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seriousness and solemnity of your that, during the inquiry, I have looked manner in prayer, and your impres- into Doddridge's “ Rise and Progress," siveness in preaching! How do I wish and read through “ Scott's Force of that endowments of such value were Trutlı," and the Letter coupected with consecrated to those views which I it in Newton's “ Cardiphonia," and have received !-But I feel myself get- Newton's “ Narrative of his own Life," ting on tender ground; it is difficult to but it is my wish to omit nothing. I word such a wish without appearing ought also to state that once, and but arrogant or impertinent, or presump- once, I have entered another place of tuous, and yet nothing is farther from worship (Castle Green), when Mr. my heart than either of these feelings: Thorpe repeated a Thursday evening believe me to be with sincere regard Lecture on the Trinity, but this pro

Yours, my dear Sir, duced no conviction at that time,

J. R. STOCK. although the recollection of it has P.S. I know not whether it may be perhaps been useful to me since. deemed unnecessarily minute to add

BIBLICAL CRITICISM.

Observations intended to illustrate the court of the women, because they Discourse of Christ,

might go no further, except when JOHN XII. 23–32.

they came with sacrifices; within May 10th, 1817. this was the court of the children of

,

mentators suppose, that the dis- fered, and the ordinary services of the course of Christ, contained in this temple performed; the upper part of passage of Scripture, was spoken in this was the holy place, where none the presence of the Greeks, whose ap. but priests might come; and beyond, plication to Philip, to be admitted to was the holy of holies, which only an interview wich Christ, is mentioned the high priest might enter once a just before. That it arose out of that year. application is evident; but it does not All these courts were enclosed by a appear from the narrative, either that wall, or (as Lightfoot thinks), by an the applicants accompanied Philip and open space between two walls, called Andrew, when they brought the mes- the Chel; and on the outside of the sage to Jesus; or, that he, immedi- whole, principally on the south and ately upon receiving it, went to present east sides, was the court of the Genhimself to them. It is natural, there- tiles, occupying all the rest of the fore, to conclude that the discourse mount or platform, on which the temwas not spoken in the hearing of these ple was built. Into this court, it is persons : indeed, it has much more to be understood, all Gentiles might the air of a meditation of Christ on enter, whether they were Proselytes, the admissiou of the Gentilcs to his or devout meu, or Idolaters. kingdom, than of a discourse devised But Josephus, in his Jewish War, for the instruction of the individuals Book v. chap. v. relates, that " as here mentioned.

you went through this (namely the It will serve to illustrate this pas- court of the Gentiles) into the second sage, if we suppose that Jesus (who temple, there was a stone wall that was certainly in the temple during encompassed it, of three cubits high, the greater part of the day when the of very curious work; in which stood application appears to have been made, columns (or tablets) at an even dis. see Matth. xxi. 12—17), was at the tance, some in Greek and some in time in one of the inner courts of the Latin letters, giving notice of the holitemple, into which no Gentiles were ness of the place; that no stranger allowed to enter. Of these there were must enter within the holy place unseveral, to which all Jews, and, we der pain of death." See Antiq. Book. suppose, all Proselytes from the Gen- xv. chap. x. tiles, who conformed in all respects to Now as there seems no good reason Jewish observances, had access. The for doubting that the Greeks spoken first court was usually called, the of in this passage, were (agreeably to

the usual sense of that word io Serip-ceived at such a time and in such a ture), Gentiles who had not conformed place, naturally led him to reflect how to Jewish ordinances, and who, there- large a portion of his church would fore, could not enter into the part of consist of this despised class of men, the temple where Jesus was, an at. whom the Jews, by the heaviest petention to these circumstances will nalties, forbade to step beyond ihe explain the formalities observed in threshold of their worship. He began delivering their message.

to coutemplate the glory of that new We may well suppose them to have and better dispensation of the Divine been amongst the number of those will, by which the middle wall of who had witnessed the triumphant partition would be throwy down, and entry of Jesus into Jerusalem the same the Gentiles admitted to the covenant morning; from which their curio- of promise, and made citizens in the sity would be much excited to learn commonwealth of Israel; being felsomething further of so extraordinary low.citizens with the saints and of the a person; and if (as some think) his household of God. And in anticipadriving the money-changers out of the tion of this event, of which he had temple, was meant in vindication of received so lively an impression from the right of the Gentiles to worship the application above-mentioned, he in their court, free from such inter- exclaimed, (see 23d ver.) “ The hour ruptions, this circumstance, whicb had is come that the Son of Man should just occurred, (see Matth. xxi. 12,) be glorified.” That is, let this incident might farther interest them in the be acknowledged to be a manifest inquiry, and make them still more token of the approach of that hour, desirous to see Jesus.

