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count of the American German Bap- They'use trine immersion, and the pertists, pp. 143, 144, is very just, except son baptized receives the ordinance that his printer has misprinted one kneeling in the water. They are right Jciter. Their American naine is in immersing, right in bowing the Tunkers, from the German verk, candidate for baptism "forward, and cuncken, to dip, not Dunkers, as the wrong' (I think) in causing him to printer has put it. They are the true kneel, and in repeating the immersion old original Baptists of the dark ages. thrice. I suspect they were originally The sufficiency of Scripture is their Trinitarians, by this, yet this is not foundation truih, and having no human certain, for the Unitarian Baptists of creeds they have no quarrels. "Their Spain in carly times used trine immode of administering baptism resem- mersion. bles that of some Eastern churches. Once more, peace be with you!
Lelters of Dr. Franklin's. readiness to help his other children, (From his “ Private . Correspondence, and my brethren. For I do not
now first published from the Originals, think that thanks and compliments, by his Grandson, William Temple though repeated weekly, can discharge Franklin," in one Volume 4to. Print
our real obligations to each other, ed for Colburn, 1817.]
and much less those to our Creator. To George WHITEFIELD.
You will see in this my notion of Sir, Philadelphia, June 6, 1753.
good works, that I am far from exRECEIVED
pecting to merit hearca by then. the 2d instant, and am glad to By heaven we understand a state of hear that you increase in strength; I happiness, infinite in degree, and hope you will continue mending till
eteraal in duration : I can do nothing you recover your former health and
to deserve such rewards. He that for firmness. Let me know whether you giving a draught of water to a thirsty still use the cold bath, and what
expect to be paid with effect it has. As to the kindness you mention, this demands, compared with those
a good plantation, would be inodest in wish it could have been of more
who think they deserve heaven for the service to you. But if it had, the little good they do on earth. Even only thanks I should desire is, that the mixed imperfect pleasures we you would always be equally ready enjoy in this world, are rather from io serve any other person that may God's goodness than our merit : how need your assistance, and so let good much more such happiness of heaven! offices go round; for mankind are all For my part, I have not the .vanity to of a family.
think I deserve it, the folly to expect For my own part, when I am
il, nor the ambition to desire it; but employed in serving others, I do not look upon myself as conferring fa- will and disposal of that God who
content myself in submitting to the vours, but as paying debts. In my made me, who has hitherto preserved travels, and since my settlement, I and blessed me, and in whose fatherly have received much kindness from goodness I may well confide, that he men, to whom I shall never have will never make me miserable; and any opportunity of making the least that even the afflictions I may at any direct return; and numberless mer- time suffer shall tend to my benefit. cies from God, who is infinitely
The faith you mention has cerabove being benefited by our services. tainly its ase in the world: I do not Those kindnesses from men, I can desire see it diminished, nor therefore only return on their fellow would I endeavour to lessen it in any men, and I can only shew my grati. But I wish it were more protude for these mercies from God, by a ductive of good works, than I have
One of the founders of the Metho- generally seen it: I mean real good, dists; born at Gloncester, 1714, died in works; works of kindness, charity, New England, 1770.
mercy, and public spirit; not holiday
keeping, sermon-reading, or hearing; occur, they are difficult chiefly beperforming church ceremonies, or cause, while we have thein under making long prayers, filled with flat- consideration, all the reasons pro and teries and compliments, despised even con, are not present to the inind at by wise men, and much less capable the same time, but sometimes one of pleasing the Deity. The worship set present theniselves ; and at other of God is a duty; the hearing and times another, the first being out of reading of sermons may be useful ; sight. Hence the various purposes or but if men rest in hearing and pray- inclinations that alternately prevail, ing, as too many do, it is as if a tree and the uncertainty that perplexes us. should value itself on being watered To get over this, my way is, to diand putting forth leaves, though it vide half a sheet of paper by a line Bever produced any fruit.
