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the rubbish and defilements which among the inferior classes of society, disgrace the national church. This, I cannot easily find terms sufficiently from the nature of the thing, must be strong to express my disapprobation of a process requiring time, moderation the employment of such means to sach , and caution ; but its efects will have an end. In place of seeking for terms

that lasting character which belongs to which, if found and applied, might be things of slow groth : very ill-suited, deemed opprobrious, I would remind however, it is to that intemperate zeal the persons in question that, as our which it is the object of this paper to Divine Master disclaimed for himself deprecale.

and his immediate followers the

posThere is another form which mo- session of temporal power, he certainly dern. Unitarianisrų assumes in some never meant to encourage in the future particular cases, and which to many teachers of his religion any attempts to persons is peculiarly revolting : I mean dispossess those who actually hold it. when it exhibits itself in alliance with Christianity admits of no connexion certain, political characters whom I with politics, except that it enjoins know not how more correctly or less that every soul be subject to the higher offensively to designate than by calling powers, and that supplications, prayers, them ultra-reformists. Any distinct intercessions and giving of thanks be made specification of the principles of these for all men ; for kings, and for all that politicians , would be here altogether are in authority, that we may leud a quiet superfluous. It is sufficient to say that and peaceable life in all godliness and a subversion of the present order of honesty. things and the complete subjugation of AN OLD UNITARIAN. those who govern by those who are governed, if not the actual object of these political theorists, would be the

Archdeacon Hook's Charge. certain result of their success.

A de

THE Monthly Review is happily cided hostility either to the laws and waking up from its long theoloinstitutions of their country, or to the gical slumber. The Number for April authorities by which they are framed contains a very just and spirited review and executed, is their essential charac. of an effusion of bigotry in form of a

ter. Even in your pages, Mr. Editor, Charge to the Clergy of the Arch. - abounding as they are in much better deaconry of Huntingdon, by the Rev.

things, I perceive evident marks of James "Hook, LL. D. F.R.S. S.A. kindness towards two personages, of If the saine spirit which animates this whoın few impartial men can bring article had pervaded the later voluines themselves to believe, that if either of of this long-established and respectable them wielded a despotic sceptre, he Journal, the proprietor would not have would exercise his talents and his had such good reason to lament the power in advancing the cause of civil withdrawment of the patronage of the freedoin, genuine religion, or public or public. private virtue. That those philanthro- It appears that Dr. Hook complains pists who neglect no opportunity of de- of the prevalence of Antinomianism, precating war between states and com- meaning by that term strict Calvinism. munities, and vehemently denouncing This leads the reviewer to refer the its authors and abettors, should be at learned divine to some of the articles the same time the panegyrists of of his own Church, which contain the Bonaparte, is not a little inconsistent very doctrines which he reprobates. and surprising: nor is it less so that On this subject the following passage the disciples and admirers of Dr. is worthy of notice : Priestley, and the assertors of religious “ Some theological doctrines, which liberty, should forget the Peter Porcu- have made a promineut figure in other pine of 1794, and tolerate the William communions besides those of the Colbett of later fame.

Churches of Geneva and Rome, have If, as has been suspected, certain a strong tendency to relax the force of Unitarian ministers of the modern moral obligation, and to scatter per. school, and of its latest discipline, have plexity and confusion over the whole been desirous of propagating their re- region of ethics. Yet truth and false. ligious faith with a view more widely hood, humanity and cruelly, are not lo disseminate their political principles matters of mere arbitrary convention, VOL. XII.

2 P

but have fised and immutable lines of gislature has removed the veil which difference.-IWhat should we think of our ancestors considered necessary to a moral code which represented the exclude from the public eye the lipurest and most beneficent virtues as centiousness of blasphemy against the owing all their claim to approbation, Son of God; and hence" (the italics not to their motives or their effects, but again are not to be ascribed to the to a reflection of splendour from some Archideacon) a learned and distinremote and foreign source? What is guished prelate has been libelled and the first sentiment which rushes on the arraigned for supporting the dignity unsophisticated mind, wiven the most of our Saviour in the discharge of one of Aagitious enormities are represented as his most important functions, against the tralismuted into high moral qualities Scripture-mutilations" [once more the by the agonies of extraneous innocence? Archdeacon of Huntingdon must be What could we say of the justice or exonerated from responsibility for the mercy of that government, which should italics) of the promoters and abeltors condemn such a hero as the Duke of of Socinianism." Wellington to a lingering death, in order to expiate the cowardice of all the recreants in the land; or which

