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papil that he should signify his assent called 19 exercise, is not his own but and consent by subscription, at an age theirs, and to be used for their credit so early that his understanding cannot and advantage. Harmony is most likely be supposed to bave any share in the to be lasting, when people and minister iransaction. In embracing the doc- meet upon terms of reciprocal freedom trines of the Church which thus re- -when it is perfectly understood that ceives him into her maternal boson, they are not to be lords over his faith, he arrives at once at the utipost boun- any more than he of theirs--when he daries of divine knowledge, all farther lays before them the result of his ininquiry is superscded, and he has only quiries, not to supersede their own, but to conduct his exatnination of the to incite and assist them, and that they Scriptures, and his other theological may approve or dissent as mature constudies upon the prescribed model. sideration shall warrant. If there arise Thus qualified, he becomes one of the any difference upon points, by either appointed number, out of whom the party deemed essential, there are but people, if they are permitted to choose iwo proper ways of settling it either at all (which is not always the case), by mutual concession or peaceable.sc. must take their spiritual guide and paration. But the words of the late 'instructor ; and, according to all the excellent Mr. Lindsey, on the opening rules of probability, both pastor and of his place of worship, are so apposite Aock will continue to walk in the good to my purpose, that I cannot forhear to old track which has been marked out quote ihem. “ Your minister," said for them so carefully, and under the he, “ claims not any spiritual powers, awe of those salutary severities from more than belong to every one of you. the courts above which would be the He considers himselfonly as one whom consequence of their deviation. Is you have chosen for your instructor in this then that knowledge of the truth the gospel, on the good opinion of hig which Jesus declared should make diligence and probity, but to whom you them free who were his disciples in. are tied no longer than he shall disdeed? Can that be truth which would charge his office with fidelity and to keep the minds of men in a state of your approbation. His province will perpetual pupilage, and which would be, not to speak any thing of himself, resist those appeals to the understanding or dictate aught to you of his own auwhich our Lord and his apostles, di- thority, but to lay before you the words vinely inspired as they were, did not. of Christ and the mind of God as redisdain to make? Or shall we, as vealed in the Sacred Writings, with Christians, contentedly wear such such interpretation as may seein to trammels, as in the capacity of citizens throw lighi on ibat inestimable. book, we would indignantly shake off? The and afford the most powerful motives liberal and enlightened spirit of this to a holy life, which is the prime end. age and this country will not much of all instruction." longer submit to such unworthy re- That such may be the dispositions straints. I rejoice when I see religions and views of the man who shall sustain societies, of the lowest order, exercising the office of pastor in this society--that their undoubted right in the choice of such may he the temper, and spirit to their nuinisters, as the first step towards be found among us--and that the time the knowledge of the truth, and the when they shall all be called into exbuilding up the universal Church of ercise may soon arrive, is my most dea Christ - upon its proper foundation. vout and earnest wish. Blessed be The people only ought to be the judges God, we walk at perfect liberty; we of that man's qualifications who may are in bondage to no prescribed system serve them most acceptably. They of doctrine; the Bible is our only rule may take him from any condition or of faith ; with that in our hands we occupation in life they think fit, and are free to pursue divine truth wherever their choice is a sufficient passport to the it leads us, and according to that (when exercise of his office. The connexion thoroughly understood) infallille guide, matorely and judiciously formed, he is to amend onr mistakes and rectify our entitled to their respect, to their high misconceptions. Equal as all are in esteem in love for his work's sake," point of privilege, there will still be, as and, if necessary, to a comfortable and among any associated body of inen, a honourable maintenance. But the au- disparity other respects. Even the thority, which in some cases he may be miraculous gifts imparted to the early
Christians were given in different mea- be Sovereign in which his name sures; and the proper, the designed shall be one and his praise one. For use of them was, when every one knew thus spake the berald who proclaimed how to make a sober estimate of his its approach, agreeably to the sure own, and applied them faithfully to word of prophecy" Prepare ye the the common advantage. So it is now way of the Lord, make straight in with respect to the difference between the desert an highway for our God. one and another in abilities and ac. Every' VALLEY SHALL BE EXALTED, quirements which are as truly the gift AND EVERY“MOUNTAIN AND HILL of God, as were the powers of speaking SHALL BE MADE Low, and the with tongues, prophecy, healing and crooked shall be made straight, and such like, and such ought to be their the rough places plain; and the glory application. But if instead of all of the Lord shall be revealed; AND "submitting themselves one to another ALL FLESH SHALL SEE IT TOGETHER, in the fear of God," there should ap- for the mouth of JEHOVAK hath pear in some a forwardness to intrude spoken it."--Amen! So be it! into departments for which they are manifestly unqualified, or in others
PRAYER. who are really distinguished by superior Almighty Creator, and Universal talents, to set at nought and overbear Sovereign ! Who hast made of one those whose advantages and attainments blood all nations of men to dwell on are less conspicuous ;-if the harmo- all the face of the earth, and who nizing, equalizing spirit of the gospel, hast not left thyself without witness, which exalts the humble and hunbles in that thou doest them good, giving the exalted, be lost; then enters the fell them rain from hearen and fruitful spirit of party, and in its train, discord, seasons, and fillest their hearts with envy, strife, confusion and every evil food and gladness. We esteem out. word and work, to the disgrace of selves happy that we are subjects of Christianity and the grief and share thy just and equal government-that of all its real friends. My brethren! we are members of that great family may we ever keep our doors fast closed who are all objects of thy parental against such a train of destructive in. care. We believe that all thy judgtruders.
