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times, these remonstrants further urge, voice that gives Holy Orders. Passing made addresses highly inexpedient; this, the Reviewer is correct in for his Majesty's ministers evidently absolving the Dissenting ministers wanted to strengthen their hands by from the suspicion of " immediate raising a political alarm, and to excite connection" with the Crown; but he a cry of danger to the throne, in order needed not to qualify the phrase ; to drown the prevailing cry of danger there is no connection whaterer, meto the constitution : they have suic- diate or inimediate: even the Regium ceeded; and to the addressers we may Donum is no bond of connection ; partly attribute the measures, which that has become a parliamentary our children will rue, of suspending grant, a mere bounty, to poor Disthe Habeas Corpus Act and thereby senting' ministers; and the character abolishing Trial by Jury in the most of the principal receiver and distribuimportant causes, and of preventing the tor is a pledge of the fairness of the people from meeting, according to the distribution. It may be otherwise provision of the Bill of Rights, for the with the Regium Donum in Ireland ; expression of their grievances, except but in England it answers no political under restrictions, which will consti- purpose. It is not at the option of tule public meetings a trap for the the minister of the Crown to grant or unwary.

to refuse it; it is part of the establish: The Edinburgh Reviewer penned ment of the government: the vote ir his paragraph before the ministers and never preceded by inquiry or accomdeputies drew up their addresses : he panied by remark : this is not one of cannot therefore refer to these ; nor do the public expences upon which any we know to what he refers, unless it reformner wishes to put the finger of be to some of the sermons of Dissenting retrenchment: it is the establishment ministers upon the late successive en- by Parliament of Nonconformity largements of Toleration, which are, amongst the poor, the endowment of to be sure, quite as loud in praise of Dissenting, worship in villages and the administration as such compositions hamlets, the appointment of a class could be, their authors at the same of religious teachers for those whose time retaining their sincerity. The ignorance or whose consciences bar gratitude of individuals may have been them from the oldest established excessive; religious liberty is not a worship: the bounty is voted equally boon to be implored at the hands of a by Whigs and Tories, by ministry fellow-mortal, it is a right to be as. and opposition, and neither party getsserted, and if it be lost to be reclaimed: or loses election-infuence by it. Some such is the opinion and feeling of have doubted whether it be consistent Dissenters at large, who do not con- and manly in the Lay Dissenters to sider themselves bound by, personal suffer any rank of their teachers to obligations to support the Lords Li- lie under this apparent obligation to verpool, Sidmouth and Castlereagh. the state, which is, as far as it goes, Some of the Nonconformists addressed an alliance between church and state, James II. rather Aatteringly on his, and a contradiction of the favourite assuming the dispensing power in their principle of the more sturdy Nonconfavour; but the mass of them united formists : but this scruple implies to bring on the glorious Revolution of more than is commonly expressed, 1688, and to prepare the way for the for on the very same principle that it accession of the Brunswick family to is proposed to refuse the Regium the British throne.

Donum, there ought to be a rejection The candour or rather the justice of of other immunities, which Dissenta the Reviewer deserves praise, in his ing ministers enjoy without any res acknowledgment that the “ Crown luctance of conscience, such as ex has no immediate connection with the emption from the militia, from pa Dissenting priesthood." It would be rochial offices and from serving on captious to remark that the last word juries. These too are boons from of the sentence is not legitimatized the stale, granted to the Noncona among Dissenters ; they have no forming icachers on the ground of priests ; they make their ministers; their religious character, and though who are no longer their ministers they are not money, they are, as every than whilst they render them service man in a civil capacity knows by and who never cease, to be brethren experience, money's worih. amongst brethren: it is the people's “ The practical lenity of the test

laws' has had no such effect as the now, as aggrieved dissidents, in faScotch Reviewer imagines : it has inc vour of Protestant Dissenters; but deed allowed the admission of a great should they obtain special relief their body of Dissenters into our corpora



