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sometimes misrepresents, but it ap- have constant occasion to complain : pears to be only because he miscon- and there is no person, with whose ceives; and though it is much to be writings we are acquainted, who, in lamented, both on his own account, this respect, has sinned more deeply and for the sake of truth, that his against the law of justice and charity imagination has not been more under than Mr. Wardlaw. The truth of the controul of his reason, and his ex this accusation, which, if the heat of pressions more moderate and chastised; controversy and the thirst for victory. yet we sincerely believe, he has too shall bave left in his bosom any room much integrity and piety to be guilty for the operation of the feelings of a of any thing approaching to disinge. generous mind or of a sincere Chrisnuousness and falsehood.
tian, he will be most anxious to repel ner towards his opponent personally, iust, we think, appear evident to is in general tolerably respectful; and ever unprejudiced person, who atif not altogether such as a gentleman, tends to the manner in which he has a scholar and a Christian has a right spoken of the regard which Unitarians to expect from another, it is, at least, pay to the Scriptures. He has availed an approximation to it, and most bimself of the ignorance, the prejuhappy should we be to hail it as the dices and the fears of his hearers, in commencement of a new mode of con order to fill them with horror of Uniducting this controversy.
tarianism; we do not say, knowing There are moments when an inge. that his representations would convey nuous mind must feel deeply mortified to them false impressions, bui cer
and humbled at having given repre- tainly less auxious about the truth • sentations of the opinions of its oppo- than the effect of his statements.
nent which are less cousistent with the truth than serviceable to a par (To be concluded in the next No.] ticular cause. Of the injustice which results from this partial statement and false colouring of facts, Unitarians
SONNET TO FREEDOM
From the Portuguese of Theodoro
Souza Maidonado. (From the Monthly Magazine for May, 1817.)
Come Muse,-come with me to the gloomy Immortal Genius of my native land!
cell, That gave to Hampden's breast its daunt Where death and darkness in communion less ire,
dwell, And bade his soul intrepidly withstand Where the damp floor with human wrecks The brunt of evil power-and then ex is spread ; pire;
And the loose pillar's made, Leaving his fame in glory to expand, Of undistinguished fragments of the And rouse in patriot hearts the slumber dead, ing fire !
Decaying and decay'd. Deign e'en on me thy boly heam to shed, For clad in thy pure light my soul shall Daughter of memory!—tremble not, but shine,
come, Honour'd on earth, and worthy of the skies; See rude destruction's triumphs ;-read the,
doom And fit me one dear dangerous path to
Of the proud pageantry of this vain tread,
world; To add one more to Freedom's deathless line;
The captive's fetters, and the mo
narch's crown, Haply to fall a martyr'd sacrifice ;Should such illustrious destiny be mine,
The rich, the poor, the conqueror
and the clown, O be thou with me when my spirit flies.
All in a pile of general ruin hurl’d.
Go, weigh that dust, inquirer !-and de. In naked majesty-and earth is strew'd elare
With temples that have frowu'd from ages Its once-possessor in earth's vanished rude sphere
The gorgeous tomb of reason—though the What!-is it equal all ?-In that vast plea hear
Of sacred thoughts and deep antiquity All that remains of sages, saints and Should touch thy bosom in its kindliest slaves,
mood! In one promiscuous mound all-blendedThose guilty towers are creatures of a span; sleep ;
Are not the clouds borne freely on the Thou canst not trace distinctions in
breeze, their graves!
The everlasting hills and roaring sea The arch of victory,—the triumphal car,
And the blue heavens' immortal majesty, The fane of peace,—the pomp, the pride And high-born beatings of the heart of inan
Of holier birth and older far than these ? Lie mingled there in dark and dull de
II. cay; Come, muse on nature's general To the Spanish Patriots in Prison.
funeral ! Nought left but ashes, dust and clods of Think not unconquer'd heroes! that ye sigh clay
In vain within your dungeons ;-not a pain All, all is o'er;~'ris past,—'tis That such as ye endure is sent in vain, perished all!
And not a gleam of fortitude can die!
No! these shall kindle in the peasant's eye Victors and vanquished, there coufounded
A lightening such as in the times of old
Shook mightiest tyrants-they shall all be The prisoner finds eternal liberty,
told And death's cold chains have bound In each sweet vale and vinc-encompass'd
the free ; Where are the wise—the Platos of their And the young voice of cherub infancy, day?
Trembling with new-born ecstacies, shall sing The beautiful,--in all their soft array? Your deeds within their fathers' hearts en. Involved with meaner dust in com
rollid, mon destiny !
