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124 Intelligence.-Case of Mr. Charles Herlert, a Sufferer for Conscience' Sake. Case of Mr. Charles Herbert, a Sufferer tion, entirely coinciding with his prefor Conscience' Sake.
conceived opinions. Desirous of being Th: following statement of a case of further conversant with Unitarian writers, persecu ion and extreme distress occa-, he communicated bis wishes by letter, to sioned by a firm adherence to Unitarian Mr. Belsham), from whom he received a principles, is earnestly recommended to supply of tracts, in the contents of which the attention of the readers of the Monthly he soon became deeply interested ; and Repository, and to the friends of rectitude thougl be determined to maintain a strict and liberality in general.
'adherence to bis former line of conduct in Mr. Charles Herbert, conductor of a the management of his school, so long as charity school, at Elbam, near Canter- he remained in that situation, yet a few bury, was, at the conclusion of the last of these tracts found their way into the year, expelled from bis situation, the du- hands of some neighbours, who shewed a ties of which he had uniformiy discharged degree of interest in the same important with a strict regard to its requisitions, inquiries. Intimations of these circumand on which he depended for the scanty stances at length reached the ears of the maintenance of a family consisting of a present curate of the village, ever watchwife and nine children, purely on account ful to guard the sacred mysteries from of his embracing Unitarian principles, . the unwelcome intrusion of investigation and bis frankness when called upon, in and discussion. The orthodoxy of Mr. avowing his convictions. For many years Herbert now appearing suspicious, be previous to this event, his circumstances was warned before a conclave, consisting had been much straightened from the of the clergyman and the other resident operation of the same narrow and perse- trustees of the charity school, to give an cuting spirit. He bad long entertained account of his principles. · A certain objections to many parts of the church inquisitorial rudeness appeared in their catechism and service, and from a par- conduct on this occasion, which ill acticular dislike to a passage in the former, corded with the manly and independent which relates to the imputation of Adam's spirit of Mr. Herbert, and to aroid missin to his innocent posterity, had left it representation be determined to deliver to out in the instruction of his own children. the ciergyman, in writing, an explicit This omission quickly attracted the notice declaration of bis faith, which be did as of the clergyman, who then officiated at follows: “I believe that Jesus of NazaElham, and who also expressed bimself , reth is a proper human being, the greatest bighly dissatisfied with some peculiarities of all the prophets of God, descended which he observed in Mr. Herbert's mode from the family of David, and sent into of tuition. These peculiarities, bowever, the world to abolish the Jewish economy, are such evident improvements, and tend and to teach the great doctrine of a future so materially to facilitate the progress of life ; also that the world was formed by the pupil in every branch of learning, , one Supreme God, and that it is governed that on an inspection of the school, the by him, and that the loving our neiglıclergyman was obliged to acknowledge bis buurs as ourselves, and being merciful error ; nevertheless he would not consent eren to brute beasts, are the duties of to giving bis acknowledgment the sanie erery Christian." publicity that he had to his groundless , Although these convictions had no complaints. On the contrary he gave influence whatever on his conduct in the encouragement to a friend of bis own, in school, yet the clergyman and bis friends establishing a school in a neighbouring, now resolved to make this unequivocal village, by means of which Mr. Herbert's , voucher of his integrity the foundation of already scanty income was reduced to their future proceedings against him. thirty pounds per annum.
They accordingly on the 27th of May, The malignity of opposition still con- 1816, delivered to him in writing, a notipuing, baffled every effort to make tice to quit the school and premises at knowp bis improved system, and together the ensuing Micbaclmas. All his remopwith the very unfavourable circumstances strances on the irregularity of the notice, attending the iy porerisbed condition of
on his not having violated any condition Elbam and its neighbourhood, rendered on which he was appointed, * and on the unprofitable to himself its important advantages. His mind, bowever, though * It was directed by a clause in the depressed, still continuing unbroken and will of the gentleman who bequeathed the ingenuous, a few years since he inciden- house and salary for the schoolmaster, tally met with the “ Letters to Mr. that wboerer was appointed to that situaWilberforce on Hereditary Depravity, by lion should “ be a true son of the Church a Layman,” which opened to him a new of England ;', but of this condition Mr. and delightful Geld of theological setiec- Herbert was not informed at bis appoint
plea of humanity in favour of a helpless it is boped that the generous friends of family depending entirely upon his exer- integrity, of enlightened and liberal tions in that situation for their main principles, and indeed whoever will allow tenance, were disregarded, and the mea- the plaintive cry of humanity to influence sure was persis ed in with all the rigour his breast, nor suffer its most pressing which the clergy man and his colleagues solicitatious to he orec-ruled by supercould exercise."
