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munication being cut off with the being affected. Life, therefore, conseat of government, the mind no nected with consciousness, that vital longer has dominion over the parts principle which is the animating mind, beneath the injurcd spinal marrow, and may be said to constitute the ascending from vertebræ to verte individual man, is not in the cerebral bræ: in this manner, similar efforts more than in the sympathetic nerves, follow each fresh injary, and yet life neither is it in the brain. Whatever continues, and consciousness also. it be, or which may be the exact and Nor are the senses injured; but the precise point from which it acts, moment the origin of the eighth pair though we may be unable to say with of nerves is touched, consciousness absolute certainty, there appears at ceases, and death ensues. From these, least to be full and sufficient evidence and very many other experiments to conclude it is not fesh, nor which have been made, a conclusion blood, nor bones, but something dismust necessarily be drawn, that no tinct from these, and possessing a where is the seat of vitality and con- capability of unknown endurance, sciousness in the spinal marrow, or in and unceasingly progressive improvethe sympathetic nerves, but that these ment; it never passing away like the are all instruments used by the vital body, but during its mortal existence power; and that any injury done to increasing in strength and judgment, them, or any of them, is no injury and therefore is that which is to condone to the vital principle itself, any stitute man's future identity. farther than by rendering it unable to

N. perform those functions which cannot be performed without the aid of the injured parts. Indeed, so far is it from

Restriction of the T'erm Unitarian. being necessary to have the organized [Extract from a Letter from Philadelphia, system perfect to enable vitality to act

dated Sept. 25, 1816.] with its utmost vigour, that it will on HAVE often regretted that Mr. the contrary be often found, that as Lindsey, Dr. Priestley, and others, pruning the plant has often revived it have restricted the term Unitarian from the borders of death, so has the to the belicvers in the humanity loss of limbs removed tumours and of Christ. I know it is alleged that glandular swellings, and given to Arians, to be consistent with their the whole system an energy before principles, ought to worship Jesus unknown to it.

Christ; but admittiog the correctuess The seat of vitality is not, then, in of this deduction, and that they are the nervous system, neither is it in the inconsistent, still, as they address only brain. Monsieur Le Gallois opened the God and Father of our Lord Jesus the cranium of a young rabbit, and Christ, their worship and ours is precutting the brain horizontally from cisely the same, and they are real and before, he removed it backwards, and practical Unitarians. It does not found lie could thus remove, not only appear to be correct to judge our the cerebrum, but also the cerebellum, brethren according to our views, and and even a part of the medulla ob- contrary to their avowed declarations. lougata without interrupting perspi- We complain, and with reason, when ration; but when the origin of the we are classed with infidels; yet the eighth pair of nerves were included reputed orthodox may say with equal in the slice of the medulla oblongata, plausibility that although we call ourperspiration and respiration ceased; selves Christians, and imagine that we life, therefore, must there commence. are entitled to the name of Christian, Humboldt, Flalle and Perry, by order it does not properly belong to us; of the National Institute, examined because, according to their views of and confirmed these experiments. Christianity, we deny its most imI have now beside me twenty-four portant truths. They do not quescases, in which the brain has in al- lion our sincerity, but will not permit most every part been injured, without us to decide for ourselves. We may destroying life or sensibility; and be unable to reconcile the belief that some farther cases, in which the Jesus Christ is our Maker, with the whole of the brain has been destroyed, refusal to pay him divine honours; but without the individual's sensibility there are persons who are sincerely


