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her in his weakness, and laid his long fee- together, Will and his mother, Mary, and ble arms round her as she sat hiding her her boy. He was the one who needed her face. “Mother! don't say that. I must most. have been mad. Not what I would have And when Hugh and Nelly were married made you out

the Percivals sent the little bride a present, Oh, my poor Will, my boy, my darl- very pretty, and of some value, which the ing !” said Mary, “not you — I never Ochterlonys in general accepted as a peacemeant you !”

offering Winnie's letter which accomAnd she clasped her boy close, and held panied it was not, however, very peaceful him to her, not knowing what she meant. in its tone. “I daresay you think yourself And then she roused herself to sudden rec- very happy, my dear,” Winnie wrote, “ but ollection of his feebleness, and took him I would not advise him to calculate upon back to his sofa, and brooded over him like too much happiness. I don't know if we a bird over her nest. And after awhile Is- were ever meant for that. Mary, who is lay came in, bringing fresh air and news, the best woman among us, has had a terand a breath from the outer world. And rible deal of trouble; and I, whom perhạps poor Will's heart being still so young, and you will think one of the worst, bave not having at last touched the depths, took a been let off any more than Mary. I wonder rebound and came up, not like, and yet not often, for my part, if there is any meaning unlike the heart of a little child. From at all in it. I am not sure that I think that time his moodiness, his heavy brow, his there is. And you may tell Mrs. Kirkman compressed lip, grew less apparent, and so if you like. "My love to Aunt Agatha, out of his long ponderings with himself and if you like you can kiss Hugh for me. there came sweeter fruits. He had been He always was my favourite among all the on the edge of a precipice, and he had not boys.” known it; and now that after the danger Poor Aunt Agatha heard this letter with was over he had discovered that danger, a sigh. She said, “ My dear love, it is only such a thrill came over him as comes some- Winnie's way. She always liked to say times upon those who are the most fool- strange things, but she does not think like hardy in the moment of peril. He had not that." And perhaps on the whole it was seen the blackness of the pit nor the ter- Aunt Agatha that was worst off in the end. ror of it until he had escaped.

She was left alone when the young creaBut probably it was a relief to all, as it tures paired, as was natural, in the spring; was a great relief to poor Will, when his and when the mother Mary went away with doctor proposed a complete change for him, her boy. Aunt Agatha had no child left to and a winter in the South. Mary had devote herself to ; and it was very silent in inoved about very little since she brought the Cottage, where she sat for hours her children home from India, and her spirit with nothing more companionable than the sank before the thought of travel in foreign Henri-Deux ware, Francis Ochterlony's parts, and among unknown tongues. But gift, before her eyes. And Sir Edward was she was content when she saw the light very infirm that year. But yet Miss Seton come back to her boy's eye. And when he found a consolation that few people would was well enough to move, they went away * have thought of in the Henri-Deux, and

before the next winter Mary was to come * They went to San Remo, if any, one would like home. And she had always her poor people except that the beloved physician, Dr. Antonio, has and her letters, and the Kiriell singing thrown the shield of his protection over that pic softly under its dewy braes. turesque little place, with its golden orange groves and its delicious sea.


From the Spectator, Nov. 24. way, and the single answer to the final apTHE COMING CRISIS IN ROME. peal from France, from Italy, and from

