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makes the restoration of the wicked an heat of his feelings thus exeited, apimpossibility. If this cannot be done, plied the term RENEGADE 10 the aus if the final happiness of all men be a ilor of Wat Tyler, and quoted some probable expectation, and a fair infe- violent expressions in a paper in the rence from «

many very plain declara. Quarterly Review, ascribed, without tions of Scripture," I think it follows contradiction, to Mr. Southey, In this that the passages which scem to assert letter Mr. Southey avow's himself the it ought to be taken in their obvious writer or Wat Tyler, and very satis, sense. There is, as to them, no good factorily accounts for the change of his reason why universal terms should hare political opinions. That Mr. Southey a limited meaning, but every guarantee is, and bias been from his earliest which can rationally be demanded, youth, a most excellent moral cha: for their retaining their natural and racter, of great benevolence of feeling most extensive signification.

and the strictest integrity, we firmly W. J. FOX, believe, and we see nothing either

wrong or surprising in Iris change of SIR, Dublin, 10th April, 1817. opinion. He values himself highly I

BEG leave through the medium upon the purity of his viorals, and we

of your Repository to call the believe with reason; but, perhaps, attention of the public to what I con- his censure of others expressed and sider will be an indelible stain on the implied is too severe. Married, at character of the British nation, if they twenty-two to a most attentive and suffer the subscription for crecting a affectionate woman, willing to live monument to Mr. Locke to remain with him in « absolute retirement," longer in its present state. It was origi- he has been greatly favoured and nally intended when £1000 should be exempted from many temptations; and raised to purchase the block of inarble. although, until the days of Mr. Mal. For some years the subscription has thus, this conduct was ever esteemned remained at about £700: lei the pre- virtuous and excellent, yet we trust sent subscribers deposit half the amount that it is not of a character so exalied of their former subscriptions, or pur- as that few examples of it are to be chase a smaller block of marble which found. In married life we believe may now be had at a reasonable rate. infidelity on either side to be very The ære perennius monumentum will uncommon, and think. Mi, perpetuate the name of the man--but Southey is not authorized by implicaIt is a disgrace to the British name that tion to involve all the opposers of a statue to commemorate the man who government of the administration, in in these latter ages first taught us how the indiscriminate charge of abanto reason and to think, has not been doned vice and impurity. Mr. Smith, long since erected.

ton, has lived in the os bosom of his J. H. family" with an unsullied character,

another favoured individual, and thouReview of the Letter to 11" Smith, Esq. sands and tens of thousands, both of M. P. from R. Southey, Esg.

opponents of government and of (From a Correspondent.)

its supporters, are entitled to the

same praise. We see nothing in poTHE THIS letter is written in conse- litical opinions, which exclusively en

quence of soine expressions ut- title their holders to the censure of tered in Parlianient by Mr. Smith, vice, or the praise of virtue, and this which Mr. Southey thinks of slander- apparent bias we cannot approve. ous import. It appears that certain Mr. Southey deliberately writes" slan. societies with some of the members derer" upon the forehead of Mr. of which Mr. Smith was acquainted, Smith, but we think with very little and of whoin he had a farourable reason. The term RENEGADE is often opinion, were accused in Parliament used, without any intention to conof the worst designs; and Mr. Sınith vey its mosi malignant meaning, as "willing to shew that some who had indeed all words are. How common held opinions of the same nature as is it to call a un -a deserler, when it those imputed to his friends, were by is meant merely to say that he has his opponents esteemed good men, changed sides, without any implica. produced the Poem called Wat tion of the worst motives, or even Tyler” in proof of this, and in the any meirial reference to his motives


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even the

at áll? Renegade may be a term of ence? Should it be proved that Mr.
Spanish origin, and Mr. Southey, as Brougham is as pure in morals as the
a master of that language, inay be Duke of Wellington, or
able to affix to it a very malignant amiable (for such he was) Lord
signification; still, we have no no. Nelson, the - iwo favourites of Mr.
tion that it is never used in any other Souhey, it will require all the elo-
sense, or was indeed on this occasion; quence of Mr. Southey to reconcile
but was merely ineant to convey the his writings either to truth or de.
charge of a change of opinion, or cency!
associates, without any charge of If all the advocates of administra.
moral turpitude. We think then tion were happy moralists, and all its
that if Mr. Smith is never guilty of a opponents corrupt and impure, Mi.
greater crime than the loose applica- Southey's severny were not only justi-
tion of this termn to Mr. Southey, he fiable but meritorious; but if this be
may recline without remorse on a not the fact, there should be more
dying pillow. We think too, that discrimination in his censure.
Mr. Sonthey speaks rather from the Why be sneers at the Unitarians,
effervescence of his mind, when he (except it is on supposition of their
calls Mr. Smith a SLANDERER, than bad morals) we cannot tell- for this
froin any impression of deep depravily is the same anthor, who declares in
that he conceives to rest on Mr. his ineinoirs of Kirk While, in the