into two columns; writing over the Your great master thought much one pro, and over the other con : then less of these outward appearances and during three or four days consideraprofessions, than many of his modern tion, I put down under the different disciples. He preferred the doers 'of heads, short hints of the different the word to the mere hearers ; the son motives that at different times occur that seemingly refused to obey his to me, for or against the measure. father, and yet performed his com When I have thus got them all tomands, to himn that professedí his gether in one view, I endeavour to readiness but neglected the work ; . estimate their respective weights, and the heretical but charitable Samaritan, where I find two, (one on each side) to the uncharitable though orthodox that seem equal, I strike them both priest, and sanctified Levite ; and out. If I find a reason pro equal to those who gave food to the hungry, some two reasons con, I strike out the drifk to the thirsty; taiment to the three. If I judge sonje two reasong nakta, entertainment to the stranger, con, equal to some three reasons pro, I ant relief to the sick, though they strike out the fue ; and thus proceed.. neter heard of his name, he declares ing I find at length where the balance shäll in the last day be accepted; lies; and if after a day or two of when 'those who crý Lord! Lord! farther consideration, nothing new who value themselves upon their that is of importance occurs on either faith, though great enough to perform side, I come to a determination acmiracles, but have neglected good cordingly. And though the weight works, shall be rejected. He pro- of reasons cannot be taken with the fessed that he came not to call the precision of algebraic quantities; yet, righteous, but sinners to repentance'; when each is thus considered sepawhich implied his modest opinion rately and comparatively, and ihe that there were some in his time who whole lies before me, I think I can thought themselves so good that they judge better, and am less liable 10 need not hear even him for improve. make a rash step; arid in fact I have ment; but now-a-days we hare scarce found great advantage from this kind a little parson that does not think it of equation, in what may be called the duty of every man within his moral or prudential algebra. reach to sit under his petiy ministra Wishing sincerely that you may trations; and that whoever omits determine for the best, I am ever, nig them, offends God. I wish to such dear friend, more humility, and to you health and Your's most affectionately, bappiness; being
To Dr. Price, LONDON.
Passy, February 6, 1780. < To DR. PRIESTLEY.
1 RECEIVED but very lately 70. DEAR SIR,
your kind favour of October 14th. IN the affair of so much impof. Dr. Ingenhousz, who brought it, tance to you, wherein yon 'ask my haring staid long in Holland. I senc advice I cannot for want of sufficient the enclosed directly to Mr. L. it premises, counsel you what to deter- gave me great pleasure to understand mine ; but if you please, I will tell that you continue well. Your wriyou how. When those difficult "cases tings, after all the abuse you and they
paper on the
have met with, begin to make serious absolute levity, for the sake of easy impressions, on those who at first transport. Agriculture may dininish rejected the counsels you gave; and its labour and double its produce : all they will acquire new weight every diseases may by sure means be preday, and be in high esteem when the vented or cured, (not excepting even cavils against them are dead and for that of old age) and our lives lengthgotten. Please to present my affec ened at pleasure even beyond the tionate respects to that honest, sensi- antediluvian standard. Othai moral ble, and intelligent society, who science were in as fair a way of imdid me so long the honour of ad- provement, thet men would cease to initting me to share in their instructive be wolves to one another, and that conversations. I never think of the human beings would at length learn hours I so happily spent in that what they now improperly call hu. company, without regretting that manity! they are never to be repeated; for I
I am glad my
little see no prospect of an end to this Aurora Borealis pleased.' If it should unhappy war in my time. Dr. occasion farther inquiry, and so proPriestley, you tell me, continues his duce a better hypothesis, it will not experiments with success. We make be wholly useless. daily great improvements in natural I am ever, with the greatest and There is one I wish to see in moral most sincere esteem, dear Sir, &c. Philosophy; the discovery of a plan that would induce and oblige nations 10 settle their disputes without first
[Inclosed in the foregoing Letter; cutting one another's throats. When being an answer to a separate paper will human reason be sufficiently im.
received from Dr. Priestley.] proved 10 see the advantage of this? I have considered the situation of When will men be convinced that
that person very attentively; I think even successful wars at length become that with a little help from the Moral inisfortunes to those who unjustly Algelra, he might form a better judgcommenced them, and who tri ment than any other person can form umphed blindly in their success, not for him. But since my opinion seeing all its consequences. Your seems to be desired, I give it for congreat comfort and mine in this war tinuing to the end of the term, under is, that we honestly and faithfully all the present disagreeable circumdid every thing in our power to pre- stances : 'the connection will then veut it. Adieu, and believe me ever, die a natural death. No reason will my dear friend, your's, &c.
