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The Bishop's note on Ps. xxv. 14, is The omission of the word during in an example of the manner in which the second clause of the fifteenth verse, any language may be interpreted agree the substitution of the technical yet ably lo an assumed hypothesis: Even vague, un nmeaning noun operation in to his translation we must object, as that which follows, and the use of the exhibiting a disregard to the Hebrew terms sweet savour in ver. 17 (not to idiom. Those of our readers who are speak of the paraplırastical and anain any degree conversant with the biguous expression, the work we take ia Oriental dialects, will instantly perceive hand), betray a greater love of novelty the correctness of Mudge's version, than of accuracy. On consulting the “his own self shall rest quiet in plenty," original, we would render the former We add the first sentence of tlie note clause of the sixteenth verse thus : of C. Rosenmüller, “ ipse, ut alias
“ Let thy glorious work be shewn to thy crebro, loquendi usu, etiam Arabibus re
The Hebrew substantive is characWe
e copy Dr. H.'s translation of the hundredth' Psalm :
teristically employed to describe signal
and miraculous effects of Divine power : “ Full Chorus,
and he who doubts whether King 1. Raise the loud peal to Jehovah, all the James's translators or Bishop Horsley earth.
have given the just rendering of the 1. Serve the Jehovah with gladness, first words of the seventeenth verse, And come into his presence with signs should be referred to the Supplem. ad of joy.
Lexic. Heb. of Michaelis, pp. 1649, Single Voice.
This translation of the Book of 3. Know ye that Jehovah he is God, He made us, and his are we;
Psalms, is little calculated to assist the His people and the flock of his pasture. learner of Hebrew or to gratify scholars 4. Enter his gates with confession,
of a higher standing, but, probably, His courts with praise.
will be acceptable to a numerous class Confess hinı ; bless his name.
of persons whose knowledge of sacred Full Chorus.
literature is very imperfect, and whose
theology consists in mysticisin. 6. For good is Jehovah,
Hoping to derive some assistance, in To eternity is his tender kindness, And from generation to generation is different class, we embrace this oppor,
our own studies, from readers of a his stedfast love,”
tunity of suggesting a few hints and Every reader who unites in himself inquiries on texts occurring in the the characters of the scholar and the Psalms : inan of taste, will perceive that even this translation is not unexceptionable;
xviii. 23. “ I was also upright before
him :" though it be less faulty than the Bi
30. “ As for God, his way is pere shop's version of most of the other
fect." Psalms. He considers the hundredth Psalm as the last of a series of six
In both verses the original word is [xcv.-c.] which “ form," says he, the same; and has been well translated * if I mistake not, one entire prophetic by Mudge, uniform. It "properly poem."
signifies" says that acute and learned In contrast with this specimen, we critic, " whole, perfect, sincere, uniforin, produce his translation of the three and of a piece; wholly devoted to God concluding verses of the ninetieth :
without any mixture of idolatry and
disobedience." In the former text “ 15. Give us joy, in proportion to the Mendelssohn has it: “ Mein herz ist days that thou hast afflicted us,
ungetheilt mit ihm,” literally, my heart The years which we have seen evil. 16. Let thy operation be displayed unto with the very same expression in Gen.
is UNDIVIDED with him. We meet thy servants, And thy glory upon their children. xxv. 27, “ Esau was a cunning [a 17. Let the sweet savour of Jehovah our skilful] hunter, a inan of the field:
and God be upon us,
Jacob was a plain man, dwelling in And the work we take in band direct tents." But in what sense was Jacob
a plain man, as opposed to Esau? Not The work we take in band do thou in disposition ; for he was treacherous direct."
and intriguing—not in respect of his
wants and manners ; at least, there is Genev. Vers. Consult, too, Rosenno evidence to this effect. Translate müller (in loc.), and Michaelis' Epimetthe clause then,“ Jacob was a man ad Lowth. Praelect. xix. UNIFORM in his way of life.” While We conclude by requesting some of the pursuits of Esau, as a man of the our learned correspondents to favour field, were greatly varied, those of Jacob, us with a translation of Psalm ci. parduelling in tents, were few and similar ticularly of the second verse. This and to each other: he was a shepherd and many other difficult parts of the book, perhaps a herdsman, but nothing more. are entirely passed in silence by Bishop Thus the force of the original term is Horsley. preserved, and a consistent, intelligible sense, given to the passage.
xix." There is no speech, &c.” Art. II.-Sermons, on l'arious Suljects. Better, no speech and no language, their
By the late Richard Price, D.D). voice is not heurd. Yet their sound, &c.