Sir, Clapton, May 15, 1817. should sentence, such a philanthropist


CANNOT withhold from you as Howard to the rack or the galloirs, an additional circumstance, which as the fittest mode of effecting the pu- came to my knowledge several years rification of all the thieves and prosti- since, respecting Jowel, mentioned in tutes in the empire? What motives the note (1). 200) of your last number. to patriotic courage could be furnished -While in Chelmsford Jail, awaiting by such an act as the first, or to a the vengeance of our sanguinary juri-diffusive beneficence by the last? In prudence, he was visited by a friend fixing the criterion of right and wrong, of mine, from motives of Christian we should never outrage the common compassion. To him the unhappy sentiments of mankind; which will misguided man recounted the great be found to merit more attention than kindnesses of Mr. Vidler, and confessed all the mystic jargon of visionaries or the unworthy return he had prepared polemics, to whatever party they may for his benefactor, to whom I once belong.”

related the story, which could not fail Another part of the zealous divine's to interest binn. Charge is directed against a class of peo- I am now convinced that Mr. Palmer ple whom he calls lil'eralists. Amongst (p. 204) was correct in his account, ihese are included the supporters of and thai Mr. Muir and his associates Bible Societies and the unfortunate were conveyed on board the Surprize Unitarians, who are as inuch as tythes hand-cuffed. This appears from addiin the dreams of the clergy. With tional papers which I have very lately regard to them, the Archdeacon piously examined, and which may enable me bewails the repeal of the Act which to offer some further coniributions 10 subjected them to corporal penalties, your department of Original Letters. mingling with his lamentations a strong Mr. Palmer appears to have been sent expression of sympathy with Bishop ou board the ship alone, and not 10 Burgess, poor man, who having written have been hand-cuffed. There was against these misbelievers has been probably some consideration of his cleanswered by them! The passage is a rical character, in compliment to the curiosity and should be preserved : Alliance between Church and State.

“ Vice (says the learned dignitary) I take this opportunity of informing is without odium and virtue without the subscribers to Dr. Priestley's Theoattraction, when viewed through the logical Works, that the number of subequalizing medium of what is called scriptions having reached very nearly liberality; a term which in its present 200, I have determined, Deo volente, application has no fixed or determinate to proceed immediately, and I trust the meaning, but which involves in its first volume will be in the press before operation" [the two last sets of italics this notice can appear. On account are not the divine's] “ the confusion of the customary rates of printing, the of all principles and the encouragement number of sets inust be confined strictly of all crrors. A solemo act of the le. to 250, unless, which cannot now bo



expected, the subscriptions should in- GLEANINGS; OR, SELECTIONS AND crease considerably beyond that number, I must therefore request any who may still be desirous of subscribing, to write immediately to me at Clapton,

No. CCCII. Middlesex, or to Mr. G. Smallfield, Printer, Homerton, lest subscriptions Original of Brandy and Gunpowder : should be received for inore than the

a lalle. 50 copies yet unappropriated. The The government of the north being list of subscribers will, now, accompany the power of the air convened a council

once upon a time vacant, the prince of the edition.

I shall be thankful for any assistance in llell, wherein upon competition betowards the literary execution of the

tween two Demons of rank, it was design which I have ventured to uin- deterinined they should both make dertake; and request such coinmunica- trial of their abilities, and he should tions as early as possible.

succeed wlio did most mischief. One J. T. RUTT. inade his appearance in the shape

of Gunpowder, the other in that of

Brandy. The former was a declared Sir,

Muy 4th, 1817. enemy and roared with a terrible noise, As your work is in peculiarly de, which made folks afraid and put them would earnestly recommend to such of a friend and a plıysician through the your correspondents as are acquainted world, disguised himself with sweets with German writers, to favour us and perfumes and drugs, made his way through the medium of it, with ac into the ladies cabinets and the apothecounts of the most celebrated Antitri- caries shops, and under the notion of nitarian authors in that language, who, helping digestion, comforting the spirits I understand, are neither few nor small. and cheering the heart, produced direct There are two in particular of whom I contrary effects; and having insensibly wish to know something, viz. Eberhard thrown great numbers of humane kind and Basedow, and I shall be sincerely into a lingering but fatal decay, was obliged to any one who will inform me found to people Hell and the grave so of the particulars of their lives and fast as to ineril the government which works in an early number.

he still possesses. E.

