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knows best when 'tis fittest to put a ing laity in general, were very friendly period to it.

with each other, and being united-in I cannot say much of public matters support of a society which was insti. yet; our Parliament are but just be tuted for the relief of the necessitous givning, and 'tis hoped they will widows and orphags of Protestant Dis. vigorously maintain the Revolution, senting Ministers, they had then, and and the present war, but especially in still have, a yearly meeting for the Spain; and if the publick eredit and purpose of receiving and applying the loans do but go on prosperously, we congregational collections, as well as ma, hope we are p:covered from the promoting union and friendship among late shock; but time must sheu that one another. I do not remember from

Mr. Whiston, after some years' open what quarter the proposition came, profession of the Ariau doctrine, and which led to that offer of sympathy having published proposals for print and respect to Dr. Priestley, which I ing an account of the primitive faith, had the honour of making in obedience which, in manuscript, has been shewn to the general will: but this I know, to many of the learned clergy, has that it met with the instant concurbeen lately expelled the University, rence of every person in the room. and 'tis like to make some stir, but There was at that time, and I trust with wbat success, God only knows. there still remaius, in the county of He is allowed to be a person of great Suffolk, a spirit of true Christian ability and sincerity : but truth and liberality, which disdained to scowl religion hath (have) not many sincere on any mau for his opinions, and inquirers after them. I pray God which held all religious persecution in fill you with joy and peace in be- absolute abhorrence. lieving, and that your inward man The following is the letter, so far as may still be renewed daily, and when it relates to the writer himself, and is the crazy earthly tabernacle is cast a proof, among many others, of the off, may be perfected among the spirits calmness, the resignation, and the of the just.

benevoleuce of his mind, under the I am, with all true affection, weight of that unprovoked hostility Yours,

and persecution, which compelled him T. EMLYN. to leave his native country for ever.

NATH. PHILIPPS. Letter of Dr. Priestley's, communicated by Dr. Philipps.

DEAR SIR, SIR, Sheffield, July 3, 1817. I AM much affected with the geneTHE letters of pious and learned rosity of my friends in your neigh

men constitute a most valuable bourhood, and beg you would retura treasure, and I am happy to find that them my warmest thanks for their many such precious relics of departed kind benefaction. It is with sincere worth have found their way into your regret that I leave this country, espeRepository. I send, for insertion in cially after flattering myself that I was that work, a letter from my late friend fixed for life. But all my sons are althe Rev. Dr. Priestley, which he wrote ready in America, and their situation, me a short time before he left En, together with the state of thiogs here, gland. It was written in consequence make it expedient for me to yo to of a remittance of 301., which had them. Our captain has fixed our de been, raised by subscription at the An- parture for the 25th justant, but it will nual Meeting of Protestant Dissenters probably be about the beginning of of the county of Suffolk, held at Stow. April. However, I shall be ready in market, and which, as its chairman, I good time. I leave this country with was directed to send him. I think it every good wish, not only to my friends, right to inform you, that the majority but to my enemies ; and hope that of persous who were present, whether when prejudices are removed, we ministers or lay men, were Calvinists, shall meet in a better state. or of the ludependent denomination of Dissenters, indeed, at the time which I am, dear Sir, I refer to, there were only three Uni

Yours sincerely, tarian societies in the county; but all Clapton,

5. PRIESTLEY the ministers of that district, of what- March 8th, 1794. ever denomination, and the Dissent.

TH

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MISCELLANEOUS COMMUNICATIONS.

Critical Notice of Duncan's Edition of ment, published in 12mo. by Dakins, Griesbach.

which professed to be formed from SIR, Exeter, Jime 16th, 1817. the edition of Mill and Griesbach. YOU will oblige a constant reader Now, Mr. Editor, it is well known

