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and of other extreme measures embraced The Radicals, flushed with a victory of in the original reconstructive scheme of the unexpected completeness, show every disRadical party, we incline to think that they position to push their successes to the utmost. would in any event have given their support The design of impeaching the President to the modified plan, which merely deprives seems to be seriously entertained, and some the South of about one-third of their rep- plausible grounds have been found for so resentation in Congress if they refuse the extreme and hitherto unprecedented a problacks the right of suffrage, and exclude ceeding. The charges against him are three from office those who took an active part in number. In the first place, he is accused either as civil or military officers of the late of usurping the exclusive power of appointConfederate Government. However, it is ment to offices in the public service, and needless to speculate on what might have converting the civil servants of the Governbeen the result if the President had been ment into creatures of his own; in the more prudent or exhibited more tact, since second place, with making peace with the it is admitted that, as matters stand, the Confederate States by proclamation without elections will be so far favourable to the consulting Congress; and in the third place, Radical party as to give them absolute with disposing of prizes in violation of an power in the next se:sion of Congress. article of the Constitution which gives to
According to the well-informed corre-Congress, and to Congress alone, the power spondent of a contemporary, Mr. Weed and to make rules concerning captures by land other friends of the President have ad- and water. The first of these charges is vised him to yield to a power against which considered the most serious; but although be cannot contend. They would have him there may be good ground for saying Mr. avert from the South the danger of being Johnson has evaded the Constitution by dissubjected to conditions at least as severe as missing, during the recess of Congress, all those originally proposed, by accepting that fuctionaries who will not support his policy, modified plan of reconstruction which we and then filling their places by friends of have just described. It can scarcely, be his own, for whose nomination sanction of doubted that Mr. Johnson would do well to the Senate has not been obtained, still it take this advice, and that the South would does not appear to us that he can be said to do equally well to reconcile itself to a fate bave violated the Constitution, which allows which is perfectly inevitable. The question him to appoint to vacancies arising during a in issue at the present elections is substan- recess and does not forbid him from creating tially whether the North should prefer an them by his own act. No doubt he has easy' but perhaps superficial accommodation abused his power, but we cannot see that he of recent differences — immediate restora- has exceeded it, and, at all events, he has in tion of the Union, plausible in appearance, this respect done no more than Mr. Lincoln but possibly treacherous in reality or did at the time of his second election for should insist upon retaining its control over the Presidency: It is, however, comparathe South until the virus of secession had tively immaterial whether the charges will, been completely expelled. That question in point of law, support an impeachment. is now substantially decided in favour of the The only important points are whether the latter alternative, and as the North has Radicals will vote them sufficient, and abundant power to enforce any policy which whether, if they proceed to act upon them, it may deliberately adopt, it is clear that the President will submit. Upon the first the late Confederate States would act wise- point it would be premature to offer an ly in accepting the situation with the best opinion, for the ultimate decision of the possible grace. It is clear that they have party will depend upon a variety of circumno power to resist or even materially to stances about which we know nothing at harass their conquerors. The collapse of present. The second point is not so doubtsuch a state of society as existed amongst ful. Although the President may have orthem before the Rebellion is fatal and de- dered some troops to Washington, we utterly cisive when once it takes place; and if they disbelieve in the probability of that new do not feel it themselves, every one else can civil war about which some people are said see that they are perfectly at the mercy of to be talking. Depend upon it, neither their conquerors. It is, however, doubtful | General Grant nor any other general will whether they will again be offered the com- resist Congress by force, especially after the paratively moderate terms which their not result of very recent elections has shown unnatural, but as it has turned out most un conclusively that that body is supported by fortunate, confidence in Mr. Johnson led the nation. And even if any military leadthem to reject.
er did entertain such a notion, he would be
powerless to carry out a design from which offence even if General Dix should talk the soldiers under his command — citizens rather more peremptorily than Mr. Bigelow as well as soldiers — would certainly recoil. about the withdrawal of the French troops. The Americans will, we have not the slightest We are, moreover, quite unable to see that doubt, be able to arrange their present as the President can derive any advantage they have arranged other domestic difficul- from a bellicose policy, which his opponents ties, which did not involve territorial inter- would be equally ready to adopt if they ests, without an appeal to force; nor do we were in his place. Upon the whole we come suppose that the peace of the world will be therefore to the conclusion that, in Ameriseriously disturbed even if the President can phraseology, Andrew Johnson is “playshould seek to recover the prestige which he ed out,” and that nothing remains for him has lost in the recent elections by the adop- and his Southern clients but to “ cave in ” tion of a more vigorous policy in regard to on the best terms they can get from the Mexico. So far as we can judge, that empire mercy or generosity of antagonists who have is too nearly defunct to become a cause of a fixed and well-defined policy, and are quarrel; and after the Emperor Napoleon wanting neither in the power nor the resohas yielded so much to American remon- lution to carry it out. strances, he is not likely to take any violent
BY JOUN G. WHITTIER.
IMMORTAL Love, forever full,
Forever flowing free, Forever shared, forever whole,
A never-ebbing sea!
Our outward lips confess the name
All other names above;
And comprehendeth love.
The mists of earth away!
How wide and far we stray !
Of him we know in outward shape
And in the flesh no more.
The world's long hope is dim ;
The clouds of heaven for him.
And ear are answerless ;
Is sad with silentness.
And every symbol wanes ;
Eternal love remains.
Or earth below they look,
With Peter his rebuke.
Hush every lip, close every book,
The strife of tongues forbear :
For love that clasps like air ?
