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e again, and we should not have printed it, him troublesome. Mark my words, that fel
but that the messenger had gone out of our low will come to a bad end. I have an idea reach before we thought of the last objec- he is now stirring up, an insurrection. He tion.
is dangerous. See what comes of instruct
ing the Jews! During the reign of that Pharaoh called Enter D. (in an excitement.) I have just Talma (the one who would not let the Is- come from the king's chamber. What do raelites go, did you know his name was Tal- you suppose was the occupation of the ma ?) certain noblemen engaged in a con- day? You know the princess's protégé, versation of which I will give you an ac- that homicidal Jew, Moses, who ought to count.
have been impaled long ago, actually came A. Don't you think something ought to to the foot of the throne to ask Pharaoh to be done for our order. I can't say that the free bis people !! cutting of X.'s hand because he held it awk- A. How did Pharaoh receive it? wardly was not a little too strong. We ought Rad. With humbug and simulation, I'll to have privileges to exempt us from muti- engage. lation.
D. He said, “ Moses, I have always been B. I am conservative ; I am sorry for X.; your friend; you have been kindly treated but if we once begin to change the Constitu- in my family, I have been ever known as a tion every thing will go to ruin. There benefactor to the Hebrews; I have never is Rad: he's your man; always talking sold any of my own away. I am desirous about reform and humanity
of their good; I am studying it. But, my good C. Oh, Rad I he's a madman; he posi- fellow, your people are not prepared yet to tively worries about the slaves, Jews! an take care of themselves ; if you lead them inferior race, who are happier under the ad. hence, they will perish for want; they are vantages of Egyptian masters than in their too ignorant to govern themselves. If all own filthy tents that they sigh for.
like and a few others, I would let Rad. Why do you say inferior race ? Did them go instantly; but I keep them in subthe Almighty make any race to be ill-treated jection for their own good. In a few cenby any other?
turies of servitude, they will gradually imC. Yes; I say inferior. Where did you prove; and then the Pharaoh of that day ever see a Jew distinguish himself in learn- will certainly let them go, and they may ing or art ? Surely they have lived among become an independent people. You must the polished and intellectual Egyptians long not mind the sufferings of these now living enough to show mind if it was in them. when you think of what is in store for the They are fit for nothing but hard labor. descendants three hundred years hence." Labor of that kind is necessary. This B. Well, was not that judicious, sensible, people was created to make our bricks and kind ? draw our water, while we think for them, D. Moses did not think so. He respectand maintain in honor the greatest empire fully saluted the king, and said, “ You will of the world.
not help me; you throw me on my people Rad. How can they improve in intellectu- to free themselves. Be it so! ality when they are kept to brutal labors B. Ungrateful dog! I can stand a great by hard task-masters ? I grant that all mas- deal, but not a nasty, long-nosed Jew talkters are not cruel : I know that many of ing to high-born, divinely-descended Egypthem are well-fed from bountiful flesh-pots; tians of independence and equality. Bah! but their higher natures are systematically Hang them !'whip them! kept down. That they are capable of eleva- D. Moses as he turned away said, “We tion is seen in instances where some oppor- will be protected by a higher power than tunity has been offered. There is Moses, Pharaoh. Yes, we will be free. Though all
this generation perish in the wilderness, C. Yes; there you have the very case. our children shall not serve the Egyptians. Moses! an insubordinate fellow. That ras- In time we will have our poets, our artists, cal, owing to the princess's nonsense in pet- our heroes. When Pharoah is an unknown, ting him, has got knowledge enough to make forgotten tradition,
we will survive.
The EARL OF CHATHAM. To the last limped to his seat to protest against a preChatham opposed the blind policy of the mature and inglorious surrender. He leaned Court, by which millions of loyal sub- upon his son-in-law, Lord Mahon, and on jects beyond the Atlantic, who had never his son William — that great William Pitt, dreamed of separating from the mother who was destined to organize a treaty, in country, were goaded into rebellion and after years, with the Transatlantic Repubraised into an independent State. From lic, and to recognise that independence his retreat he watched, with intense in- against which his illustrious father protested terest during eight years, the progress of with his last breath. Every peer present that struggle which terminated so disastrous- long remembered Chatham's appearance ly to North in the Cabinet and Cornwallis on that day; and often told his children in the camp. He heard of the valour of how the veteran statesman held his crutch the insurgents on Bunker's Hill, of the in his hand, while the tails of his rich Congress at Philadelphia, and of the peace- velvet coat flapped his flannel loving Washington taking the field. He swathed legs. There was still a bright beheld thirteen colonies solemnly delare gleam in his eyes, and the arched dose of themselves free and independent, and Gen- his wizened face protruded from the depths eral Burgoyne surrender to the despised of a buge wig. He stood like an old tower, descendants of Quakers and Puritans at venerable in decay. Every word that fell the battle of Saratoga. In the February of from him was listened to with reverence. the year in which he died, he learned that No one felt disposed to taunt bim with inDr. Franklin had signed at Versailles a consistency; for the Duke of Richmond treaty of alliance, offensive and defensive, who moved for an address to the throne between France and the United States; against prosecuting hostilities with America and then — breaking loose again from Lord any further -- Lord Rockingham, and all Rockingham, with whose wise and moderate his friends in the House, respected Chatpolicy he had for several years concurred ham's patriotic ardour, even when it seemed
- turning a deaf ear to the arguments to overpower bis judgment. In profound drawn from the fact of the colonies in silence they heard his hesitating remarks revolt being already severed from the em- and unwonted repetitions. They observed pire, and from the dangers incurred by a with regret that he could not remember twofold war with America and with France names ; and though there were now and
- forgetting, as it should seem, his own oft- then passages in his speech which reminded repeated assertion, that it was impossible to them of his former oratory - bis full, deep conquer America - Lord Chatham went flow of eloquent common sense -- his happy down, or rather was carried down, to the illustrations, and the clear directness of his House, to raise his voice against recon- statements, they could not avoid being nising the independence of the victori- vaguely apprehensive for the speaker. He ous States.
