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head of that class, calls himself “one teach Hottentots the Assembly's Caof the old school.” But, Sir, he does techism—they must laugh at this not object to unite with new Uni. Satan with an angel's vizor among tarians, both for “ preaching and the sons of God; they must think it praying,” and “ eating and drinking," good to sojourn amongst these Egypand on such occasions delights them tians who so readily despoil their own in his “ eloquence, whether sacred or temples to furnish out the faithful convivial,” by a warmth and flow of Israelites. feeling, which I fear your Correspon- Whether these Old Unitarians agreed dent would trace to the German with Mr. Belsham in thankfulness for drama. I have, indeed, heard some. the Trinity Bill, I do not know. I thing, and seen something of another met with no public expressions of description of persons called Old Uni- their gratitude on that occasion, but tarians, who deem an avowal of their with mauy from the persons whom opinions unwise because it may expose they censure. I cannot, however, them to inconvenience, and prosely- deny their joining with Mr. B. in that ting sinful because the attempt may particular ; but I wish they would excite bad passsions; who give libé- join with him in some others-in his rally at Calvinistic collections, and manly statements of the whole truth let their own institutions and aca. of God; in his powerful and incessant demies languish or perish for want of efforts for the destruction of Antisupport; who cau overlook specula- Christian error ; in his justice and tive differences, such as worshipping candour to friends, as well as adveran additional God or two, &c. and saries; and in his liberal support of attend the services and even the sacra- the Unitarian Fund, the Unitarian ments of the church in preference to Academy, “ the Societés Ambulantes mixing with trades-people and such of our modern heretics," and similar folks at a country Unitarian chapel; institutions. who object to evening lectures be- The most definite characteristic of cause the smoke of the candles would those whom your Correspondent calls soil the ceiling of their chapel, or its New Unitarians, is his identification floor be dirtied by the vulgar feet of of them with the provincial societies the hearers who might be attracted for the diffusion of religious knowon such occasions; who are vexed ledge and virtue :-a circumstance that Unitarianism should be spoilt for very unfortunate for his first charge a refined and geuteel religion, by its against them, of ingratitude for Mr. communication to poor and ignorant Smith's bill because it took away people, who had better been left to their chance of being persecuted, inthe Church or the Methodists. I hope asmuch as those societies, I believe your Correspondent does not belong without an exception, and some at to this class of Old Unitarians. If he extraordinary meetings called for the does, he has no reason, in my opi. purpose, passed resolutions of thanks nion, to be proud of his associates, both to the Mover of the Bill and the though they are certainly very re- Government. How could such a spectable, (using that word in its charge be made in the face of such a common acceptation of very rich). fact? Where are the proofs by which His Letter is, however, strongly tainted the public and unanimous language with that fictitious candour for which of these truly respectable societies is these people are so clamorous a can- convicted of hypocrisy? Doubtful as dour more absurd in the view of none it now is, and must be till the next than of its objects, and to them ridi. Lancashire assizes, whether that bill culous enough. When they receive affords us any efficient protection, I guineas, withheld from Unitarian do not believe there is a New Unitarian buildings, to raise chapels in whose in the kingdom who is not ready, pulpits they pronounce the damnation even at the present moment, to do of the donors; when they insert names, honour to the liberality of the Govern. withheld from Unitarian publications, ment in permitting it to pass without among the subscribers to their books opposition. The men who wish to about dying Deities; when they ob- be persecuted have escaped my notice; tain donations, withheld from Unita- but as your Correspondent knows riau academies and missionaries, to where to find them, and acts as At.
torney-General in taking cognizance upon this passage himself. I must of all our offences, I deliver them over be permitted, however, to observe to his castigation, that they may learn that, in my opinion, the Old Unitarian not to blaspheme. He has advanced is not quite regular in this attack his accusation, I suppose, knowing upon an individual who, if the obthat he can prove it; or at any rate noxious assertion was made in the knowing that he and the Old Unita. pulpit or in public, will of course be rians are secure from its being retorted recognized by many of his hearers, upon them.
