« ZurückWeiter »
Editors in printing the word God in of falsehood and of faithlessness, so roman characters. They saw, would vehemently urged by the Dean against he have said, that the word God was the Editors of the limproved Version. wanting in the original. They saw 1. Lukei. 35. For, “ THE Son of more. They saw ibat by printing God," as it stands in Newcome, the it in roman letters, their readers would Editors of the improved Version have be inade to believe that the word without acknowledgme!it substituted, God was a part of the original text, “ A Son of God." and this the comment of the lowest and
2. John i. 12. For, “POWER TO most illiterate of the Socinians shall be become children of God," the Editaken us forming a part of the original tors have substituted, AUTHORITY of the New Testament.
TO BE, &c." scends Popery itself. This wilful cor 3. John ü. 13. Por, " the Son of ruption of the sacred text can only man who was in heaven," the Ediproceed from the Christ-denying apos- tors adhere to the Public Version tates of Essex Street, whose mission- [who is in heaven] including the aries preach up unbelief as essential word in brackets, without proper to salvation. Where will you find authority and without any acknow. any thing to compare with this in ledgmeni. King James's translators? This is 4. Rom. ix. 5. Newcome reads. forging Scripture with a witness. It
“ of whom is not only inventing a translation for FLESH Christ came:" :or which, and the text but a text for the translation. without acknowledgment the lin.
Such no doubt would have been proved Version substitutes, “of whom, the strain of the learned Dean's in- BY NATURAL DESCENT, &c." dignant invective, had the translation 5. 2 Cor. viii. 9. Newcome reads of the Primate been that of the Edi- with the Public Version, tors, and the translation of the Edi- THOUGH he was rich yet for your tors that of the Primate.
sakes hc BECAME poor:" for which, Primates can seldom, if ever, do and without any notice of the variawrong, so it should seem that these tion, the Improved Version substi. unfortunate Editors never do tutes, “ that while he was rich he right.
LIVED IN POVERTY." In the last clause of the text, the 6. Heb. xii. 25, 26. Newcome! Primate's Version reads, « Much reads, “ If those escaped not who MORB we shall not escape, if we refused him that uttered Tue Orareject him who was froin heaven." CLES of God on earth," for which
For which the Improved Version the Improved Version substitutes, - reads, “ much less shall we escape
he uttered ORACLES if we reject him SPEAKING from earth."--Newcome reads, heaven."
MORE we shall not escape.” The This variation should have been linprored Version substitutes, “ mucla acknowledged in the notes, especially, LESS shall we escape." —Newcomo as by supplying the ellipsis diterently, reads, ". if we reject him who WAS a cojisiderable diversity is created in the from heaven :” the Improved Version sense. The originalis, “ him from substitutes, “if we reject him SPEAKheaven.", The Primate by supplyinging from heaven." the words, “ who was," supposes a
Such is the prodigions birth of reference to Christ. The Improved which this labouring mountain after Version supplying the word "speak- all its mighty and portentous throes ing," and the Public Version, " hiin has been at last delivered. The Edie who speaketh," refer the action to tors of the Improved Verion profess. God, who formerly spoke on earth wherever they deviate from the Pri. when he delivered the law to Moses: milte's text, to mark the variation in but who under the new dispensation their notes and to insert the Primate's speaks from heaven by the gifis and words. This promise they have, powers of the holy spirit.
generally speaking, fulfilled. But I shall now briefly recapitulate the whatever care they might take, 'they facts produced by the Dean as far as could not Aatter themselves that they they are substantiated by evidence, were exempted from orersights, of that the reader may julge how far that in every instance they should they support the charge of fraud, escape from crror.
Out of many
hundreds of texts, six instances of offensive lo his reallers, and more dis. unacknowledged variation have, by reputable to tive Editors, than any the sagacity and industry of the which he has already produced, he Dean of Cork, been brought to would have seized it with eagerness, light : and these of comparatively and would have presented it to his adliule importance. And yet, upon mirers as the conne lunche of his savoury these six cases, the Very Reverend repast. dignitary has founded a grave and It may theu be fairly concluded, that solemn charge of fraud and false the six passages w 'h have been sehood and faithlessness against the lected from the linproved Version, are Editors of the Improved Version, and the most valnerable which the industry this charge he has prosecuted with and sagacity of the learned dignitary unparalleled vehemence and maligniig could discover. And surely it is no through an octavo volume of several nican attestation to the attention and hundreil pages closely printed, and fidelity of the Editors of that work, dressed out with no small display of that their most active, persevering and critical erudition. It is hard to be inveterate opponent, after having sat lieve that the Dean himself can be down to the investigation, for the exserious in alleging charges so grave, press, porpose of exposing the work upon a foundation so frivolous. But and its Editors to the indignation and whether he is serious or not in alleg- contempt of all good men, should be ing then, it is impossible that any able to find no beiter foundation for his individual in the united kingdoni, gross and unqnalified charges of falseman, woman or child, who possesses hood, dishonesty, and dishonourable an atom of common sense, can be violation of their word and promise, serious in giving credit to them, or than what is contained in these six can hesitate to treat them with the pa-sages. This indirect and involun. 'most sovereign and superlative con- tary testimony to the character of the tempt.
