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to defend the belief of it on the ground pected and desired by the learned, of reason. But the credibility of this especially beyond seas, and an ordifact is altogether changed when I see nance was read for printing and that it is calculated to answer an im- publishing the Old Testament of the portant end, and moreover see this end Septuagint translation ; wherein. Mr. effected by it. The event now sup- Young had formerly taken pains, posed is not properly speaking a viola- and had in his hand, as library-keeper tion of the laws of nature, which I of St. James's, an original Tecta take for granted will continue to ope- Bible of that translation." 1646. rate as before. It is necessary for the March 13. W. Mem. 1682. p. 202. benefit of man that the laws of nature It appears, that, in consequence of should be steady in their operation; this application to the House, on the but it may however also be necessary 16th of October following “a comthat God should for a certain purpose mittee was named to consider of interpose and act without them. printing the Septuagint Bible." Id. Your Correspondent observes, that we p. 229. are not much disposed to admit the Mr. Patrick Young, who was limiracles of the second and third brary-keeper by the king's appointcenturies, and asks, if we make thus ment, before the war, was replaced free with testimony removed from us in 1649, by Whitelock, who had the by the lapse of time, where are we to learned Mr. Duery for his deputy. stop? I reply, when we arrive at The Presbyterian Churchmen, though miracles which were calculated to they would thus excite the Parliament answer an important object, and to patronise the Greek learning, yet which are supported by testimony were as little disposed to encourage which appears unexceptionable and an improved Version, if not a prosatisfactory. And I cannot help reduction of their own, as any Episcomarking here, that the progress and palian Churchmen or Orthodox Nonpresent existence of Christianity, af- conformnists of our times.

Thus, fords such a proof of the credit which Aug. 20, 1645, the House, no doubt, was given to the miracles of the New at the suggestion of the divines, “ or. Testament history in the earliest ages, der that no foreign impressions of as compensated for the distance to English Bibles be vended here, with which the testimony is thrown by the oue perusal of the Assembly." Id. intervention of time, and which, p. 161. though it does not actually diminish Can any of your readers say what the force of the testimony in itself was a Tecta Bible. considered, causes it to press with less

IGNOTUS. force upon our minds, and leaves us at liberiy to neglect it if we please.

Dec. 22, 1816.
I am, Sir,

Your's, &c.

SHALL be thankful for informa-

an octavo rolume published in 1761, Dec. 20, 1816. anonymously, under the title of UniSir,

versal Restitution a Scripture Doctrine, THE following passage, very cre- was attributed to Stonehouse. By that of the Assembly, and no ill refutation of Matthews's Recorder. the calumny against them, in Lord The person designed is, ! appro Clarendon's History, I copy from hend, the same who is mentioned in Whitelock's Memorials, where it stands Hervey's Meditations. He died in as “a lily among the thorns,” amidst 1795, and is thus described in the stratagems of war and diplomacy, and N. Ann. Reg. of that year, (p. 14). “ hair-breadth 'scapes i' ihe imminent “ The Rev. Sir James' Stonehouse, deadly breach."

Bart. M.D. Rector of Great and Little “ The Assembly of Divines desired, Cheverell, Wilts." Was there a seby some of their brethren sent to cond edition of the book ? the house, that Mr. Patrick Young

- BREVIS. might be encouraged in the printing of the Greek Testament, much ex


Chichester, Jan. 3, 1817. be delivered from the bondage of cora YO VOUR Correspondent R. L. (XI. Tuption, being universally blessed with

