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rose quickly to her feet.“ Lady Ongar," “I read what it pleased you to write.” said the voice, “are you not rather near the “What it pleased me! Do you pretend edge? As she turned round there was to think that Lord Ongar did not speak as Count Pateroff with his hand already upon he speaks there? Do you not know that her dress, so that no danger might be pro- those were his own words? Do you not duced by the suddenness of his speech. recognize them? Ah, yes, Lady Ongar;
“ There is nothing to fear," she said, you know them to be true.” stepping back from her seat. As she did so, " Their truth or falsehood is nothing to he dropped his hand from her dress, and, me. They are altogether indifferent to me raising it to his head, lifted his hat from his either way.” forehead. “ You will excuse me, I hope,
" That would be very well if it were posLady Ongar," he said, “ for having taken sible; but it is not. There; now we are this mode of speaking to you."
at the top, and it will be easier. Will you “I certainly shall not excuse you; nor, let me have the honour to offer you my further than I can help it, sball I listen to arm ? No! Be it so; but I think you you.”
would walk the easier. It would not be for “ There are a few words which I must the first time. say.”
“ That is a falsehood.” As she spoke she “ Count Pateroff, I beg that you will stepped before him, and looked into his leave me. This is treacherous and unman- face with eyes full of passion. “ That is a ly, -- and can do you no good. By what positive falsehood. I never walked with a right do you follow me here?”
hand resting on your arm.” " I follow you for your own good, Lady There came over bis face the pleasantest Ongar ; I do it that you may hear me say smile as he answered her. “ You forget a few words that are necessary for you to everything,” he said ; —"everything. But hear.”
it does not matter. Other people will not “ I will hear no words from you, - that forget. Julie, you had better take me for is, none willingly. By this time you ought your husband. You will be better as my to know me and to understand me.” She wife, and bappier, than you can be otherhad begun to walk up the hill very rapidly, wise." and for a moment or two he had thought * Look down there, Count Pateroff'; that she would escape him; but her breath down to the edge. If my misery is too had soon failed her, and she found herself great to be borne, I can escape from it there compelled to stand while he regained his on better terms than you propose to me." place beside her. This he had not done “ Ah! That is what we call poetry. without an effort, and for some minutes Poetry is very pretty, and in saying this as they were both silent. It is very beauti- you do, you make yourself divine. But to ful,” at last he said, pointing away over the be dashed over the cliffs and broken on the
rocks; in prose it is not so well." “Yes; – it is very beautiful,” she an- “Sir, will you allow me to pass on while swered. "Why did you disturb me when I you remain ; or will you let me rest here, was so happy ?” But the count was still while you return alone ? " recovering his breath and made no answer "No, Julie ; not so. I have found you to this question. When, however, she at- with too much difficulty. In London, you tempted to move on again, still breasting see, I could not find you. Here, for a the hill, he put his hand upon her arm very minute, you must listen to me. Do you not gently.
know, Julie, that your character is in my “ Lady Ongar," he said, “ you must listen hands ? ” to me for a moment. Why not do it with- " In your hands ? No; — never; thank out a quarrel ?"
God, never. But what if it were ?" you mean that I cannot escape from * Only this, - that I am forced to play you, it is true enough.”
the only game that you leave open to me. “Why should you want to escape ? did I Chance brought you and me together in ever hurt you ? Before this have I not such a way that nothing but marriage can protected you from injury?"
be beneficial to either of us; - and I swore “ No; - never. You protect me!" to Lord Ongar that it should be so. I mean
“Yes; -1; from your husband, from that it shall be so, - or that you shall be yourself, and from the world. You do not punished for your misconduct to him and to know, not yet, all that I have done for me." you. Did you read what Lord Ongar had "You are both insolent and false. But said ?”
listen to me, since you are here and I can
not avoid you. I know what your threats , which he regarded her. But she kept her mean."
promise, and said not a word in answer to “ I have never threatened you. I have it all. For more than an hour they walked promised you my aid, but have used no side by side, and during a greater part of threats.”
that time not a syllable escaped from her. "Not when you tell me that I shall be Froin moment to moment she kept her eye punished ? But to avoid no punishment, if warily on him, fearing that he might take any be in your power, will I ever willingly her by the arm, or attempt some violence place myself in your company. You may with her. But he was too wise for this, write of me what papers you please, and and too fully conscious that no such prorepeat of me whatever stories you may ceeding on his part could be of any service choose to fabricate, but you will not frighten to him. He continued, however, to speak to me into compliance by doing so. I have, her words which she could not avoid hearat any rate, spirit enough to resist such at- ing; — hoping rather than thinking that he tempts as that.”
might at last frighten her by a description “As you are living at present, you are of all the evil which it was within his pow. alone in the world ? "
er to do her. But in acting thus he showed “ And I am content to remain alone." that he knew nothing of her character.
