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of no use, for none of the peo- sembly of the Church of Scotple could read.
land, by repeated acts in success From these causes combined, sive years, recommended it to it is certain, nor is it to be won- the liberality of their people. dered at, that intellectual dark. It was made known to Queen ness, the grossest and most pro- Anne, of pious memory : her found, brooded over this unhap- majesty's approbation of it was py country, that its inhabitants published by a royal proclamawere ignorant of the first prin- tion in the year 1708 ; and in ciples of the Christian system, 1709, the Queen was graciously and that what notions they had pleased to issue her letters pas of a religious nature were a tent, constituting the subscribers mixture of popish and pagan a body corporate, by the name superstition.
and designation which they have We may justly add, that these ever since borne. The objects poor people were as ignorant of of the Society are defined in the arts of civilized, as they were their charter,“
for raising of the principles of the religious " a voluntary contribution tolife ; their minds were fierce,“ wards the farther promotion and their manners barbarous." of Christian Knowledge, and The feuds of their clans were “ the increase of piety and vir. endless, and their quarrels bloo“ tue within Scotland, especially, dy. They were plunderers of " in the Highlands and Islands the loyal and peaceful inhabi- " and remote corners thereof, tants of the low-lands of Scot- " where idolatry, superstition, land ; and in general (for there and ignorance, do mostly awere exceptions) they were hos- bound, by reason of the largetile to the happy constitution of “ness of parishes and scarcity government established at the of schools-giving and grantrevolution. Successive rebelling to the Society full powers ion's from that area to the “ to receive subscriptions and year 1746, furnish melancholy“ donations of money, and thereproofs of the justice of this last“ with to erect and maintain assertion, and the then disposi-“ schools to teach to read, espe, tion of the Highlanders. “ cially the Holy Scriptures and
It was impossible that cultiva- “ other good and pious books; ted and benevolent minds could“ as also to teach writing, arithcontemplate without commise-“ metic, and such like degrees ration, a people, and those their of knowledge." own countrymen, in so unhappy The Subscribers and first a condition. The generous foun- Members of the Society were, ders of our Society pitied them, many of them, of the highest and formed a noble plan for rank and most distinguished chatheir relief. Their personal racters in Scotland. Perinit me funds were narrow; but they to read from an authentic list, exerted them to the utmost.- published by authority, a few of They made known their inten- their names :-James, Duke of tions to the public ;-they were Queensbury and Dover ; John, approved ; and numbers enter- Duke of Atholl (the great-granded heartily into the plan which father of our present noble they formed. The General As-Chairman); Daved, Earl of Bu
chan; Thomas, Earl of Hadding- of industry which generally preton; John, Earl of Lauderdale ; vailed in the Highlands and IslJames, Earl of Seafield ; David, ands, and being persuaded that Earl of Glasgow ; Charles, Earl |idleness and vice commonly go of Hopetoun ; Archibald, Earl hand in hand, resolved to do of Islay. Besides these noblemen, what in them lay to cure this there occur on the list, the names evil. They applied for, and obof many gentlemen of rank and tained from his late Majesty fortune,—the Judges of the Su-King George II. a new patent, preme Court of Judicature in authorizing them to erect schools Scotland ; all the ministers of of industry for teaching the Edinburgh and its vicinity ; and youth of both sexes, and partica great number of its most res- ularly females, its more common pectable citizens.
branches. Upon this part of Four thousand pounds were their plan, as well as upon that raised ; and immediately the So- of the first patent, they have ciety began their operations as ever since proceeded, and now described in their Charter. By the number of their schools of establishing schools for the in- industry amounts to above an struction of youth, they wished hundred, at which are taught to rescue their as yet uncorrupt- above two thousand young pered minds from the ignorance sons, chiefly girls. and barbarism of their fathers,
of these to imbue them with the first schools, the women of the remote principles of science and reli- parts of the Highlands and Islgion, and to open to them the ands, who as usually happens in channels of farther improve- rude countries, were chiefly emment by teaching them to speak ployed in the labors of the field, and to read the English language. are now occupied in employ. Need I say to well-informedments befitting
their sex, in men, acquainted with human na- spinning, sewing, knitting, and ture, that the instruction of the like appropriate arts, while, youth, is of all methods the most at the same time, they learn to effectual for conveying knowl- read the Scriptures, and to unedge and improvement to an ig- derstand the first principles of norant and uncivilized people ? religion.