ments are according to truth and I conclude with this general ob- uprightness; and that those dispensaservation.-Upon a correct view of the. tions of thy Providence which are beprinciple of equality, and as it affects yond our limited comprehension, proche state of the world at large, it seems ceed upon such principles as are best perfectly to coincide with the equitable calculated to secure 'universal order and impartial tendency of the divine and happiness. If we appear to be dispensa uions. Whether we look back distinguished by privileges which are through the history of all past ages, or not vouchsafed to many others of our attentively consider the events of our race, let not our hearts be lifted up own time, we shall find that the grasp on account of that which we owe at any exorbitant degree of pre-emi solely to thine unmerited grace and nence has always carried in it the favour. If we are intrusted with ten seeds of its own disappointment and talents, let us not despise our brother final overthrow. We see clearly that who hath received but one, and with the extension of commerce, of civil who we are to stand or fall before liberty, of the useful arts and of know. the same Master. Mindful of our ledge of all kinds, is lessening the dis- own frailty and fallibility, may, we tance between the several nations and never presume to usurp that province classes of mankind; while the religion which is thine alone, nor sit in judgof Jesus, in proportion as it is deli- ment over the faith of those, whom vered from the corruptions which have their humility and sincerity, whatever stained its purity, and from the dis- may be their involuntary errors, may graceful and unnatural bondage in render acceptable in thy sight. which for ages it was held, is gently We pray, in faith, that the truly wearing off asperities, uniting jarring fraternal and charitable spirit of thy interests, reconciling discordant opis Sou's gospel may go forth conquering nions, and opening the way for that and to conquer all pride and envy, kingdom of righteousness and peace of all emulation and strife-that from which the Most Higą aloric shall the lowest and most depressed nioral
condition, thy children of mankind perceive that they breathe a mild may be raised to a participation of the spirit of liberty which in the present high privileges it bestows; and that day is rare. They were happily writat inay.cast down imaginations, and ten before the Quarterly Review was every high thing which would exalt, set up to digest slavery and corruption itself in opposition to the sacred cause into a systein, and before Mr, Southey of liberty, civil and religious. May had applauded the suspension of the all our fellow-citizens, duly sensible IIil'eas Corpus Act and halloocd on of the invaluable advantages of this the government to the curbing of the nature which they possess, act worthy liberty of the press and the punishing of them, by cultivating a spirit of of free writers. mutual toleration, harmony and con- The inquiry frequently broke from cord; and heartily unite in endeavours me as I read, who was this Don? to promote that general order which for, it is clear, Mr. Editor, that this
is founded on the basis of equal rights. is an assumed name, taken no doubt Blessed be thy name for the unre- for the sake of saying without inconstrained privilege which we of this venience more spirited things than the Christian society enjoy of worship- author could have uttered in propria ping thee according to the dictates of persona. Perhaps you can furnish me our consciences, and the prescriptions with a satisfactory answer. On the of thy holy word. While we 'stand negative side, I can affirm that the fast in the liberty, wherewith Christ Spaniard was not the Poet Laureate hath made us free, may every grace of that day; and on the positive, I and every virtue which his gospel think I hazard little in asserting that enjoias, both personal and social, 'he he must have travelled in Spain and found among us. Thus adorning the have been conversant in Spanish litedoctrine of God our Saviour may we rature, that he must have had what shine as lights in the world, and be are called Jacobin connections in early fitted to join the general assembly and life and have been “ a good hater" of church of the first-born whose names Mr. Pitt, and that he must have been are written in heaven-which shall somewhat attached to the literary Disbe gathered from all nations and senters and in no slight degree distongues and people, and unite in affected to the Established Church. grateful adoration and joyful thanks. Esteeming him as I do, I should not giving before the throne of Him who point him out by these marks or instiliveth for ever and ever,
tute any, public inquiry concerning
him, if I did not surmise that he is The Spaniard's Lellers from England. defunct ; for were he living, how Sir,
May 1, 1817 would it delight some anonymous I HAD employed myself the other ministerial scribe in the Quarterly to