FR.S. London: printed for Longand so Rosenmüller, Horsley and
man and Co. 1816. 8vo. Pp. 404. Mendelssohn. The contrast, too, is O Biulee et D. Price's Sermons, admirably preserved in the paraphrase of this Psalm by Addison.
is al length gratified. A more wel. xxxiv. 16. «The face of the Lord, come communication could not be &c." Some years since, we had marked made to the admirers of enlightened this verse as intended to be read in a piety and of Christian cloquence. parenthesis: and more recently we Thé talents of this illustrious man, have been gratified by perceiving that as a preacher, were of the first order : Aludge considers it in the sanse light. and his discourses are models for ad
Ixv. 12. “ the little hills rejoice, dresses from the pulpit. His subjects &c.” Should it not be, gird themsclves --the most solemn and interesting with joy? So Rosenmüller, sese ac- truths of religion—come home to cingunt, and Mendelssohn, gurten every man's business and bosom. He sich.
wastes no time in elaborate or mis. xc. 9. q lale. Compare with this placed critical disquisitions, but propassage
Job xxxvii. 2, " the sound that ceeds without delay to state his purgoeth, &c.", The Hebrew word is the pose and unfold his plan. His style same in both these texts : Mudge ren is easy and simple, yet dignified, ders it, a sigh, Geddes, a breathing. energetic, affectionate and fervent; The general sentiment is illustrated by level to the understandings of his Homer, Odyss. vii. 36,
hearers, and penetrating their hearts. ωσει πιερον ηε νοημα.
In a greater degree ihan we com.
monly observe, he employs the lanA thought, indeed, as it exists in the grage and the manner which are mind, is not necessarily fugitive: yet appropriate to compositions of this the sound, whether loud or soft, whích kind. Sermons demand the use of. conveys it, vanishes in a moment. the pronouns 1 and you : a decent
civ. 14. “ herb, for the serrice of familiarity becomes them, and the man.“ We are of opinion that the speaker must on no account overlook parallelism requires “ herbs for the his relation to his audience. It is animals which' serve mán." See Ro- unjust and irrational to suppose that senmüller's note (in loc.) and Lettres egotism consists in the frequent recurDe Juifs, &c. Vol. II. 413, 414. This rence of the monosyllables which we beautiful Psalın celebrates creation, in have just mentioned ; this weakness it's successive appearances.
being rather chargeable on the speaker cxlvii. 9. “ the young ravens, &c." who restlessly and circuitously avoids The common rendering is tame and these words; as the effect of his vague, and the subject and construction thoughts being turned perpetually to of the verse demand another transla- himself. Who imagines that Dr. tion;
Price was an egotist ? • He gireth to the beast, his food,
We shall now proceed to an analysis To the young ravens, what they cry for.' of the contents of this volume, which
is edited by Mr. Morgan, and intro. “ Aux petits du corleau l'aliment qu'ils duced with a suitable and modes demandent pur leurs cris.” The French preface.
In No. I. (from Matt. xi. 25,4" I characteristic temper. In the follow thank thee, O Father, &c.") Dr. ing sentences we discern the spirit of P. discourses “on the character of the the preacher : apostles and first disciples of Christ, “ The best disposition of heart may be and the wisdom of preferring them joined to the richest furniture in the head. to the more learned and wealthy men we may be children in respect of modesty, of the world in propagating his reli- and lowliness, and teachableness, and yet gion." The preacher's intention is to men in understanding. We may be shew who are meant by the wise and knowing and learned in the highest degree, prudent as opposed to babes; and then and, at the same time, humble, meel, to inquire upon what particular rea- candid, and void of guile and prejudice." sons our Lord's thanksgiving on this Such was Dr. Price himself! We occasion is founded. By babes we are could wish this discourse to be repeatevidently to understand such men as edly and attentively perused by every the “apostles and first disciples :” minister of religion, every student and these were likely to be free from all every private Christian. the prejudices of the wise and learned, The next in order (from 1 Corinth. and therefore would necessarily be xiii. 11. " When I was a child, more open to instruction, and less in &c.") is on the “ analogy between danger of mixing any thing foreign our present state and a state of childand corrupt with the Christian doc- hood.” For example, trine. It was essential, too, that the
“ Our present existence, compared with persons whom our Saviour chose for
our future, is a childhood in respect of it's the purpose of diffusing his gospel duration, of improvement, and of power should attend him constantly during and dignity: it answers also to the idea of the time of his ministry. Besides, a childhood, as it is an introduction to, there is scarcely, an argument for and a scate of education for, another and Christianity which does not receive a higher state. Man's existence is proadditional strength from the con- gressive. This life educates us for another sideration of the meanness of the in- by means of the instruction and the habits struments by which it was established which are the necessary consequence to in the world.
all of passing through the present world.
