of Philadelphia — whom which consists of the buttoned frock, turned Ruskin of England denominates as “the most collar and knotted cravat of the day. The sincere and truthful of American artists”

position is easy and natural, while the whole entitled “ · Repose -“Mt. Marcy and Ava- expression, both of feature and attitude, is a lanche Lake, among the Adirondacks. While faithful reproduction of Lincoln's characteristic in process of execution at Mt. Desert, where simplicity and benignity of manner. the artist spent part of the season, it made for Mr. Båll has always been singularly happy itself a great reputation, and in answer to nu in his portrait statues. His Webster is a permerous solicitations from lovers of art here, the fect reproduction, and his Washington Allston painting, now completed, has been placed at is a striking resemblance, as well as a graceful Childs & Jenks's Gallery of Art, on exhibition. work. This statue of Lincoln not only reproWe have seen it, and do not marvel at the en- duces exactly the man and the manner, it is not thusiasm of those who watched the pencil of only stamped with individuality, but it is the artist while sketching it. The closing, imbued with a poetry and a thought which give faithful touches were given the work out in the it a far higher importance than a mere portrait open air, amid the sublime scenery it delineates. statue. In representing Abraham Lincoln, the

The atmosphere of the picture can be artist has also perpetuated an event which will breathed ; the trees, rocks, water, it is difficult long be a great landmark in the history of our to believe could be more faithfully rendered country. He has given to posterity not only from nature. The picture was intended as a the faithful portraiture of a great man, but has companion piece to one of De Hass's marine represented him in the special act by which he storm scenes, and is exactly opposite in effect will be best known to po-terity. and impression. Repose ” is the language of Mr. Ball is now in Florence, and has sent all portions of the canvas, from the little these photographs home for the examination of heather blossom at the foot of the moss-covered those who have in contemplation the erection of rocks to the “ solemn, cloud-capped mountain " a statue to Lincoln. It seems to us that he has in the background. Richards has given us his produced a work eminently worthy of the subbest mark in this picture, and as he now leaves ject, and worthy of being put into imperishable for Europe in the next steamer, he will go with bronze; a lasting monument to the great man a fresh and enhanced reputation, as the first whom represents, and an admirable wo American artist in his special department, the art to embellish our city. [Cor. N. Y. Eve. school of the pre-Raphaelites ; and we hope he Post.] will lose none of his originality, or distinctive peculiarities by the tour and sojourn in the old world.


LEUTZE has just completed an excellent porBall's STATUE OF ABRAHAM Lincoln. trait of General Grant, painted with all the We have had an opportunity of examining two vigor and power which are characteristics of photographs of the model of President Lincoln, this artist's works. The picture is a threejust completed by Thomas Ball, the sculptor, quarter length, and represents the General and are impelled to express publicly the admi- standing at the door of his tent, clad in uniration they have awakened. The artist has form, and in the act of drawing, with his right instinctively chosen for delineation the one hand, an official paper from his breast-pocket, event in Lincoln's life which will be remembered while his left hand rests upon the hilt of his as its historic point — his proclamation of free-sword. A drapery of flags, a camp-stool and a dom to the slave. The figure is erect; the couch within the tent are the chief accessories right hand holding a wreath upon a shield in the picture. bearing the stars and stripes ; the left hand is Another new picture by Leutze is entitled extended in a protective and benedictive man- Godiva," and represents that heroic woman ner over the crouching figure of a slave; and riding through the market of Coventry. The the head is slightly bent as if gazing on the architectural character of this work, with the form at his feet. The slave is almost nude. quaint old gabled houses that adorn the streets, On his head is a cap bearing the word Liberty; is especially noticeable. Leutze has painted from his wrists hang the remnants of broken no picture more carefully finished than this, chains; behind him is the whipping-post, partly nor one which possesses more sentiment and shrouded in a mantle, with a ball and chain at tenderness of expression. its base. The shield rests upon a scroll, em- “ Christmas Eve" is the name of a picture blematic of the emancipation proclamation, on which the same artist is engaged.

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