“ You are thinking then, of no second She was not a woman whom any prospect marriage ?”
of evil could possibly frighten into a dis“If I
were, does that concern you ? But tasteful marriage. I will speak no further word to you. If Within a few hundred yards of the hotel you follow me into the inn, or persecute me there is another fort, and at this point the further by forcing yourself upon me, I will path taken by Lady Ongar led into the put myself under the protection of the private grounds of the inn at which she police.
was staying Here the count left ber, Having said this, she walked on as quick- raising his hat as he did so, and saying that ly as her strength would permit, while he he hoped to see her again before she left walked by her side, urging upon her his the island. old arguments as to Lord Ongar's expressed “ If you do so," said she, " it shall be in wishes, as to his own efforts on her behalf, presence of those who can protect me.” - and at last as to the strong affection with And so they parted.
The Plantagenet Kings. — A correspond- the convict chapel, begrimed with the dust and ent writes to a daily paper as follows :-“Wan- dirt of ages, the effigies in marble which once dering through France, I found myself a short adorned them of Henry II. and Elcanor of time since at Fontevrault, well known as the Guienne, of Richard Cæur de Lion, and burial-place of some of our Plantagenet Kings. most beautiful and best preserved of all — IsaThe abbey, once famous, has gone to rack and bella d'Angouleme, the wife of John. Would ruin ; its precincts are transformed into a con- it not be a graceful act of the French Emperor vict establishment. The graves of the kings to hand them over to our Government? As have, of course, been long plundered, but thore being authenticated likenesses, they would be ! are still preserved, hidden in a dark corner of valuable addition to the records of our history."
From the Contemporary Review. Ito any by which places of sepulture were THE CHURCH IN THE CATACOMBS. known to paganism, - from the Greek to
lull or fall asleep; also to the phrase common No phase of Christian antiquity speaks to epitaphs above Christian graves, depositus so little to the eye, and yet none is so full of (interred), implying consignment, the temposignificance to the mind, nor so important rary trust of a treasure to the tomb, in hope to high interests, as the Art found in Rome's of another life -- with sense utterly wantCatacombs — the pictorial and sculptured ing to the funereal terms conditus, compositus, evidence to the life of the primitive Church, and others of pagan use. The records supplying illustrations of inestimable value, these cemeteries contain cannot be appreand pleading with silent eloquence for much ciated from any sectarian point of view; that has been laid aside, while opposed to but alike command interest from all Chrismuch that has been adopted, in ecclesiastical tians by their luminous and paramount testiusage. Here is indeed manifest to the mony to those divine truths in respect to thoughtful observer an ideal far from con- which the followers of Christ are universally sistently conformed to at the present day agreed, — here far more strikingly manifest by any religious system, Catholic or Protes- than is aught that bears evidence to dogmas tant; for the conviction that the true mani- or practices around which discords have festation of the perfectly evangelic Church have arisen among those who acknowledge is yet to be looked for as future, and that the same Divine Author of their faith. It all institutions hitherto pretending to that is a noble presentment of one momentous character are destined eventually to give phase in the story of humanity that these place to a reality nobler and purer, as the sacred antiquities afford to us. Amidst cirmorning star fades before the sustre of the cumstances of unexampled trial, amidst all risen sun, - this is what forces itself most the provocations of calumny, persecution, strongly upon minds capable of bringing the liabilities to degrading punishment and impartial judgment and independent reason torturing death; while the Christians were to the study of such monuments. Lately accused of atheism, considered to be, as exerted activity in the research and illus- Tacitus says, convicted of hatred against tration of the records of ancient Christianity the human race, - not one expression of at Rome - fresh impulses given to learning bitter or vindictive feeling, not one utterand speculation in this sphere, and favoured ance of the sorrow that is without hope can by the liberal patronage of Pius IX., - be read upon these monumental pages, but, tend, perhaps without the consciousness of on the contrary, the intelligible language of those immediately concerned, to prepare for an elevated spirit and calmly cheerful temper, a new era in faith and devotion, whose hope whose flame never burns dim, faith spirit will probably prove adverse, in va- serenely steadfast, a devotional practice rious respects, to the teaching or practice of fraught with sublime mysticism, yet disRome, if not irreconcilable with her now tinguished by simplicity and repose — alto admitted claims for the hierarchic order. gether a moral picture, evincing what is That all which is holy, useful, morally beau- truly godlike in man! tiful, and adapted to humanity's require- At a glance we may go through the enments in that ably organized system of tire range of scriptural, and almost as rapidchurch government, whose triumphant suc- ly through that of symbolic subjects in this cesses are due to the talents and zeal exert- artistic sphere, both circles obviously detered at this centre, and long assuredly favoured mined by traditions from which the imagiby Providence, with ever-renewed proof native faculty was slow to emancipate itself. how invariably
From the Old Testament, - the Fall of Adam
and Eve, and the judgment pronounced on “The way is smooth them before their expulsion from Paradise ; For power that travels with the human heart,". Noah in the Ark; the sacrifice of Abraham;
Moses receiving the tables of the Law on that all this may, as to essence at least, be Sinai; Moses striking the rock; the story retained in the final developments of divine of Jonas, in different stages; Daniel in the religion, none can more earnestly desire or lions' den ; the three Israelites in the fiery hope than those who look with full confidence furnace; the ascent of Elias to Heaven, for a more perfect acceptance and embodi- and a few others less common. From the ment in the future of the truth taught by New Testament, — the Nativity; the adorathe world's Redeemer.