when the Son of Man, though rejected Lightfoot supposes them to have by his own, shall be glorified in the been Syro-Grecians, of Decapolis, or faith of the Gentiles, and when those some of the places bordering upon impediments shall be removed, which Galilee; both because they appear to have hitherto prevented the distinct have had some acquaintance with avowal of his character and the difPhilip, of Bethsaida, and “because fusion of his doctrines. those Greeks that bordered upon Ga- Then, calling to mind what death lilee, and the places where Christ he must die, according to the will of wrought his miracles, might seem more God, as the only means by which prone, both to embrace the Jewish these glorious results can be obtained, religion, and also to see Jesus, than he proceeds to declare his submission those that lived farther off.”

to the will of God in this instance, These persons, then, meeting with and bis persuasion of the glorious Philip, either in the city or as he passed ends which woald thereby be accom. through the court of the Gentiles, re- plished. “Verily, verily, I say unto speetfully apply to him, saying, “Sir, you, except a corn of wheat fall into we desire to see Jesus ;" Philip, not the ground and die, it abideth alone, but knowing what to make of this appli- if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit. cation, or considering it, perhaps, as He that loveth his life shall lose it, no less than an overture made to his but hethat hateth his life in this world master in the name of the Gentile shall keep it unto life eternal.” “If world, upon entering the temple where any man serve me, let him follow me, Jesus and the other disciples were, and where I am, there shall also my consults with Andrew his brother, and servant be; if any man serve me him they conjointly mention it to Jesus. will my Father honour." We may

That he would be forcibly impressed evidently perceive in these sentiments by receiving such an application, we of our Lord, a reference to his own can easily conceive, especially when case and duty: and the passage bewe consider that it was only a few comes much more interesting when days previous to his being crucified ; we regard it as expressing the prinand that the time was therefore rapidly ciples from which he himself derived approaching when he should have all fortitude to carry him through his things given unto him by his father, extraordinary sufferings, than if we and should send his apostles with considered it only as intended for the power to make disciples of all nations. admonition of his disciples. And it is The message of these Gentiles, re. in such instances as this, that the Unitarian appears to have a great prac. the great purposes which thou hast tical advantage over others, in the in view, and carry into effect beyond study of the Christian Scriptures : for all reach of opposition, thy glorious although all Christians ought with designs for the reconciliation and salthe same readiness to admit this view vation of the whole world, by whatof Christ's holy character, as formed socver means may, to thine unsearchto its beauty and perfection by the able wisdom, seem best ; I yield myself discipline of religion, and the opera- to thy whole will.' u Then came tion of truth upon the human mind, there a voice from Heaven), saying, 'I since they all profess that Christ was have both glorified it and will glorify perfectly man, and had a complete it again.' The multitude, therefore, and distinct human nature-yet the who stood by, and heard it, said, that Unitarian, who from the better opinion it thundered : others said, an angel he has of human nature and the ends spake to him. Jesus answered and for which it was formed, is disposed said, “This voice came not because to think, that both the perfections and of nie, but for your sakes.'" This corthe offices of Christ might belong to responds to what he says in the 11th the man Christ Jesus, without the chapter in this Gospel, ver. 42, and union of any other nature, is more the import probably is, this voice likely to view the life of Christ in came not so much for my sake as for this interesting and useful light. In your sakes; agreeably to a common the following words of Lightfoot, the figure of speech, see Proverbs viji. 10, sense and connexion of this passage for we cannot suppose that Jesus could are well given: “Is it so indeed ? be insensible to the encouragement Do the Gentiles desire to see me? yielded by so remarkable a sign of The time draws on whereiu I must the favour of Heaven. Indeed, if we be glorified in the conversion of the recount the transactions of the day, Gentiles; but as a corn of wheat doth and especially if we consider that it not bring forth fruit, except it be first was in the very temple itself that thrown into the ground, and there this Divine voice was uttered, it will die, but if it die it will bring forth appear to have been the most glorious much fruit, so must I die first, and be and triumphant day during the whole thrown into the earth, and then a of our Lord's earthly ministry. mighty harvest of the Gentile world Ver. 31, “ Now is the judgment of will grow up, and be the product of this world, now the prince of this that death of mine." St. Paul, in world will be cast out." As if he bad 1 Cor. chap. xv. makes use of the said, “Now is at hand a great and same beautiful and very significant awful crisis of things, in which the emblem of the resurrection from the corrupt and wicked powers that sway dead.

