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well as by many others who know, tion at Stourbridge. , ln yoqs publica little of either, but only do it in tion for January, p. 5, it is thus stated :compliance with populär practice." “ In 1807 (the Rev. Benjamin Car-, To this passage is annexed the folc peuter) resumed his ministerial office lowing note:
at Stourbridge, and continued to the “ Perhaps another instance of this close of his life to officiate at that nature subsisted not long ago, in the place, and at Cradley alternately inz metropolis itself; where it was visual connexion with the Rer. 'James to bring up a fat buck to the altar of Scott." Now, Sir, as it is a circumSt. Paul's with hunters' horns blowe stance too notorious in this neighbouring, &c. in the middle of divine ser- hood to be forgorien or misunderstoodi, vice. For on this very spot, or near that the Rev. Benjamin Carpenter it, there formerly stood a temple of resumed his ministerial office Hiana."
Stourbridge, (or in other words of Have any of your readers witnessed ficiated as the minister of the con.. this custom respecting Soul-Cakes gregation there) from the exact period But the procession with a stag to St. of his predecessor's resignation (rePaul's is the most surprising, espe- entering the pulpit on the sabbath cially to have been mentioned in after it was vacated by him), and as it 1745, as practised not long ago." is important ihat information of this As to the period when this custom sort should be conveyed to you with was observed there inust surely be all possible correctness, I beg to state some mistake, for it could scarcely as above that Mr. Carpenter's minise have survived the Reformation. try at Stourbridge re-counmenced in
OTIOSUS. October, 1806.
It is possible he might not take Sir,
Feb. 2, 1817.
upon himself what is sometimes WAS lately surprised to find called the pastoral charge till 1807;
that Calvin had been deemed but if words have any meaning, surely heretical on the subject of the the expression “ his resuming his Trinity. This appears from “ An ministerial office at Stourbridge," must Answer to the Marquis of Worcester's imply his officiating as minister these, Paper to the King." Charles I. by which he continued to do from the Hamon L'Estrange, 1651. The Mar. time here specified until his death on quis was a Roman Catholic, and in the 23rd of November, 1816. his endeavours to convert the King Omnia patefacienda." had been disparaging Luther with
X. Y. Z. other reformers. My author replies, • What if he or Calvin erred con. cerning the Trinity, did not Liberius
On Vitality. subscribe to the Arian Heresy? What SIR,
March 8th, 1817. if Calvin held with Nestorius two AD there been a continuation in HÁP
of some Letters on the Resurnorius hold but one will in' him?" rection, published in Vol. VIII. of
What say your readers who are the Repository in 1813, perhaps I conversant with the theological works should not have had occasion to inof Calvin. Was the orthodox zcalot trude myself on your notice, as the who burnt Servetus to do God service, writings of those gentlemen might at last himself no better than a He possibly have so elucidated the subretic.?
ject as to have prevented the necessity BREVIS. for stating my reasons for considering
life to be completely distinct in its Vicinity of Stourbridge, nature from the corporeal form it Sir,
March 10, 1817. aniinates, and that owing to this, it allow me a small space in your aniinating a new form after the death. next Number of the Theological Re- and total dissolution of this body, pository, to correct an error (either Whatever this may be, which we accidental or designed) into which call life, whether animating vegetaMr. Carpenter's biographer has fallen, tion, the animal, nature, or man, he in his account of that gentleman's must be a superficial observer of cre- i second settlement with the congrega., ation who should conclude it to be .