As children are trained up by restraint “ But there is reason to think,” says and correction, the tendency of which the preacher, " that what I have hitherto they do not see, and which therefore they insisted upon, is not all that our Lord had
are apt to think hard and severe, so it is in view in the words I am considering. with us as probationers and candidates By tlie wise and the prudent, ho meant for eternity. This account of human life, not merely such as possessed the wisdom leads us to reflect on the wisdom of God, and learning of the times, but also the in ordering the scenes of our existence. men who were proud and conceited on
It should teach us patience under the that account, and under the influence of trials of life, and reconcile us to all present those vices which are sometimes united to
difficulties. And hence we sbould be wit and learning. By babes, on the cou- rendered earnest in our endeavours to trary, it is evident, that be meant not make this life what it is designed, - & merely persons destitute of the wisdom of preparation for a better life. Lastly, we this world, but also the meek, the modest should bless God for giving us our present and humble. *
. . He did not mean existence—the first step (so we may make to prefer ignorance to true knowledge, or
it, through God's help) of an endless proa weak to a sound judgment. It would
gress in dignity and happiness. be in the lighest degree unreasonable to “ This is indeed," says the preacher, suppose this. But his intention was to
a transporting prospect. But rememexpress a preference of honesty and sim- ber, brethren, that the more transporting plicity without learning, to learning with- it is, the more alarming is the reflection, out honesty and simplicity."
that, like the prospect granted to Moses, In illustration of his comment, Dr.
on mount Pisgah, of the land of Canaan, Price appeals to Matt. xviii. 1, 2, 3, danger of losing. God's goodness in
it is a prospect of happiness that there is « Except ye be converted, and become giving us our existence is, I have said, as little children, &c.” The whole of unspeakable. But it is a gift that may this able and useful discourse is ad
possibly be withdrawn. Vice throws a mirably calculated to erince the truth cloud over this extatic prospect. The of the gospel, and to recommend it's loss of those thoughts that wander through
eternity may be the appointed punishment our power, and on which our wills of a course of wickedness. Some indeed could have no influence. Numberless assert the contrary, and tell us, that diversities of opinion prevail among through the great Redeemer there will mankind. Yet experience teaches us be (after a series of future punishments) that true worth and piety are not cora final restitution of all to happiness. fined to any one religious sect. Still, Nothing can be more agreeable to my there is an important difference bewishes and feelings than such a doctrine.
tween doctrines. And though our But I must not suffer ny wishes to command my conviction. I want more eri- acceptance does not depend on our dence in this case. Though eternal tor taking always the right side, it does ments cannot take place under the govern- however depend on our taking always ment of a benevolent Deity,--fival de- that side which appears to us to be struction may. I tremble, indeed, when right, and not leaving ourselves to be i make these reflections. i am frightened carried away carelessly to a conshen I think of the possibility of their forniity in religion that our hearts being just !"
disapprove. Everlasting punishment however and
Obvious and important are the uses " eternal tormenis" are distinct con
of the doctrine inculcated in these two siderations. There is, to say the discourses. It is fitted to administer least, a possibility that privation, that great comfort to us, amidst the dark. inferiority of rank, improvement and ness of this world, and the diversities excellence, may be an everlasting con- ians."In the next place, it has a ten
of opinion among our fellow Christsequence of habits of sin. Vow this, assuredly, is punishment. Men may dency to promote our charity. Could be punished even when it would be it be instilled into every heart, it would inaccurate to affirm that they are
root out of the world all intolerance tormented, either physically or men.
and persecution, and, consequently, tally. This remark, if we mistake while we avoid narrowness, we should
do the greatest service to society. But, not, will go far towards settling a voluminous controversy, and vindica
take care to retain piety : while our ting and illustrating the language of religion is liberal, it should, at the
same time, be ardent. the sacred writers. The third and fourth sermons Dr. Price, “is so evident that it must
“Whatever is fundamental,” adds (from Matt. vi. 21.