And your mild dignity of suffering ; All holy Virtue! child of heavenly clime! Till the glad voice of renovated Spain, Thou liv'st amidst the wrecks of earth and Give to your virtues glory manifold. time,
III. Thou only—and thy influence can give
Brightness to night,--and ecstacy to To the South American Patriots.
gloom, Can wake the dead, and bid the dying Think not updaunted champions! that the live, And with immortal radiance fill the With all its waves can part us from the tomb!
In which you struggle;—that 'neath En.
glish laws SONNETS
We sit in cold and mute tranquillity, Supplementary to Wordsworth's Sonnets When mightiest nations combat to be free. to Liberty.
No! we are form’d of one celestial blood, I.
The children of one Sire; and we have () thou who lov'st o'er ancient times to stood, brood
For freedom's cause in earth's Thermopyle!' With fondest retrospection-do not weep E'en nature mingles feelings from afar When freedom starts from her inglorious The ocean, and the winds, and clouds are sleep
free, It is almost needless to observe, that he done so, it may readily, be believed, the the author of these Sonnets deprecates all author would liave been contented to adcomparison with those of the great poet wire. But he is silent; and there are whom he has endeavoured to imitate. Iy sume feelings, which, by the power of their deed, he knows of no compositions of a own enthusiasmi, force thuse to give them similar kind, in this or any other language, utterance who are most incompetent to do which, for majestic simplicity and natural them justice. Thus it is with the writer of grandeur, equal the Sonnets of Wordsworth. these Sonnets the only apology for which He only regrets, that this great poet has not must be, the strength of the emotions by chosen the subjects of these effusions for which they were prompted. the exercise of bis elevated powers. Had
And the unbridled coursers of the sun, The last dread footsteps of ascending God, And the sweet moon and every silent star, Are yet imprinted-through whose boundAll that both Continents can look upon
less plains Breathe, with one deathless voice, of Li- Flow ocean-rivers with their million rills, BERTY!
Should rest beneath an earth-born desput's IV.
T. N. T.
Temple, 18th June, 1817.
On Mr. Robert Southey's Letter to By low inheritors of ancient crime! . It is not to be thought that realms sublime,
W. Smith, Esq. M.P. Where berds untam'd for countless years
Thus the veer'd Lanreate of our time, have stray'd,
So juicy ripe for royal rhyme, Through vales by mortal rovers never trod; His lofty praise rehearses ; Where forests have frown'd on in lasting
“ What's the good friend of Liberty, shade,
The Patriot, Senator, to me? While thrones bave sunk and empires have
Great I have written verses !” decay'd;
R. F. Lands-on the viewless summits of whose Kidderminster, May 19th, 1817.
Mr. ALEX. HUTCHISON,
Mr. JOHN TODHUNTER.
Dr. Pbilipps, of Sheffield, was reported The anniversary of this Society was held
to have engaged to preach at the next An. on Wednesday, the 28th of May, in the niversary. A resolution was passed of chapel, Parliament Court, Artillery Lane.
warm thanks to Mr. Wright, now labour. Divine service was introduced by the Rev. ing as a missionary in Scotland; and an. Mr. Hutton, of Walthamstow; the Rev. Dr. other resolution related to the loss sustained Morell offered the general prayer; and the by the Society since the last Anniversary sermon was preached by the Rev. W. J. in the death of the Rev. W. Vidler: it was Fox, the minister of the chapel. The con
as follows, “ That the thanks of the Society gregation was numerous and the collection
be given to the minister and managers of nearly equal to that of any former year.-- this chapel, for the use of it on the present A very great impression was made upon occasion; and that the Society cannot pass the audience by Mr. Fox's eloqucnt vindi. by the present opportunity of expressing cation of the Society, and one of the first their sympathy with the congregation, here motions ou the Society being formed, was assembling, on the melancholy event of the for a vote of thanks to the preacher, united death of their late revered pastor, the Rev. with a request that he would lay his sermon W. Vidler, who was from the first, the corbefore the public. The Treasurer’s Report dial friend, the zealous supporter, and, as announced an increased experiditure during occasion served, the able missionary, of the the last year, owing chiefly to the sums
Unitarian Fund, and whose praise is in the contributed to various chapels. Au ah. churches; but that at the same time they stract of the Committee's Report, which congratulate the congregation on the good. was of considerable length, designed for
ness of Divine Providence, in raising up separate publication and will appear in this for them a successor to their late revered work. The following gentlemen were friend, animated by the same spirit, pledged chosen into office for the year ensuing, viz. to the same cause and already distinguished
JOHN CHRISTIE, Esq. 'Treasurer. by his talents, his zeal and his success.” REV. R. ASPLAND, Secretary.