solely the effect of the organizing of was visible, but glewed fast to thes* matter. There are distinctions be- summits ; the seeds were of a gelatitween life 'anil organization which nous substance and continued so for will for ever separate tiem. Organi- len days after the blossom had fallen tation alone has not ever assiinilated off: on the eleventh day the seed benatter 'in contact with itself so as to came heart-shaped and attached by the repair any injuries it may have sus- basis to the poil
, having at the apex cained': neither, alone, has it ever a while point whose hollow contained been capable of propagating its spe- a drop of liquor in the cavity; this. cies; nor by rest, or sleep, hus it ever cavity on the twenty-fifth day was restored its wasted energies 10 vignur. enlarged but still quiie full of liquor,, The faculties may have been initated and a small semi-transparent yellowish by organization, but never have such body fixed by iwo ends to the sides of invitations' been capable of hearing, the cavity; in a month the seed was seeing, smelling, feeling or tasting, enlarged and changed from a heart to inuch less has organization been ever a kidney shape, and this small body capable of thought or reasons. Every increased, gelatinous and less transanimal can do some of these, if not parent, but without organization. all, and on strong grounds it may be On the fortieth day the cavity grown queried if living vegetation is not larger was filled with the body, and capable of some conscious enjoymenis. covered with a thin membrane, which But, organization alone is á mere when taken off was a bright green inachine wholly void of all sensation. divided into two lobes, and the sinall
Organic causes alone nerer haring plantule which attached it to the produced life, but life being through lower part was visible. These facts The whole creation united with or- prove the seeds to be formed prior to ganic matter by a two-fold agency, it fecundation, and that the effecis of the is bùt doing philosophic justice to action of the pollen is to penetrate che sulyject to state, that body and dissolve and stimulate every part, and life being at origine the union of two to give form and animation to thc:, completely distinct principles, how- future plant. ever closely united ihey may be, and The organic matter animated, and however intimately blended so as to the animating principle which takes be apparently one, yet they are actually full possession of it, so as to adapt the two, and therefore when decomposed organic formation to be its residence, miast necessarily again beconie iwo. are two distinct substances; and that Whether life is not material as well all nature acts by a similar process, as the organized body, is not the pre- and is attended with similar results, sent inquiry, but the inquiry is whe- is evident from the pollen of the pink ther life, be it what it máy, is not causing the polyanthus seed to prowholly distinct from the body is dnce on the polyanthus stalk a clus. animales.
ter of beautiful pinks. Notwithstanding the maxim of acting upon this secret of nature that Linnæus has been coinbated, it does our gardeners deck our parterre with not appear to me to have been over- lusus naturæ of Aowers; by it the tumeil, but that the very arguments songs of the males of the goldfinch brought against it have established the and canary bird enliven our roonis ; truth of « Omne vivum er ovo," and whilst by it our farniers furnish our therefore in reasoning upon this sub- colonies with mules adapted to the ject, it is of no’iniportance whether purposes for which they are wanted. Our premises are taken from the sometimes with the vigour of the animal or vegetable kingdom. Sly' horse in the diminutive size of the first evidence to prove the prineiple l'ass, or at others fit him in the size of have laid down, that life and organic 'the horse in labour with the patience body was ab origine distinct, is the of the ass. It is by attentively study. olsservation of De Graaf, the future ing this principle that our breeders plant formed in the seed prior to its increase the flesh and diminish the having been touched lsy ile pollen. bone of the cattle intended for our Spalavzani likewise discovered in the markets, and the time may come, in brisanı podl the seed twenty days be- the progressiveness of the human fore the Aøwet was in full blossom: mind, when beauty of mind and arikat time the powder of the anthers burly come to be preferred to fortune,
It is by
that the same science may be success- nature of the plant! It was in the fully studied to the improvement of fornier crops.consumed, for want of the capabilities of the human race this nature labours in vain; the plant both for beauty and for wisdom. pines after the end of its existence,
Having shewed that life is not and tells by the misery and easptiness : organization but that which acts upon of its growth that it disdains a useless organization, I now proceed to no- creation. tice that it appears from nature, that, Life, then, appears to have a there may be a suspension of the growth and an increase. How it is actions of life for months and years developed in the vegetable creatiou, without life being destroyed : that we are necessarily ignorant of, but we this is the case in mosses, the ears of know that a sufficiency of energy is. blighted .corn, the seta equina, the in it for the exertion of the organic wheel polype, and in several species matter of the plant, for iis present of snails, as we learn from the Philo. good and future progeny.
Plants sophical Transactions, &c. They are sinile at the consciousness of human. proved to be capable of being kept as benefits, and dropp under the ill-usage dried preparations, and after a total of man: transporied to foreign parts, suspension of irritability and con- they adapt their habits to the climate, tráctility for many years, they have and if they survive its influence, their by a proper application of water been manners conform to their novel situarestored to life and all its functions, tion. Every living animal according from which we are entitled to con- to its powers of motion, and knows clude that death does not set free the ledge has higher degrees of consciousanimating principle, and that it can- ness, and nianifests the passions of not be separated therefrom but by love, hatred and revenge, hope, doubt, decomposition, organization being tlie fear aud hesitation : their mental pasinstrument of which life is the con- sions manifest the selfish principle. troller and director.
