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the invitation of being their Pastor." thus degraded, insulted and punished, P. 355, Note. “ When Mr. Emlyn for no other crime than that of mere came first to Lowestoft, (in 1689. he difference in opinion, is a spectacle had not adopted those religious prin- that would wound even the feelings ciples which afterward proved to him of an Infidel !. Nevertheless, it af. a source of the heaviest afflictions." P. fords one consolation-it demonstrates 359.“ It was during his residence there how greatly the benign and liberal that reading Dr. Sherlock's piece upon influences of our most holy religiou the Trinity, he first began to enter- have diffused themselves since the tain some scruples concerning the re. Jast century, and that the unchristian ceived doctrine in that poiut of faith." spirit of persecution is now almąst Ib. Note. .« Here also he contracted a , wholly extirpated." close and intimate acquaintance with The history was published about Mr. William Manning (there were the year 1790,, in quarto, but the several of that name in Suffolk, as the copy before me wants the title page. Rev. Samuel Manning, of Walpole, Mr. G. carried on a friendly deformerly of Emanuel College, Cam- bate with the Rev. Thomas Harmer, bridge), a Nonconformist Minister, of Wattesfield, in this county, on the at Peasenhall, in this county, and time Jeşus continued on the cross, corresponded with him duriug Mr. which, through the favour of a muManning's life. As they both were of tual friend, I had once an opporan inquisitive temper, they frequently tunity of perușing. ,Mr. G.'s account conferred together upon the highest of the Dissenters at Lowestoft might mysteries of religion, and Dr. Sher- prove an acceptable article for your

lock's book upon the Trinity became valuable Miscellany." : a stumbling block to both. Manning

S.S.T. even became a Socinian, and strove - hard to bring his friend into those opi. Brief History of the Dissenters from nions, but Mr. Emlyn could never be

the Revolution. made to doubt either of the pre-exist [Continued from p. 203.] engte Gouvereated the material world BUTisten tentu samhetlast bestemt res by him." P. 361. “ We have an account Anne, was the bill to prevent the

lating to religion in the reign of Queen of one Mr. Mavning, who was an occasional preacher at Lowestoft, in the senters were prohibited from teaching

growth of schism, by which all Dislatter end of the reign of Charles II.,

any schools, and it was enacted that or in the time of his brother James, if any schoolmaster or tutor should but who this person was does not ap. be willingly present at any conventicle pear. · I think it not improbable but

or assembly of Dissenters for religious . he was the Rev. Mr. Manning, of Peasenhall, mentioned above, (see months imprisonment, and be dis

worship, he should suffer three note, p. 359) who was the intimate qualified from teaching school for .. friend of Mr. Emlyu.”

the future. This was brought in by Mr. Gillingwater was a native of the tory ministry, who now, under Lowestoft, and settled in business at the direction of Lord Bolingbroke, Harleston, in Norfolk, where he died had gained possession of the governa few years ago. He was a man of ment, and who were endeavouring to research, ingenuity, good sense, and take measures for placing the Preliberality towards those who differed tender on the throne. These meafrom him in sentiment and mode of worship, (he being strongly attached the death of the Queen, on the very

sures, however, were frustrated by to the church by law established,) day on which the act to prevent the as his history evidences, which is more growth of schism was to have been free from a party spirit than the gene- carried into execution, and by the rality of local histories. Many quota- succession of George 1., the first of tions might be adduced in proof of it, but one may suffice. After relating We shall be glad to receive this acthe sufferings of Mr. Emlyn, for con count from any correspondent possessing science' sake, p. 360, note," To be- the work and willing to extract the pas. holda learned, sensible and pious divine sage.