and thus, perhaps, without being It may not be amiss to remind your aware of it, become personally charged Correspondent of the fact, that Mr. with the follies and vices ascribed to Smith's bill originated in the Com- the New Unitarians; with a love of mittee of the Unitarian Fund. They persecuting and being persecuted; are, I suppose, New Unitarians, and with inculcating a lax and false motherefore not entitled to either can. rality, and being careless about the dour or gratitude. And yet surely character of his associates; with fondhe might bestow on them the crumbs ness for convivial meetings, and diswhich fall from the table, on which so affection to the Government. Now, plentiful a feast of those dishes is set though a whole party may laugh at out for the Government and the these imputations, yet to an indiviBishops.
dual they may be of serious conseThe New Unitarians, we are next quence, and should not have been told, are “ not at all averse to mani- advanced by an anonymous writer. fest that degree and measure of into- If the military practice be imitated in lerance which they have it in their controversy, of aiming at officers from power to exercise." I would not bebind bushes, let it be remembered stoop to the degradation of implying, that riflemen have been judged not by a defence, that there was some entitled to quarter. plausibility in such an accusation, The proposition itself is not very were it not that this unfounded charge clearly or happily expressed; but, if is propped up by an unfounded asser. I understand it, is much nearer the tion. He states as a general fact, truth than your Correspondent is what I verily believe is not true of a willing to admit. By calling himself single individual, that the New Uni- a Christian, a man does not inform tarians “ are disposed to contend that me whether he worships the Father the only morality and piety deserving only, or two other divine persons in regard is inseparably connected with addition to him, or some hundreds of their own views of religious truth.” saints and angels in addition to this I challenge him to produce a single Trinity; whether the moral governwriter, amongst the whole body that ment of the world be for the good of a he has arraigned, who denies to his whole, a part, or none of its inhabiopponents such morality and piety as tants; whether the terms on which will not merely deserve regard, but sinners may be reconciled to God are ensure salvation! I defy him to pro- repentance and reformation only, or duce a single preacher by whom the faith in the atoning sacrifice of Christ, position has been advanced which he or whether it be not independent of ascribes to the whole party. There any terms; whether the redemption is none such but in the writer's ima- that is in Jesus Christ be bis purchase gination.. And on the deposition of of our salvation by his merits and this phantom-witness, which none but suffering, the procurement of the inhe can hear, we are all to be convicted fluences of the Holy Ghost for beof “the most intolerable species of lievers, a change of our relation to intolerance !"
God by moral means, or a confirmaSome young minister, it appears, to tion of our immortality ; whether a whom rather an equivocal compli- resurrection from the dead be a revival ment is paid, has offended by asserting of existence, or merely its continuathat “unless Christianity be professed tion in another mode; or, whether under some particular form, it is in fiture retribution be reward and puitself but a name." If the minister nishment for our own offences and alluded to be a reader of the Reposi- obedience, or punishment for the sin tory, he will probably animadvert of Adam, and reward for the merits of Christ. How much more than of our morality; for his rapid transi. a name is the profession which leaves tions from what irresistibly produces all this ambiguity! Now, this list of laughter to what excites a very oppotopics on which Christians differ, is site emotion, shew an intinjate acprecisely your Correspondent's list of quaintance with the German drama, those on which they agree. These and a happy imitation of its structure. are our common Christianity! And Such is the connexion of the foregoing why are they not our common Islam- charge with that of indifference to ism? For, with the exception of one the moral character of proselytes, point, the redemption that is in Jesus palliating “ licentiousness both in prin. Christ, on which no Calvinist or Ar ciples and practice," &c. a charge minian will allow that he has more which, to use the softest applicable than a verbal agreement with us, they word ju the dictionary, is as unfounded are subjects on which the Mahometati as the other is ridiculous. Unitarian is “under no uncertainty." I am no congregations and societies will not advocate for restricting the name of suffer by a comparison with those of Christian to a party ; let all who any other denomination. In their