be expected to be given for the sepaB. F. ration, and of course no offence taken
at reasons given ; the friendship may To Dr. PRIESTLEY.
still subsist, and in some other way Passy, Felruary 8, 1780. be useful. The time diminishes DEAR SIR,
daily, and is usefully employed. All YOUR kind letter of September human situations have their incon27th, came to hand but very lately, veniences; we feel those that we the bearer having staid long in Hol- find in the present, and we neither land.
feel nor see those that exist in another. I always rejoice to hear of your Hence we make frequent and troublebeing still employed in experimental some changes without amendment, researches into nature, and of the, and often for the worse. success you meet with. The rapid youth I was passenger in a little progress true science
makes, sloop, descending the River Delaoccasions my regretting sometimes ware. There being no wind, we that I was born so soon: it is impos- were obliged when the ebb" was sible to imagine the height to which spent, to cast anchor, and wait for may be carried in a thousand years, the next. The heat of the sun on the ile power of man over matter; we vessel was excessive, the company may perhaps learn to deprive large strangers to me, and not very agreemasses of their gravity, and give them able. Near the river side I saw what
I took to be a pleasant green meadow, * Supposed to allude to a club at the in the middle of which was a large London Coffec-house.
shady tree, where it struck my fancy
I could sit and read, (having a book derers for plundering and ruining. in my pocket) and pass the time Liberty and virtue therefore join in agreeably till the tide türneil ; I there. the call COME OF HER, MY fore prevailed with the captain to put People! I am fully of your opinion me ashore. Being landed, I found respecting religious iests ; hut' though the greatest part of my meadow was the people of Massachusetts have not really a marsh, in crossing which, to in their new constitution kept quite come at my tree, I was up to my clear' of them; yet if we consider knees in mire: and I had not placed what that people were one hundred myself under its shade five minutes years ago, we must allow they have before the muskitoes in swarms found gone greater lengths in liberality of me out, attacked my legs, hands, and sentiment, on religious subjects; and face, and made my reading and my we may hope for greater degrees of rest impossible ; so that I returned to perfection when their constitution the beach, and called for the boat sone years hence shall be revised. to come and take me on board again, If Christian preachers had continued where I was obliged to bear the heat to teach as Christ and his apostles I had strove to quit, and also the did, without salaries, and as the laugh of the company. Similar cases Quakers now do, I imagine tests in the affairs of life have since fre- would never have existed: for I think quently fallen under my observation.' they were invented not so much to
I have had thonghts of a college secure religion itself, as the emolufor him in America ; I know no one ments of it. When a religion is good, who might be more useful to the I conceive that it will support itself public in the institution of youth. and when it cannot support itself, But there are possible unpleasant- and God does not take care to support nesses in that situation : it cannot be it, so that its professors are obliged to obtained but by a too hazardous call for the help of the civil power, voyage at this time for a family; and 'tis a sign l apprehend, of its Heing a the time for .experiments would be bad one. But I shall be out of my all otherwise engaged.
depth if I wade any deeper in the
ology, and I will not trouble you To Doctor Price. .with politics, nor with news, wliich
Passy, Octolet 9, 1780. are almost as uncertain: but conclude Dear Sir,
with a heartfelt wish to embrace you BESIDES the pleasure of their once more, and enjoy your sweet company, I had the great satisfaction society in peace, among our honest, of hearing by your two valuable worthy, ingenious friends at the friends, and learning from your letter, London. that you enjoy a good state of health.