Rome, has been an allocution declaring The Continental papers, English Tory that they shall be blessed when they have journals, the Morning Advertiser, and most humbly acknowleded their sin. The opposold women in Islington, are busily speculat- ing forces, therefore, must in a few weeks ing on what Mr. Gladstone can possibly be be face to face without any barrier between doing in Rome. Is he about to convert the them, and then — even the few cool EngPope or to turn Cardinal, to build đp the lish observers who know the Vatican and temporal power or to denounce the Papal Rome as it is known only to Cardinals and prisons, to act as Grand Referendary of the the secret police of Florence, seem inConclave, or to bid for old china on the clined to give way to fear, and anticipate a dispersion of the collections in the Vatican ? catastrophe which will rouse the whole We are authorized to explain the mystery Catholic world. which so vexes the souls of the faithful few In the remnant of the Roman States, inwho still believe that a visit to Rome is not deed, there is little, we are told, to dread. the best of all possible prophylactics against There are no troops, and although the Romanism. Mr. Gladstone is doing nothing fanatics in the Roman Government are in Rome. He is not playing any part what- organizing the brigands under the title of ever, but is simply seated an honoured spec. Auxiliary Companies, still brigands rob tator in the stage box, and watching from much more comfortably when they are not that post of vantage the most exciting dra- under organization. The moment the ma of modern times, the death struggle of French troops depart, terror will compel the oldest government on earth, the new the landed proprietors to organize a nationdevelopment of its only spiritual power. al guard, which will pronounce the districts As the fifth act draws slowly on even first independent and then Italian. The death cannot be burried in 'Rome - the troops of the monarchy, too, which are interest of the audience becomes absorbing, gathering in a solid ring round the frontier, the listeners hold their breath lest a whis- could interfere to put down agrarian insurper should escape, and even the English rection without risk of recalling the French show signs of that emotion, that overpower- or of collision with any force which the Paing sense of expectation, which is so nearly pacy can avow. The perplexity does not fear. The “ tension of the situation," as lie there, but within Rome itself, where the the diplomatists call it, becomes greater foreign legionaries, and the Sanfedisti, and every hour.

The “ Vatican,” -- in which the more trustworthy of the brigands will expression we include the Pope, Cardinal gather in great force, will show fight, will, Antonelli

, the ruling Committee of the So- if they can, provoke an insurrection which ciety of Jesus, and the three or four Cardi- would justify an appeal to the Catholic nals and Monsignori who retain some world for the protection of his Holiness. If

are at last convinced in that case the appeal were made to Italy that the French troops are going, and their all would be well, as the sight of the Italian attitude as of suffering angels has given uniform would at once reduce the city to place to one of fierce, almost despairing, order, and compress once more that hatred anxiety and suspense. From causes vary of the priestly caste which burns so fiercely ing with each individual mind, the effect of in the Roman heart that it baffles even the the change has been to make the Society, otherwise irresistible authority of the Nawith its definite policy and extreme coun- tional Committee. That Committee consels, master of the situation. That policy is tains of necessity two elements — the Italian resistance to the end, a calm, unblenching and the Revolutionary and though the defiance alike to France, Italy, the Roman former, backed by Ricasoli, by the Italian people, and the spirit of the age. In the Army, and by every Liberal with property supreme hour of its existence, abandoned in Rome, is still completely in the ascendby its allies, tricked by its friends, detested ant, still, any great outrage, any slaughter by its children, the Papacy will concede of a crowd, any rumour of an intended masnothing, will promise nothing save pardon sacre might give Mazzini's agent a moral after submission, will make no reforms, will stand-point, and with it irresistible power. accept no advice, will simply assert itself Even Roman patience has limits, and the now as ever, as beyond the need of human scores accumulating through a generation wisdom, above the range of carthly insult of oppression, petty, wearying, searching, or aggression. Even Cardinal Antonelli, remorseless oppression, as of malignant old most secular of all its counsellors, has given women, might be wiped off in one excusable

initiative power;

but most disastrous hour. The agents of|In that event all will go well, for Rome the Reds are working to this end, eagerly once free will be Italian, and the Pope, backed by the ultra-Clericals, who see be- recognized as a Sovereign Prince residing yond the Red Sea the road to the promised in Italy, will be free to execute all spiritual lanıl