The success which attended It would be tedious, and occuthe first beginnings of the plan py too much of your time, to adopted by the Society, soon trace the history of the Society gave to it celebrity, and brought through its successive stages, a large addition to the list of its the enlargement of its funds, patrons and friends. Its funds and consequent increase of its rapidly increased, and in exact schools to the present time.proportion to their increase, the Suffice it in general to state, that number of schools upon its es- there are now maintained upon tablishment was augmented. its establishment, above three
In the year 1738 they amount- hundred teachers of schools, be. ed to an hundred and twelve. sides missionary ministers, cate
At that time, the Society deep- chists, and pensionary students ly regretting the idleness, and of divinity having the Gaelic ignorance of the common arts language, and that the expense
of their salaries amounts to the of our schools, &c. for each sucaverage sum of about £3600 per cessive year, and proportioning
The whole of the So- it to our ways and means, we ciety's annual revenue is but are accustomed to count upon about £4000; so that only £400 your long experienced liberaliper annum remains for supply- ty; and we have never been dising their schools with books, appointed. (Bibles, New Testaments, Spel- A taste for literature and inling Books, &c.) and for the ne- tellectual improvement has gracessary unavoidable expense of dually diffused itself even to the carrying on the business of so remotest districts of the Highlarge an establishment : by landers and Islands of Scotland. means of which near sixteen Many petitions for more schools thousand children are trained up are annually poured in upon us. in the first principles of religion Not a few have been transmitted and literature-the knowledge to me since I came to London. of the English language, and These, with deep regret, we useful industry.
find ourselves obliged to refuse, The economy with which the merely because our funds do not business is conducted, is great be- enable us to grant their desire. yond what can easily be con- Our schoolmasters too are obceived by strangers. Thrée sala-jects of our sincerest commisries only are paid to the Officers eration. Though I know no of the Society--the Treasurer-class of men more meritorious the Bookholder--and Clerk; each or better deserving of their counof them having departments of try, than they as a body are, (and great importance and labor, and I know them all;) yet their salathe sum allowed to each of them ries, (almost their sole dependis but fo25 per annum. These ence, their school-fees being salaries were fixed many years next to nothing,) are by far too ago, and have never been increa- small to enable them to live with
The Secretary, Librarian, any degree of comfort. They Comptroller and Accountant have do not exceed at an average £13 no salary, nor pecuniary emol- per annum. Even this sum, ument whatever-theirs' are la- small as it is, in reinote and bors of love.
cheap countries, was in former But still in spite of all our e-times, to men in their station, conomy,
the unavoidable annual adequate to the expense of livexpense of such an establishing. Of late, as every body ment far exceeds our income ; knows and feels, things have unand were it not for the occasion- dergone a wonderful change.al and annual subscriptions and The necessaries of life have addonations of the charitable and vanced to a double price in evebenevolent, among whom with ry part of the empire, not exthe deepest sense of gratitude, cepting the most distant. Earwe number the gentlemen whom nestly do we wish to increase the I have now the honor to address, salaries of our worthy schoolit were impossible to maintain masters : but this we cannot do, it, and the number of our schools without either diminishing their must of necessity be reduced. number, or receiving an increase
But in making up the schemel to our funds.