stition, nor by the cold calculating spirit But as they bad exceeded their legal of worldiy-mindedness, will be ready to antbority in the promptitude of their exert their efforts on bebalf of this worthy' proceedings, and Mr. H. was wholly un- sufferer for conscience' sake, and of bis provided with any other situation or innocent family. And if this statement resource, the school remained under bim should reach any benevolent indiriduals after the expiration of the term, and in who may be acquainted with any situation the mean time the affair was brought or any mcaus by which an ingevious man, before some gentlemen, who were ap- a good arithmetician and algebraist, well pointed what they called oul-trustees of qualified to act as a teacher, an accountthe school ; that is, they did not resideant, or in any concern in which diligence in the parish, and whose sanction had and fidelity are the principal requisites, not hitherto' been formally obtained. At it is earnestly requested that they will be length, early in December, Mr. Herbert pleased to communicate the information Hüs summoned before these gentlemen, either to the Editor of this Repository 'or and again closely questioned respecting lis to either of the undersigned. faith, and particularly his denial of the We, tbe undersigned, have inquired into Deity of Jesus Christ. As be still could the truth of the above statement, and bee not but acknowledge bis convictions upon lieve it to be strictly correct. this head, he was further questioned as to ABRAHAM HARRIS, Minister of bis not quitting his situation in compliance the Unitarian Congregation at Maidstone. with the notice ; and peremptorily told THOMAS PINE, Secretary of the that he must quit without fail on or before Kent and Susser Unitarian Association, the 31st of December. His pleas for some degree of leaity were utterly disregarded ; Remorals amongst Cnitarian Ministers. the scbool was takeu away, and the com- DR. ESTLIN, of Bristol, retires froin his bined influence of divines, justices, &c. pastoral dnties at Levin's Jead, Bristol, is even now cserted in depriving this for- at Midsummer next; and Dr. CARPENTER, lora individual of scholars of every descrip- of Exeter, engages to succeed him as cu.' tion; of those wbose friends paid for pastor with Mr. Roue. their instruction, as well as those belonging to the charity school. The efforts of Mr. Fox. of Chichester, has been unathese gentlemen indeed were not confined nimously chosen to succeed the late IIs. te bis expulsion from the situation which I'idlet, at Parliament Court, London, be had loug holden, but a threat was He enters upon the pastoral othice at Lady, uttered by the clergyman that bis declara day. There will be a public service on his tion should follow bim wherever he went, settlement, at which several of the Lundou in order to prevent him from obtaining a ministers have agreed to ofliciate. (For situation any where. But we trust that particulars see the Wrapper.] the dictates of rectitude and liberality, by the protection which they are ready to
Mr. Hutton, from Dublin, formerly afford to injured worth, will obtain an of the York Academy, and late assistant effectual triumpb over all such machina- minister to Mr. Tayler, of Nottingham, tiops.
has accepted and entered upon the pastoral Mr. Herbert with bis numerous and office, at Walthamstou, near London, helpless family is now “ deprived of erery
vacated by the resignation of Mr. C'ogan. stay save innocence and beaven.” Under Mr. Cogan's farewell sermon is, we uncircumstances so imminently distressing, derstand, to be included in the two
volumes of sermons, which at the request ident, nor indeed had be then any of his friends, he bas sent tişthe press. thoughts of leaving the church, as he had Do acquaintance wbaterer with Unitarians, MR. W. Jounston bas resigned the nor did be even know that there were charge of the Presbyterian congregation at socb persons in existence. And after be Leues; and the congregation have enbad adopted his present opinions, he gaged Atr. Horsfield, of the l'nitarian invariably caused the children committed Academy, Hackney, to succeed him at to his care to be instructed in thic doc- Midsummer. trines of the church, without ever binting [It is intended to resume this article to thera t'at he was of a contrary opinion occasiopally; information is requested. himself.