The annual meeting of the Gorernors of Committee.
the Unitarian Acuaemy was afterwards Mr. BAILEY,
held in the chapel, of which we hope to Mr. EATON,
receive the parti zilars. Three students Rev. W.J. FOX,
leave the academy this year, in order to Rev. J. GILCHRIST,
accept churches, Mr. S. HART,
The subscribers and friends to the Fund Mr. DAVID TAYLOR,
afterwards dined together at the Loudon Mr. RICHARD TAYLOR.
Tavern, in numbes Three Hundred and
Fight, Mr. Rutt in the Chair. The usual commenced. The letters from some of the sentiments were proposed to the company churches contained a cheering account of and expatiated upon with great spirit and increasing numbers and unabated zeal. eloquence. The Chairman paid a hand- The increase on the whole, however, apsome panegyrical tribute to the memory of peared not to have been great since the last the late Mr. Vidler. The bealth of the Assembly; but the Sunday Schools belonge preacher was received by the company ing to some of the congregations were dewith great enthusiasm. Mr. Wright was scribed as being well attended, and as being not forgotten though he was absent: allu- apparently very beneficial in their influ- . sións were of necessity made by various gentlemen to the case of his brother, now, The Committee, appointed by the Assemunder prosecution for Blasphemy. The bly three years ago, in their Report, reiterconcluding address of the Chairman was ated the advice they had given in the last affecting, from the review which it took year's Proceedings--the necessity of estaof years gone by, and of former associates blishing a fellowship fund in each congrewho rest each one from his labours, and gation, to afford every professor, however from the expression which it contained of limited his pecuniary resources might be, certain anticipations of time future, which an opportunity of contributing his mite to. in the vicissitudes and uncertainties of life wards the support of the sacred cause of may well excite the tenderest feelings of a truth and righteousness. This advice, it social being
appeared, had not been given in vain; for, The meeting was distinguished by the several of the churches have made collecgreatest order and harmony; in relation to tions, and in their letters expressed their which too much praise cannot be given to full conviction of the propriety of the adtbe Stewards.
vice, and the necessity of acting in con
formity with it. General Baptist Assembly.
About four o'clock, the ministers and
their friends baving retired to the White On Whit-Tuesday, May 27th, the Annual Hart Inn, Bishopsgate Street, sat down, Assembly of the Old General Baptists was nearly sixty in number, to an economical held, as usual, in the Meeting-house, Wor- dinner. Mr, Kingsford, the preacher for ship Street, London. The Elders and Re- the day, was called to the chair; and after presentatives of the churches in connexion the cloth was removed, several pertinent with the Assembly, who were present, were sentiments were given. In the course of about as numerous as at former Assemblies. the evening these sentiments called forth After the letters from the churches, con- some animated speeches, which were chataining cases for the consideration of the racterized by that love of free inquiry, on meeling, or detailing the present state of theological subjects, in the exercise of the several congregations had been read, which the Old General Baptists have, the public service commenced.
perhaps, never come bebind their fellowMr. Evans, of Islington, desirous of christians ; hy universal philanthropy, and shewing his respect to his old friends whom consequently by a marked disapprobation he had so often met on the same occasion, of every infringement of the natural rights, though still greatly afflicted, was present whether civil or religious, of their fellow. and opened the service by reading the countrynen, or of their brethren of man. Scriptures and giving out the hymns. The kind at large. devotional service was conducted by Mr.
G.S. Smallfield, and an appropriate discourse was delivered by Mr. Kingsford, of Canter. bury. The preacher's text was a part of
Kent General Buptist Churches. Matthew xi. 19, Learn of me. These The Annual Association of the Kent words were illustrated by a reference to General Baptist Churches, was held this numerous traits in the character of Jesus year at Cranbrook, May 6th. An appro. Christ, shewing its superlative excellence, priate discourse was delivered by Mr. and the suitableness of his example for the Pound, of Dover, to a respectable audi. imitation of ministers in particular, and After the public service, the busiprofessors generally. The preacher in an ness of the Association commenced-when especial manner insisted on the duty as well Mr. Sampson Kingsford, was unanimously as inalienable right of private judgment, called to the Chair. and strennously enforced the exercise of Amongst other things, an interesting charity on the avowed admirers of the meek- conversation took place relative to a list of ness and gentleness of the greatest of theological questions, which had been Teachers, though he was instructed im- drawn up by recommendation of the last mediately by his God and Father, the year's Association. These questions were Fountain of Truth.