700) has made it necessary for me the liberty of God's children, during a to occupy (with your permission) a long period of paradisaical happiness, surall space in the Repository with a in which the wicked who are dead defence of my interpretation of the shall not be partakers,” The" world," passages adiluced in the lectnre at in ver. 20 and 23, obviously means all Worship Street, on Nov. 28ih, to prove mankind in all ages ; in ver. 19 it canthat the final happiness of all men is a not possibly mean exclusively those fact predicted in Scripture. If I interpret who shall be living during the millenthe signature arighi, this is not the first nium, or be raised for its enjoyment: time that I have had to thank my. why then should it receive in ver. 21 friendly opponent for his favourable this limited and strange interpretation? opinion and useful suggestions. His The term occurs four times in as many Semarks and my sermon have however verses : twice it must mean mankind much the same fate, for I am not more universally. The writer seems to be convinced by the one than he was by speaking of the same thing throughout; the other. Our debate lies within a and nothing but the absolute absurdity very narrow compass. We agree in or evident falsehood of the position expecting ultimate universal fehcity, should prevent our being satisfied with and only difter as to the mode in which this plain declaration, that all “ made it is announced in Scripture. He be- subject to vanity" shall at length poslieves it as an “inferential doctrine," sess “ the glorious freedom of the while to me it seems to be promised children of God." R. L. agrees with explicitly. His remarks furnish one me in understanding this last phrase to presumptive argument in my favour. mean a state of purity and happiness. If the doctrine in question be" a most It is not “quíte a gratuitous assumprational conclusion from the known tion that the end in i Cor. xv. 24, sigcharacter. of the Deity, from the ob- nifies something beyond the resurrection served tendencies of Providence, and and the judgment.” Paul introduces from many very plain declarations of it as a subsequent period—“ AfterSeripture," it is highly probable that wards (sita, deinde, postea, deinceps, somewhere or other we shall find it SCHLEUSNER) will be the end.”. And expressly taught. I know of no tenet he assigns a reason for its not immewhich possesses such claims to the rank diately following the judgment, viz. of a Christian doctrine, and yet remains that Christ must reign till he have put unrecognized and unsanctioned by the all enemies under his feet, including direct assertion of Scripiure. It would the second death which awaits the be strange indeed that on so important wicked. The moral enemies of Christ a subject reason should speak plainly are death, sin, and misery: how, and revelation be profoundly silent. “ without torture," can then being

R. L. has dismissed Matt. xxv. 46, put down," mean any thing else but rather too hastily. On the term ren- the universality of life, holiness, and dered everlasting, we have no dispute: joy? While impurity and misery prebut he should have shewn that the vail in any part of his creation, how punishment here spoken of is indefinite, can the pure and blessed God be all and may be either corrective or vin- in all ? dictive. Simpson's Essays (Vol. I. p. 56) Phil. ii. 10, 11, is certainly a may perhaps convince him that xonaris claration of the glory conferred upon means not punishment in general, but Jesus Christ, in reward of his humility corrective punishment or chastisement. and obedience unto death ;" but there And if so, in what does asserting that are passages from which we may learn the wicked shall go into correction, that his reward was something more inflicted by hiin whose plans never fail, than being made the Judge of miundiffer froin asserting that they shall be kind. He was lifted up from the earth corrected ? The prediction of a re that he might draw all men unto him: formning process must be equivalent to he tasted death for every man: he died a prediction of its happy result, unless for all, for the wbole world. The Omnipotence can be baffled

condemnation, the sufferings, or even On Rom. vin. 19-23, it does not the unwilling homage of the wicke!, " suffice to say that the world itself may can be no recompense to his benevoleni

" de


mind, for having made exertions and expressions for a resurrection to endless endured death to promote their sal- misery, or to sufferings terminated by: vation. Nor can l' imagine how his annihilation. There is only one way sentencing them to their unwelcome in which a revival from the grave casa inisery, should induce them to bow be advantageons to those wlio are uneither at or in his name, or to confess fitted for pure enjoyment. The writer him Lord to the glory of God the Fa- must therefore have had the notion of ther. There is nothing in the text to their subsequent reformation in his mark the unwillingness of the liomaye, mind, and have intended by his lanor to distinguish it from that spiritual guage io produce it in the minds of his submission which (see Rom. x. 9) en- readers. titles to salvation.

Rev. iv. 13. John kuew that Christ 1 Tim. ii. 4 and 1 Tim. iv. 10, were was to possess unlimited spiritual donot, I believe, either of them adduced minion, and he was favoured with a by me, but they might have been, vision of its realization. The homage without injury to the cause I was paid both to God and Christ is obadvocating. As to the first, I prefer viously voluntary and grateful; and if the reading of the Improved Version, it be not strictly universal, language is Gol desireth all men to be saved, to unmeaning and useless. that of Macknight, recommended by I hope, Sir, enough has been said to R. L. for two reasons: 1. Desireth vindicate my quotations from the obexpresses more accurately than come jections of R. L. As my only object mandeth the force of the original verb, was to reply to his observations, I have and may be substituted in the very taken many things for granted, which, passages adduced by Macknight in to an oppugner of the doctrine of re. support of his rendering: 2. It agrees storation, would have required proof. better with the connexion. Paul ex