Unitarian Congregations in want of Newrort, Isle of Wight. This conMinisters.
gregation bas been supplied for some time EXETER. At Midsummer there will be by Mr. Goodier, late of the Unitarian a vacandy here by the removal of Dr. Car- Academy, Hackney, but ill health has penter to Bristol. The congregation has unbappily laid him aside from his public two ministers : Mr. Marning has been duties. The service is at present carried for many years, and still coutioyes one of on by the kindness of Mr. Hughes, one of the pastors of this anticut and respectable the congregation, formerly minister of church.
Leather Lane, London,
LIVERPOOL, Reashaw Street, Mr. ILMINSTER, Sumersctshire, vacant by Lewin, the aged pastor of this congre- the semoval of Mr. Evans to Carmarthen. gation, has resigned bis pastoral charge ; his successor is not yet appointed.
LOUGHBOROUG!, Leicestershire, tagant
by the resignation of Mr. Owen. EDINBURGH. Dr. Smith haring removed to Yeovil, this congregation is CHICHESTER. This congregation will destitute of a settled minister, Mr. be vacant at Lady-day, by ihe remoral of Wright is now preaching at Edinburgh Mr. Fox to Parliament Court, London, as a missionary from the Unitarian Fund. as successor to the late Mr. Vidler. The situation would be very advantageous [This article, compiled at the request for a young minister wishing to attain the of many correspondeuts, is intended to be advantages of an University education, continued occasionally. Attested informa
tion on the subject of it is requested. ED.)
MONTHLY RETROSPECT of PUBLIC AFFAIRS;
OR, The Christian's Survey of the Political World. THE Parliament has been re-assembled, turpissimus. Some causes must have but under most unhappy auspices. Before brought it on; and when these are allowed this meets the public eye the safeguard to by all parties, a remedy may easily be the liberty of the subject will probably found. At any rate, if the lower classes have been removed, and Englishmen, if are plunging themselves into rice, let the suspicion is entertained against them, will higber be more careful what examples be liable to be seized and detained in pri- they set. High and low, rich and poor, son. That such a power should be lodged to you all the words of God are equally ia a gorernment in cases of imminent addressed! Reform whatever is amiss in danger to the state cannot be doubted: your conduct. Remove the beam out of but awful is the responsibility of those your own eye, and then ye will see better persons who advise such a measure, unless to take the speck out of the eye of your they are perfectly convinced that it is ab- neighbour. solutely necessary, and that without it the The Prince Regent went down with his danger to the whole community is extreme. usual state to address the Parliament, but Whether the times called for such a mea- through the immense multitudes which he sore we have to learn. Facts will be de- passed the cheerful sound of hurrahs was clared, and upon thein its propricty will not heard, but horrid kissings and hootbe judged. Melancholy, however, is the ings proclaimed the ivdignation of the state of the country, which, after the suf- populace. On his return from the House ferings of so long a warfare, when it ex- these symptoms of popular displeasure pected repose in the blessings of peace, w'ere increased, and even stones were fiods itself harassed by the suspicion of thrown at the carriage. A pane on one real or pretended conspiracies, alike de- side was at first starred and afterwards stroying confidepce between man and man, smashed. The Prince, bowever, received and embittering the comforts of life. If no personal injury, but as soon as he had our countrymen are so bad as they are descended from his carriage a communicarepresented to be, if such blasphemy and tion was made to the two Houses of the profaneness and even treason reigns among insults that had been offered to him, and them, wonderful has been their secrecy, the danger he had escaped. that those horrible vices bare not been The consequence of this communication more publicly displayed. But, if they are was an immediate suspension of the dis, so wicked, this wickedness cannot bave cussions in the House as usual upon the sprung up in a moment. Nemo repente speech from the throne. "A Noble Lord