spirit of true integriiy, that he then There runs, however, through this entertained opinions concerning the letter, a spirit of censure and con- Christian institute, in direct oppotempt which we think is not entitled sition to that amiable youth. The 10 praise. As to Mr. Smith's know. opinions of Mr. White were those of ing nothing, but from Common re- the Church of England; what then, port, who was the author of the were those of Ms. Southey? Is Ms. article in the Quarterly Review, we Southey's rage against the opposers of cannot agree with Mr. Southey. Evi- administration capable of fixing his dence of such a fact is not difficult hatred against Unitariaros. Perhaps to be obtained, and in the presence every sect of Christians should be of some external evidence, INTERNAL humble when they speak of their evidence in the works of so volumi morality, but the Unitarians are not nous a writer as Mr. Southey will below others in moral rank. The turn the scale. Mr. Smith believed Lardners, the Hartleys, the Newhe had sufficient evidence of this pro- tons, are not inferior in morals to duction being Mr. Southey's- and the Lauds, the Waterlands, or the there is a bitter spirit in this article. Southeys. “Let another praise thee Ile who calls his opponents “the and noi thine own lips." Ilow many greatest of SCOUNDRELS," has little thousands, who have no view to the reason to criticise with severity the opinions or biographical dictionaries language used by others. In this of remote ages, have lived with unletter, Mr. Brougham is classed with sullied character in the bosom of their the Roman Tribune Clodius, with families, more thankful for the favour what colour of justice we know not. of heaven, which preserved them in

At a time when the conimerce of virtue, than beastful of their own the sexes was not strictly guarded by invulnerable purity! The language public opinion, this unhappy Tric of the publican has often been theirs, bune was the scandal of his age. in the midst of all their excellence, Licentious, adulterous, incestuous, a “Lord be inerciful to me a sinner!". profaner of the mysteries, a murderer, There may; iwwever, be such as the enemy of all excellence, the burner " need no repentance," and Ms. of the House of Cicero, he directed Southey may be one of them. Bụt all his power to purposes of the when we see the pions humility of most depraved selfishness. Is no less our lardner, who was as pure as Ms. than all this the character of Mr. Southey, witbout the same protect. Broogham? Is this the equity of the ing circumstances, we cannot but be amiable and benevolent Poei Laarcale? struck with the difference of their flow detestable is party feeling, if mental character. such excellence as that of Mr. Southey, If this letter had been purely pois capable of thus feeling its inflá- licical we should not have noticed it :

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in reference to character and morals * ; SIR, only we regard it . It aflords a proof Irbe weiter or your Correspondent,

April 22, 1817. • that men who are the quickest to resent affronts, are the inost apt to T. H. Janson, (p. 160), my silence give them--that Mr. Southey, like might be misunderstood. I was not inany other good men, is not deeply aware that what I called a few queries learned in self-knowledge, for if Mr. were any thing but what I called Smith be a slanderer, what is Mr. them; and I wish that I had not Southey? “ The sonifers of the ta (for it was unintentional, mere in bernacle were of pure gold."

voluntary error) “thrown some disMr. Smith and Mr. Snuthey, if couragement in the way of their being nothing worse can be shewn of them answered. I certainly did intend than they shew of each other, may however to throw much discouragego down to posterity with faultless ment in the way of crude thoughts and reputation, unequal, perhaps, in the loose remarks being sent to the Monthly turn of their genius, but equally esti- Repository as replies to my queries. mable as men and as citizens.

If this intention or the manner of We conclude with one remark, expressing it has given offence and that whoever caused the publication called forth sarcasm, the effect unof the beautiful poein of Wat Tyler, designedly produced can only serve to without consent of the author, is prove how easy it is to offend and how entitled to a very different ceusure, difficult it is to please. than either Mr. Southey or Mr. Smith. I was not aware that many hundred