this world, and are opposed to all that As our Lord proceeds in this dis. tends to the happiness and salvation course, the thought of his approaching of mankind, will be overthrown: for death so forcibly impressed upon his the prevailing influence of spiritual mind, becomes the occasion of much wickedness in high places, which redisturbance to him; as he himself ac- sists the glorious Gospel, and is conknowledges, ver. 27, “ Now is my trary to all men, shall be cast out. It soul troubled, and what shall I say? will prevail so far, as to lift me up Father, save me from this hour? But upon the cross; it will deliver me over for this cause came I to this hour. to death; but in so doing it will seal Father, glorify thy name." That is, its own destruction; and I shall, there• In the anticipation of my sufferings, by, be set up as a standard, which my soul is now troubled, and what will draw all men unto it.' “ And I, if desire shall I express in prayer to my I be lifted up from the earth, will Father? Shall I say, Father, save me draw all merr unto me." from this hour? But for this cause, The Improved Version gives a difwamely, to suffer these things, I came ferent translation of this passage, to this hour; it was the object of my “ And although I shall be lifted up undertaking, and the end of my being from the earth, I will draw all men sent with this Divine mission to the after me." But the sense does not world. I will, therefore, only say, appear to require that we should de. Father, glorify thy name. Accomplish part from the usual meaning of the

preposition here used. From the con- the good shepherd, and know my nexiou, we should be led to suppose sheep, and am known of mine. As that the death of Christ upon the the Father knoweth me, even so know cross was rather represented as the 1 the Father, and I lay down my life condition and means of the conversion for the sheep. And other sheep I of all men, than merely pronounced have which are not of this fold; them to be not inconsistent with it: and also must I bring, and they shall hear the following words might perhaps my voice, and there shall be one fold express the sense of the passage more and one shepherd.” correctly; “ And I, if once I be lifted Thus, Mr. Editor, I have concluded up from the earth, will draw all men the observations which I proposed to after me."

make on this interesting passage: if It will now appear that this dis you think them worthy of insertion in course is closely connected with the the pages of the Repository, I would application of the Greeks to be ad- beg for farther information from any mitted to see Jesus, and we are natu or your correspondents, on the follow. rally led to make the following remarks ing points. upon it. Our Lord does not receive ist. Schleusner in his Lexicon, &c. their application, as at an earlier period under the word 'Eary, cites this of his ministry he had done that of passage (i. c. John sii. 20), as an inthe Syrophenician woman, by saying, stance in which the word is intended “I am not sent except to the lost sheep to describe " a Jew living out of Pa. of the house of Israel.” He plainly lestine amongst Gentiles, and using intimates that the time is come, or is the Greek language in reading holy fast approaching, when Gentiles will Scripture." He considers this as the be received into the number of his only instance of the kind, and acknowfollowers. It had been the object of ledges that the passage is very doubthis personal ministry, not to admit ful and ambiguous. On what grounds the Gentiles, but to set open the door is this unusual sense of the word supfor their admission; not to form a ported? And what arguments does church of the believers in his name, Croius, quoted by Schleusner, bring but only to prepare teachers by whom forward to prove that the persons the members of his church might be here mentioned were Greek Prosecollected: his was a life of labour lytes. and grief and rejection; he was to 2dly. I am in want of more distinct end it in ignominy and pain ; and he information than I bave hitherto met was to leave it to others to labour with, on the subject of Proselytes to with success, and to raise the glorious Judaism. Were there different classes temple of which he was the founda- of them? Or were not all required tion and chief corner-stone. This is to conform to all Jewish rites; and in agreement with those words of particularly to the initiatory rites of Christ to his disciples : John iv. 37, baptism and circumcision ? Lardner • Herein is that saying true, one and Doddridge maintain this : and the soweth and another reapeth. I sent pertinacity with which the Jewish you to reap that whereon ye bestowed Christians insisted upon the circumno labour; other men laboured, and cision of Gentile converts to Chris. ye are entered into their labours." To tianity, seems to prove that they had this we may likewise refer the words, known of no other terms of admission John xiv. 12, “ Verily, verily, I say to the privileges of true religion. Then, unto you, he that believeth on me, did the Jews admit their prosolytes, the works that I do, he shall do also, who observed all Jewish ordinances, and greater works than these shall he to the same privileges as a native Jew; do, because I go unto my Father." or did they require even proselytes to