W. J. FOX. horts to offer prayer for all men, especially for kings and those in authority,

January 14th, 1817. because God desires all men to be

me that Dugald ransom for all. Those only to schon Is appears to

Stewart, in his Estimate of Barrow the gospel was preached were com- (XI. 695), has mistaken the meaning manded of God to repent, and they of that eminent divine, and accused were a very small proportion of the him of inconsistency where he has rulers and all men whose salvation is really committed none.. In the one prayed for by Christians, and desired passage, Barrow considers “ inordinate (therefore determined) by the Al- self-love as the inain ingredient, and mighty. The other passage must pass common source of our evil disposifor a similar or stronger assertion of the tions;" in the other, he observes that doctrine in question, unless it can be “ reason prescribes to us a sober regard shewn (which I very much doubt) that to our welfare, a self-love, which combelievers are, or were in the apostolic mon sense cannot but allow and apage, more specially, preserved from prove." Is not this saying, in other adversity, danger, and death, than un- words, that mankind, even when their believers

end to benefit themselves, do not Three other passages were introduced always listen to the dictates of reason in the sermon, which, as my friend has and 'pursue the right means.

But not noticed them, I will just mention. where is the inconsistency of this as

Matt. xxviii. 18. The power, au- sertion? The inconsistency of the conthority, or dominion of Christ, is duct every man will allow, even while purely spiritual. It is the reign of he practises it. Many of your readers holy and benignanţ principles in the must be conversant with Barrow's heart. Its universality (here asserted) Works, and some one of them would, consists, and will be realized, in the perhaps, oblige me, through the meunbounded prevalence of goodness and dium of your Repository, by pointing felicity.

out the inaccuracy complained of, if it Rom. v. 12—21. Resurrection and really exists. În the propositions everlasting life are here predicted as brought forward by the Professor, 1 universal Hessings. Grace," "the can perceive nothing contradictory, gift of grace," " the free gift,” are odd




* SIR,

Jan. 2, 1817.

with their notions of the nature of the THOUGH it is perhaps seldom human will, and the laws which they words in asserting or disclaiming a Both have their philosophy of the name, there is one appellative which mind, and their religious views difier has been coupled with the name of as their philosophy differs. Christians, that I should be sorry to It is honourable to the creed of see grow into frequent use:-1 allude the Unitarian, and presumptive of its to the term Philosophical Christians. truth, that it is distinguished from the If by it nothing more is meant than more popular forms of faith, by into describe that part of the Christian difference to every hypothesis of the world which has received the Christian powers and laws of the human mind. revelation), not from deference to au- It asks no aid, it professes no alliance ihority, or in compliance with custom, with any metaphysical speculation. The but as a conviction of the judgment, facts upon which it is built remain the result of inquiry carried on with the same, the great events to which philosophical circumspection, the name it points are equally the objects of can do neither good nor harm. Let hope or fear, whether the soul of the unbeliever shew if he can that he man be material or immaterial, wheis a better philosopher in rejecting the will determine itself or be deterChristianity, than the believer is in mined by causes out of itself, whether receiving it. But if by the term be the moral nature of man resule from intended to describe a body of Christ- his intellectual nature alone, or dejans, contradistinguished from all their pend upon a distinct faculty, a moral brethren, by entertaining views of sense. All that he believes as Christian doctrine more consonant Christian is well-attested historical with philosophy than those of other fact; all that he as a Christian exChristians, it is a name of bad omen, pects beyond the grave he expects and one which those who hold the solely on the ground of well attested gospel in its simplest form, should facts. His faith has no necessary least of all men choose for themselves. connection with any hypothesis of the Christianity has not fared so well in human mind, which men have lathe hands of philosophers, that any of boured either to establish or to exits professors should affect the appella- plode; it can exist either with them tion of philosophical Christians. The or without them : it requires only that interested craft of priests has scarcely man possess a moral nature, and be done greater disservice to the Christian a fit subject of a moral government; cause, than the temerity and subtlety of and that he is such a creature is matphilosophical expounders of the faith. ter of daily experience, a fact which The first great corruption of the religion demands no confirmation, and which of Christ was effected by men who fears no diminution of proof from any were disciples of Plato, and ventured philosophical hypothesis whatsoever. to form an unhallowed combination It has, however, happened that many of the dreams of their master of philo- believe, and more affect to believe, sophy, with the doctrine of the great that there is an intimate, and almost teacher of religion sent from God. necessary connection between the For many centaries the philosophy of Unitarian faith and certain metaAristotle was received in the schools physical doctrines, those particularly with implicit faith, and it was necessary of materialism and philosophical néto interpret the Christian Scriptures, cessity. This will not appear surwhen they were interpreted at all, in prising when it is recollected, that consistency with the precepts of that these words have always carried dread philosophy. From the æra of the is and odium with them; and that Dr. formation to the present day it has Priestley, who pursued fearlessiy, been but too plain, that the two great wherever he thought the traces of . divisions of the Protestant Church have truth were visible, was led by his ineach its philosophical hypothesis, with quiries to embrace the unpopular side which their systein of theology must in metaphysics, as well as in theology. be made to accord. The followers of It is also true, that many of his theCalvin and Arminius have shaped their ological followers, more probably than religious creed respectively in conformity of any other class of Christians, have