day in reading Wat Tyler and the worry him with foul accusations and Quarterly Review and a Letter to then how eagerly would the Poet
Villiam Smith, Esq. M. P. from Ro- Laureate set the Attorney General bert Southey, Esg. when being com. upon him! His silence for so many pletely wearied and disgusted, I turned years proves indeed that he is out of to my book-shelves for some work that the reach of Lettres de Cachet and would amuse and instruct me and Letters from Robert Southey, Esq. recover me to a good opinion of human and therefore I proceed with the ex- nature. My hand was led almost tracts, premising only that they are without a motive to three little vo- in the order of the Letters and that lumes which I had not looked into the writer in order to maintain his since their first publication in 1807, fictitious character sometimes speaks as
mean “ Letters from England : a good Catholic. by Don Manuel Alvarez Espriella, RENEGADE NORTHEY. Translated from the Spanish :" and I am happy to say that this ingenious 1. Gillert Wakefield. work fully answered my purpose.
I When J- passed through this was in truth so much pleased as I town on his way to Spain, he visited went through the Letters that I made Gilbert Wakefield, a celebrated scholar, several extracts of choice passages who was confined here as a favourer which I thought might be worthy of of the Frer.ch Revolution. One of a place in your Repository. You will the bishops had written a book upon VOL. XII.
the state of public affairs, just at the vexations and insults, he steadily contime when the minister proposed to tinued to pursue both his literary take from every man the tythe of his and Christian labours ; affording to income: this the bishop did not think his fellow-prisoners what assistance sufficient; so he suggested instead, was in his power, endeavouring to that a tenth should be levied of all reclaim the vicious, and preparing the the capital in the kingdom; arguing, condemned for death. His imprisonthat as every person would be affected ment eventually proved fatal. He had in the same proportion, all would been warned on its expiration to acremain relatively as before, and in custom himself slowly to his former fact no person be affected at all. This habits of exercise, or a fever would curious argument he enforced by as inevitably be the consequence; a fact curious an illustration; he said, " that known by experience. In spite of all if the foundations of a great building his precautions it took place; and were to sink equally in every part at while his friends were rejoicing at his the same time, the whole pile, instead deliverance he was cut off. As a of suffering any injury, would become polemical and political writer he inthe firmer."— True," said Wakefield dulged an asperity of language, which in his reply, "and you, my lord he had learnt from his favourite phibishop, who dwell in the upper apart- lologists, but in private life no inan ments, might still enjoy the prospect was more generally or more deservedly from your window ;--but what would belored, and he had a fearless and become of me and the good people inflexible honesty which made him who live upon the ground-Aoor?" utterly regardless of all danger, and
Wakefield was particularly ob- would have enabled him to exult in noxious to the government, because martyrdom. When J- had related his character stood very high among this history to me, I could not but the Dissenters for learning and in- observe how far more humane it was tegrity, and his opinions were pro- to prevent the publication of obportionately of weight. They brought noxious books than to permit them him to trial for having in his Answer to be printed and then punish the to the bishop's pamphlet applied the persons concerned." This," he said, fable of the Ass and his Panniers to would be too open a violation of the existing circumstances. Had it in- liberty of the press.” deed been circulated among the poor, its tendency would certainly have been 2. Conduct of the Populace at the Exemischievous ; but in the form in de
cution of Governor Wall. which it appeared it was evidently On the morning of his execution, designed as a warning to the rulers, the mob, as usual, assembled in pronot as an address to the mob. He digious numbers, filling the whole was, however, condemned to two space before the prison, and all the years confinement in this prison, this wide avenues from whence the spot place being chosen as out of reach of could be seen. Having repeatedly his friends, to make imprisonment been disappointed of their revenge, more painful. The public feeling they were still apprehensive of another upon this rigorous treatment of so respite, and their joy at sceing him eminent a man was strongly expressed, appear upon the scaffold was so great, and a subscription was publicly raised that they set up three huzzas,--an for him which amounted to abore instance of ferocity which had never fifteen hundred pieces-of-eight, and occurred before. "The miserable man, which enabled his family to remove quite overcome by this, begged the to Dorchester and settle there. But hangman to hasten his work. When