tion of the Magi ; the change of water into We have to observe the deeper signifi- wine; the multiplication of loaves; the cance attaching to this term Catacom!, than restoring of sight to the blind; the healing
of the cripple, and of the woman afflicted garments. It was in the year 431 that with a bloody flux; the raising of Lazarus ; the Council of Ephesus, in denouncing the Christ entering Jerusalem seated on an ass ; adverse opinions of Nestorious, defined that St. Peter denying Christ, between two Mary was not merely the mother of humaniJews; the arrest of St. Peter ; Pilate wash- ty, but to be revered in a more exalted ing his hands; in one instance (on a sar- sense as the mother of Deity in Christ. cophagus), the soldiers crowning our Lord Turning to the purely symbolic, we find in mockery, but (remarkable for the senti- most frequently introduced – the lamb ment - the preference for the triumphant (later appearing with the nimbus round its rather than mournful aspect) a garland of head), and the various other forms in which flowers being substituted for that thorny faith contemplated the Redeemer: namely, crown mentioned in the Gospel narrative; the good shepherd; Orpheus charming wild in another instance, the Roman soldiers animals with his lyre; the vine; the olive; striking the Divine Sufferer on the head the rock; a light'; a column; a fountain ; with a reed; but no nearer approach to the a lion : and we may read seven poetic lines dread consummation being ever attempted by St. Damascus enumerating all tbe titles - a reserve imposed, no doubt, by reveren- or symbols referring to the same Divine Pertial tenderness, or the fear of betraying to sonality, comprising, besides the above, a scorn the great object of faith respecting that king; a giant; a gem; a gate; a rod; a supreme sacrifice accomplished on Calvary hand ; a house ; a net; a viveyard. But among Among other subjects prominent in the fourth all others, the symbol most frequently seen is century, (though not for the first time then the fish, with a meaning perhaps generally seen), are two persons whose high position known, but too important to be here omitin devotional regards henceforth becomes ted - its corresponding term in Greek being and
more conspicuous with the formed of the initial letters of the holy lapse of ages the Blessed Virgin, and St. name and title, “ Jesus Christ, Son of God, Peter. The mother of Christ, as first intro- Saviour.” We find also the dove for the duced to us by art, is only seen in her his- Holy Spirit, or for beatified spirits generally; toric relation to her Divine Son, nor in any the stag, for the desire after baptism and other than the two scenes of the Nativity, heavenly truth ; candelabra, for illumination and the Adoration of Wise Men — later through the Gospel; a ship, for the Church, she appears like other of those orantes, or — sometimes represented sailing near a lightfigures in the attitude of prayer, and some- house, to signify the Church guided by the times between the apostles Peter and Paul Source of all Light and Truth; a fish,
occasionally, indeed, with naïve expres- swimming with a basket of bread on its sion of reverence, on larger scale than these back, for the eucharistic sacrament; the latter, an honour, however, not exclusively horse, for eagerness or speed in embracing hers, but also given to certain other virgin divine doctrine ; the lion, for martyr fortisaints, especially St. Agnes. The first ex- tude, or vigilance against the snares of sin ample of the “ Madonna and Child " picture, (as well as with that higher allusion above destined for such endless reproduction and noticed); the peacock, for immortality ; extraordinary honours, is seen over a tomb the phenix, for the resurrection ; the hare, in the Catacombs of St. Agnes: Mary with for persecution, or the perils to which the veiled head, arms extended in prayer, and faithful must be exposed; the cock, for the Child, not apparently seated, but stand- vigilance - the fox being taken in a negaing before her, on each side being the mono- tive sense of warping against astuteness gram of the holy name, XP, — which sym- and pride, as the dove (besides its other bol (rarely in use before the conversion of meanings) reminded of the simplicity beConstantine) suffices to show that this pic- coming to believers. Certain trees also ture cannot be of earlier date than the appear in the same mystic order; the cyfourth century, as the absence of the nim- press and the pine, for death; the palm, for bus to the heads both of Mother and Child victory; the olive, for the fruit of good indicates origin not later than the earlier works, the lustre of virtue, mercy, purity, years of the next century, before which or peace; the vine, not only for the Euthat attribute scarcely appears in Christian charist and the Person of the Lord, but also art. An event in ecclesiastical bistory ex- for the ineffable union of the faithful in and plains how this pictorial subject, the Madon- with His Divinity. The lamp in the sepulna and Child, attained its high importance chre implies both the righteous man and the and popularity – became, in fact, a symbol true Light of the World ; the house repreof orthodoxy, displayed in private houses, sents either the sepulchre, or the mortal painted on furniture, and embroidered on enement we inhabit in life ; and the