claim it, have it in peace. But to individual assveiations there is genetalk of its representing a common rally (I imagine, uviversally,) a power, faith, of unrivalled importance, and by written law or allowed practice, to then to give a list of topics on which exclude from their lists any improper it communicates nothing, and discri- persons who may have volunteered minates nothing, is as much like their names and subscriptions - a "quackery" as any thing which has power which your Correspondent on been detected in the New Unitariaus. inquiry will find, as I hope and beYour Correspondent is, I think, under lieve, has not laiu dormant when no great obligation to the late worthy immorality called for its exercise. Bishop for the loan of his very correct I have always been disgusted with statement, and very laudable indig- that cant of candour which talks of nation, on the present subject. They the momentous topics on which the are articles, too, which he seems to Christian world is divided as “specuhave more ability to lend than neces- lative opinions," “subjects of doubtful sity to borrow,
disputation,” “ matters about which The New Unitarians inculcate "a its votaries have always disagreed, and system of ethics draron from the German will probably always disagree," and drama !" This is gratifying intelli- “ opinions merely speculative." What gence, as it was apprehended that is the object of this mock liberality? their sermons were so stuffed with Or is the writer in good earnest ? Does controversy as to leave no room for any he really mean to assert that there morality at all. And as the Old Uni is only an unimportant and speculative tarians argue, when they support difference between his system and Calvinistic missions, &c. that a cor- that which, by his own account of it, rupt religion is better than no religion, leads its professors to deny his “claim why should not a corrupt morality be to the appellation of Christian ;” “jnbetter than no morality? How' un- disposes them to set a proper value on charitable of them, thinking the mo- moral qualities and distinctions ;" rality of the Gospel a good thing, to makes them not likely to furnish their contend “ that there is nothing good pupils' minds “ with any very correct · besides !" How improper to use lan- or vivid ideas of moral truth and guage“ producing irritation,” when beauty;” makes them “from prin. hy gentle and gradual means these ciple intolerant;" and consists of German moralists might be brought “ absurdity and intolerance,” of “rubto the English and Gospel standard; bish and defilements?" Separation and though “ this, from the nature from a communion is justifiable on of the thing, must be a process re- the ground of practical differences, quiring time, moderation and caution," but not on that of merely speculative it is a task on that account so much differences. As those of the Old Uni. the more suited to the Old Uvita- tarian with us are of the former de. rians.
scription, and with Tripitarians, of the Your Correspondent is doubtless a latter, he should, I think, prefer their good judge of the source and standard worship, and not desert those who
Hold “ the institutions of their fore- drama, as your Correspondent may fathers in great veneration” from such sce by reference to their catalogues. trivial and abstract reasotis. Why To proselyte by preaching is no part does he not, like a good Christian, of their plan. În varying the place of overlook such doubtful and merely their annual meeting, and accompaspeculative differences, and join with nying it by à sermon and a dinner, one class in beseeching God by his they have only followed the innocent “ holy nativity and circumcision," and useful practice of those from his “agony and bloody sweat,” his whom the Old Unitarian ditfers on “precious death and burial;" or with merely speculative points. Such others who sing of him, the rich drops meetings have answered their design of whose blood calmed the Father's of being frequently useful to the con: frowning face,
gregations visited. Interesting cases
of distress have been made known 6 This infant is the mighty God Come to be suckled and ador’d!”
and relieved: measures have been or with the thousands who devoutly
adopted favourable to the comfort and vociferate,
prosperity of different congregations:
the publication of useful works has 4. The Unitarian fiend expel,
been facilitated: and to many the inAnd send bis doctrines back to hell."
tercourse thus occasioned with the Indeed there are some who are too ministers and members of other socandid to be kept from the worship cieties has been both pleasant and of believers in our common Christi. beneficial. Poor societies have been anity, by these petty diversities; but cheered by the countenance of their their reasons always appeared to me wealthier brethren; and the solitary more weighty in the commercial than professor of Unitarianism been aniin the theological scale.
