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in his garden ; but no means that he expatiated on the glorious change that adopted subdued his constitutional awaited him when this mortal shall tendency, or prevented or even witi- have put on immortality.". Thus engated his habitual complaint. In the during as seeing Him who is Invisible, year 1815, public speaking became he waited all the days of his appointer very painful to him, and befure the çime, at seasons nearly overwhelmed end of that year he was obliged to de. by paroxysms of bodily distress, but in sist from his ministerial lavours. The the intervals' of relaxation from pain sufferings of his early life had madle composed and serene, grateful to his him very apprehensive of pain, and attendants, affable and pleasant with his prayer, in submission to the Divine his numerous visitors, exhibiting rawill, was that he might be taken tional piety and Christian hope, amil away by sudden death. Such, how, Friday the 23rd of August, wher, ever, was not the design of an all-wise without any perceptible failure of his but mysterious Providence. “ Months intellecinal powers, he gently breatheu of vanity and wearisome nights” were his last and fell usleep in Jesus. appointed to him. The history of his So died in the 59th year of his disease would be a detail of pains and age, William Vidler, one of the ablese agonies afflictive to the reader. Ile and boldest champions in the pulpit was sometimes for sereral successive of the Civiversal aud Unitarian docdays without sleep. The valurę of trine, who might have been reckoner! his complaint prevented his eren re- upon according to the course of nature clining on his hed. There were occa- as the advocate of truth for years in sionally favourable changes, in which come, with the growing authority or he had intervals of comparative case, age, but who was so far faroured by and on iwo occasions of this sort he Providence, as le expressed himselt made a great effort and appeared on the approach of deathi, that he did amongst his congregation at Parliament not outlive his usefulness. Ile had Court, but his exertion at both these borne patiently opposition and retines occasioned a relapse and con- proach, and was rising by the strength vinced himn that his public life was of his mind and character above disat an end.
couragements, when, as if his trial At West Ham he experienced all and purifcation were complete, it the attention that the kindness of an pleased his heavenly Father that he affectionate sister could devise and should rest from his labours and render ; but a change of scene being await in peace the summons to innrecommended by his physician, he mortality. was removed carly in the month of Notwithstanding the imperfectness July. 1810, to the house of Mr. of his education, his knowledge was Williain Smith, his son-in-law, in very extensiie. He had read most of Spencer Street, Northampton Square, the standard books, in the Englisla where all his family united in miti language, in the various deparuren's gating his sufferings to the extent of of literature ; and his clearness of coniheir ability. It soon appeared how- ception and retcntiveness of memorý ever, boih to hiinself and others that ofien enabled him 10 surprize his more there was but one event from which intimate friends by the exhibition of rest could be expected. This he now his acquirements.' Ile was quick 1:2 looked forward io with pleasure, hail- bis perceptions, but at the same tiine ing every symptom of its approach: patient in his inquiries and cool i: his yet his illness was so tedious and his judgment. liis conversation pains so excruciating that his patience formed after the model of the uplo was at times alınost exhausted. His which preziked a century ago, and religious principles were the only sup- was occasionally quaine, frequently port of his mind. On these he de- proverbial and generally centenstions, lighted to converse. He solaced him- but always intelligent and commonly self in the fatherly character of God: tinctured with good humour. he meditated on the example of Jesiis stances have been alrearly given of hiChrist in suffering and death: he presence of mind in sudden altercations reviewed his owu past life and appealed and his smarmness in rearr. Unde! to heaven to witness his integrity in the offence, he assumed great sercity on midst of his imperfections: and he counienace, and dancerrer Buks
in a tone and manner, which come turir of expression, which produced a pelled it to be felt: but he was bati- striking effect. In praver he was les inally willing to be pleased, and into happy than in preaching, and be was whatever family he entered his pre- accostonied to acknowledge the diffit sence commonly diffused cheerfulness, culty which he found in discharging: throughout the whole circle. He was this part of his public duty to his own fond of childreuy, and on entering a satistaction: His devotional exercises room where they were jeunestiaiely as well as his sermons were framed aturacted them to his knee. His heart in a great measure in the language of Was soon ailected by any tale of dis- Scripture, and this oflen gave them an 1833, and in an early period of his interesting appearance of solennity. residence in London he was much of the incrits of his pulpit services we imposed on by persons affecting an must judge by their effects ; and in equal tiegree of distress and of religion; - this point of view. a high rank most in such cases he sometimes gave away be allotted to him amongst popular all the meey that he prossessed : * yet divines, for there have been few if he suspected fraudl 110 one expressed preachers who have been able to: quicker or stronger indignation. His make upon the minds of an auditory, bodily make, tall and upright; his so deep an impression, not of feeling step, regular and firm; and his coun. merely but of knowledge and truth. tenance, open and un varying, indicated Mr: Vidler wrote and published lit. great courage.