Adieu, &c. May God continue it as well for the
B. FRANKLIN. good of mankind as for your comfort,
thank you much for the second FROM A LETTER TO PRESIDENT edition of your excellent panıphlet :
STILES. I forwarded that you sent to Mr. Philadelphia, March 9, 1790. Dana, he being in Holland. I wish You desire to kmow something also to see the piece you have written, of my religion. It is the first time i (as Mr. Jones iells me) on toleration : have been questioned upon it. But I do not expect that your new parlia- I cannot take your curiosity amiss, ment will be either wiser or honester and shall endeavour in a few words than the last. All projects to procure to gratify it. Here is my creed: I an honest one, by place bills, &c. believe in One God, the Creator of the appear to me vain and impracticable. universe. That he governs it by his The true cure I imagine is to be Providence. That he ought to be found only in rendering all places worshipped. That the most acceptunprofitable, and the king too poorable service we render to him is doing to give bribes and pensious. Till this good to his other children. That is done, which can only be by a the soul of man is immortal, and revolution, and I think you have not will be treated with justice in another virtue enough left to procure one, life respecting its conduct in this. your nation will always be plundered ; These I take to be the fundamnental and obliged to pay by taxes the plun.. points in all sound religion, and I
regard them as you do in whatever cation to you. I have ever let other sect I meet with them. As to Jesus enjoy their religious sentiments withof Nazareth, my opinion of whom out reflecting on them for those that you particularly desire, I think the appeared to me unsupportable or even system of morals and his religion as absurd. All sects here, and we have he left them to us, the best the world a great variety, have experienced my ever saw or is like to see; but I ap good will in assisting them with prehend it has received various cor- subscriptions for the building their rupting changes, and I have with new places of Worship, and as I have most of the present Dissenters in nerer opposed any of their doctrines, England, some doubts as to his di. I hope to go out of the world in peace vivity; though it is a question I do with them all. not doginatise upon, having never studied it, and think it needless to
To busy myself with it now, when I DEAR SIR, (Without date). expect soon an opportunity of know.
I HAVE read your manuscript ing the truth with less trouble. I see with some attention. By the argile no harın however in its being be- ment it contains against a particular lieved, if that belief has the good Providence, though you allow a geconsequence, as probably it has, of neral Providence, you strike at the making his doctrines more respected foundations of all religion. For and more observed, especially I without the belief of a Providence do not perceive that ihe Supreme that takes cognizance of guards and takes it amiss, by distinguishing the guides, and may favour particular believers, in his governinent of the persons, there is no motive to worship world, with any peculiar marks of his a Deity, to fear its displeasure, or to displeasure. I shall only add respect- pray for its protection. I will not ing myself, that having experienced enter into any discussion of your the goodness of that Being in con- principles, though you seem to deducting me prosperously through a sire it. At present I shall only give long life, I have no doubt of its con- yon my opinion, that though your tinuance in the next, though without reasonings are subtle, and may, prethe smallest conceit of meriting such rail with some readers, you will not goodness. My sentiments on this succeed so as to change the general head you will see in the copy of an sentiments of mankind on that subold letter inclosed," which I wrote ject, and the consequence of printing in answer to one from an old reli- this piece will be a great deal of gionist whom I had relieved in, a odiudrawn upon yourself, mischief paralitic case by electricity, and who to you, and no benefit to others. being afraid I should grow proud He that spits against the wind, spits upon it, sent me his serions, though in his own face.
But were you to rather impertinent caution. I send succeed, do you imagine any good you also the copy of another letter,t would be done by it? You yourself which will shew something of my may find it easy to live a virtuous disposition relating to religion. life without the assistance afforded by With great and sincere esteem and religion ; you having a clear percep
affection, I ain, &c. tion of the advantages of virtue, and P. S. Had not your College some the disadvantages of vice, and pospresent of books from the King of sessing a strength of resolution suffiFrance. Please to let me know if cient to enable you to resist common you had an expectation given you of temptations. But think how great a more, and the nature of that expec- portion of mankind consists of weak tation? I have a reason for the in- and ignorant men and women, and quiry.
of inexperienced inconsiderate youth I'confide that you will not expose of both sexes, who have need of the me to criticisms and censures by motives of religion to restrain them publishing any part of this communi- from vice, to support their virtue,
and retain them in the practice of it Supposed to be the Letter to George till it becomes habitual, which is the Whitefield, dated June 6, 1753.
great point for its security. And + Uncertain : perhaps the following perhaps you are indebted to her one.
originally, that is to your religious