Minute Philos. Dial. II.

Sir, Tenterden, May 7, 1817.

No. CCCIII. PERMIT me to inquire whether Bon Mot of Dr. Suvage's to there is any probability that the

George 1. Life of Dr. Caleb Fleming will be in

Dr. Savage, who died Lecturer of troduced into your Repository: If not, St. George's, Hanover Square, had although I should much wish it to be travelled in his younger days with the drawn up by some person more com- Earl of Salisbury, to whom he was petent than myself

, I am inclined, with indebted for a considerable living in the assistance of some materials sent Hertfordshire. He was a lively, pleame by one of the Doctor's relations, to

sant, facetious old man. One day at undertake it; as it has been already the levee, George I. asked him how much too long withheld from the long he had stayed at Rome with public. Dr. F. was a decided Unita- Lord Salisbury? Upon his answering rian, cotemporary with Dr. Lardner, how long, ivhy, said the king, you with whom he lived on ternis of the stayed long enough, why did not you closest intimacy and friendship. They convert the Pope? Because, Sir, relived also only a few doors from each plied he, I had nothing better to offer other in Hoxton Square. They were him. senior to Dr. Priestley both in years This story is told by Bishop Newton and Unitarianism, and with much sa- (in his own Memoirs), who succeeded isfaction bebeld his rising fame. Dr. Sarage in the Lectureship.



“ Still pleased to praise, yet not afraid to blame." - Pope.

PP. 276.

Art. I.

congregation in Glasgow, felt his UNITARIAN CONTROVERSY IN

spirit surred within him ; and having

had from an entirely different cause, SCOTLAND.

his thoughts directed towards the Discourses on the Principal Points of principal points of the Socinian con

the Socinian Controversy. By Ralph troversy, and at this very time, reWardlaw, Minister of the Gospel, volving various subjects for a series of Glasgow. London, Longman and Monthly Sabbath Evening Discourses, Co. 8vo. pp. 443.

he thought it would be a criminal

dereliction of duty, to neglect this A Vindication of Unitarianism, in Reply to Mr. Wardlaw's Discourses on branch, the horrid heresy which was

opportunity of extirpating, root and the Socinian Controversy, By James beginning to grow up amongst them; Yates, M. A. London, Eaton. 8vo. especially as it is not consistent with

the laws and customs of Britain, in Unitarianism Incapable of Vindication : the present age, to pull down the

A Reply to the Rev. James Yates's chapels of heretics as soon as they are Vindication of Unitarianism. By erected, or to burn them and their Ralph Wardlaw. London, Long- temples together, with fires kindled

man and Co. 8vo. Pp. 416. by their own books. · Alas! that the A Sequel to " A Vindication of Uni- good Bishop of St. David's and the

tarianism," in Reply to Mr. Wurde Very Reverend the Dean of Cork law's Treatise, entitled, Unitarianism should have so much occasion to Incapable of Vindication. By the lament, that they are as persons born Author of the Vindication. Liver- out of due time! pool, Robinsons. Eaton, London. Mr. Wardlaw accordingly delivered 8vo. pp. 156.

a series of Monthly Sabbath Evening

Discourses, on the principal points FEW A

years ago there was not of the Socinian controversy, which only no religious society in Scot- were afterwards published ; in answer land in which public worship was to which, Mr. Yates wote his Vindi. conducted on Unitarian principles, cation of Unitarianism. After a con. but there was scarcely, it is said, an siderable refreshment from the battle, avowed Unitarian in that country. Mr. Wardlaw again comes forward, When a chapel was erected in Glas- defiance on his brow, brandishing his gow, dedicated to the worship of One arms with a more terrible fury and God the Father, the worshippers of determined to prove, or perish in the a “ triune God" were alarmed; the attempt, that Unitarianism is Incapakirks and chapels resounded with in- ble of Vindication. Mr. Yates calmly vectives against heresies and heretics marches out to meet his irritated anand blasphemies and blasphemers, tagonist, and his own account of the and when the heretic who opened the result is told very simply and briefly chapel, published his sermon, con- in the Sequel to the Vindication. taining a statement of the Unitarian Such is the history of this contro. doctrine, the faithful of all denomi- versy. The important question whe nations were extremely scandalized. ther it be the duty of Christians to They were indignant that “ the lead- worship One God the Father, or “ One ing doctrines of Christianity were God in Trinity, and Trinity in Unity, s openly impugned and denied," it being neither confounding the persons nor always taken for granted, by those dividing the substance," is here depersons, that the leading doctrines of bated with great ability. The leading Christianity and the leading doctrines arguments on each side are acutely of Trinitarianism and Calvinism are stated and forcibly urged, and these different expressions for the same volumes, which are of a moderate thing. Mr.'Wardlaw in particular, bulk, afford any person who will who is the minister of a Dissenting take the trouble to peruse them with