who accompanied the Prince in his car This will appear very extraordinary riage was exaruined, and he gave it as his when we consider the numerous cortége opinion that the pape was starred not by with which the Prince is attended not only stones or gravel, but by shot from air air- of soldiers but of constables. If the latgun, and in this opiuiou perhaps be stands ter had been mixed properly among the alone; and happily for the country he does people, one would think sonte one or other stand alone, for it must affect every loyal of the throwers of the stones would have wind with unfeigned sorrow that any man been detected. Some persons have been should be found who under the pretence apprehended for tumultuous behaviour, of real or imaginary grievances should aim and it was attempted to bring a charge of at a deliverance from them by means of treason, but on farther examination this assassination. The thing is too absurd to fell to the ground, and they were admitted be entertained for one moment, whert so on bail. Whether they will be tried on wany other causes may be assigned for the any other charge time will discover. starring of the glass. It might have been But the issue of this day has been of far from the throwing up of grarel by the greater importance, and its results were hoofs of horses, or by wanton boys, or not anticipated by ministers at the time some enraged person who thereby veuted they framed the speech from the throne. his discontent, but without tbe least idea That dissatisfaction reigns througbout the of taking away life. If we admit the noa country cannot be doubted, but it must be tion of the use of an air-gun, it follows distinguished from disaffection. The that the individual who used it aimed at source of this dissatisfaction being duly assassination. But supposing that he had investigated will afford a sufficient clew to obtained his infamous end, what purpose all the late proceedings. could the taking away of the life of the first About six years ago the Speaker of the officer in the kingdom uoder the crown House of Commons declared that there answer? Another Regent would have were mal-practices in the representation succeeded, and if the assassin had had as of the people at which our ancestors would sociates in bis guilt, no advantage could blush, and it was said that one of the mibe derived to the party wbicb employed nisters was involved in them and screened him.
from the punishment of so high a misdeThe pretended attempt at assassination meanour only from the universality and may then he fairly dismissed from our notoriety of such pernicious conduct. blinds, but the other outrages committed This speech of the Speaker's found its way are sufficient to excite our coniniseration into every corner of the kingdom, and led and indignation. The first officer of the every one to inquire into the real reprecrowu ought to be protected in the perfor- sentation of the Coninions in Parliament, Kance of his highest duty; and what is and how far that House as at present consaid of the first officer may be applied to stituted was calculated to answer the purthe lowest constable, for there is an end of poses for which it was originally designed. all society if individuals can assault with One circumstance was too striking not to impunity those who are entrusted with the produce a very considerable sensation, execution of the laws of the whole body. namely, that the greatest county in the
The two Houses concurred therefore kingdom sends only two members to Parwith great propriety in offering their bo- liament, whilst several individuals were mage of sorrow to the Prince Regent for known to possess the power of sendiug the insults that bad been offered to him two or three times that number. It had in his way to and from the House, in their also been stated in the House that seats is hopes that the perpetrators might be it were as notoriously bought and sold as brought to condign punishment, and in stalls for cattle in a fair. the renewal of their loyal vows of allegi Such facts as these impressed upon the ance to His Majesty's government. Ad- minds of every one, and at a time when dresses to the same parpose came up to the distresses of the nation forcibly called towo from all quarters of the country, but upon all to inquire into their canses, prothe Dafter seemed to be made of much duced the effert that might bave beeu angreater importance thán necessary wlied a ticipated. From one end of the kingdom 10 solemn prayer was ordered to be read in the other were meetings for petitioning Parall the churches upon this occasion. The lianient, and from the opening of the House Prince's life we are convinced was never the table of the Coumous was loaded with in any danger, and the whole might be declarations of grievances corrhed in difreduced to a wanton act, probably of idle ferent terms, some respectful and others and wanton persons, for the punishment very unguarded in their language. These of which the laws were sufficiently strong; caused continual debates, and of the latter and it may be matter of surprise that none several were rejected, but the peritiens to of the vialefactors were detected.