A. R. volumes have been written on the

subjects comprised in my queries, and SIR,

May 1, 1817. shall be obliged to your Correspondent 'N

Mr. Wright in the House of Lords, tioning the names of two or three I was particularly surprised that Dr. hundreds of such volumes; for I know George Law, the Bishop of Chester, not of a single book that professedly should have been the man to vindicate discusses some of the questions which the persecution of this poor Unitarian I sent for insertion in your Miscelpreacher, on the ground of his denying lany: I know not of any book in the natural immortality of the soul, which a single chapter may be found and its separate state after death, when having any reference to some of my he must know, what every theological queries. The writings of that " inscholar knows, that this very doctrine, genious speculator William Godwin," whether true or false, constituted the are nearly as foreign (for any praeleading feature in the literary history tical purpose) to the points which I of his

venerable father, Bishop Ed- proposed, as the remarks of your Cormund Law, of Carlisle ; whose Ap. respondent. pendix to his Theory of Religion, con. I was willing to hope that some taining an examination of all the texts of your readers who have studied the where the words soul or spirit occur nature of political principles, instituin the Scriptures, in the opinion of tions, &c. might be induced to give the learned' Archdeacon Blackburne, the results of their inquiries and re“shook the cause of conscious inter- fections in the shape of axioms, as a mediate existence to its very founda- foundation and beginning of the most tion.” It surely required no small desirable of all desiderata, a true sys“ strength of face" in the Reverend tem of political science, a system of Prelate now on the Bench, to charge political science that shall make the this doctrine with involving the denial well-being of the commonwealth the of a future state, when (I repeat it) aim and end of all its deliberations he must knou, that his father's object and determinations that shall make (and no doubt that of Mr. Wright) social happiness the rule and measure was to shew, that life and immortality of all social excellence, of all national were brought to light in the gospel, and wealth, greatness, power and glory.. thus to place the hope of a future life It is easy to talk of parliamentary on its suresi ground of faith in God's corruption being the original sin of promise contained in a well-authen. all our political evils, as if par. ticated revelation."

V. F: liamentary reform could of itself rectifs

all, political wrongs and remedy:alt. existing calamities; but the origin of and lowly in heart," " who came not all social complaints must be deeper be ministered unto but to minister," in the social constitution, than either and who, by example, precept and prothe quacks or the most skilful pahibition, discountenanced among his litical physicians have generally perdiseiples every thing that looked like ceived and confessed. Parliamentary an affectation of pre-eminence and suseform might (and I think would) periority,- say, “ to every man that is cure Old England of galloping con- among you, not to think of himself sumption; but most old constitutions more highly than he ought to think ;" have a complication of diseases which and, reckoning himself together with cannot be eradicated from the system, the rest, he declares, “ we are every one because the medicine which removes members one of another." Neverthe one only aggravates another. In this less, from a period very shortly subsecase the patient cannot expect coin- quent to that in which Paul wrote, plete recovery, but must resign to down to the present, there has been an death in hope of a blessed resurrec order of men in the Church claiming tion.

distinctive titles, exclusive privileges The masterly dissector (in the and dictatorial powers. It would be opinion of the person writing this) of both tedious and invidious to enter at human nature and human society, any length upon a detail of the misconcerning whom your Correspondent chiefs and corruptions which have disinquires, is Mandeville, author of the turbed and defaced the pare institutions Fable of the Bees. If all readers of the gospel, and in which men of derive as much benefit from the above this description have been the principal work as I think I have derived, they agents: they are sufficiently known to will speak as highly of the author. all who have the slightest acquaintance But of opinion and taste, &c. there is with history, civil or ecclesiastical. no absolute standard. If I thought Neither do l'intend any thing personal; that this notice of Mandeville would my business is only with the nature of by any accident come under the eye the powers they exercise, and which is of Dr. Malthus, I would request of him known at once by an inspection of as a special favour that he would point their respective constitutions. Ву out a few of those dexterous misno these, under the collective, but mis. mers in which he says the reason- applied title of the Church, they are ing consists by which the author of authorized to decree rites and cerethe Fable of the Bees supports his monies; to determine controversies of shocking system. I cannot believe faith and cases of conscience; to be that Dr. Malthus would join the com- stewards of the mysteries of God; to mon hue and cry against an unpopular have the custody of the keys of the author, the better to escape popular kingdom of heaven, that is to say, the clamour himself; yet though in conse- power of adınission or exclusion ; 10 quence of the foregoing heavy censure retain and remit sips; to inflict and I took up the Fable of the Bees for remove censures; to pronounce and the very purpose of examining its revoke sentence of excommunication ; dexterous mispomers in support of a to give validity to ordinances; and, shocking system, I have not been as it appears in practice, and as we very successful in detecting that worst have repeatedly experienced too, as kind of verbal deceptions which con- members of courts of judicature, and sist in specious misnomers.