embraced the Doctor's philosophical reasoning, in the consciousness or in tenets, some, it may be, swayed by the philosophy, let the philosopher the authority of such a name, and determine. 'The Christian, and more many, charmed by the comprehension than all others, the Unitarian Christof his views, or convinced by the ian, may, if he will, be a spectator power of his arguments. It ought of the field without mingling in the however to be known and acknow. strife. ledged, that the simple form of Christ

L. ianity which is maintained Unitarians, requires no concomitant me

Dover, Jan. 10, 1817. taphysical creed, and that whether ON reading the letter signed A F. given them by enemies, or acknow. in your last Number, (Vol. XI. p. ledged by friends, its application is 715,) I was led to the conclusion not appropriate. Among them as that your Correspondent was either among other Christians there may be not brought up in the true Unitarian men, who are philosophers as well as school or that he was not much acChristians, but they know nothing of quainted with the old General Bapphilosophical Christianity. It is unne tist body. cessary to burthen their religious belief It has not unfrequently been acwith the difficulties that may appear knowledged that the Unitarian soto be yoked with any system of moral, ciety in its infancy was nursed in the or mental philosophy: Let the will cradle of the General Baptist con. of man be free ; to vindicate the hy- nection, that its missionaries are and · pothesis from absurdity is not more have been with scarcely an exception, incumbent upon

them than upon General Baptist ministers, that the other men, for any thing that they General Baptists have not only receive or reject as Unitarians. Let preached and otherwise promoted crery, act of the will be necessary; Unitarian principles, but have and do that it is so is not more implied in many of them contribute to its funds, their belief, than in that of every and that even those societies which other body of Christians; and if this hold with what is called strict coinhypothesis appear to be at variance munion, are in the habit of inviting with the moral nature and responsi- and receiving Unitarian ministers, bility of man, they are not obliged (and those too who reject aduli Bapto reconcile them by any thing in tism) into their families, societies and their creed, which distinguishes it pulpits

. If this which has so often from the orthodox faith, It may be been admitted by respectable Pædotrue, that philosophical necessity is baptist Unitarians be trưe, and if with demonstrable by reason ; it may also the knowledge of these circumstances, be true, that our moral feelings are A. F. shall adhere to his former resa all such as they should be on the sup- lution, will not his conduct savour of position that we are strictly speaking something unknown to the enlightthe authors of our own actions, or ened, liberal and highly respectable that they have their origin within ns, body to which he professes to belong? independently of determination from

M. B. without; and that they are such as P.S. A. F. is referred to an article they should not be on the supposition which appeared in the Repository for that we act only as we are acted upon, June, 1815, Vol. X. p. 320. and that though agents in name we are in fact but instruments. It may SIR, Plymouth, Nov. 1816. be true, that though we reason thus is natural for men who enjoy it is not thus we feel in the consciousness of good or evil. We feel self- over those few. Actuated by this approbation, and disapprobation; wé principle, I went a short time since to feel complaceney and remorse ;, we proffer my vote for a county member feel as it is right we should feel, if we in the character of a Dissenting minisare independent agents. Either there- ter who receives the rent of a freehold fore out moral feelings, or our logical estate. My vote was rejected as I conclusions are wrong; but whether expected it would be; but I gained the error be in our feelings or our what I went for, a perfect knowledge

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