the Houses contain myriaus upon myriads
that were ever known at any period of our Spençean plan, but itu the words of
of signatures, far more pumcious perhaps been scribbled over
$0 curiosity did .
they excite that every few persous gave The uniform language of these petitions themselves the trouble to inquire into its was a reform of the abuses existing in the existeoce or nature. Some wretched mes represeutation of the people : some stated have been taken up and are now in the the reform they required, others were Tower, supposed to be the disciples of content to leave the reform to the wisdoms tl.is Spence; and as their trial is soou of Parliament. The former class varied expected, the nature of this plan and bow in its ideas of reform : some were for uni far it is connected with schemes of a versal sufirage and annual parliaments; treaşouable nature will be laid open to others for an extension of sustrage in the public.' Disaffection was also insputed householders and those paying directiaxes;. to several societies under the names of others merely requiring the shortening of Chioa societies, Hampdeo clubs and the the duration of parliaments and correcting Tike, bu: as nothing relative to them was abuses that existed by the trattic and sale asserid beyond what the public knows by of boroughs, or the innovations of tine de advertisements and accounts of their propriving them of inhabitants. Several of ceedings, it is incontent on the parties the petitions excited considerable debates, who drew ap and those who cuuntedance in which the petitioners were treated witb the report, to shew that the individuals little ceremony. They were represented coupected with them had any designs is wild, risionary, fanatical. The idea of against the government. universal sutirage seemed to fare the worst, But whether there are individuals. or and perbaps bune of the speakers against pot in the country really engaged in a it were aware that it cxisted even in plot or copspimcy, the report afiorded Europe, and exists now in a small sufficient ground for a plan to suspend the corner of it, if its institutions have, nct Habeas Corpus Act, to introduce. sgine been destroyed by the French volcano. new law to protect the person of the In a canton of Switzerland the right of Prince Regent, and to prevent improper suffrage commences at the age of fifteen, assemblages of the people. These bills are and is enjoyed by every member of that now pending and seem likely to go through community at that age. The people are both Houses with a very considerable maremarkable for their ingenuity and indus- jority in their favour. In the mean time try, and when the absurdity of admitting the question of the reform of Parliament boys at the age of fifteen was inreighed remains to be decided. This is to be against by a Frenchman to one of them, brought before the House by Sir Francis he shrewdly replied that the number of Burdett after the bolidars, and then it boys who voted in their assemblies was will be seen whether corruption will be small in comparison of that of their men, triumphant or such regulations be made oud at any rate the enjoyment of such a as wisdom may dictate. right was not so contrary to comwon If the opinions of the people were taken sense as the constitution of his kingdom, upon this subject, it is probable that which allowed a boy of eighteen to dispose ninety-nine out of a hundred are for the of their lives, liberties éd property.
reform of the House of Commons, and a In opposition to these petitions, a more very great majority of this number would formidable engine was now employed. It be content with such a reform as might was solemuly declared to the House that ensure the integrity and independence of a spirit of disaffection and treason had the House of those who are against widely spread itself, and that it could be reform in general, most probably ninetymet only by new powers in the govern- nine out of a bundred derive advantages ment to suppress it. A committee was from the present systém, and of those appointed by each House to investigate who do not derire any advantage from it, secretly this matter, and a green bag probably the greater part are apprebensealed up sras delivered to each, containing sive of a greater danger from any change the documents ou which the apprehensions than of permanent benefit. In this difof extended disaffection was founded. ference of opinion let every one be duly After a short interval the committee de- persuaded in bis own mind. Our kingdom ļivered their report, in which to the sur is not of this world, yet living in this prise of the public, a great part referred world we must be careful how we gire al to the notions of an obscure man in sanction to corruption, neither siding Yorksbire wbo died of a broken beart in with a multitude to do evil, nor encouconsequence of a prosecution for what beraging an evil cause because it is patrosupposed to be a grand discorery and one nized by wealth, or power, or procedents of the greatest benefits to mankind. The of time. walls of the metropolis had in a few places