Editors, extorted so unwillingly from li is true that the Very Reverend an enemy, and from such an enemy, accuser is pleased to alleve, p. 481, cannot but be peculiarly gratifying io that he has selected “but very few them, and must eminently contribute specimens out of the number that to raise the character of the work in might be adduced :" and p. 69:3, that the estimation of the public, which, " examples abound of a quality yet after having already exhausted three miore insidious and dishonest." large in pressions, is now bidding wel.
The Editors are duly sensible of their come to a fourth, which has just issued obligation to the Dean of Cork, for his from the press. great lenity and forbearance, that half The professed design of the Dean of his strength'he put not forth, l'ut checked Cork in his late publication, is to load his thunder in mid volley. They disdain with infamy the Editors of the imhowever to avail themselves of his proved Version, as having wilfully and condescension. Out of the many fraudulently broken their engagement
hundreds of variations which occur in with the public. But as the venethe Improved Version, it is possible rable dignitary is not remarkable for that through inadvertence, surely not adhering closely to his subject, he has wholly unpardonable, many other occasionally diserged froni his main omissions may have taken place, alınost design, in order to combat the rendering as iniportant' as those selected by the or the comments of the Improved Dean. But they defy him, with his Version. But though ile Very Reve. utmost industry, stimulated by his ut. rend ecclesiastic'has made a marvellous most malice, to produce a single passage display of minute criticism, and of to which the charges of “insidious and lexicographical learning; though he dishonest" can be justly applied. They has laid down his dictums with the know the Dean of Cork too well, to one of a pedagogue armed with the give implicit credit to his professions of dreaded instrument of castigation för forbearance. And they entertain no the trembling elves who should dispute doubt, that if by any means he could his high authority; and though where have discovered a single text in the argument fails, its place is abundantly linproved Version, which by the art supplied with the most vulgar and and venom of his criticism could have contumelious railing; the learned genbeen distorted 10 a signification more tlenun will have the goodness to excuse
the Editors, both from adopting his of examining for himself, an odious lúe amendments and retoruing his ealum- lour I can truly aver it to be, to form an nięs. As to the former, they have too adequate idea of the mode in which mupderaie an opinion of the Dean's the sacred word has been abused and qualifications as a Scripture critic, to be falsified by the Unitarians," &c. &c. greatly influenced by bis dictatoriał The Dean is right. Nothing can be decisions: with regard to the latter, more odious than the labour of conthey have too much respect to the dig- piling such a publication as that of nity of their own character to imitate Dr. Magee, excepting the still more so disreputable an example. The wearisome task of reading it. Nothing interpretations which the Editors of surely, can be more disgusting to the Improved Version have adopted, an enlightened and liberal mind than are in general supported by authorities to toil through a work so chaotic, of such high and established reputation so nris-shapen, so indigested : so in sacred literature, that they can have wholly deficient in precision, in eleTitle to fear from the attacks of critics gance, in perspicuity, in urbanity, in of such a scale as the learned digni• liberality of spirit
, in comprehension On one side we see the naines of views, in every quality which is reof Faustus Socinus, of Slichtingius, of quisite to constitute excellence in coinCrellius, of Wolzogenius, of Grotius, position : so full of vanity, of pedantry, of Le Clerc, of Newton, of Locke, of of peddling criticism, of unprovoked Dr. Samuel Clarke, of Einlyn, of abuse, of improved accusation, of foul Sykes, of Law, of Jebb, of Tyrwbit, and inalignant calumny. The comof Lindsey, of Wakefield, of Priestley, position of such a work must have been of Cappe, of Disney, and many other à drudgery to which few would have names which are an honour to learning submitted but the Dean of Cork. Nor and to human nature; and on the is it to be believed that even Dr. Magee other side we have the Very Re- himself could have endured the labour verend Dr. William Magee, Dean of and the shame of so disgraceful an unCork.