chiefly designed for the use of young peo. Soon after the public service was con- ple, to excite and promote a spirit of free eluded, the business of the Assembly re- inquiry. The plan of a Benefit Society
having also, at the request of the last As- to all men, that I might by all means save sociation, been drawn up by Mr. Michael some:" the latter, in the absence of the Kingsford, of Canterbury, was, by that gentleman who was to have officiated, by gentleman, printed and laid before the the Rev. James Hews Bransby, of Dudley, meeting. This plan, which had been care- on the efficacy of the faithful preaching of fully arranged, appeared to meet general the gospel, from 1 Thess. ii. 13, “ For this approbation; and particularly as it seems cause also thank we God without ceasing, (to use Mr. Kingsford's own words),“ likely because when ye received the word of God, to prove to them (its members) a stimulus which ye heard of us, ye received it not as to early habits of industry and economy, the word of men, but (as it is in truth) the and to promote in them a uniform attention word of God: which effectually worketh to public worship, and an habitual con- also in you that believe." nexion with our churches, whose incum- Mr. Kentish ihns concluded his dis. bent duty it will be to strengthen every course : * The grand extremes against good and virtuous disposition in them, which, as Christian ministers, we must and to watch over and guard them against guard, in our deportment, are considerable any impropriety of conduct, the inexpe- seclusion from the world, and indiscrimirience of youib may expose them to.” nate association with mankind : habitual
The friends dined at the George Inn, and singularity and habitual accommodation. afterwards took tea with the ladies in the Our intelligent and affectionate hearers may charel; and harmony prevailed throughout well complain of us, if we shun their so
ciety as though it were pestilential : yet In the evening a large party retired to we shall as naturally and deservedly incur the above inn to supper, and spend a little their censure, if we do not make a wise time in friendly conversation. When the division of our time, between the retirement cloth was removed, it was suggested, as the of the closet and the engagements of active myst interesting mode of spending the time, life. to adapt a subject for general discussion, " We cannot, in the apostolic sense, bewhich appearing to meet the approbation come all things to all men, unless we be of the company, the following question true, at the same time, to our religious was proposed :
principles and character. Our situation Upon what principle can the cause of requires, if I mistake not, a happy union Christianity be injured by free, unlimited of integrity and candour, of zeal and cirinquiry?
cumspection and benevolence. Even if This subject called forth many excellent we cannot wholly escape reproach from an remarks from numerous speakers, when, ill-judging world, may this reproach, how. after a discussion of more than two hours, ever, fall on us only in respect of the law the chairman in closing the debate re- of our God. Yet as knowledge and piety marked, that he was happy in recognising increase, every tendency to persecution will in the sentiments of that company the cha- le discountenanced; and the Protestant racteristic of the Old Unitarian General Dissenting Minister, who, without surrenBaptist Body, which had so long and so dering or compromising his secular rights, nobly advocated the cause of free inquiry devotes himself entirely to his office, will in matters of religion. Several gentlemen not fail of possessing the esteem of those in the course of the debate were particu. whose esteem is praise. larly anxious to impress the idea that, “ Seldom bave we perceived a man who although inquiry ought to be free and in- exhibited, in a higher degree, a just supeshackled, that yet it should be pursued riority to the world, while he mixed with with a prudent attention to times and cir- various classes of its inhabitants, for their cumstances.
benefit, than an excellent minister, * whose B. M. name and whose memory we cannot but
associate very intimately with the recurDudley Double Lecture. rence of this yearly lecture. His place
knoweth him no more : and those anticipaOn Whit-Tuesday, May 27, 1817, the tions of his dismissal from our earth, which, Annual Meeting of Ministers, denominated, three years since he here expressed, † “The Double Lecture,” took place at Dud- have been fully realized. Perhaps, howley. The Rev. James Scott, of Cradley, ever, it may not be so generally known conducted the devotional service. Two that from this pulpit, and as on this day, he sermons were preached : the former by the
once illustrated the nature, and urged the Rev John Kentish, of Birmingham, on the claims of Christian candour, in circum degree in which a Christian minister may lawfully conform to the sentiments, the practices, the circumstances, the prejudices The Rev. Benjamin Carpenter, of and the infirmities of those around him :- Old Swinford. from 1 Cor. ix, 22, “ I am made all things + See Monthly Repository, IX.511.