In joy of inward peace, or sense
Of sorrow over sin,
His witness is within.
We may not climb the heavenly steepg
To bring the Lord Christ down; In vain we search the lowest deeps
For him no depths can drown.
Nor holy bread, nor blood of grape,
The lineaments restore
No fable old, nor mythic lore,
Nor dream of bards and seers,
Of the oblivious years :
No. 1173. Fourth Series, No. 34. 24 November, 1866.
PAGE 1. Death of Theodore Dwight
N. Y. Evening Post, and.other papers, 450 2. Varieties of History and Art
451 3. The Old Scotchman
473 4. Sir Brook Fossbrooke
474 5. Strauss, Renan, and · Ecce Homo'
494 6. Animal Life in South Africa
507 7. John G. Whittier's Prose Works
N. Y. Evening Post,
POETRY: Not Seldom Clad in Radiant Vest, 493.
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DEATH OF THEODORE DWIGHT. greet and comfort his family, and then departed
before the break of day. – N. Y. Evening Post, THEODORE DWIGHT, a well-known citizen, 17 Oct. died at his house in Brooklyn yesterday, aged seventy years. He was the son of the late The greater part of his life was passed in this Hon. Theodore Dwight, formerly member of city, in diligent devotion to literary and phiCongress from Connecticut, and afterwards for lanthropic pursuits. His great familiarity with many years editor of the Daily Advertiser in modern languages, with bis benevolence and this city. He was graduated at Yale College love of liberty, made him the useful friend of in 1814, in the largest class that had ever left great numbers of political exiles from other that college.
lands, who will mourn his loss. Patriot GariHis life was spent in literary and philanthrop- baldi, and many others, will honor his memory; ic pursuits, to which he was most disinterest- His learning was various, both in languages and edly devoted. He early adopted the practice in natural science. He was secretary of the of acquiring languages in the spoken way, and Ethnological Society, was engaged in preparing his proficiency was such that he was able to con- works in Spanish for the Tract Society, was verse with readiness in French, Spanish, Italian, associate editor of the Israelite Indeed, was a conGerman, Greek, and to some extent in Hebrew stant contributor to the public press, had masand Arabic; he could also read and translate tered not only the Arabic but several native lanfrom all these. Ho was an early advocate of guages of Africa, was a devoted laborer in Sunchanging our method of studying Greek, so as day-schools, was ready to the utmost of his to teach it as a living language; in which idea power and at any sacrifice to help in every good he was understood to have the concurrence of work, and had filled out the ordinary term of the late President Felton and other eminent human life in labors of benevolence, and in Grecians of this country.
studies for the advancement of mankind. He His facility in language, united with the be- was an humble, firm, consistent, and happy nevolence of his heart, and his ardent love of Christian, and his name is a mantle of benedicliberty, made him the ready friend of the va- tion to his bereaved family. - Evangelist. rious political exiles who, at one time or another, have sought refuge on our shores, from For many years it had been shis custom to Spain, Portugal, Italy, South America, and travel over all the prominent spots in this counMexico. The Mosqueras, Garibaldi, Rivera, try that have been dignified by wisdom, braOrestes, and many other living patriots in all very or virtue,' taking down in his memoranthose countries, will feel that they have lost dum-book the early historical incidents of the a true and earnest friend.
revolution from the lips of the actors themselves, At the time of his death he was diligently and with his pencil
sketching all points and employing every leisure moment in the transla- . places of interest. In this way he had accumu; of Spanish works into English, and English | lated nearly a hundred of these books, filled into Spanish, to promote the introduction of with the most interesting reminiscences of our our usages and books into the schools of the early history, which, but for this custom, would Spanish-American states, and to increase the have been irretrievably lost. It was but a few mutual interest and intercourse of our respec- days before his decease that in speaking with tive countries.
him upon this subject we urged upon him, in He was a man of the most sensitive upright- view of the uncertainty of life, the immediate ness and sincerity, and always ready to confer preparation of these notes for publication. In a favor or lend a helping hand in any good this he concurred, and stated that as soon as work, without sparing his own labor and with he had finished the preparation of a lecture upon small regard for his own interest. In this way
Personal Reminiscences of the early movements he lived and worked, without any sensible abate in Natural History in New York and Brooklyn,' ment of activity or ability, up to the very end shortly to be delivered before the Long Island of his life.
Historical Society, he would attend to it. It is On Monday last he accompanied his married to be hoped, however, that the family of the daughter to Jersey City, where she took the deceased will gather up these literary remains train to rejoin her husband in the South. As and carry out the intention of their author in he took leave of her in the car he found the giving them to the public. — N. Y. Journal of door fastened, and before it could be opened the
Commerce. train had begun to move, so that in leaping out he was thrown down and severely bruised. His Mr. Dwight was prominently a philanthrodaughter saw him fall, and entreated that the pist and literateur. He could converse in seven train might stop; but, we are told, without ef languages and read others. He was a friend fect, until she had been carried to a considera- of nearly all the refugees who have sought our ble distance, when some gentlemen interposed hospitality. He labored to create a closer and the conductor consented to set her out upon intimacy between the United States and Spanthe track, with her two children, one a babe, and ish South America. In these and similar pur. without attendant, to find her way back on foot suits he was engaged until, in the beginning of as she might. She was able at length to reach this week, he suffered an injury on a railway, her father, and found him alive, conscious and I which terminated his life. - Philadelphia North peaceful. He lived to be brought home, to | American,