He could not endure the was very restless while the Duke of Richthought of the degradation of his country mond replied ; and when he had concluded,
- of her being humbled by the arms of her Lord Chatham rose, laid his hand on his own children, and compelled to submit to breast, and fell smitten by apoplexy. He the terms of rebels. He had saved her did not, however, die immediately, but was once from imminent peril, and how could removed to Hayes, where he lingered a few he join now in sacrificing her honour? It weeks in the midst of the fondest attention. was ignominious enough to yield to the dic- The haughtiness which often marked his mantation of our own colonists, but how much ners in the society of politicians was unknown more so when that dictation was backed by to him in his family circle; and there to the our old enemies the French? No; come last he gave and received every token of what might, England should hold out to the deepest affection and tenderness. — The the last, and lift her proud head above the Month.
He was seventy years old when he
MR. SWINBURNE's “Poems and Ballads” the press generally. Mr. Swinburne has it in have been withdrawn from circulation. Wheth. his power, by pure and noble work, to induce er this course has been taken by the author or the public to forget the insult flung at them adopted by the firm of Moxon & Co. is not a through his book. He, too, “may win the wise matter which concerns us. It is, at all events, who frowned before to smile at last." - Athe. the result of unequivocally expressed disgust by 'næum.
ASPHALT OF THE DEAD SEA. - Much, have been connected with extinct volcanic attention has been given to the origin of phenomena ; secondly, on the presence, verithe fragments of asphalt which the Dead fied by M. Hebard, of bitumen in the limeSea throws up on its banks, and, from its stones, from whence emerge the thermal analogy with that of Hasbeya, it has been and saline springs of the Tiberiad, in which thought that it was brought down by the Dr. Anderson found bromine associated waters of the Jordan, forgetting that al-, with organic matter; thirdly, on the analyses though bitumen is lighter than the water of of the water of the Dead Sea, which, acthe Dead Sea, it is much heavier than that cording to M. Terreil, contains an organic of the Jordan, and that this river must matter having the characteristic odour of have deposited it on its own banks in the bitumen, and which is particularly abuncourse of so long a journey. It has also dant in the neighbourhood of Ras Mersed, been supposed that vast sheets of bitumen, whose odours of sulphuretted hydrogen are accumulated at the bottom of the Dead noticed by all travellers, and which is the Sea, after hardening, have become detached place signalized for its bitumen by Strabo. and floated to the surface. This hypothesis As at Ras Mersed the bitumen has penetratis not justified by the numerous soundings ed the fissures of the calcareous rocks on made by the American expedition, nor by the banks, and is found in the saline dethose of the Duke de Luines' expedition in posits in a little grotto very near this point, which we had the honour to take part. everythiog leads to the supposition that Lastly, Dr. Anderson had a notion that there still exists one of those submarine under the bituminous deposit of Nebi-Musa springs which in former times emitted conthere existed considerable layers of asphalt, siderable masses of bitumen, and which now intercalated with calcareous rocks, and the confine their operation to exceptionally prolonged outlines of which stretched under enriching the water in bitumen, chlorides, the Dead Sea, and yielded to the erosive and bromides, and so disengaging sulphuaction of its waters the specimens which retted hydrogen gas. In thus unfolding the travellers noticed on its shores. This opin- reasons which lead to the belief that the bituion does not appear to us more admissible bitumen has been brought by the hot and than its predecessors. We do not see why saline springs, and that it has impregnated the the fragments of bitumen dispersed on the limestones after their deposit, we do not inbanks, and of which no trace is found in tend to decide the question whether this bituthe ancient alluvium or the ancient deposits men has been brought up direct from the of the Dead Sea, should not come in part depths, or whether the hot springs met with from the débris of these floating islands of carbonaceous matter in their course, and reasphalt, as well as, perhaps, from the disin- acted upon it. It is known that there exists tegration of the bituminous rocks which in the Lebanon, in the system of sandstone the waters of the Wady-Mahawat and below the cretaceous rocks, which are those of Wady-Sebbah bring down at cer- impregnated with bitumen, considerable tain seasons.