be expected hereafter to tions; but the Dissenting corpora- be thrown into the scale of intoletions, witness Nottingham, Bridport, rance. Persecution has inade CathoCoventry, and we believe we may add lics the advocates of toleration ; but Norwich and Portsmouth, are of all their principles are not tolerant, and others most favourable to the cause of let them gain their private ends and the people, as distinguished from that the pressure and constraint of which of the government. The Corporation they complain be removed, and the of London was never more decided bent bow will fly back in a contrary than at present in its anti-ministerial direction and new force be thus given politics, and we believe that the to High-Church and Tory sentiments. Common Council never before con The deputies and ministers of the tained so many Dissenters. But “the Three Denominations and even the practicri lenity" in question, has had two classes of Methodists would do one certain evil effect upon the Dis- well to take this matter into serious senters; namely, that of seducing and early consideration. They may, their richer and more aspiring mem- indeed, be doubtful as to the effect bers into the worship of the Esta- which would be produced in their blished Church. Coinmon Councils denominations by the repeal of the men need not qualify by the sacra. Corporation and Test Acts. More of mental test, but Mayors, Aldermen, their wealthy members might be see Town-Clerks, and Recorders must : duced into the world by an enlarged and it is surely an evil to both the political licence and the offer of new Church of England and to the Dis- temporal dignities. But those only senters and to religion itself, when would go out from them that are not men, professedly religious, sacrifice properly of them, and their secession their principles for the sake of power, would purify whilst it thinned the and join in worship which they do several Dissenting communions. Their not approve that they may thus rise to influence as Dissenters tends to secu., official dignity. Honest Churchmen larize the Nonconforming churches. have at least as much reason to com- The loss would be only that of unplain of this practice as conscientious sound members; and would in all Dissenters. To all lovers of truth probability be made up by the accesand integrity it must, one would'sion of dissatisfied Churchmen, who think, give pain to see a Dissenter, are retained within the pale of the perhaps an Unitarian, stoop his neck Establishment by mere political ties. to a chain, be it a golden chain, At any rate, the abrogation of the which ties him up from worshipping Test laws would be a clear gain to with the church of his deliberate religion, to good morals, to freedom, choice, and binds him, victim-like, to the English constitution and even to the horns of an altar, on which he to the Dissenters; for they are less believes that superstition has kindled grievous as a restraint than as a stigma : strange fire. This is a real and a moral they imply that Dissenters are disafevil, the consideration of which should fected to their country and cannot be arouse all religious men to the duty of trusted, and the erasure of them from praying the legislature to repeal the test the Statute Book would be an aclaws, which are insufficient to keep knowledgment by the nation that Dissenters out of municipal govern. the insinuation is false, that there ment, but equally insufficient to con- is neither reason nor justice in treating vert them into 'honest Churchmen. an immense body of Britons, exem.

The agitation of the Catholic question plary for both religion and good during the present session of Parlia- morals, as Helotes in the midst of a ment with more likelihood of success free people, and that the state would than heretofore, enforces this subject acquire reputation, which is strength, opon the attention of the public and by taking off the yoke from the necks especially of the Dissenters. If the of millions of the population, whose Dissenters be not included in the next incapacity of civil usefulness is created grant of religious liberty, their state by the law itself and whose distinca is hopeless : for the Catholics are tion amongst their fellow-countrymen


-y, who

is equally their superiority in know- buys the returning officer; the minis. Jedge and active virtue and their in- ter buys the member, and the_minisferiority in civil honours and political ter at last is bought himself. Fathers rights.

A. sell their sons, mothers sell their

daughters, friends sell one another. GLEANINGS; OR, SELECTIONS AND Ye e are all sold and lought with a price.

"Tis true indeed, says this comical divine), that certain maxims contained

in this obsolete book, are still retained No. CCXCVII.

amongst us. Thus the visiting the Curious Introduction of a Sermon. sins of the father unto the third and The following is the Exordium of a fourth generation, is still visible in Sermon, published in 1757, with the practice of a late mthis title, “A Sermon preached at never forgave even the god-son of a the Parish of W-n, in Gloucester- father, though he was no relation, if shire, on the Fast Day. Now pub- ever that, god-father voted against lished to vindicate the author from se- their pernicious and destructive meaveral late cruel and unjust assertions on sures. But not only persecution was the occasion. 8vo. Price 6d. Scott." a favourite and adopted virtue of (See Crit. Review, III. 168, 169.) theirs; patience and humility, though * 1 Cor. vi. 10, For ye are bought with not entirely the same as recommended a price.

in the obsolete book, is highly in The words of this texi, though practice among the people in general taken from an obsolete and long since of this kingdom,` particularly the exploded book, are still to be found in upper rank of them. They have the the closets of some antiquarians; to patience daily and hourly to be dunned whose particular curiosity, ingenuity, by their tradesmen and creditors, or vanity perhaps, we are obliged for without returning one evil word at the preservation of the whole. all; they have the patience to hear a

'The whole volume, consisting of whole kingdom's voice against their two distinct books, by name the Old corrupt and illicit practices, without and New Testament, was wrote for changing countenance in the least; the instruction of mankind in general, and they have the further patience, when in the dawn and infancy of forbearance and long suffering, to their understanding. As they grew wait for pensions, places, sinecures, on to riper years and maturer judg- and victualling or other beneficial ments, there was no necessity for the contracts, till in the dirty pursuit of legislature to condemn, censure, or lay them they very patiently sink what it aside ; for it naturally dropt of its little fortunes their fathers and honest own self, when they wisely thought ancestors bravely and honourably lathere was no further occasion for its boured to give them. assistance.