, but watched, and in many directions functions untrammelled by personal considbaffled, by a body as well organized as erations or secular interference. But if the themselves and better disciplined, – the Pope does not rise to this temper, if he secret police of Italy. The friends of dis- yields to the advice of the Jesuits, or allows order are pitted not only against the Na- the instinct of kingship to get the better of tional Committee, but against a far serener the nobler elements in his character, if he and stronger brain, wieiding the forces of a calls on mercenaries instead of St. Peter, nation, daring as a Jacobin, cool as a grand and trusts to brigands rather than to prayer, seigneur, unswerving as the Papacy itself. all the efforts of his opponents may not avert Still, even Ricasoli's force is inadequate a catastrophe which will resound to the alone to hold down a population boiling ends of the world. Personally, he neither with hate and injury, and an accident, à is nor can be in any danger, but the accumurder, a rumour, may call up the Roman mulated hatreds of a thousand years menace populace, brave, cool, and capable of reason, his caste, and the possibility of an explosion but with a thirst in it for blood. Once which will hoist them into the air has not Rome is in revolution, Italy and the whole yet passed away. It is well that under such Catholic world are adrift on a sea of possi- circumstances 'substantive power belongs bilities. The French may return, the Pope to two men so calm and patient as Louis may fly, the “ faithful" throughout Europe Napoleon and Ricasoli, well that even the may rise to a crusading fervour, as Mgr. de National Committee feels, like the Papacy Merode believes; above all, Italy may insist and the people, * What is time to Rome?” on her capital, though its purchase-money be a war with France. With the centre of C. tholicism in commotion almost anything may occur, the least disastrous possibility, perhaps, being the flight of the Pope from Rome.

From the Spectator, 24th November. Amid all this play and counterplay of great forces, this imbroglio of priests and FROM THE GUNROOM TO THE BENCH. Reds, of secularism and sacerdotalism, of forces which, while they must co-exist, car- LIEUTENANT BRAND is not, we take it, not endure a compromise, the best hope is likely to be in the pay of the Jamaica Comin the Italian character alike of the Pope mittee. The Committee seems respectably and his opponents. They can wait like constituted, and not the kind of body to be Orientals, he can endure like a martyr or a guilty of such a trick as bribing an officer negro. Pius IX. will neither quit Italy, nor to cast a slur on the service; and, on the recall the French, nor massacre Romans, if other hand, Lieutenant Brand himselt is he can help, it. He may be induced by probably incapable of such an offence those about him to do either, but he may against the service. The Admiralty, who also at the last moment assert himself

, rise have pronounced that his letters alone, if to the splendour of an unparalleled situation, authentic, render him unworthy of the and forbid absolute resistance to the powers name of an officer and gentleman, clearly of the world. The man is an Italian to the do not even suspect him of the graver core of his heart, hating the idea of flight to offence of being a creature of the Jamaica any other country, scorning the barbarians Committee: so that, considering all things, to whom, if he resist, he must appeal for aid. we do not see any room for the hypothesis He believes, too, in himself, really thinks, that Lieutenant Brand is intentionally difficult as it appears to Englishmen to be playing into the hands of Mr. Eyre's anlieve, that he is in spiritual affairs the tagonists. But of this we are quite sure, Vicegerent of Heaven, the appointed mouth- that if Mr. Hamilton Hume and his colpiece of the Universal Church, and he may leagues could have stopped Lieutenant in the supreme hour override all counsel Brand's youthful pen at the sacrifice of and reject all interference, declare that with (say) half the sum raised for Mr. Eyre's or without dominion he is still the successor Defence Fund, they would have only reof St. Peter, and leave the men of the world frained from doing so from motives of to work their will, undismayed by their honour, and not from motives of policy. violence or the external losses of the Church. The " larking" young fellow, who evidently thought his vulgar little epistles to Mr. fident of the complete success of his ca Buxton such a capital joke, has acted pre- military measures. If he had the ka cisely as he would have acted if he had doubt as to the instruments with which to been bribed by the Jamaica Committee to was working, that doubt should have deta expose the recent Courts-Martial. The mined him at once, even if there had been loss of Mr. Coleridge, Q.C., as counsel, if other room for hesitation, to suspend the he be lost to the Committee, does not even terrible agencies at work. Now Lieutena approach in its effect on the trial this un- Brand was one of the principal of thes expected appearance of the President of instruments. He was the President of the the Morant Bay Court-Martial in the field. Court-Martial, and therefore we must be Involuntary evidence, too, is always more clude tbat his colleagues were even mort important than the deliberate evidence unfit than himself for that duty, thougi of subpænaed witnesses, and Lieutenant more unfitness than absolute unfitness cen Brand's evidence is purely involuntary, but tainly passes the limits of finite conception exceedingly ample and instructive, --- at and lands us in all the difficulties of Preleast on one important point, the judicial fessor Mansel's metaphysics. What, thes. character of Lieutenant Brand. The is Lieutenant Brand like? He sketche charge against Mr. Eyre is, we suppose, himself so happily in his correspondence we have not heard the precise wording of with Mr. Buxton that there is no difficuky the indictment, — that by handing over in answering the question. He is evidently Mr. G. W. Gordon illegally to a Court- an under-bred, ignorant, larky young para Martial, which tried and condemned him lieutenant, of the kind Captain Martyat without evidence of his guilt, and by ap- took so much pleasure in sketching, -a proving the verdict and the sentence of young fellow who glories in practical jokes