Mr. Teulon, whose tle: besides editions of Paul Siegvolk's Communications we have before re- Everlasting Gospel, Winchester's Dia. ferred to, says of him that.“ he was a lngues, with Notes, and the Trial of man to whom fear seemed unknown," the Witnesses ; a Preface to Revelation. in short, his was the old English cha- Defended, in Answer to Paine's Age. racter, mellowed and refined by the of Reason; and the Universalists' Mis. gospel.
cellany, in its various forms, the fol. As a preacher be excelled chiefy in lowing publications are all that can strength of reasoning, simplicity and be traced to him: viz. perspicuity of style and an open, manly: 1. The Designs of the Death of elocution. Ils voice was clear and Christ; a Sermon, delivered in Oce strong, his look penetrating, his at- tober, 1794, . at Parliament Court citude erect and self-possessed and his Chapel, Artillery Lane, Bishopsgateperson diguitied. He would somew Street. 8vo. 1795. times indulge in the pulpit an ironical 2. A Letter to Mr. S. Bradburn
and all the Methodist Preachers in
England. (Sold at 4d.) A man of notorious bad character, whose name was Jewel, and who sometines Memory of Elhanan Winchester,
3. A Testimony of Respect to the ill sent for Mr. Vider, who was so affecteå Preacher of the Universal Restoration, with the sight of the distress of him and who died at Hartford, in America, bis family, that not having as he thought April 18, 1797, aged 46 years. Being raoney enough to relieve them, he went for the Substance of a Discourse delivered the first time in his life to a pawnbroker's at Parliament Court Chapel, June 18, shop, and raised upon his watch as much 1797. 8vo. (Sold at Is.) as he wantert for the supply of their ne
4. A Sketch of the Life of Elhanan cessities. The return which Jewel made Winchester, Preacher of the Univerfor Mr. Vidler's extravagant charity wassal Restoration, with a Review of his waylaying him, with intent to rob him, one Writings... 8vo. pp. 128. 1797. dark night, as lie was going across the 5. God's love to his Creatures Selds to Lethnal, Green: the ungrateful. Asserted and Vindicated ; : being a wretch was hindered in his purpose, as Reply to the “ Strictures upon an he afterwards confessed, by Mr. Vidler's Address to Candid and Serious Men.". stumbliug as he crossed a plank over a
8vo. 1799. ditch and striking the board with the brass end of his umbrella to save himself, which Universal Restoration; with a Slate.
6. Letters to Mr. Fuller on the Jewel mistook for the knocking of a pistolhead against a style, and supposing himself men of Facis attending that Contro, discovered ran away, His crimes brought versy, and some Strictures on Scruta. this urbappy creature to an untimely end tor's Review. 8vo. pp. 180. -1803. 26 Belusford many years ago
Preston, suspecting him of heterodoxy, desired SIR, *** *** March 25th, 1817. his co-pastor to inquire into his sentia S DR. TOULMIN's History of ments. Upon this Mr. Emlyn owned
the Dissenters ends at the death himself convinced that the 'God and of William III. perhaps some of your Father of Jesus Christ is alone the readers may like to see a continuation. Supreme Being, and superior in exI here send you a speeimen of a Brief celleney and authority to his Son, who History of ihe Dissenters from that derives all from him. He declared that time: if you wish to insert it in the he liad no design to cause strife, and Repository, I will
send you the rest. offered to leave the congregation penceT.C. HOLLAND." ably, that they might choose another,
if they pleased, in his place. But the The beginning of the reign of Anne Dissenters in Ireland have a presbytewas distinguished by the punishment, rian form of church government among enacted by an act passed in the last them, and Mr. Boyse thought it proper reign against those who denied the to bring the question before the prespersonal Deity of any of the persons of bytery, in which Dublin is included. the Trinity, being inflicted in Ireland This imıncdiately prohibited Mr. Emon a Dissenting minister of the name lyn from preaching. In the following of Thomas Emlyn. He had been in year, the 3d of Queen Anne's reign, England about the time of the Revo- finding a great odium raised against lution, and the controversy between both himself and his opinions, he Sherlock and South relating to the wrote “ A Huinble Inquiry into the nature of the Trinity had drawn his Scriptore Account of Jesus