If a private unbeneficed clergyman, The odds at Arthur's and other such for instance, marries or injures the excellent academies of science, are, fair reputation of a great man's daughthat there is no such being as a Provi- ter, in order to marry her to more dence or God; this can be no match, advantage, and of a sudden we sec as the cant word is there, among him raised to splendid dignities and themselves, for they are all of one golden honours, what can we say? mind in an house, and never will suf- but that in spite of all heresy, oaths of fer any strangers to mingle with them: simony and other trifles of that nature, and come abroad into the less po- as they certainly are now-a-days, the fite world, how little chance is there preserment he enjoys is bought with a of an alteration of thinking or acting price ; as without this lady's kind as.. there, where manners and fashions sistance, or the family's lucky pride, to equally descend from the great to the preserve her tender and unblemished, suall? for what the nobleman be. because unknown reputation, a secret, gins, the peasant generally ends. he might still have remained on his

But rsays our author) to the words usual pittance in Wales of £10 a of my text, ye are lought with a price. year, exclusive of his other benefices The bribed returning oflicer first buys ihe tap and his cremona, those ever the poor voter, by money, promises, faithful friends to the clergy of that ar threats; the wealthy candidate next glorious principality.

“ Still pleased to praise, yet not afraid to blame."-Pope.


Pp. 135.



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ART. I.- Remarks upon the Systematical him to do more. The principle, or, as

Classification of Manuscripts adopted Dr. L. pleases to call it," the peculiar ly Griesbach in his Edition of the feature, of his system" of Biblical criGreek T'estament. By Richard Lau- ticism, “ consists," unquestionably; rence, LL. D. Rector of Mersham “ in the arrangement of manuscripts and of Stone, in the County of Kent. under certain heads or classes.” His Oxford: Printed at the University eminence however is built on his pracPress, and Sold by Parker. Sold in tical application of this principle. London by Rivingtons. 1814. 8vo. The systematical arrangement of ma

nuscripts, had occurred to foriner cria ТЕ

our readers to whom this article the honour was reserved of rendering is of Review is particularly submitted are

instrumental to the promotion of sacred conversant with the history of the text

literature. of the New Testament. “No question

Had the author of the Remarks, &'c. relative to it,” says Dr. Laurence,

before been as intent on doing justice be considered by Christians of


to Griesbach as on counteracting the de

any nomination as wholly unimportant." supposed "effects which have been We proceed, accordingly, without fur- produced by his repeated labours in ther preface, to notice the statements critical correction," he would have and the reasonings of this writer. spoken more largely of the merits of

His pamphlet is divided into five this admirable editor. But even Grieschapters; exclusively of a copious ap- bach inust be slightly and coldly pendix. On these we shall make some praised, in order that Dr. Laurence observations, in their order.

inay hasten to calumniate and insult The first bears for it's title, Griesbach's

“ the Unitarians;" edition of the New Testament-Effects

when it was known that an produced by it.

author, so highly respected as Griesbach, « Of all the critical editions of the Greek

was preparing a second edition of his text the most celebrated is that of Gries

New Testament, expectation was upon the bach. The peculiar feature of his system, tiptoe among those, who, conscious that it is well knowo, consists in the arrange- little straining' satisfactorily entwine with

the received text will not ( without a ment of manuscripts under certain heads or classes.”—Pp. 1, 2.

their favourite tenets, are always anxiously

anticipating the probable chances of relict, We do not impugn the accuracy of attainable by an unreserved use of the this short accouni of Griesbach's edition critical pruning knife. The Upitariaus “ of the Greek text." So far as it goes, not only applauded and patronised bis it contains the truth, but not the whole undertaking, but exerted every means in truth. What has given such high ce


carry the work with credit lelrity to Griesbach's labours in this through the press, and to give it publicity field? What has obtained for him the in this country.”—Pp. 2, 3. suffrages of scholars widely differing