,

which is so warmly supported by your given the great bulk of various read. useful Miscellany, by the insertion of ings, was not a professed critical the following critical notice of Dun- edition, and differed very little from can's Edition of Griesbach. Your the Textus Receptus, being the third readers, Mr. Editor, have often been edition of Stephens. By the addifavoured with just eulogiums upon tion of Griesbach's name, one might the late celebrated Professor Gries- l'easonably suppose that his text bach, whose life was devoted to the formed the basis of alterations, laborious and important pursuits of whereas upon inspection it is found biblical criticism, but whose impar- that all the aid which Griesbach tiality as an editor of the Greek Testa. could so richly furnish, is confined to ment led him to adopt alterations by a few insignificant readings which are no means favourable to his own or placed in the margin. I cannot prothodox opinions. The Improved Ver- fess to have been much better gratision has given those whose study of fied with the edition lately published the Scriptures is confined to the En- by Dr. Valpy, especially considering glish language, a correct idea of the the profession made by the Editor, importance of his learned and im- and the time taken to prepare it for partial labours to the defence of pure the press. I say nothing of the coand primitive Christianity; and num- pious notes, nor of the nature of their bers I have no doubt, who have never selection, but object particularly to seen a work of Professor Griesbach's, the authority assumed by the Editor have learnt to pay a just tribute of over Professor Griesbach himself, in reverence and gratitude to his un- choosing to follow him in some places wearied industry, profound learning and to reject him in others, without and unsullied impartiality. Your regard to critical evidence. I leave learned readers are probably at this these, however, to present to you, Mr. time deliberating on the force of the Editor, the observations which have objections Jately made to the system occurred to me, while examining the according to which this eminent man edition of the Greek Testament, pubconducted his labours, although few lished this year by A. and J. Duncan, can have failed to observe the extreme of Glasgow, which has in its titlepartiality and inferior learning by page, “ curâ Leusdenii et Grieswhich his opponents have been de bachii." I am not aware that the noted. As long, however, as Gries- text of Leusden's Greek Testament bach retains that exalted rank, which differs from the received text, and he at present holds in the estimation cannot therefore conceive why his of every true critic, (and which he name should have been presented in will continue to enjoy, till one the title-page, unless to decoy the unmightier than he shall be found to wary by the appearance of a double attack his principles,) it will be the authority, or to reserve some latent sacred duty of every friend to the excuse for a most unjust use of the progress of religious truth, to guard name of Griesbach. In fact, Mr. his unsullied reputation, and to defend Editor, on inspecting this edition, set the conquests he has so decidedly off with the vaunted names of Leus

An accurate copy of the text den and Griesbach, so far from finding of his last edition, has not I believe it a valuable aid to the biblical scholar issued from a British press, although and a benefit to the sacred interests of I have seen several which have dis- religion, it is found to have been appointed the expectations which couducted with the grossest partiality they had raised. This is the case to preconceived theological opinions, with an edition of the Greek Testa. to bid defiance to any system of selection, and to be a confused mixture received text. Matt. vi. 13, the dox. of the received text of Griesbaclı, and ology to the Lord's Prayer is retained of other readings adopted in part from as Scripture, contrary to Griesbach's both. In short, instead of the title judgment. Luke xi. 2. 4, the petiwhich it has assumed, its character tions in this evangelist's copy of the would have been appropriately ex- Lord's Prayer, which Griesbach has pressed_thus : “ An Edition of the proved to be interpolated, are here Greek Testament in which Griesbach in opposition to every principle of is followed in all readings of oo im- correctness retained. Jobn vi. 69, portance, and disdainfully rejected is a bungling mixture of the received where his alterations might be sup- text with Griesbach's: thus, ou elfo posed to diminish the evidence for the αγιος του θεου του ζωντος. Acts doctrine of the Trinity, the Deity of xxiii. 9, lizy Deque cez Ley is retained Christ, or the Incarnation.". Upon in opposition to Griesbach. Rom. the supposition that these doctrines viii. 1, the latter part of the verse is are a part of the Christian system, it retained : xiii. 9, cu feudguagtupria might indeed be granted to be a

won.

oëls is retained. The change of the politic thing to introduce, by degrees, to the world those alterations in the

verses at the end of the 16th chapter common text which might perhaps of this epistle to the end of the 14th weaken the evidence for revealed chapter is adopted; but neglecting truth in the mind. If this then were

the prudent plan of Griesbach, that the motive of the present editors, of retaining the old numbering of why have they not in some way com

the verses, the present edition has municated it to the learned world given them a running order where And is it consistent with common ho they now stand, so as to furnish ocnesty in the present state of religious casion for the most inconvenient mis

takes. Phil. iv. 13, is a singular opinion, or with common justice to the labours of Professor Griesbach, proof of thcological prejudice : Xp15w to publish a mangled edition of such is retained after the words ay w a book, or to attempt to deprive, by Evdura pourth Me. Col. ii. 2, is a gloan unworthy artifice, the Unitarian rious proof of a determination to upcause of the proofs which an un