Christ," attention to that subject. He had intending to go to England as soon as examined it in connexion with Mr. it was printed. Some of his enemies Manning, a Dissenting ininister in having notice of his design, procured a Suffolk, who became in consequence warrant against him before his book of this examination a believer in the was published. He was prosecuted in simple humanisy of Christ. Mr. the Court of King's Bench, and reEmlyn, after a cousirlerable time and fusing to retract, sentence was passed long examination, embraced the Arian on him, that he should suffer a year's creed, that Christ is not Gol, but that in prisonment, pay £1000 fine, lie in he is a created spirit, employed by God prison till it was paid, and find security in the creation of the world and in the for his good behaviour during life. salvation of men. In 1692 he settled After two years' imprisonment, his fine at Dublin, as co-pastor with Mr. Boyse. was mitigated to £70, which, with In this connexion he continued for £20 claimed by the Primate of Ireeleven years. In his account of his land, as the Queen's ahnoner, he paid, own lifé he says, “ I own I had been Upon his liberation he left his intoleunsettled in my notions froin tlie time rant country, and came to London, I had read Dr. Sherlock's book on the where he gathered a sınall congregation Trinity, which sufficiently discovered on Arian principles. Application was how far many were gone back towards made to Dr. Tennison, Archbishop of Polytheism. ' I long tried what I could Canterbury, to put a stop to this, but do with soine Sabellian terms, making the Archbishop nobly refused to be ont a Trinity of soinewhats in one concerned in any persecuting measures. single mind. I found that by the tri- Mr. Emlyn was intimate with Whiston theistic scheme of Dr. Sherlock ! pre- and Clarke, and probably very inuch served a Trinity, but lost the Unity of conıributed to form them to Arian God. By the Sabellian scheme of opinious. niodes and substances and properties I In the beginning of the reign of best kept up the Divine Unity, but then Queen Anne, Mr. St. John, afterwards I hail lost a Trinity, so that I could famous under the name of Lord Bonever keep both in view at once." linghroke, who was an unbeliever in The result of this was, that he departen Christianity, and was, during the latter from the coinmon way of thinking in part of this reign, the principal leader regard to the Trinity, and only wanted of a conspiracy to place the Pretender a proper occasion to declare his sentie on the throne, on the death of Queen menes, as in duty be thought hinıself Anne, instead of the present Royal bound to do. This occasion soon pre. Family, proposed “ a bill for the sented itself. Some of the congregation vention of occasional conformity," by
which it was enacted, that any person for all riotous effuusions of popular riowho held any office, who should attend Jence against whomsoerer ihai violence any meeting of Dissenters, should be may be directed. During the whole disabled from his employment, and pay of this reign the violent disputes in the a fine of £100, and £ó for every day convocation concerning the right of that he continued to act in his oflice, the Archbishop to prorogue the Lower after having been at a meeting. Ile House, continued.' The Bishops who was also rendered incapable of holding had been created during the preceding any other employment, till after one reign, were mostly men of tolerant whole year's conformity, and upon a and liberal principles, but the Lower relapse the penalties were doubled.” ouse were very bigoted, and were T'luts act, after violent disputes, and mostly under the intluence of Allerafter having been rejected several tines, bury, who towards the conclusion of was at last passed in the 10th year of this reign was made Bishop of Ro. the Queen's reign; but after ihe ac- chester, and who was one of the prin cession of George l. it, being well cipal leaders of that party who wished known that the bill had been supported to bave restored the Preiender and to by that party who wished to deprive hare exclued the present Royal Fahim of the throne, in order that the Dis- mily from the throne. Iu consequence senters, who were the firmest friends of his attempts for this purpose, he was to his succession, miglit not be able to at the beginning of the following reign defend his claiıns, it was speedily rc- obliged to leave the kingdom.