But though he was subject to these stay behind in the court of the Genrestrictions during his life on earth, tiles? This last can hardly be suphe anticipated with joy, a time quickly posed, though possibly there might approaching, when he should be freed be some restrictions inposed upon from them; when the Gospel of the them. Lightfoot produces some pasforgiveness of sins should be published sages from the Talmudists, from which with power to the whole world, in it appears that the Rabbins held Pr Oschis name and by his apostlcs. “I am lytes in great scorn, though they might

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endeavour to obtain them for the sake it be preserved such as we received it of the wealth they brought with them. from our forefathers. If we cannot “ Our Rabbins teach (say they) that obtain this, we yield ourselves to be Proselytes, and Sodomites hinder the destroyed, that we may not live to see coming of the Messias.” Again, a greater evil than death." This great Proselytes are as a scab to Israel." zeal expressed by foreign Jews to

Srdly. I wish for an exposition of wards the temple of Jerusalem, is not the thirty-first verse in this passage. consistent with the independence and “ Now is the judgment of this world, freedom from the sacrificial law, attrinow the prince of this world will be buted to them by your Correspondent. cast out."

Indeed, from all that can be collected The readers of the Repository will, from the ancient history of Judaism, I doubt not, feel obliged to any of it should appear, that the Jews of the your correspondents, who will favour dispersion were never excused from them with observations on any of these any part of the ceremonial law whilst subjects.

the temple remained, except so far as H. T. distance of place made the fulblment

of it impossible. Thus, although it P.S. I find it difficult to reconcile' was certainly impossible for Jews from the opinion given by your learned Rome, &c. to appear before the Lord Correspondent Solomon Bennett, in three times a year; and the young and p. 222 of the present vol. that “ during the indigent were likewise necessarily the whole great period of the second prevented from taking such a journey'; temple, the numerous synagogues and yet from all that appears, and especolleges of Hebrews of the great dis- cially from the great concourse of Jews persion, had nothing to do with the from foreign parts at the great fessacrifices of the temple at Jerusalem," tivals, I am led to think, that it was with the testimony of several ancient accounted disgraceful if not a mark of and approved authorities on Jewish impiety, for any adult Jew, of suffi. affairs. A variety of proofs might be cient substance, not to go up to Jerucollected of the veneration which the salem at certain intervals to attend whole Hebrew nation had for the tem- upon the temple worship. And, alple at Jerusalem. Philo, (wlio was of though it was impossible to bring from Alexandria) in his book against Flac- a distance their sheep and cattle, to cus, prefect of Egypt, in the beginning sacrifice them at the altar of the temple, of Caligula's reign, says,“One country there can, I think, be little doubt that does not contain the Jewish people, on their arrival they purchased such they being extremely numerous, for animals, and such meat-offerings, as which reason there are of them in all the law enjoined them to present in the best and most flourishing countries sacrifice. Philo relates, that the Jews of Europe and Asia, all esteeming for of Rome sent money, instead of firsttheir metropolis the holy city, in which fruits, by their own officers, to Jeruis the sacred temple of the Most High salem. And the first-fruits must cerGod.” And in a letter of Agrippa the tainly be included in every definition Elder, to Caligula, he says, inter- of sacrifices. Many other facts might ceding for Jerusalem, “ If you grant be brought forward both from Josemy request in favour of my native phus and from the Acts of the Aposplace, you will be a benefactor not to tles, a book which, as an historical one city only, but to thousands of record of Jewish affairs, may probacities in every part of the world; for bly be deemed by your learned Cor. scarcely any country of note can be respondent worthy of some attention, mentioned, in which there are not independently of its merits as a relaJewish inhabitants.” In another place tion of the planting of the Christian Philo says, “ One thing we desire in religion. But what has been said stead of all others, that no novelty be seems sufficient. introduced into the temple, but that

H. T.

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