persuaded that all this is perfectly Dr. Barret, one of the Fellows of consistent with Scripture aud reason. the College, a very remarkable chaSurely it is enough to say that in our racter, in whom a passion for books view of these matters there is incon- and learning even rises above another sistency in this, and that were we, very prevailing feature, the love of with our opinions and convictions, to money. In looking over the manu. act as our Arian brethren do, we scripts, he discovered one which, upon should be guilty of criminal neglect a close inspection, he perceived to be in not worshipping our Lord. The written over another of much older same process of reasoning is appli. date, the former writing having been cable to what has been called “ Chris- effaced, though not so effectually but tian idolatry." Surely no idolatrous that faint traces of it were discernible, rites can be Christian. With equal He immediately applied himself to propriety we might speak of Christian making out as much of the original superstition, Christian falsehood, theft, manuscript as could be deciphered, &c. If by Christian idolatry is meant and succeeded so far as to ascertain the idolatry of Christians, the lane it to be a Greek manuscript of St. guage used is not warranted by the Matthew's Gospel. He has since had New Testament. Before we thus de- the text printed as far as sufficient nounce and call names, we ought to remains of the characters can be ascertain our own infallibility, if not traced to admit of it, for some are as to conduct, at least as to faith. We wholly effaced, supplying the blanks may be perfectly correct iu saying with points. In front of the page, that the worship of Jesus Christ, or it is printed in a fac-simile of the of any other being except the One original characters, and on the back, God and Father of all, would in us in those of the modern Greek. The be an act of daring and presumptuous whole has been a work of immense disobedience to the divine law, and labour; but from the peculiar turn that we should stand self-condemned; of the Doctor's mind, has afforded but in no part of the New Testament him no less gratification than toil. which I am acquainted with, is there This gentleman never stirs beyond either a command, a direetion, or the college walls, excepting twice in license to any Christian, to call his the year to the Bank, which is close brother an idolater: against judging by, to receive his half-yearly divi. him there are many dissuasives, and dends, an office which he would not some very solemn admonitions. on any consideration depute to ano

ther; and on an annual visit with

the board to the college observatory Dr. Barret* and the Dublin Manu- at Dunsink, four miles from Dublin. script.

The consequence of this secluded life [From “ Narrative of a Residence in Ire- is excessive simplicity of manners and

land during the Summer of 1814 and utter ignorance of the world. He has that of 1815. By Anne Plumptre.” been forty years Fellow, and for 4to. 1817. Pp. 19, 20.]

many years his fellowship has proMONG the greatest curiosities duced an income of £2000 a year, of lege, Dublin), is a work executed by twenty pounds, excepting in books;

of these he buys a great number, and Miss Plumptre, who has so freely often very expensive ones. At the drawn the character of this gentleman, same time, his penuriousness in other yet living, seems not to have been aware respects is such, that were not his of his rank in the University. He is dinner provided free of expense by described in the Biographical Dictionary the College, he would run of Living Anthors, as D.D. Vice Provost hazard of being starved. His memory and Senior Fellow of Trin. Col. and Pro. is astonishing: not long since, in fessor of Oriental Languages. The ful

answer to some qnestion which was lowing works are ascribed to him : An Inqniry into the Origin of the Constella- asked him, he not only ran over a tions that compose the Zodiac, and the list of all the gentlemen who had Uses they were intended to promote. 8vo. been provosts and vice-provosts of 1800.-Essay on the Earlier Part of the the college since its foundation, but Life of Swift. 8vo. 1808.

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the election of each individual. He hood, the night before the execuknows every book that has been tion." brought into the library since he Perhaps some of your corresponbecame Fellow.

dents can clear up this matter; and

having pen in hand, I beg leave to Sir,

June 2nd, 1817. ask whether any certain information N

has been received in England of the count of M Ryan's deplorable place to which Lavalette fied on bis case, in your department for Intel- escape, so honourable to the Briligence, in the last No. [p. 314,] you tish triumvirate, Wilson, Bruce and have named three elder heroines, who Hutchinson, or of that in which he risqued every thing in obedience to now is ? natural affection. The case of Ma

CANTABRIGIENSIS. dame Lavalette is recent; Lord Byron has given it wide circulation and permanence amongst the English

Birmingham, 7th of 4th Mo, 1817. people, by his beautiful stanzas on (T was with some degree of surher conjugal virtue: I wish he or prise that I observed in a late some other of our bards would com- Number of the Monthly Repository, mit the name of Mary Ryun to never- (XI. 595,) an attempt to prove that dying song

the early members of the Society of Mrs. Walkinshaw has been intro. Friends were Unitarians. duced to the knowledge of the public, Being niyself a member of that by the biographer of Lord Kames, Society, and having endeavoured to obwhose account is as follows: “Mr, tain a correct knowledge of its prinWalkinshaw having been engaged in ciples, by a perusal of its publicaboth the rebellions, 1715 and 1745, tions, I think that such an opinion is was confined for some time in the not founded in truth. I therefore castle of Stirling, from whence he annex some extracts from the wriescaped by the courage and address tings of its early and most approved of his wife, a sister of Sir Hugh members, which I think clearly and Paterson, of Bannockburn, who ex. unequivocally prove, that they be. changed clothes with him, and re- lieved in the Divinity or Deity of mained a prisoner in his stead. This Jesus Christ, although they rejected remarkable woman, splendida mendax, the idea of three distinct and separate et in omne avum nobilis, lived to the persons, and also the term Trinity, as age of ninety, in the full possession of not to be found in the Sacred Wriher faculties and of the esteem of all tings. With respect to Williain who knew her." Tytler's Memoirs, Penn's “ Sandy Foundation Shaken," &c. 8vo. 2nd ed. 1814. Vol. I. p. 2. on a review of the circumstances under Note.