mated by becoming acquainted with As your Correspondent's residence numbers of similar faith and disposiwould appear to be in London, I may tions. I am sorry that to the Old perhaps be able to inform him better Unitarian the expense of this appaabout the provincial sociétés ambu- ratus is “ much more obvious than lantés, which I do the more readily the utility;" bis diminished estimate as he cannot have learned much from of the latter arisés perhaps from the his Old Unitarian friends in the coun- infirmity' lamented at the comtry, they being generally kept away, mencement of his letter ; and the by unforeseen accidents, from such habits of some of his brethen make it meetings. Sometimes they are ap- not very uncharitable to surmise that pointed for the same day as the their extravagant idea of the expense Bishop's dinner party, which it would may be accounted for by his remark be illiberal not to attend, or they are that “an attention almost exclusive held ** the very moment that the to any particular object—necessarily sacrament is administered at church enlarges its dimensions, enhances its as a qualification for office, or just importance, brings it forward into when it is indispensably necessary to the strongest light, and throws every visit a neighbouring town, where the thing else into the shade.". meeting was held the preceding year, Worthless as our peculiar opinions just when it was indispensably neces are represented, it is nevertheless ad. sary to remain at home. These un mitted to be desirable that they fortunate coincidences have prevented should be propagated; and this it your Correspondent's obtaining sich seems would be done by the “modeaccurate information of this as of our ration and caution" of the Old Uniother faults and follies. The object tarians, were they not obstructed by of these societies is the distribution the intemperate zeal" of the New. of books, controversial and moral. And wbat have these moderate men The former written by Priestley, done, that they are entitled to sneer Lindsey, Law, Hartley, Cogan, Bel- and hint away the multiplied proofs sham, and other zealots; the latter which recent institutions and efforts by Lardner, Mason, Wellbeloved, have given of their efficacy? Let Mrs. Barbauld, Mrs. H. More, Mrs. them take the range of fifty years, Hughes, and other advocates for licen- and what have they to throw into tiousness and the ethics of the German the balance against a single report of
the Unitarian Fund ? Why, they order, property and loyalty, be to have conjectures and suspicions that your Correspondent, for his acute this success has been overrated. penetration into the latent design of
It is a pity that all proper tender- the New Unitarians, to employ the ness should not have been shewn to- “dint of numbers and physical force!" wards the “worthy but mistaken in- From what an explosion has he predividuals," who, « holding the insti- served us by this timely discovery of tutions of their forefathers in great the plot! Why, but for him they veneration, are afraid to inquire, lest might ere this bave risen in arms to they should find cause to give them up massacre all the friends of war and as indefensible." Not to respect their bloodshed; to hang all the advo.. failing shews certainly a gross de- cates for capital punishments; to liparture from the morality of the Ger- berate Bouaparte; to crown Cobbett man drama, which is known to be King of England; and to divide the particularly lepieut towards amiable estates of the Old Unitarians between weaknesses. Notwithstanding their themselves and their brethren the disgust at the boisterous honesty of Luddites. After which they would men wlio profess what they ascertain probably have changed the standard to be truth, and propagate what they of faith and morality, by solemnly believe to be important, it is my cou- canonizing the German drama in viction that such are most likely to place of the Holy Scriptures ! win over meu of principle from all At a time when political offences parties. I know that those amongst are heavily visited; when the sus, us who are most esteemed by the picious of government are awake, and Calvinists, are not the timid men its power uncontrolled; it is. uo who profess nothiug but our common friendly work to give those suspicions Christianity; not the mere moralists a new direction. Especially did this whose ethics (not German) have no not become a brother, though he intermixture of that truth, which were an offended and an elder one. alone gives virtue a fouudation and a He might not rejoice at the birth of motive; not the second Lardners, as New Unitarianism, vor like its feaspruce academics call one another, tures; but they might have been who speak coutemptuously of popular criticised without holding it up to be prcaching and seem to think the tree blasted by the lightnings of authority. of life only planted for critical squir- What is this accuser about? If he rels to crack nuts in its branches; not possess the feelings of humanity, there the men of ultra-candour who dismiss can no bitterer curse befal him, than questions ou the object of worship, the accomplishment of that which it the work of Christ, and the terms is the obvious tendency of his charge of salvation, as merely speculative of disaffection to produce. I, Sir, points; but those who scem in earnest for one, have always spoken my poabout Divine truth; who are manly litical opinions the more freely bein its profession, and laborious in its cause our many points they were so diffusion. To such is frequently ren- unlike those of many of my brethren, dered unasked a candid judginent, that one could connect them with which the libcrality of those who are our religious tenets. Those opinions illiberal to their brethren fails of pur- are at the service of the Old Unichasing.
tarian, or any body else, but I shall To defend the Monthly Repository not make you responsible for their is your business, Mr. Editor; and I publication. Gladly, however, would shall leave you to rebut as you can, i avow, and take the consequences the charge of partiality for two per- of political heresies, much more obsonages, of political notoriety, whom noxious than my own, rather than you, of all men, ought to have de have penned the following paragraphı: tested, as each of them is an irre. “ If, 'as has been suspected, certain fragable proof of an orthodox doc- Unitarian ministers of the modern trine; it being ascertained that oue school, and of its latest' discipline, is an incarnation of the devil, and have been desirous of propagating the other a striking demonstration of their religious faith with a view more the total depravity of man.
widely to disseminate their political Ilow grateful inust the friends of principles among the inferior classes