the present royal family. One of the tled For the Suppression of Blasphemy first acts of his reign was to repeal the and Profaneness, but containing many persecuting laws, which had been persecuting clauses, and re-enacting passed in the reigri of his predecessor. the worst parts of the bill against In the second year of his reign the Occasional Conformity. It was supTories raised a rebellion in favour of ported by several bishops, but was the Pretender. On this occasion the rejected. On this occasion the Earl Dissenters distinguished themselves of Peterborough said, that he was for by their attachment to the present a parliamentary king, but not for å royal family. Two of their ministers parliamentary God, or a parliamentary in Lancashire particularly deserve to religion; aud should the House debe mentioned. Mr. Wood, minister clare for one of this kind, he would of Chowbent, and Mr. Turner, mi- go to Rome and endeavour to be nister of a chapel in Walton, near chosen a cardinal, for he had rather Preston, who placed themselves at sit in the conclave than with their the head of the young men of their lordships upon those terms. About respective congregations, and joined this time the disputes about the the royal army, to the easy success Trinity, which had been excited by of whose operations their efforts very the writings of Whiston and Clarke, materially contributed, and for their began to shew their effects among exertions they received the thanks of the Dissenters. While they had the general. Many other Dissenters been carried on in the church, whose took commissions, and contributed ministers are confined to an estavery much to the ease with which blished liturgy and to established the rebellion was suppressed. By articles, they had had little effect, these acts, however, they had rendered but among the Dissenting ministers, themselves liable to all the penaltics of who were not under these restraints the Test Act, but the government from freedom of inquiry, their effect passed an act of iudemuity for them : was great. It was, however, princian act of pardon for having assisted pally apparent among the Presbyin suppressing the rebellion; an act of terians. The Dissenters who went pardon for having been main instru- under that denomination, which in ments in preserving the government! England was a mere name, had no Can any argument prove more clearly church-government among them, and than this simple fact, the folly and no one was excluded from them on absurdity of the Test Act, and the account of thinking more freely than injury which it must produce to the the rest of the congregation; but country? Whenever that law is exe among the lodependents, any one cuted, it deprives the nation of the who should express doubts concernbenefit which it might derive from ing the truth of orthodox opinions was the exertion of the talents of some of prevented from atteuding at the the best men in it; and if on this Lord's supper, or from having any occasion it had been put in force, share in the concerns of the congrethese men must have been punished gation. This church-government, by for having assisted the government, which they certainly forfeit their and rendered the suppression of the claim to the title of consistent Dis. rebellion much more easy and speedy senters, still remains among those than it otherwise would have been who call themselves Independents, In the year 1717, Dr. Hoadly, but who are in fact, on this account, Bishop of Bangor, a great favourite far less independent than those who with George I., having published a are styled Presbyterians, and it has Sermon on the Nature of the Kingdom bad the effect of restraining freedom of Christ, which was very favourable of religious inquiry both among their to Dissenters, the Lower House of ministers and people, and of keeping Convocation censured it in very severe them strict Calvinists. The first place terms. The King put a stop to their where the effect of doubts concerning proceedings by a prorogation, and the Trinity began to appear among since that time no more Convocations the Presbyterians, was at Exeter, of the clergy have been called in this where Mr. Pierce left the old chapel, country. In the year 1721, a bill was and established a new congregation brought into the House of Lords, inti on Arian principles. The Devonshire



ministers at that time held a kind of Jesus, which always spoke the truth, annual synod, which assumed great say his Father is the only true God, authority, and disowned Mr. Pierce who is he and who are they, that from all connexion with the other dare set up another in contradiction ministers. Now, however, both these to my blessed Lord, who says his chapels in Exeter are occupied by Father is the only true God?" And Unitarians, as are most of the con- here he stopped to see if any would gregations whose ministers formed answer, but none of the spoke. He that synod.* At tbe same time with then warned the people not to take Mr. Pierce, a few other Arian minis- their religious sentiments from men, ters were obliged to leave their situa- but from God. The judge asked him, tions. Among them was Mr. Foster, if he had ever consulted any of the who removed to London, and was bishops. He said he had exchanged afterwards celebrated by Pope in the several letters with the Archbishop of well known lines,

Canterbury, but had received no sa“Let modest Foster, if he will, excel

tisfaction; “ for in all the letters I sent to Ten metropolitans in preaching well."

the Archbishop," said he," I grounded He has left behind him four volumes my arguments upon the words of God of very admirable sermons.

and his prophets, Christ and his apos

From this period the Arian doctrines spread referred me to acts of parliament: and

tles, but in his answers to me, he rapidly among the more learned of the Dissenting ministers. . The doc. should be so weak as to turn me over

whereas I told him, I wondered he trine of the simple humanity of Jesus to human authority in things of a dihad yet but "few supporters, but vine nature; for though in all things among them must be reckoned the learned Dr. Lardner, himself a host of a temporal nature I will be subject The last year of George the First's Lord's sake, yet in things of a spiritual

to every ordinance of man for the reign was distinguished by the trial of Mr. Elwall, for publishing a book will call no man Father upou earth, nor

nature, and which concern my faith, I intitled, “ A True Testimony for God and his Sacred Law, being a plain regard popes or councils