hold the falling cause of orthodoxy, biassed and thoroughly competent by retaining the clause upon which judge had deliberately bestowed upon

a pitifully slender argument has been it? The language which I have used founded for the distinct divinity of may be thought strong, Mr. Editor, the Holy Spirit, so that it reads with but I apprehend it is called for by the received text, του Θεου, και Παthe circumstances of the case, in τρος TOU Xpisou. I produce order not merely to preserve your these as a few specimens only, and let readers from imposition this would it be repeated, the edition which be an inferior concern-but to pre- differs from Griesbach in these parserve the sacred cause of Christian ticulars agrees with him in almost all truth, as it is served by the Unitarian readings of no importance. It is of controversy, from suffering from this the more consequence to take this ill-judged and unmanly behaviour.- public notice of Messrs. Duncans' I shall notice then in the first place, as “Griesbach," from the local circumbeing of the most importance, the stances in which the work issues three passages Acts. xx. 28, I Tim. from the press. With all the adiii. 16, and 1 John v. 7, which are, vantages of a small and beautiful as all your readers well know, ma- type, a moderate expense, and a terially affected by Griesbach's edi- portable size, and with the high tion, and, from speaking a language sounding phrase ex prelo Academico, consistent perhaps with orthodox it may be conceived that the students Christianity, are deprived of every of the Glasgow University might be iota inconsistent with Unitarianism. very likely to make a purchase of All your readers will be able to un- this edition of Griesbach's Greek derstand the quality of this edition of Testament, to which so much attenGriesbach, when they are informed tion has of late years been paid in that these three passages are in it, the learned world, and which · no precisely as they are found in the liberal critic is found to disregard.

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Without one word of preface, with this Glasgow edition of Griesbach,
no other information respecting the contains the Greek Text of an edition
edition than that which is afforded in reprinted in the same press from a
the title-page, “ curâ Leusdenii et continental edition of Leusden's. This
Griesbachii,” it is very conceivable, will supply the reason for the em-
that many would flatter themselves ployment of Leusden's name, though
with the idea that they would be it also furnishes a striking proof of the
able to examine the amount of the ignorance of the printer, since he has,
statements which the odious Uni- in the edition to which this paper re-
tariaus are sending throughout the fers, omitted the marks of the occur-
island : and what think you, Mr. rence of the same word in his copy
Editor, would be the disdainful feel- which were the only characteristics
ings, even of the ingenuous youth, of Leusden's edition.
who, upon referring to 1 Jobu v. 7,
finds the passage of the three heavenly
witnesses, of whose spuriousness Uni-

Sir,

July 4, 1817. tarians are wont to feel so secure, VOUR Correspondent, Ignotus, in staring him in the face even in the text formed by that “ vaunted au

(XII. 82,) having quoted a passage thority," Professor Griesbach from Whitelocke's Memorials, in which self? And how would his feelings be Mr. Patrick Young is mentioned, as excited against this presumptuous haviug in his baud an original T'ecta sect, when, upon a reference to Acts Bible of the Septuagint translation" XX. 28, and i Tim. ii. 16, he finds very naturally subjoins this question: the wonted props of orthodoxy ap- " Can any of your readers say what parently unaffected by that artillery was a Tecta Bible " T am sorry that in which Unitarians had professed none of your readers have ventured to the securest confidence? In short, answer the question. It is certainly Mr. Editor, who can say to what not undeserving of attention. extent the enmity excited even in a It has occurred to me, that the only single mind by this maneuvre of answer to be given, is this:-That Messrs. Duncans, might proceed in T'ecta is a misprint, or a mistake of confirming the minds of those who Whitelocke's, for Tecla, and that the are already prejudiced, and in stilling Bible alluded to is the Alexandrine the beginnings of free inquiry in those Manuscript; said to have been writwhose prejudices had received the ten by a Lady of the name of Thecla, shock of education and knowledge? It or, according to the spelling we some so happens, Sir, that in one instance, times meet with in works of Young's which has come under the writer's no- days, Tecla. tice, a copy of Duncans' “Griesbach" “ I do not hear," says Sir H. Bours was purchased by a student who pos- chier to Archbishop Usher, “ of any sessed Griesbach's own edition al- books, brought hy Sir Thomas Rowe, ready, but who was induced to buy besides the ancient Greek Bíble, which so neatly printed and portable a copy of was sent to his Majesty, by him, from the text merely, and who was happily Cyrill, the old Patriarch, some time of led in the course of reading with a Alexandria, but now of Constantifriend, to detect some of those dis- nople. It is that which went amongst crepancies which have occasioned the them, by tradition, to be written by present communication. If the inci- St. T'ecla, the Martyr, and scholar of dent itself or the trifling investigation the Apostles," &c. &c. to which it has contributed on the Dr. Brian Walton also, writing to the writer's part, should at all tend to Archbishop, and mentiong a scheme of facilitate the spread of sound criticism Whelock's relating to the Polyglott, and rational religious inquiry, your that all the homogeneal languages readers will be furnished with one of should be published with one Latin numerous proofs of every day's occur- translation for them all, says, “ So the rence, in which great events are seen Roman LXX. with the Complutense to spring from little causes.