attention and in partiality, the means One only God, One individual Being, of forming an enlightened judgment without a distinction of persons, comon the most important controversy monly designated in the New Testawhich has ever been agitated among ment' by the terın Father, and that Christians, and of which every intel- whatever power and glory Jesus Christ ligent Christian ought to be ashamed possessed,' he derived from this Being to be ignorant.

who is styled his God and Father. In our notice of these publications The minor questions relative to the we shall endeavour to enable the pre-existence of Christ, his creation reader to form a correct opinion of of the world, &c. he leaves to be the scope of the arguments they con. settled by Unitarians themselves afier tain and of the manner in which they they are agreed in these first great are conducted, not so much with a principles. In like manner, Dir. view of siperseding the necessity of Yates' declines entering on the dishis reading the works themselves, as cussion of the doctrine of the atoneof exciting him to a careful perusal ment, “because the Calvinistic view of them; for if he have not thoroughly of atonement, according to Mr. Wardinvestigated the subject of which they law's own confission, falls with the treat, and if it be his wish that his doctrine of our Saviour's Supreme Direligious opinions should be the result vinity:" and on the influences of the of conviction, his leisure monients may Holy Spirit, “ because it is enough be very profitably einployed in this to observe, that they proceed throughstudy.

out upon a misrepresentation of Coi. Mr. Wardlaw's volume contains tarianism." This plan of restriction twelve Discourses. 1. On the Unity has evidently been adopted froin a of God and the Trinity of Persons in wish to fix the attention of the reader the Godhead. 2–5. On the Supreme on the main questions to be decided Divinity of Jesus Christ. 6. On the in this controversy: and though it Test of Truth in Matters of Religion. is not without inconvenience, since 7. On the Doctrine of Atonement. truth is never seen to such advantage 8. On the Practical Influence of the as when the whole of it is clearly Doctrine of Atonement. 9. On the stated and boldly defended, yet con. Divinity and Personality of the Holy sidering how little the public mind in Spirit. 10, 11. On the Influences of Scotland has been directed to inquiries the Holy Spirit. 12. On the Christian of this pature, it is perhaps upon the Character.

whole a judicious choice. This plan includes several interest- Mr. Yates divides his work into ing subjects, which do not particu- three parts. The first part contains a farly bear upon the controversy be statement of the general principles to tween the Unitarian and the I'rini- be followed in investigating the truth tarian. Mr. Yates, however, strictly of religious doctrines, together with confines himself to the discussion of soine observations on the regard paid the points in dispute, between the to the Scriptures by Unitarians : on worshipper of One God the Father, the proper method of ascertaining the and the worshipper of “one Godhead, sense of Scripture and on the propriety containing three distinct substances, of believing in nysteries. In the denominated for the want of a better second part the opinions and arguword, persons the Father, the Son or ments of Unitarians concerning ihe Word, and the Holy Spirit.” Cheer- Unity of God, the subordination of fully, and from a conviction of its Jesus Christ and the use of the terms justice, according the name of Uni- Holy Spirit and Spirit of God in the tarian to every person who believes Scriptures, are adduced ; and the third that there is One only God the Father, part contains an examination of the and that religious adoration onght to objections by which Mr. Wardlaw has be paid to him alone, Mr. Yates still aitempted to invalidate the Unitarian farther narrows the scope of the con- opinions. troversy, by confining his argument Mr. Yates commences his examinato the establishment of two great tion of Mr. Wardlaw's Discourses truths, the evidence of which, from with bearing the following generous the Scriptures, he contends is over- testimony to the worthy motives by whelming; namely, that there is but which his opponent has been actuated,


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