, prelates or honest Defence of the First Command. priests of any denomination, nor conment of God against all the Trini: but obey to the best of my judgment,

vocations nor assemblies of divines, tarians ouder Heaven. Thou shalt have no other Gods but me." For God and his prophets, Christ and his this he was prosecuted at the Staf. apostles.”, ford assizes, in the year 1726. No to write on this subject again, but this

The judge wished him to promise not copy of the indictment had been he nobly and spiritedly refused to do. given him, and the judge offered to Then the judge laying hold of some put off the trial, if he would give informalities in the proceedings against bail, but he refused and desired li him, declared bim at liberty, and the berty to plead. This being given, after pleading many texts from the priests perceiving his boldness and the Old Testament, he told them that temper of the bench to favour him, did our Lord Jesus Christ, the Prophet though certainly Mr. Elwall was le

not choose to renew the prosecution, like to Moses, held forth the same doctrine that Moses had done, and gally liable to three years' imprisonparticularly mentioned, as very re

ment and outlawry. This is the last markable and worthy of all their trial which has taken place on the observation, the words which are

laws against Unitariats. A few pro. recorded in John xvii. S, that Christ secutions of this nature have heen used in solemn prayer to his Pather, attempted since, but they have been “This is life eternal to know thee the The laws, however, on which those

frustrated before they came into court. only true God, and Jesus the Christ whom thou hast sent;" and then prosecutions were founded, remained turning to the priests his prosecutors, a disgrace to the statute book of this he said, “Since the lips of the blessed country till the year 1813, when they

were repealed. Mr. Elwall published * Can any of your Devonshire corre- an account of his trial, which has been spondents gire us a more particular ac- often reprinted and is well known. The count of this synod ?

beginning of the reigu of George the

Second was distinguished by the pro- nominal, we shall become more genesecution of au unbeliever of the name rally serious and real Christians. Each of Woolston, for having written a book of which advantages will be a large against the miracles of Jesus. Of all step towards a complete and final victhe books which have been written tory." These arguments of Dr. Lardner against Christianity, this is the most fully prove, that it is a great disadfutile, the most utterly devoid of any vantage to Christianity for any one, reasoning, which can impose for a mo either of any Christian sect or of the ment even on the weakest understand. opposers of Christianity, to be either ing. It is therefore a great pity that, by prevented from publishing his opi, his prosecution and imprisonment, an nions, or punished for doing so, and opportunity was afforded to unbelievers that the fullest and freest discussion to say, that they have stronger argu- possible must be most favourable to ments than any that are published, the real truths of the gospel. In the but that they dare not print them for year 1736, an ineffectual attempt was fear of being prosecuted. Such an made in Parliament for the repeal of the assertion must indeed appear, as it Test and Corporation Acts. The mireally is, very absurd, when we con nister, Sir Robert Walpole, not wishsider that such men as Hume and ing this attempt to be repeated, sent Gibbon have written against Chris- for some of the principal of the London tianity without being molested; but ministers, and in order to induce them it is a pity that any pretence should not to renew their application to Par. have been given for such an assertion, liament, promised them an annual by the prosecution of any unbelievers. grant of 2000 pounds, which they The words of Dr. Lardner, the most might distribute as they pleased among able and learned defender of the truth their brethren. This grant has been of Christianity that has ever appeared, continued ever since, under the title in his answer to Mr. Woolston, are of the Regium Donum. It is given to very deserving of consideration :-" If such of the London ministers as the men should be permitted among us to government choose, and they distribute go on delivering their sentiments freely it according to their own pleasure. A in matters of religion, and to propose great number, however, of the Distheir objections to Christianity itself

, senters decline receiving any thing from I apprehend we have no reason to be it, considering it, as it certainly is, an in pain for the event. On the side of abandonment of their principles to reChristianity I expect to see, as hitherto, ceive such a bribe. Very few, I bethe greatest share of learning, good lieve, of the Unitarians have disgraced sense and fairness of disputation, which themselves by accepting it. In Ireland things, I hope, will be superior to low this Regium Donum is much greater ridicule, false argument and misrepre- than in England, and has had a great sentation. And suppose the contest effect in keeping up the Presbyterian should last for some time, its effect form of church government, and in supwill be that we shall all better under pressing free religious inquiry among stand our Bibles. Possibly some errors the Dissenters in that country, where may be mixed with our faith, which by even yet, a zealous Unitarian minister this means may be separated, and our would probably be disowned by every faith become more pure. Being more Presbytery in the island, and conseconfirmed in the truth of our religion, quently be excluded from all the we shall be more perfect in the duties chapels which at present exist there. of it. Instead of being unthinking and