anchor is taken not only in the sense under-1 back. A symbolic picture of the Eucharist stood by paganism, but also for constancy in the form of fish and bread, at the Callixand fortitude, or as indicating the cross
. tan Catacombs, is referable, beyond doubt, Another less intelligible object, the wine- to antiquity as early as the first half of the barrel, is supposed to imply concord, or the third century; and a similar one in those of union of the faithful, bound together by S. Lucina is assumed to be not more modern sacred ties, as that vessel's staves are by its than the second century - perhaps of even hoops. The lyre, sometimes in the hand of earlier date. Another subject, in the same its master Orpheus, is a beautiful symbol reference, though less directly conveyed, is for the harmony and mansuetude produced the Agape, that fraternal (and once sacred) by the subjection of evil passions through banquet, for whose practise in the aposto the divinely potent action of truth. The lic age we must refer to a remarkable pasfour seasons appear with higher allusion sage in one of St. Paul's Epistles, that at once than could be apprehended by the Gen- explains, and is explained by, this ancient tiles — winter representing the present life usage so often pictorially treated in cataof storms and troubles ; spring, the renova- combs. And a mournful testimony indeed tion of the soul and resuscitation of the are the Apostle's words to the rapid deteribody; summer, the glow of love towards oration of the holiest ordinance through the God; and autumn, the death by martyr- perverseness of men :- “ When ye come todom, or life's glorious close after conflict, gether into one place, this is not to eat in anticipation of the bright spring-dawn the Lord's Supper: for in eating every of heaven's eternal year.”
one taketh before other his own supper; In order to understand such a subject as and one is hungry, and another is drunken. the Eucharist, in its supreme place as pre
Wherefore, my brethren, when ye sented by this primitive art, we must en- come together to eat, tarry one for another. deavour to realize what this ordinance was And if any man hunger, let him eat at to the early Christians, — the centre, and it home, that ye come not together unto seems daily recurring transaction of their condemnation." This feast, with which, worship, — the keystone of the mystic arch throughout the first century, the eucharistic on which their whole devotional system celebration was incorporated, is represented may be said to have rested. On every side in the art here before us without any sign appears evident the desire at once to con- of religious purpose, a company either vey its meanings through symbolism to the seated or reclining at a lunette-formed table, faithful, and to conceal both its dogma and partaking of food, bread and fish, sometimes celebration from the knowledge of unbe- with wine; the only symbolic detail being the lievers : never introduced with direct repre- cross marked on loaves, but not of a kind sentment either of its institution or ritual, peculiar to Christians - such bread, called but repeatedly in presentment for the en- panis decussatus, thus divided by incisions lightened eye through a peculiar selection into four parts, being of common use among ot' types
as by the fish placed, together the Romans. with loaves marked with a cross, on a table; As to the very complex indications of or still more significant, the fish floating date, no era proper to Christians is found in water, with a basket containing bread for our guidance in the earlier catacomb and a small vessel of wine on its back — monuments; but about the end of the fourth thus representing at once what I might century appears the year of the Roman bishdescribe in the words of the Anglican op, e.g., "Salvo Siricio Episcopo,” or “temCatechism, “ the outward and visible sign,” poribus Sancti Innocentii :" the last forand “ the inward part or thing signified,” mula, no doubt, adopted after the death of
the elements of the Eucharist, with the the pope named; or (proof of the comparavery Person of the Redeemer. Another tive equality in episcopal rank according to naively expressive symbol, less intelligible primitive ideas) the date by the years of at first sight, is the pail of milk, designed to other bishops also, in inscriptions belonging signify the celestial food prepared by the to their several dioceses; and from the beGood Shepherd for his flock: this mystic ginning of the sixth century are indicated sense sometimes made more clear by the the years, not only of bishops, but priests, nimbus within which the pail is seen ; or by deacons, or even the matrons presiding its being placed on a rude altar, beside over female communities. Date by conwhich is the pastoral staff, without the fig. sulates was rarely adopted in these epiure of the shepherd, who is elsewhere seen graphs before the third, but becomes comcarrying this vessel; the lamb also being mon in the two next centuries, again falling ometimes represented with the pail on its into disuse after the middle of the sixth TOURTI SERIES. LIVING AGE. VOL. III. 20.