In the gih year of Anne's reign, In the 8th year of the Queen's reign, Mr. Whiston was deprived of his proDr. Sacheverel preached and published fessorship of mathematics, and expelled two sermons, which were considered as from the University of Cambridge, in reflecting on the Revolution; and the consequence of his having declared and Whig ministry under the influence of published Arian opinions. He had the Duke of Marlborough and Lord been desired to suppress them, though Godolphin, very imprudently and con. he believed thein 10 be true, that the trary to the principles of toleration and common opinion mightgoundisturbed ; freedom which they professed, procured but such motives were of no weight his impeachment. He was suspended with him, compared with the desire for three years and his sermons burnt. for the discovery and propagation of The people however were violent in truth. In the following reign, George his favour, and the employment of a I. with whom he was a great favourite, military force was necessary to guard desiring him to conccal his opinions the houses of those who had voted on account of the odium under which against him. During his suspension they lay, and the disadvantage they he made a kind of triumphal progress were of to his worldly interests, he rethrough the middle of the kingdom, plied, “ If Martin Luther had acted so, and excited the people in various places where would your Majesty have been to riot against the Dissenters. Many now?". And upon another occasion, chapels and houses of the principal Lord Chief Justice King urging bini Dissenters were burnt by the mobs to conform by saying that he might do whom he raised. At Wolverhampton, more good in the Church, he asked, however, the rioters were repulsed, and “Pray, my Lord, in the courts in which the chapel was preserved principally you preside would such excuses be ad. through the exertions of Mr. Elwall, initted ?". And the Chief Justice couwho will come under our notice again fessing that they would not, he said, in the account of the following reign. “Well then, my Lord, supposing God This is not the only event which has Almighty to be as just in the next proved that even the high Churchmen world as my Lord Chief Justice is in of this country have no objection to this, where are we then?" A question exciting riots and using the utmost which every confornist to the Church violence of the mob-against their ad. who does not sincerely believe the versaries, and that they blame popular whole of her Common Prayer Book tumults only when directed against creeds and articles to be agreeable to themselves ; while the Dissenters and Scripture, ought to put to his own all true friends of civil and religious heart. The Lower House of convoca. liberty feel sentiments of abhorrence tion wished to have punished Whiston too strong to be expressed in language for the books in which he had published his Arian sentiments, but the Bishops, formed copy of the Book of Common anid particularly Archbishop Tennison, Prayer, siriking out the Athanasian nobly refused io concur in any perse- Creed and many other objectionable éutining uueasures, though they agreed passages. This was shown 10 Queen with the Lower llouse in censoring Caroline and highly approved of by his works.
her. After the author's death it was In the year 1712, Dr. Clarke, rector published, and with soine alterations of St. James's, Westminster, and one it has been used in a few Dissenting of the Queen's chaplains, published a congregationis, particularly for some work in defivce of Arianisin, entitled, time in the congregation in Essex “ The Scripture Doctrine of rive Trinity Street, formed on the open declaraConsidered. In Three Paris. The tion of Cnitarian semuiments by Mr. First consisting of a Collection and Lindsey. The plan however of inExplanation of all the Tesis in the troducing either this or any other New Testament relating to that Doc. Liturgy into Dissenting congregations trine: the Sccond, his own Belief on has generally failed; and it appears thie Subject, set forth at large: and the indeed to be in some degree contrary Third, the Principal Passages in the to the main principle of dissent, that a Liturgy of the Church of England ininister ought to be left perfectly free relating to this Subject Considered.” and unbiassed in the formation and This book excited a violent clamour, declaration of his sentimeuts. If he particularly in the convocation, which be required to use a Liturgy, he cannot censured it as containing assertions form bis opinions without some bias contrary to the Catholic faith, as re- towards the opinions declared in that ceived and declared by the Church of form : or if his religious inquiries lead England concerning three persons of him to sentiments diferent from those one substance, power and eternity in on which the Prayer Book which he the unity of the Godhead, and passages uses is founded, he must find great tending to fuerplex the minds of men difficulty in declaring them. For these in the solemn acts of worship as die reasons the prescription of a form of rected by our established Liturgy. prayer either in or out of an Established Disputes on other questions however Church, appears to have naturally a prevented the convocation from pro- tendency to restrain the exercise of ceeding any farther than to censure private judgment and free inquiry, the book, and Dr. Clarke continued in and consequenily to be in some degree the Church. He was a great favourite a bar to the discovery aud propagation with George ll. and his Queen Ca- of truth. roline. During the latter part of his
[To be continued.] life he drew up in manuscript a re
Letter from Rev. T. F. Palmer to ful mind which disposed him very much Mr. Rutt.
to over-rate a few services which I SIR, Clapton, March 16, 1817. had the pleasure to render him, and
NVER since I read the account of which I cannot recollect without E , co Mr. Christie, of Philadelphia, in your tion of my departed friends, Mr. VIth Volume, I have designed to Lindsey and Mr. Joyce, Dr. Hamiloffer you some further particulars, ton and Dr. Disney, not to mention from the conversation and correspon- some who yet survive to serve their dence of that interesting, and much generation. injured nian. I now fulfil a small When I first visited Mr. Palmer and part of my intention by sending you Mr. Muir, in the autumn of 1793, on the copy of a letter, which was board the Prison-Hulks, where they probably the last he wrote on board were separately detained, it was in comthe Holk, at Woolwich. It will pany with a friend, who had known serve to shew the ardour of his grate. Mr. Palıner in Scotland, and with the