Two Letters from Mr. Emlyn to jn the Mon. Repos. for December,

Mr. William Manning. (XI. 725,] I applied to my worthy (Communicated by Mr. John Taylor, of and venerable friend, William ManNorwich.)

ping, Esq. of Ormsby, in this county, SIR,

May 20, 1817. for information concerning his great. N consequence of the inquiry con- grandfather, the friend of Emlyn; and



send you copies of two letters from sphere; and above all, to taste and that sufferer in the cause of truth, to feel the satisfying sweets of infinite Mr. Manning From their date, I Almighty Love! I doubt not but your should conclude that they were own mind have (has) many more sewritten in London. I am also fa- rious speculations about the matter: voured with the perusal of some we all lye at the door of cternity, letters written by Mr. Manning, and ready to be called in; may God help addressed to his son at Yarmouth; us to set our affections on things but these being letters of condolence above.-The publick is in great feron account of losses by death in his ment; and violent animosities make family, I have not thought them suffi- all people uneasy. The high church ciently interesting to have a place hitherto hath gained considerably in here, although valuable for the sen the electiops that are over: though in timents of atlection, resignation and this city, I suppose, the whigs will piety which run through them. Mr. keep their ground. Our poll is not Mauping was ejected from the living yet over. 'Tis well we have better of Middleton, in “uffolk, and resided views than this world affords May afterwards in the adjoining parish of we come safe, at last, to the general Peasenhall.

assembly, &c. and to the spirits of JOHN TAYLOR. the just made perfect.

Yours, Letter I. To the Rev. Mr. William

T. EMLYN. Manning, Peasenhall.

[What follows is in the hand-wriDEAR SIR, Oct. 10, 1710. I WAS glad to receive yours; I find letter is addressed.]

ting of Mr. Manoing, to whom the you were nigh to have put into the

** this suited my then case, but quiet harbour and to have landed on God thought fit to alter the scene the shore of the good laud, along with with me, and to briug me back again your consort, who rests from her la

a new trial into this darksome bours : but you are put back into tempestuous world, wherein I am unthis troublesome oceau again a little avoidably exposed to a number of longer : 'tis probable you lye but at daily cares, detrimental to the conthe mouth of the baven, and some

cern of my soul: to divert me also, favourable yale will soon blow you

a shattered head and state of body in, and I hope, with full sails of faith and hope, and then adieu, vain and prevents me from a sedate thinking

on and pursuit of things above, remiserable earth! {nveni portum, Spes lating to my change at the door, as it et Fortuna, valete. Methinks I read behoves me to attend unto." (and I do it often) with great pleasure the words of the ancieut Cicero de

Letter Il. Senectute at the end; how noble and

Dear Sir, Dec. 5, 1710. generous are his thoughts of the vanity of this life, and the excellency of BY yours of October 18th, I find the future state, which in a Pagan, you are somewhat raised again from I can't but admire greatly, and find your languishing state : I am glad that his discourse very pathetick and use you are free from acute paius, amongst full; and yet all this is much below the other sorrows that do attend old the triumphant courage and

assurance age. You are come to Barzillai's case, of St. Paul, 2 Cor. v. I, 2 Tim. iv, 7, who was eighty years old, and could 8. Here are no trembling doubts and not taste when he did eat, nor hear uncertain ifs. Who that has the the voice of singing men; and you treasure of a good conscience, should enjoy his desired retirement. Wonnot be glad to die and to drop these der vot if your affections and passions, infirmities and bodily necessities and even as to spiritual objects, become trifling cares, and to shake off a body fat and slow, nor that your impres. of death that so depresses and debases sions from death and eternity should the miud! Who that is ambitious be less than under the thoughts of of wisdom and knowledge, will not your late nigh approach to them : all covet those noble and enlarged views, this is natural and almost necessary. which will present themselves when I know they are days of no pleasure; we get out of this dark and narrow but the wise Author and Lord of Life

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