As for the occurrence of masses of lignite, of which the analogues bituminous emanations the bottom of may have existed in the Anti-Libanus and the Dead Sea or on its shores, or along the in the Dead Sea. In this hypothesis, which Valley of the Jordan, we believe that they supports the observation of traces of vegeare connected with a system of thermal, tation found by Dr. Anderson in Dead Sea saline, and bituminous springs which extend asphalt, the heated waters may have been along the major axis of the dislocation of able to extract from the lignites their hydrothe basin. This conviction rests first on carbon products, such as M. Daubrée has the alignment of bituminous deposits along been able to show in his beautiful experithe same axis on which we find the rare ments illustrative of metamorphism. — M. representatives of springs which seem to Louis Larlet in Comptes Rendue.
DISCOVERY OF CAPERNAUM. – Mr. Keith ple,” and, according to letters just received, Johnston and other gentlemen engaged in the were rewarded with complete success, finding exploration of Palestine recently made an im- the supposed building nearly or quite entire. portant discovery. At Mr. Johnston's sugges- Should these tidings prove correct, the explorers tion, who believes that Tell Hum is the true bave found the only building in which the Sasite of ancient Capernaum, they dug into the viour actually was when on earth which can be mould, hoping to find the remains of the syna- identified at this day. gogue there, popularly called the “ White Tem
In vain. Earth looms too faint and far;
Borne onward to the Eternal Throne, (Dedicated to my dear Mary Campbell, of Hazel Life passes like a shooting star Bank, Murray Fields, Edinburgh.)
That crosses æther and is gone:
While all unready and uncalm “ The day must come when we shall die.” The troubled soul in fear is driven In youth how vague that thought appears,
To seek, through broken prayer and psalm, Far off and easily put by
Its half-relinquished hold on Heaven.
Fall of the year, and of the leaf,
God's wide-spread emblems of decay Into the land of shadows gone!
Speak to us now, of joy and grief,
The birthday and the dying day: The young, the old, the yearned-for, sleep
Send us, – from every wood and flower
That bends resigned its fading head, -
Thoughts of the inevitable hour,
The bloom past by, the glory fled !
And God so curb our erring will
That, whether late or early come
Death's summons, we may meet it still
As one that only calls us home!
But labourers in a task assigned ;
Who watch the sunset come at last And Life is but a saucy song,
And cheerful leave the day behind. A pastime, and a pleasant show,
Yea, leave the day, nor fear the night Through raptures of the nascent Spring
That shutteth close Life's darkened door, And passionate joy of Summer hours, And Autumn's fulness, - vanishing
Knowing the gates of Heaven hold light
That shall endure for ever more : In barren Winter's sleety showers.
Knowing the silence of the tomb
Is but a pause of midnight sleep,
Eternal day its reign shall keep.
When summoned for that last farewell ! " Called :” to yield up our sentient life, –
So may we, Mary, trustful wait, And mingle with the senseless clod;
Like you, the glory of that dawn; Forsake the pleasure and the strife,
Nor dread the universal fate And rise prepared to meet our God.
That shows the lesser light withdrawn: Oh! then what years we seem to need
But meet Death gently, – as the true In lieu of moments that remain!
And solemn friend of suffering man, What rushing thoughts, with torrent speed,
Whose certain coming was in view Go coursing through the enfeebled brain !
When first our round of days began: What madness seem the things that grieved;
And bid him grant us but the time What sinful folly, half that smiled ;
For pardons, and for fond farewells; What easy good shows unachieved ;
And then, - ring out the silver chime What quarrels still unreconciled !
That holds Heaven's echo in its bells ! How much we now would fain undo,
CAROLINE NORTON. How much we feel we left undone ! Oh! set once more the goal in view,
- Macmillan's Magazine. And give us yet the race to run !
No. 1172. Fourth Series, No. 33. 17 November, 1866.
1. Archbishop Whately 2. Out of Charity. Part 4. 3. Home for Idiots 4. Hymns and Their Authors 5. Silvio Pellico's Life of an Italian Lady 6. Works of W. M. Praed 7. Nina Balatka: Part 3. 8. Shetland Stockings and Their Knitters 9. A Night on the Ortler Spitz 10. Felix Holt, the Radical 11. Impeachment of President Johnson 12. Proposed Impeachment of the President . 13. The Situation in America
387 391 411 412 415 415 416 427 428 433 440 442 445
POETRY: Our Master, 447. SHORT ARTICLE: Our Sermons, 386.!
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