Not every one that saith to me, Lord, Lord, &c.") of the propositions that Christ was
be universally received." Accordingly, are “ on the greater importance of right practice than of a sound faith in sent of God to be the Saviour of the religion." From the text Dr. Price world that he worked miracles-rose discourses on the nature, the evi- ---that he will hereafter appear to judge
from the dead, and ascended to heaven dence, the importance, and the consequences of the following, truth, that kind will then be raised from death
the world, and that through him inanthere is nothing fundamental in religion the wicked punished, and the virtuous besides sincercly desiring to know, and faithfully doing the will of God." 'Hud established in a glorious immortality" — more than this been fundamental, our
this preacher aflirms, “ these are fundaLord would certainly not have ex
mental doctrines of Christianity ;-that. pressed himself as he does in the is, they are so plainly revealed that they above passage, A sincere desire to
are not capable of being denied by any know and to do God's will, is a sure
who receive the gospel history." preservative from all dangerous error:
The subject of the fifth sermon (from à disposition to receive whatever in: Philipp. iv. 11. “I have learned, in formation he is pleased to give us, ment. This virtue Dr. Price recom
whatever state I am, &c."), is contentmay be considered as equivalent in cvery instance to a right belief. The mends from the consideration of our very purpose of all religious principles duty to God, and our condition as the is to produce this temper of mind. subjects of his perfect government; And il faith were more essential than with our comforts ; from the tendency
from the contrast of our afflictions practice, dreadful would be the con- of discontent to level the creation, and dition of human beings. Our acceptance, in this case, would be to sow uneasiness among all the inconnected with things entirely out of worthiness and guill; from the design
ferior ranks of beings; from our un
and nature of the present state ; from to encourage us in our addresses to the reflection that the wisest and the him. A reverential fear of God should best of men have frequently been cominually possess us; inasmuch as obliged to struggle with dreadful evils, he is always with us. The thought and that they may not have exceeded of his presence should deter us from us more in the excellence of their sin. It should support us in the percharacters than in their difficulties and formance of our duty, and quicken us trials; from the short duration of this in a virtuous course : and, finally, it life, compared with that for which we should encourage and comfort us under are ultimately intended ; and from the every pain and trouble. happiness which contentment pro- This is a very eloquent, ingenious duces, and the misery occasioned isy and useful scrmon, but fairly exposed, it's absence.
at the same time, to some objections. In the sixth discourse (from Jer. Part of it, as Dr. Price himself seems xxiii, 24. “Can any hide himself in to have been sensible, is inetaphysical, secret places, &c.") the omnipresence of speculative and abstruse. The clearest, God is considered : proofs are given of the most practical and advantageous this attribute, and observations offered view which can be exhibited of the respecting the manner of it; and the omnipresence of the Deity, we take influence which it ought to have on to be the following: that there is no our tempers and conduct is then spot where his perfections-his power, stated.
wisdom and goodness-are not manifested. God's omnipresence is implied in When we are told that God is present his being the cause and author of all with us “in all abstract truths and things. Not only must his presence possibles," and that “his sense pencbe coextensive with his works, but irates our's,” we in vain endeavour to they owe their preservation to this aflix to this language any distinct and presence. ecessity by which satisfactory ideas; and, for the mothe Deity exists, can have no relation ment, we believe that we are listening to one place inore than another; while to a Platonic philosopher rather than the idea of an unoriginated Being a Christian preacher. The method, justly supposes that there can be no- too, of this discourse, might perhaps ihing to limit him.
have been improved : “the proofs of As to the manner of God's omni- God's omnipresence," might have presence~he is present with us, in all succeeded more naturally and convewe think, as well as in all we do-he niently to a statement of the proposition is present with us not only by his which they were designed to esiablish. pouce and his influence, but by his And we are mistaken if the preacher sense—and in a mode in which no has not in some degree confounded other being can be present with us. two subjects which, on the principles God is present alike in all places; as of sound reasoning, should be sepamuch on earth as he is in heaven., rately considered the immensity of The Scriptural phraseology which de- creation and the universal presence of scribes the Deity as being in heaven, is the Deity. intended chiefly to express his supreme Self-examination is the important dominion and overeign authority. topic of the seventh sermon (from
Thus, the expression that Christ is Ps. cxxxix. 23, 24. “Search me, O gone into heaven, and is at the right God, &c."). The indifference of mulhand of God, certainly signifies no titudes to this practice, and the vast more than that he is exalted to domi- moment of it, Dr. Price represents nion under God; or, as it is elsewhere with great fidelity and impressiveness. expressed, that all power is given him He then mentions two points which in beaven and earth.
demand our particular notice in the Since God is equally present every work of self-investigation : these are where, we ought not to imagine that the purity of our motives and the oor worship of him can be inore aco universality of our obedience. And ceptable in one place than another. he concludes by laying down three Hence also it follows that there can rules for the performance of the duty. be no other Being who is the proper We should examine ourselves fre. object of our prayers. The conside- quently, impartially and devoutly, ration of the constant and intimate No day should be suffered to pass presence or the Deity with us, ought without some self-inquiry. When