dertaking, had he not been supported, Before I conclude, it may not be like many good men before him, by amiss to remark, that the absolute “ RESPECT UNTO THE RECOMPENCE nullity of the most material of the OF REWARD." charges exhibited against the Editors
T. BELSHAM. of the Improved Version, acknow Essex House, Mar. 1, 1817. ledged as such even by the accuser P.S. It is worthy of observation hiinself; the absurd and laboured exag- that the Improved Version of the New geration of those that remain, which Testament, upon which and upon its give a cast of ridicule to the whole Editors so much unsparing abuse and indictment; and the palpable self-con- unfounded calumny have been lavished tradictions which have been detected by Dean Magee and others, does not in the course of the preceding re- from beginning to end contain an exmarks, plainly shew either that the pression of asperity or disrespect azainst Dean of Cork's intellectual perceptions any iudividual, or body of Christians, upon theological questions are so un on account of difference of opinion in commonly dini, or that his contro- theological doctrine. The Editors versial inorality is of so very lax a kind, calmly and plainly express their own as may justly induce a man of " a sound sense of the disputed passages; they understanding and an honest heart,” assign their reasons, and commonly to pause before he gives entire credence ailege their authorities, leaving the to his unqualified assertions and his reader to form his own judgmeni; and virulent declamation : and upon the refraining from all unbecoming censure whole to “believe what he shall prove, of others who interpret the Scriptures rather than what he shall say.". differently. Whether this temperate
The worthy dignitary as he ap- style of writing or the acrimonious in. proaches the conclusion of his labours, vective of their adversaries best indicates iakes occasion to regret that his evil a good cause, a sincere love of truth, destiny should have imposed upon him and the genuine influence of Christian 80-wear isome a task. " In truth,” says principles and a Christian spirii in this pains-taking writer, p. 689, “ it is their inquiries after it, may be left to scarcely possible for any person who the judginent of the serious reader. has not submited to the odious labour The unprovoked personal abuse of
so humble an individual as myself, the Jew: nay, it appears that it was with which the Dean is pleased to Inad rather a reproach not to have children. his pages, is altogether unworthy of Polvgainy was certainly permitted, and notice. It is however somewhat sure provision was made in the law that the prising that the Very Reverend digni- eldest son of the less beloved wife tary does not seem to be aware that should not be deprived of his inheritextravagant exaggeration defeats its ance by the son of the more beloved own purpose. The Deal of Cork does wife. Such were the views of this not leave me a particle of learning, a divine legislator on this subject: but the particle of science, a particle of biblical Christian dispensation clearly points knowledge, nor even a particle of another way. Polygamy is there utcommon sense or common honesty. terly exploded : a virtuous celibacy is With such an opinion of me, it preferred to the married state, botir by is surprising that he could conde- Jesus Christ, as his discourses are rescend to waste so much of his va- corded in the Gospels, St. Paul in all Juable time in writing down my pub- his writings, and St. John's Revelation. lications. Be that as it may, it is a Marriage is permitted only to avoid satisfaction to know that every body fornication, and celibacy recommended is not of the same way of thinking with to those who are able to support it in the Dean of Cork. This will appear a course of virtuous abstinence. So from the following extract of a letter that although marriage be permitted to from a person who is as much superior those to whom it is niecessary, it seems to the Dean in rank and station, as he to be considered as a state of less peris in sound learning, in urbanity of fection in a Christian than a state of manners, and in every estimable quality celibacy; and accordingly in all the of the mind and of the heart. After early Christian churehes, the virtuous animadverting with some degree of single persons were held in the highest animation npon certain passages in estimation. my writings which had unfortunately But yet riches are never assigned as incurred his disapprobation, bis Lord- a reason for the permission of marriage ship adds, “ I certainly have risen amongst Christians, nor poverty as a from an iinpartial study of the Scrip, reason for not contracting marriage. It tures with a conviction on one essential is permitted amongst Christians in all point entirely contrary to your own. conditions in life, to avoid immorality, But I never on that account entertained and is so periniuted for this cause the least unfriendly feeling towards only. you, or the less highly esteemed your Mr. Malthus's scheme is to prohibit calents, your learning, or your sin. the poor from contracting marriage, cerity."
T. B. and their marrying according to his
scheme is the greatest immorality.