, death, he was the cause of Mr. Gordon's who is probably cruel in the sort of way illegal execution, which the English law in which schoolboys are cruel, — from calls murder. Everything which tells on levity, more than from malice, a young the constitution of the Court by which he fellow who might possibly even think it a was tried, — and which tried also and exe- capital joke to toast a live rat at the end of cuted 188 other persons, besides flogging a his sword, but who, if he did, would do so great many, — will have the most impor- as children tear away flies' legs and wings, tant bearing on the main question likely to without any power to realize the suffering be raised, — namely, whether all these trials, he inflicts; in short, a fast young man, who sentences, and executions were legalized may hardly know what courtesy and huby the existence of martial law at all,- manity mean, but whose nature boils orer whether, in short, they were acts done in with so much animal vigour that no one the exercise of a moderate and reasonable would seriously condemn him for bad qualidiscretion for the protection of the colony ties which may be found in perhaps five against violence, or were, in any degree, out of ten hardy schoolboys, and are very acts needless and of cryel panic, unnecessary quickly knocked out of them by a little to preserve peace, and cruel in the eager- experience of pain and suffering on their ness shown for unlimited bloodshed.

own account. As to sober judgment, LieuOn one of these points Lieutenant tenant Brand evidently does not know Brand's curious correspondence with Mr. what the word means. No doubt he sat in Buxton will shed an instructive light. If the gunroom and concocted these very silly we find that Mr. Eyre chose exceedingly and vulgar letters with his brother cadets

, unfit instruments for carrying out the mar- under the impression that they would protial law he deemed necessary, the only ex- duce a most depressing effect on Mr. Bux. cuse for him will be that he had no others; ton, and humiliate him to the earth, if not but that will be an excuse only so long as terrify him. His first sentence charges the the severities of martial law can be shown member for East Surrey with " wicked and to have been reasonably held necessary. malicious lies.” Very likely he said to The knowledge that he had exceedingly himself, and his juniors told him, that that unfit instruments for working properly so was "damned plain speaking, which would fearful a legal power, should have been one make the fellow laugh on the wrong side of of the strongest possible motives for sus- his mouth." pending its action the moment it was safe to Then there comes a little chaff of the West do so. "We all know that before Mr. Gor- Indian Naval School. “ You may be a very don's apprehension Mr. Eyre thought the fine buckra amongst the polished gentlemen danger in the main over. A bloody remedy at Exeter Hall.” The Lieutenant was pleas had been effectually applied. He felt con-led when he thought of calling Mr. Baxton

a“ fine buckra.” He thought to himself that of favour, where he was reluctantly admitto apply to Mr. Buxton negro slang wasting the truth, — when we consider, in a