Some even enter into the social order, It does not appear that life is and by their strength through union destroyed with the decomposition of manifest, that in what concerns the the body, but on the contrary, by the public welfare they are worthy of decomposition of body the principle of legislating even for man. Man is life is fitted for rising in the order of in some things inferior to all, but by existence. We know not any thing his speech he is able to combine the in nature which has life but what past with the present and determine. supports that life by death. If there for the future ; his knowledge is his is any thing, it is the small and mi- power, and by it, on earth, to all the nute seed of the lowest order of vege- animals, he is the representative of tation which spring upon the naked God. In biin is on carih the highest rock and become by repeated death perfection of life; suill transitory is his . the pabulum 10 a higher species of state ; like all former states of vitality, . vegetable life. Why this general waiting to be new clothed “ with a order of Providence? May we not spiritual mansion," adapted to a higher. conjecture that the iniention of Provin and more perfect state of creation. dence is by successive transformation This life at its first existence must, eventually to swallow up mortality in have been a point, a stimulus, an life?
energy; had ii been two points, or The farmer who for a series of stimulus's capable of division, it would years sows beans, wheat, oats, or any be capable of producing two conscious other crop, if he does not manure identities. This point, stimulus, or his land will soon find a cessation of energy has never lost through Jife its his crops, however productive they identity, but is from birth to death were at first. If the seed grows, the always the same conscious vital point, produce will be haum, or straw, the for we always feel personal identity bean, the corn will be absent. Yet from infancy to old age. Not so the the dissolution of water is the alone body. This was at one time almost support of the plant; ils oxygene, iinperceptibly minute : whether it in, hydrogene and carbon produce the creases or decreases, whether it prewhole plant. Is not the cause of this serves all its members or is mutilated loss of the seed, the absence of the of them all, the rational principle is proper living principle adapted to the not injured but in many instances
strengthened by the loss of limbs, all attack you favour" us with an inproving the complete distinction be- genious piece of verbal criticism on tween body and rnind. If this vital ihe, term Unitarian as used by the principle can lay dormant for years, sect you are opposing. “ This is a and as in blighied corn perhaps for word,” you observe," which in its ages without ivjury; if it is but a proper sense can belong only to their point which exerts its energy from its antagonists : for unity or unition and centre of action through the whole indistinguished unity or oneness are frame; if it is, as it may easily be incompatible terins; while in the proved to be always, by the cere- exclusive sense in which they mean bral and sympathetic nerves, at war the term to be understood, it is a with destruction, and by its energy presumptuous boast, and an uncharia through our temporal existence pre- table caluinny." I have no objec. serving the organized matter it is tion to adınit that, recurring to the clothed with from that destruction to original meaning of terms, unity imwhich all inert matter tends; if in plies rather the perfect combination addition to this it is seen annually to of two or more substances than the forsake the last year's bark that it oneness of an individual quality. may inhabit the 'new formed bark, and, in this sense, the term might and the same in the new forined bud; be used by the believers in the esand if we find it equally active in the istence of three persons in the Divine animal creation ; have we not a right nature in opposition to those who by deductions from nature, to con maintained an absolute plurality of clude that the point called life, the Deities. But it could have no meanonly seat of personal identity, is capa- ing as opposed to the faith of those ble of existing and animating a new who assert the perfect oneness of form after the death and dissolution of Jehovah. It may imply the combithe body?
nation of several things in opposition N. to their existence in a state of separa.
tion from each other; but it presents To S. T. COLERIDGE, Esq.
no antithesis of sense to the idea of
an original and unningled essence. On the Altack on the Unitarians con.
At the present day the term Unilarian tained in his Second Lay Sermon. is perfectly understood to describe a
believer in one God in one personi, LETTER I.
and that of Trinitarian to designate “ Thou com'st in such a questionable one who maintains that there are shape
three persons in the Divine Unity. That I will speak to thee."
In this view, the assumption of the HAMLET.
term, though not etymologically corSir, Temple, April 3, 1817. rect, is neither “a presumptuous l'oast". THE Unitarians are happy that an uncharitable culumny." Your
you have, at length, afforded objection is evidently a mere cavil on them an opportunity of ineeting you a word. For it is impossible you can on even ground. The nature of the imagine that those who call them. attack with which you honoured selves by the name, have assumed it them in “ the Statesman's Manual" in the sense that you say it properly precluded all intelligible reply. They bears--since that would be to claim felt that it was impossible to fight a belief in all which they most with sun beams or to contend against strenuously deny—and assert in their a cloud. But you have now thought very name, the great principle which fit to lay aside some part of the they regard as the foundation of re. mystery with which your
former ligious error. The term Anti-Trini. charges were surrounded, and to tarian might, indeed, be less invi.' bring forward something like a defi- dious; bui that which you suggest of" nite accusation against them. They Psilantroj:hists would be utterly imthink, at least, they can discern proper. For if it was understond to amidst the profusion of your imagery, assert the mere humanity of Christ, the grounds on which you found your it would exclude all those who while reprobation-grounds which they are they reverence the Father alone a: inost anxious to examine. At the comnienceinent of your
2. P. 55.