which it was composed, it appears to Of Lady Nithsdale I know of no me to have been written on the good account, and should be glad to negative side of the question only, be referred to some book which re- and the sentiments advanced in the lates her magnanimous adventure. apology* for that work, published a Sir James Mackintosh, in the debate in few months aterwards, confirm me the House of Commons, on the 7th of in this opinion. Indeed W. Penn May, described ber as the wife of the himself, about five years afterwards, Earl; but Smollett in his History of asserts that this was the case. (See England (8vo. 1803. II. 388,) seems 12th extract annexed.) to consider her as his mother: “Niths- In judging of the sentiments of dale,” he says, “ made his escape in any writer whose publications are woman's apparel, furnished and con- numerous, I couceive we should not veyed to him by his own mother." The confine ourselves to one composition relation in my copy of Howell's Me- only; for if this mode of deciding dulla (8vo. 12th ed. 1766 [by a typo. were fair and correct, it would be no graphical error 1666] p. 503) is as difficult task to adduce numerous es. follows:-“ the Lord Nithsdale found tracts from the works of professed means to escape out of the Tower, disguised as a woman in a riding- Innocency with her Open Face.

Trinitarians, which no Unitarian that loved and washed us from our would disapprove - but which not- sins in his own blood, be glory and withstanding were written by those dominion for ever. 1697. who believel in the Athanasian 4. Dear and well-beloved friends Creed. It is therefore, I think, un. and brethren in Christ Jesus, candid, to put that construction upon We tenderly salute you in his dear an author's writings which he himself love and life, whereby we were made disavows.

alive unto him, and hitherto helped The writer of the paragraph alluded and preserved, to be a peculiar to, considering that in reference to people to his praise and glory, who Unitarianisin “it is a purely historical hath called us out of darkness into his question" - I hope that the extracts marvellous light. Blessed be his I have adduced, will, as it relates to glorious name and power for ever. the Society of Friends, set the question 1700. at rest. I have no wish by what I 5. To whom (Christ) be“glory and have written, to excite any thing like dominion for ever and ever." 1706, controversy; my object and earnest 6. Our blessed Lord and Saviour wish is to allay it, as I fear it must Jesus Christ, to whom, with the be acknowledged in the words of a Father, be glory and dominion for late writer, * that on subjects like ever. 1712. these, “it is usually a trial of dex- And in several Epistles since that terity, rather than of virtue,"

time. I would therefore be understood as

From GEORGE Fox. producing the extracts merely as 7. And we know that the Son of * historical evidence"-and in justice God is come, and hath given us a to the society, being myself of opinion mind to know him which is true, that, waving the discussion of specula- and we are in him that is true; mark, tive subjects, uninfluential on our lives, that is, in his Son Jesus Cbrist. it should be our primary concern, This same is very God and eternal our most earnest engagemeut, to regu- life, and this we the people of God, late our conduct by the sublime pre- in scorn called Quakers, do witness. cepts and divine spirit of the Gospel.

Doctrinals, p. 446. B.

8. The priest of Drayton, the EXTRACTS.

town of my birth, whose name was From the Yearly Meeting Epistles.

Nathaniel Stevens, asked me, why

the 1. WE tenderly salute you all in our Christ cried out upon cross, My Lord Jesus Christ, and blessed God, my God, why hast thou forunion of his precious life; who hath saken me?” And why he said, “ if it eminently appeared amongst us, &c. be possible let this cup pass from me; Blessed be his glorious name for yet not my will, but thine be done." ever! 1691.

told him at that time the sins of all man2. To our dear and tenderly be. kind were upon him, and their iniloved friends and brethren in our quities and transgressions, with wbich blessed Lord and Saviour Jesus he was wounded; which he was to Christ.

bear, and to be an offering for, as he This, our solemn Yearly Meeting, was man; but died not, as he was sendeth greeting and salutation in God: so, in that he died for all men, bim who is our life, in whom our tasting death for every man, he was living wion, peace and safety, for an offering for the sins of the whole ever stand. Blessed, praised and world. 1645. renowned be his most glorious power

Journal, p. 3. 3rd edition. and excellent name ; to whom be 9. The apostle, speaking of the glory and dominion, in and over his fathers, saith, “ of whom as concernwhole church and heritage, for ever ng the flesh Christ came, who is and ever. 1695.