decide upon the orthodoxy or heteroJ. GILCHRIST.

doxy of the opinions, not only of their

own party, but of others who belong Christian Equality: A Discourse, &c. not to their communion, nor recognizo

(Concluded from p. 209.) their authority. These are indeed UT the most formidable obstacle high prerogatives, and the question aberration from the principles laid are they derived ? Now, although down 'by the Apostle in our text, re- many will be disposed to deny that mains yet to be noticed. “I say,” says

most of the ordinary powers with he, “through the grace given unto which the immediate successors of me,"min virtue of the commission I Jesus were inrested, and which were have received to preach the unsearchnecessary in the infancy of the Church, able riches of him who was "meek have any specific applicability, or those of an extraordinary kind any existence the progress and effect of the pure and in these its maturer periods, yèr these inadulterated religion of Christ

. points have been settled by the clergy That the privileges of the order themselves to their own satisfaction: might be guarded from invasion, there they have, in many material instances, was an obvious necessity for the utmost identified their office with that of the caution as to those who should be ad. apostles, and, by virtue of the imposi- mitted to a participation of thein, tion of hands, have transmitted iheit Accordingly we see that in many se privileges and faculties entire from one minaries of education for the ministry, generation to another, thus constituting one of the earliest lessons inculcated themselves a corporation, with spiritual is a dutiful attachment to the systems jurisdiction and perpetual succession and articles of faith which are deemed Now it cannot but appear wonderful, fundamental laws of the institution, that in a country where there is so and a departure from which would great, so just and so general a jealousy incur no less a penalty than expulsion. of the least encroachment upon civil To these it is frequently required of the rights, such an invasion of those which ought to be yet more highly prized,

From the North American Review. should meet with so little opposition, Mi. Loring D. Dewey bas published a Disc or rather with so tanie an acquiescence.

course delivered before a private society of Certain it is, that if a self-created

the students of the Theological Seminary aristocracy were to start up among us, it is the principal object of this Discourse

in New York, of which he was a member. and assume such an unwarrantable sus

to show that being justified, in the lan, premacy over our temporal concerns as che clergy do over our faith, every hand pardoned. This heinous proceeding of the

guage of the New Testament, mcans being and every voice would be instantly young gentleman was the occasion of the raised for its subversion.

It is, how. following letter. ever, of little consequence from what

New York, 12h March, 1816. quarter ecclesiastical authority is derived, or supposed to be derived, whe- To Mr. LORING D. DEWEY. ther divine, apostolical or popular, if SIR.-IT is matter of grief to us, that it confer upon its possessors, and all any of our pupils whom we bave been they say or do the attribute of sacred, endeavouring to lead into the knowledge and give them that lordship over God's of the truth as it is in 'Jesus, should turn heritage which the apostles themselves away from the holy commandment delivered disclaimed. And with whatever tran- uuto bím. This, misguided youth, is your quillity we may liear the heinous charge own case. Phe doctrines which you have of confederácy with Satan, or the so- aud in your conversation with us relative

avowed in your Discourse submitted to us, lemn sentence of heresy from such a thereto, are so deeply erroneous, so radio tribunal, we cannot but observe and cally subversive of the whole gospel scheme regret só total a departure from the and so ruinous to the souls of men, that precept and spirit of our text, and wish they cannot be tolerated in the seminary: that the duties of the ministerial de- under our care. It shall not liere be so partment were better understood, and

much as questioned, no not for an hour, the meekness and gentleness of Christ whether attacks upon the essential parts of niore closely copied. By no means let our Redeemer's work, are to be permitted me be thought to cast indiscriminate in any sbape or upon any preteuce #batreflections, or to insinuate that humi- ever. lity, charity, benevolence, the love of We are therefore under the afflicting liberty and

Christian virtue, may

necessity of informing you, that your connot or do not 'adorn and dignify the nexion with our seminary ceases from this pastoral office among all religious

day. You will consider the present decision

persuasions; but I believe there can be no

as peremptory, and not to be altered, unless question whether those things upon mind, and enable you to recover yourself

it shall please God to give you a souoden which I have animadverted, have not out of the snare of the devil. That such a natural tendency to make men think of thetnselves more highly than they and prayer for you.

your happiness is our bcart's desire, ohght to think, to foster many of those J. M. MASON, Principal Th. Sem. dispositions which the Apostle so

A. R. C. New York. pointedly condeinns, and must there's J:M. MATTHEWS, Asst. Professor fore be, on the whole, unfriendly to

Th. Sem. A. R. C. Kew York.

may be

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