expectation upon the from each other in their religious tiptoe” only among “ the Unitarians," creeds? The answer must be his while Griesbach prepared his second superior impartiality, skill and dili- edition? Are « ihe Unitarians" exgence. He has presented the world clusively his admirers? Is a fondness with a critical edition of the Greek for Biblical criticisin confined io them? Testament which is not indeed perfect, Can none besides esiiniate the value yet which is at once the most correct of the services of the learned editor? and the most compendious that the “ The Unitarians” make no such arpublic has seen. Future editors may, rogant pretensions. They know indeed no doubt, improve on Griesbach, as that sound criticis'n, whetlier it be Griesbach has improved on his pre- employed on the text or on the ina decessors. Let noi his efforts be cle- terpretation of the New Testament, preciated, or overlooked, merely because cannot be unfavourable to truth: to he may evable those who come after sound criticism they are therefore,

power to

And was

friends. Dr. Laurence, writing, per- EOTIY o arabos. If the Unitarians;" haps, from his own feelings, and from in imitation of Dr. Laurence, did not those of the ecclesiastical circle in distinguish between Biblical and Scripwhich he moves, too hastily charges turul criticism; if they did not confide on those from whom he differs in in the impartiality as well as in the 'opinion the indulgence of a party- knowledge and experience of Griesspirit. It was an attachment to the bach, they might lament that their Scriptures, as the Scriptures, which hopes in respect of this passage have obtained from the late respected Duke been frustrated: they might then susof Grafton the patronage of Griesbach's pect that the editor's avowed attachundertaking: this nobleman had no ment to Trinitarianism had unduly consciousness that the received text prevailed on him to deprive them of would not' without a little straining one of their favourite proofs of the absatisfactorily entwine with his favourite solute unity of God. But they harbour tenets, and that relief must be sought no such suspicion ; they feel no such from the unreserved use of the critical concern. They honour Griesbach's pruning knife. Dr. Laurence substi- memory for the care with which, as iutes poetical figures for simple ex- an editor of the text of the New Testapressions and accurate declarations. ment, he divested himself of theological Griesbach himself appreciated more prejudices and prepossessions. Dr. honourably and justly the munificence Laurence has been silent concerning of the Duke of Grafton.

the verse which we have just quoted: But Dr. L. triumphs in his self-com- this example of difference in the readplacent persuasion that the purpose of ings of the late Professor's two editions, * the Unitarians," in patronising might have convinced the remarker that Griesbach, has, after all, been de- the regard exhibited by Unitarian feated. “ What,” he asks, " has been Christians to Biblical criticism is enthe result?"

lightened and sincere. “ As far as relates to doctrinal points,

He introduces Griesbach (p. 3) pubthe great object of their contemplation, licly and solemnly declaring his belief their hopes have been completely frus- in the deity of Jesus Christ. The extrated; for nothing more was omitted in tract was perfectly needless. Griesthe second, than what had been exposed as bach, a member of the Lutheran illegitimate in the first edition.”

church, embraced the doctrines of the In other words, Griesbach's persiia- religious community in which he was sion that these

educated: he embraced them, we doubt passages of the Greek text was now stronger : not, with the full assent of his underthe Trinitarian who should appeal to standing and his heart. But this is them, after the accomplished' editor not the point at issue between Dr. had produced this additional proof of Laurence and ourselves. We are intheir spuriousness, would be adventu- quiring simply into Griesbach's merits rous in the extreme. Was it thus that as an editor of the text of the Christian the hopes of " the Unitarians” were Scriptures. This is a distinct province completely frustrated ?

from that of an interpreter of the We beg our readers to compare to

Bible. It is not true that “the Unigether the two editions of Griesbach, tarians” hold him in contempt for in Acts xx. 28, 1 Tim. iii. 16, and his theological talents." His works 1 John v. 7; and, leaving the proper on what the Germans style dogmatic conclusion to their judgment, we shall, and exegetic divinity, are little known without delay, place before them an by any of our countrymen: to proimportant variation in Matt. xix. 17. nounce an opinion on them to make Here the received text is, Ti je neyets them the subject of either our cenαγαθον; ουδεις αγαθος, ει μη εις, ο

sure or our praise-would, assuredly, Beos: this, too, is the reading in the to know that the high reputation of

be premature. It is sufficient for us former edition of Griesbach in the Griesbach rests on his services as a second however they are omitted, and Biblical critic, in the restricted and the following words taken into the text proper meaning of the term. We -TI de epuras TEPI TOU ayabov; čus interpret Scripture for ourselves : but • Preface. “ Illustrissimus Dux-bo- rect and what, spurious Scripture, we

je previously ascertaining what is corparum literarum patronus egregius, &c." thankfully employ the aid, 'and bow

formed no part

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