paying him out in his own coin.' Then the word, that Mr. Brand had the most delicate challenge was a good joke, and caused, no of intellectual and moral duties to perform doubt, much jocular suggestion amongst the in the case of more death sentences than all Confederates as to how blue the Exeter the now living judges of England have dealt Hall buckra would look 'if you couli but with, even Mr. Eyre must feel that he had really get him under fire.' Then the happy far better have settled each of these poor

vicand dexterous compliment to the Admi- tims' case by the tossing up of a halfralty, — "the Admiralty are my judges, not penny. Indeed, in that case, about half the Buxton and Co.," and, with especially ironic lives would have been sacrificed and half emphasis on the Tory Admiralty, we have saved, though the wrong ones might have

new Admiralty, my friend," a sad been sacrificed and the wrong ones saved. fact for him, as it now appears, – were all Lieutenant Brand, in all probability, looked literary touches that no doubt commanded on the whole affair as a sort of rat-hunt. He indiscriminate applause. Then, in the sec- and his comrades were standing by with ond letter, the happy thought of calling Mr. sticks while the police acted the terriers, and Buxton, who had spoken of his public capa- routed out the wretched negroes whom the city, Mr. Public Capacity, was, Lieutenant Court-Martial were to knock on the head. Brand sincerely felt, true wit, wit such as it is It was " hanging like fun,” as one of the ofnot often very easy to meet with. Fair play ficers justly remarked, where the • fun' no is my motto, and true blue my colours," is doubt was impersonated in the President of just a slight excursion into moral eloquence. the Court-Martial. A judge, in all grave And then, when the young gentleman had cases, needs coolness of mind, impartiality, finished his letter, he thought of a conclurling long experience, knowledge of the world, sentence of the most effective irony, - insight into human nature and passions,

Please don't write any more, as I am reverence for law if not large acquaintance very nervous, and you terrify me.” One can with it, and a profound sense of justice. almost hear the chorus of noisy animal Lieutenant Brand has evidently beat of laughter with which this ostentatious pre- mind, violent prejudices, no experience, tence of being cowed by a civilian was no complete ignorance of the world except doubt received. It is as old a joke as school- gunrooms, no knowledge of man, contempt boyhood itself. Who cannot remember the for law, and all the injustice of partizan thick-headed big boy who pretended to youth. Is there no grave responsibility atshiver and cower before the wrath of some taching to the Governor who left the actual clever small boy, looking out of the corners business of trial to such a goose as this, to of his eyes all the time for the tribute of ad- call him by no harsher name, in at least 100 miring delight in this great triumph of his cases of life and death afier all imminent wit from his circle of flatterers ? There is no danger had passed by ? No doubt General great harm in that sort of thing. Lieutenant Nelson revised the sentences. But the acBrand has only carried it a step or two be- tual issues of life and death of course reyond the usual age, and with the usual stu- mained in the hands of the men who heard pidity of mere tighting, men, intruded on the evidence with their own cars and saw The great world of politics what belonged the culprits with their own eyes. What, properly either to the fifth-form lubber in style of men they were Lieutenant Brand's The playground, or to middies skylarking letters sufficiently show. As Mr. Buxton aloft.

remarks with quiet sarcasm, Lieutenant But when we come seriously to reflect Brand's letter " has not wholly removed the that a stupid young man of this kind, who doubt he ventures to express, whether the does not know what is silly from what is Lieutenant ought to have been entrusted grave, who is without knowledge of the for a whole month with the power of life world, without knowlege of manners, too and death over some hundreds of persons.” full-blooded to know what cruelty means, There are many boys of fourteen whom we too obtuse to have the least sense of would have far sooner entrus ed with the justice, was the President of a Court-Mar- same powers. And, as we said before, tossing tial in 189 cases that ended in a capital up would have been wise and just in the sentence, that he had the duty of consider comparison. Not the least painful eleing what evidence was relevant and what ment in the Jamaica business has been the was irrelevant, where there were signs of utter want of reality with which the public innocence or guilt, where a witness was tell- has conceived events happening at such ing lies under the influence of fear or hope a distance. We have reason to be truly

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