Here is no allowance made for diffeThe New Morality.
rence of constitution, or, as the Scrip(R.
the principle of Population (a his own gift of God. This is what I work worthy of the greatest attention), call the new morality. He says the seems to think that it is the first duty two great evils of human life are proof the poor not to marry, and traces all miscuous commerce and large families, vice and misery to this source. This which all may avoid if they please. may be called a new morality, to shew This is going farther than the apostle which I shall take the liberty to state of the Gentiles, who does not consider the doctrine in this respect of the Old that all may live without marriage if and New Testament." I begin with they please. Now if this great apostle the Old Testament. It is most evident be right in his view of human nature, from the whole tenor of the Mosaic and if Mr. Malthus be right in stating institution, and all the previous history the marriage of a poor man and woman he has given, that no discouragements to be a great immorality, Mr. Malthus's then were thrown in the way of mar- system wanis one essential member to riage. An increase of the people ap- make it complete and practical death pears to have been an objeci of' desire is certainly to be chosen rather than to this great legislator, and to be mar. vice atd misery. Now this system of ried was then certainly no reproach to morals would be complete if ií allorved
of suicide; for as man, is forced into SIR,
Felruary 24, 1817. existence, and his constitution not of THE papers are continually informnhis own forining, it seems reasonable ing us that the English gentlemen that if his circumstances are insup- at Rome are particularly assiduous in portable except through rice and mi. paying their attentions to his pretended sery, he should be perniitted to abandon Holiness, to whom they are admitted a miserable existence to avoid vice and in all due form, and from whom they misery. - If Mr. Malthus throws aside receive every inark of distinction which fevelation, which is clearly not with he can confer upon them. This is a him, either in its directions, in its mo- Dew feature in our history, and shews tives, or in its doctrine concerning the that the ardour of Protestantism is not .constitinion of man, and appeals to a little diminished amongst us. I am the law of nature alone, as nature has for one exceedingly sorry for it, and kindly put it in his power for man to should be rather pleased to hear that get rid of his present existence, why our countrymen viewed" the throne of should she be supposed to prohibit the beast" with the spirit of their anfrom man the use of this power, in a cestors. It might have been some cause so honourable as thai of avoiding excnse for these gentlemen, if any disvice and misery? Again :-suppose position had appeared in this restored Mr. Malthus's principle a principle of court to correct the superstition of anaction, and without this it is nothing, cient days, and to abolish the mumit would evidently preclude every la- meries with which in that corruptel bourer from marriage, according to the capital religion is disgraced.
But noprice of labour, and the wages given in thing of this kind has appeared. Suevery state of Europe. Where is the perstition is presented in all its ancient labourer to be found whose wages are mockeries, and the Diario Romano now equal to the rearing of a large family upon my table presents a list of the without poverty, or what he calls vice same follies, the same absurdities, the and misery? Besides, such are the same blasphemous expressions, that vicissitndes of this uncertain life, that though suspended for a few years, are a man who may suppose himself now now re-established in all their hideous to be in circumstances to marry, may forms. soon see his circumstances change and The Diario Romano, or Account of his family be involved in misery. Mr. the Rites to be performed every Day Malthus's book shews human life with in different Churches, Chapels and the most dreadfal aspect; but then if Streets in Rome, for the Year 1816, the picture be true, it is in vain to shut is contained in forty-eight pages, closely our eyes, for truth, however dreadful, printed, with numerous abbreviations, must force itself upon us. The first which would make above double that impression that it makes is, that human number of an octavo volume among us life is a dreadful curse, and that the in common use.
The first seven pages constitutions and circunstances of give us rites performed at different mankind are such, that the greatest places during the whole year. As for evil is to be born.
example: In S. Anna alle 4 Fontane si
espene il venerabile ogni ma'tina e si de la “.Thracian parents at his birth,
Benedizzione la seta. “ At St. Anne's Mourn their babe with many a tear, the venerable is exposed every morning, Bat with undissembled mirth
and the benediction is given in the Place kim breathless on his bier," evening." By il veneralile is meant the
wafer god, or pretended holy presence, Is this, then, our lot, and is this the the water having been by their legere Providence, which rules the world: demain trick called transubstantialan, with what spirit was it then said " In- transformed into the real body of Christ, crease and inultiply and replenish the whom they in common with the great earth?".
body of Protestants believe to be Cout. Perhaps some of your Correspondents Before this pretended god the deluded will be pleased to point out a brighter volaries bend their knees with ihe same aspect of things, and may be able to devotion that the Protestants oflit 10 discover some way of evalling the con- their prayers to the ewo gods which clusions of Mr. Malthus..
they call God the Sun and God the
110,40.- Tioly Ghost 65-(tiny