To abridge the number of repeat from the 1st to the 23a teachers, when so many more Psalm in prose. Several of are wanted and earnestly peti- them, the greatest part both of tioned 'for, is a measure which no Watts' Divine Songs for Chilfriend to religion, to his country, dren, and of Doddridge's Prinor to humanity, would wish to ciples of the Christian Religion: see put in practice. Much de- and of some of them there is reapends upon you, Gentlemen, son to believe, that their minds "to whom God hath given the are truly impressed with a sense means, and I trust, the hearts, to of the infinite importance of diPrevent its necessity.
vine things. (To be continued)
After sehool hours, Mr. Reid
calls on the parents of his schoReligious Intelligence. lars, at their own houses, exam
ines their children before them, Edinburgh Missionary Society. and, in this way, takes occasion,
LETTERS have lately been to speak to them of the nature received by the Edinburgh Mis- and importance of religion; the sionary Society, from Mr. Eben- misery of those who live and die ezer Reid, their Catechist in strangers to Christ; and the neJamaica. From these it ap- cessity of an immediate attenpears, that though he has not tien to the things which belong yet been permitted, since the to their everlasting peace. passing of the extraordinary act These visits have, in several inthat was repeatedly noticed instances, been greatly blessed this Magazine, to resume his both to old and young : many evening meetings for the in- have asked him to renew them struction of negroes, and people much oftener than it is in his of color, his time is most use- power todoit; and he laysit down fully filled up. In his day- as a rule, never to visit but where school, which is very numerous, he has an opportunity of catehe is at great pains, and indeed chising and exhorting. A pious makes it his chief object to and respectable gentleman in initiate the young people, who Kingston, has written to his attend, in the knowledge of friend in Edinburgh, who is one Christian principles, and to im- of the Directors of the Missionpress their minds with the fear ary Society, in high terms of and love of God. Every day commendation, respecting Mr. he catechises, exhorts, and prays Reid's method of conducting his with them. Most of them who school. He says,
" That such can read, are able to repeat, a school, he is persuaded, was besides their catechisms, our never before kept in the West'Lord's sermon on the mount, Indies; and, he trusts, that the and a number of select chapters happy effects of it will ere long both in the Old and New Testa- be seen among the rising genement. One of the scholars can ration."
Donations to the Missionary Society of Connecticut.
5 5829 10
A REVIEI of times past, and tures by many memorable ac
contemplations on future pros. tions and events. On this day pects, humbly attempted for ge- Noah first looked out of the ark, neral instruction, and to excite after the universal deluge, and pious meditations, &c.; or, the beheld with joy and thanksgivEditors' New YEAR'S GIFT, ing, the earth dried, and restorto their generous readers. ed again to the use of man.
On this day Moses, by the com(Cont. from Vol. V. p. 248.)
mandment of the Lord, reared to review and ber our up the tabernacle, and sanctified
days as to apply our hearts it, with Aaron and his sons for unto wisdom is the glory and the worship of God. This day blessedness of man. To this the the cloud covered, and the glory commands, the mercies and the of the Lord filled the sanctuary.t perfections of God, man's own On this memorable day Ezra the frailty, and the importance of his priest, and the long captivated . salvation constantly and power- sons of Jacob, began their jourfully urge him. At particular ney, from the land of their capperiods seriously to consider the tivity, to Jerusalem, with the pitimes which have passed over ous intention of rebuilding the us, the mercies we have enjoy- house, and restoring the worship ed, the manner in which we have of God, in the holy place ; and regarded the gracious and afflic of teaching again in Israel, the tive dispensations of providence, good knowledge of the Lord. I and to contemplate the prospects On the same day Hezekiah, that before us may be highly condu- pious prince, began to repair and cive to this interesting purpose. "purify the temple, and to set in. Nothing more naturally invites order the service of it, designing us to such reviews and contem- in his heart to covenant with plationsthan the commencement of a New Year.
* Gen. viii. 13. The first day of the first month
to Exod. xl. 13, 14, 15, 16, 34,5. bath been signalized, in the scrip- I Ezra vii. 9.
Vol. VI. No. 7.