and that of Tecla's, and our Latin GRIESBACHIANUS. translation," &c. Usher himself, in a P. S. Since writing the above, 1 letter to Lud. Cappellus, describes this have had the means of knowing that M.S. in a similar mannner: “ Codicem

TOY ó Alexandria a Cyrillo Patriarcha At p. 15, On Friendship in Ab. in Angliam transmissum (quem Thecle sence, the 6th stanza begins thus:vocant) edere cæpit eruditissimus Pa- Friendship is less apparent when too nigh, tricius Junius."

Like objects, if they touch the eye. It is well known that the Alexandrian M.S. upon being brought into allusion to a very serious purpose,

Dr. Young has applied the same England, A. D. 1628, was placed in

where he says the King's Library, of which Patrick Young had the care; that he commu

like objects pressing on the sight,

Death has advanc'd too near us to be seen. nicated readings from it to Usher, Grotius, and others; that he published In the Duvideis, Book I., it is said the text of Job from that M.S. at the of heavenend of a Catena on Job; and that heo On no smooth sphere the restless seasons long meditated a complete copy of it, slide, but, by various untoward circum- No circling motion doth swift time divide ; stances, was prevented from proceed. Nothing is there to come and nothing past, ing further than a short specimen of But an eternal now does ever last. his proposed edition, consisting of the Watis, on God's Eternity, Book II. first chapter of Genesis. But I will H. 17, saysnot intrude further upon your valu

While like a tide our minutes flow, able pages, which may be much more

The present and the past, usefully occupied. Ignotus, and others,

He tills his own immortal Now, who may wish to see more upon this And sees our ages waste. subject, will have recourse to Dr. T.

Those who have read Watts's Elegy Smith's interesting Life of Young, in his “ Vitæ quorundam Eruditiss, et

on Gunston, may perceive that he was illustr. Virorum.” And, as for the not unacquainted with Cowley's Ode

on the Death of Mr. Willium Harvey. conjecture which I have advanced, I will only add, in the often cited words Lyttelton was also probably indebted

to that Ode for some turns of expresof the poet

sion in his Monody. Si quid novisti rectius istis,

In the Davideis, Book III., it is Candidus imperti; si non, his utere mecum.

PAMPHILUS.

said of the young Son of Jesse

Bless me! how swift and growing was his SIR, Feb. 3, 1817.

wit, LATELY found a paper written

The wings of time flagg'd dully after it.

I know not whether Johnson might on reading the poetical works of think of the last line, when he said of Cowley, I was occasionally reminded Shakspeare, that of some passages in more modern

pauting tiine toil'd after bin in vain. poets. I will offer a few instances to those of your readers who

I omit a few instances already nopursue

such harmless amusements. My edition of

ticed by Bishop Hurd, in his Cowley, Cowley is the 12th, 1721.

and Mr. Wakefield on Pope and Gray.

OTIOSUS.
At p. 7, On the Death of Sir Henry
Wotton, is the following couplet :-

SIR,

June 6th, 1817. Justly each nation's speech to him was F your Correspondent, Mr. Hoiden,

known, Who for the world was made, not us alone.

sult the General Biography, he may Pope may have thought of the first find that the Life of Dr. Caleb Fleming line, when he said of Roscommon, has not been wholly withheld from To him the wit of Greece and Rome was the public. known.

T. M. And Goldsmith of the second, wher he described Burke, in bis Retaliation,

Sir,

July 10th, 1817.

THE admirable letter of Mr. Fox Who born for the universe narrowed his mind,

noticed most of his remarks; but has not And to party gave up what was meant for paid such an attention to one of them mankind.

as it seems to merit. TheOld Unitarian

I

as one

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VOL. XII.

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