God over all, blessed for ever, Amen." 3. The faithful witness, the first- This was the apostle's doctrine to the begotten from the dead, the Prince church then, which we do witness, of the kings of the earth. Unto him both as to his flesh, and as he was

Thomas Prichard.

A testimony of what we believe of Christ-both as he was God, and as “ Innocency with her open Face," he was man.--About 1675.

(though he hid another, called “ The From William Penn.

Guide Mistaken," that, p. 28, abun10. Thou must not, reader, from my dantly doth the same, which was querying thus, conclude we do deny writ, and read by him before the those glorious three which bear re. “Sandy Foundation" was thought cord in heaven; the Father, Word, of,) he deserted me, broke all bonds and Spirit; neither the infinity, eter

of friendship, &c. &c. He would nity, and divinity of Jesus Christ; have it a retraction, &c. &c. And for that we know he is the mighty though I sought his friendly beGod. Guide Mistaken, 1668.

haviour, &c. &c. yet so invincible

was his displeasure, that there was 11. After quoting some Scripture no holding for me of his good will, texts, in which Christ is called the and believing Christ to be God.* Saviour: he says, “ From which I

13. Reader, thou plainly seest that conclude Christ to be God; for if they believe the light to be divine, none can save, or be styled properly and the Scriptures to be of divine a Saviour but God; and yet that authority; that they own the ScripChrist is said to save, and properly ture Trinity or Holy Three, of Fa. called a Saviour, it must needs follow ther, Word, and Spirit, to be truly that Christ the Saviour is God." and properly one; that Christ is God, Again—" In short, this conclusive and that Christ is man; that he came argument for the proof of Christ the in the flesh, died, and rose again, Saviour's being God, should certainly ascended, and sits at God's right persuade all sober persons of my hand, the only sacrifice and mediator innocency, and my adversaries' ma.

for man's happiness. lice. He that is the everlasting wis

Key opening the way to every Cadom, the divine power, the true

pacity, &c. 1692. light, the only Saviour, the creating 14. We believe him (Christ) acword of all things (whether visible cording to Scripture, to be the Son of or invisible) and their upholder, by Abraham, David, and Mary, after his own power, is, without contra- the flesh; and also God over all, diction, God. But all these qualifica- blessed for ever. tions and divine properties are, by Testimony to the Truth of God. 1698, the concurrent testimonies of Scrip

15. Even so come Lord Jesus, and ture, ascribed to the Lord Jesus

more and more set up thy kingdom Christ: therefore, without a scruple, in the souls of the children of men; I call, and believe him really to be, that the holy will of thy Father may the mighty God."

be done in earth: that mercy and Innocency with her Open Face. 1669. truth, righteousness and peace may

12. At the time of our disputation embrace and kiss each other; so shall with T. D., T. V., T. D., and W. M., the kingdoms of this world become at the Spittle, being engaged in the the kingdoms of the Lord, and of negative concerning the common doc his Christ, who is God over all trine of distinct and separate per- blessed for ever. sonality, he, T. F., and some others, Conclusion of a Reply to a nameless fell into great intimacy with us, &c. Author. &c. When my book intitled “ The From Robert BARCLAY. Sandy Foundation Shaken," came out, 16. Among the Protestants, I know &c. these men, at least T. F., was

the Socinians are great pretenders ready to believe me nearer akin to to the Scriptures, and in words exalt them, than God knows, I was; that them as much as any other people; is to say, in denying the Divinity of and yet it is strange to see how, that Christ. At this time what would he not only in many things they are not not have done for me, if I might have agreeable to them, but in some of their believed him! and in reality the man chief principles quite contrary; as in was wonderfully taken; but which their denying the Divinity of Christ, was grievous, he was shamefully mis- which is as expressly mentioned as any taken ; and when he came to read my confession to Christ's eternal

* As this passage is rather long in the Godhead, in my little book, entitled original, I have made a few breaks in it.

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