the magistrates, whose business it was he was turned off they began their to oversee the prison, would neither huzzas again ; but instead of proceed. permit them to lodge with him in ing to three distinct shouts, as usual, his confinement, nor even to visit they stopped at the first. This conhim daily. He was thus prevented duct of the mob has been called infrom proceeding with the education human and disgraceful; for my own of his children, an occupation which part, I cannot but agree with those he had ever regarded as a duty, and who regard it in a very different light. which had been one of his highest The revengeful joy which animated enjoyments. But, in the midst of them," urichristian as that passien
certainly is, and whatever may have happy island and its enemy were been its excess, was surely founded filled up. This will be done sooner or upon humanity; and the sudden ex. later, for England must become an tinction of that joy, the feeling which armed nation. How long it will be at one toinent struck s many before her legislators will discover this, thousands, stopped their acclamations and how long when they have disat once, and awed them into a dead covered it, before they will daré to silence when they saw the object of act upon it, that is, before they will their hatred in the act and agony of consent to part with the power of death, is surely as honourable to the alarıning the people, which they have popular character as any trait which I found so convenient, it would be have seen recorded of any people in idle to conjecture. Individuals profit any age or country.
slowly by experience, associations still 3. Martial Law of England.
more slowly, and governments șhe The execution of Governor Wall most slowly of all associated bodies. is considered as a great triumph of 5. Character of Calvinism. justice. "Nobody seerns to recollect Without doubt, these (May-day) that he has been hanged, not for sports were once connected with rehaving flogged three men to death, ligion. It is the peculiar character but for an informality in the mode of of the true religion io sanctify what is doing it. Yet this is the true state of innocent, and make even merriment the case. Had he called a drum-head meritorious ; and it is as peculiarly court-martial, the same sentence might the character of Calvinism to divest have been inficted, and the same piety of all cheerfulness, and cheerconsequences have ensued, with per- fulness of all piety, as if they could fect impunity to himself.
not co-exist; and to introduce a graceThe martial laws of England are less and joyless system of manners the most barbarous which at this day suitable to a faith which makes the exist in Europe. * The offender is heresy of Manes appear reasonable. soinetimes ' sentenced to receive a He admitted that the evil principle thousand lashes-surgeon stands by was weaker than the good one, but to feel his pulse during the execution, in the mythology of Calvin there is no and determine how long the flogging good one to be found. ' can be continued without killing him. When human nature can sustain no
6. Evil of encouraging Informers. more," he is remanded to prison ; his
They talk here of our Holy Office wound, for from the shoulders to the
as a disgrace to the Spanish nation. loins it leaves him one wound, is times more inquisitorial, for the paltry
when their own government is sen dressed, and as soon as it is sufficiently healed to be laid open again in the purposes of revenue. . Shortly after his same manner, he is brought out to
last return from Spain, J- stept into undergo the remainder of his sentence.
a hosier's to buy a pair of gloves, the And this is repeatedly and openly day was warm, and he laid his hat
practised in a countrywhere they upon the counter: a well drest man read in their churches, and in their came in after him for the same ostenhouses, that Bille, in their own lan- sible purpose, either learnt his name guage, which saith, “Forty stripes had discovered it, and the next day
by inquiry, or followed him will he may the judge inflict upon the offender, and not exceed."
my friend was summoned before a
magistrate to answer a charge for 4. Necessity of arming the People. wearing his hat without a stamp. It
But the sure and certain way to was in vain he pleaded that the hat secure any nation for ever froin alarm had been purchased abroad; he had as well as from danger, is to train been in England more than six weeks, every school-boy the use of arms; and had not bought a stanup to put boys would desire no better amuse- into it, and therefore was fibed in ibe ment, and thus, in the course of the full penalıy. -next generation every man would be This species of espionage has within a soldier. England might then defy, these few years become a regular nor France alone, but the whole con- trade; the laws are in some instances tinent leagued with France, even if so perplexed, and in others so vexathe impassable gulph between this . tious, that matter, for prosecution is