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act whereby its authority to decree the Holy One?" The Rev.John James, rites and ceremonies is acknowledged, of Bridgend, afterwards preached a and this their leading principle of most admirable Welsh sermon on the dissent is violated.

perfect and universal love of God, from “ That as Unitarian Christians, your i John iv. 8, “God is love," and conPetitioners cannot exculpate them- cluded the service. The business of selves from the charge of a palpable the society was then transacted iu the violation of moral principle in joining chapel ; several new members were in devotions addressed to the Father, added to the list, and the next annithe Son, and the Holy Ghost; and versary appointed to be held at Llwynparticularly in receiving a benediction y-groes, in Cardiganshire; the Rev pronounced for the ratification of the John Evans, of Carmarthen, to be the ceremony, in the name of God the preacher. A large company of country Father, God the Son, and God the people afterwards retired to an Inn to Holy Ghost.

partake of refreshments, provided for That finding that the British Le- them by the congregation. The migislature, in an Act passed in the reign nisters, twenty-four in number, and a of his Majesty George the Second, respectable party of friends, in all relating to Marriage, recognised the fifty-seven, dined on an economical importance and sufficiency of such plan at the White Lion Ion. After religious scruples, by exempting the dinner, the usual sentiments being Jews and Quakers from all obligation proposed from the chair, gave rise to submit to its provisions, so far as it to several appropriate and animated respected the Members of their several speeches; and the afternoon was communions ; your Petitioners feel passed in the utmost harmony, The encouraged to submit their case to the evening service was introduced by consideration of your Honourable Mr. T. Rees, and Mr. Awbrey House, and humbly to petition, that preached a very judicious and impres. they also may be allowed to marry sive discourse, in English, on the object among themselves, in conformity with and nature of Christian worship, from their religious principles. And your John iv. 23. The venerable and Rev. Petitioners will ever pray."

D. Davies, of Llwyn-rhyd-Owen, then

preached in Welsh from Phil, iii. 20, South Wales Unitarian Book Society. an engaging sermon on the heavenly

The Annual Meeting was held at citizenship of true Christians, and conthe Unitariau chapel in Carmarthen, cluded the service with prayer. The on Tuesday the sth July instant, and congregations at all the services were not on Thursday the 10th, as stated very large and respectable, and many by mistake in the notice, which ap- persons attended from the neighpeared in the Repository for May. bouring counties of Glamorgan, CarThe services commenced on Monday digan and Pembroke. The meeting evening, July 7th, when the Rev. will be long remembered by all the Rees Lloyd, of Kingswood, near Bir. friends present with feelings of satismingham, read the Scriptures and faction and delight. prayed in English. The Rev. D. July 20, 1817.

T. Davis, of Neath, preached an interesting English sermon from Rom. Unitarian Tract Society, West Riding viii. 32, and the Rev. John Thomas,

of Yorkshire. of Llwyn-y-groes then delivered an The second Avniversary Meeting excellent Welsh discourse on Relic of the Unitarian Tract Society, for gions Liberty, from Rom. xiv. 4, 5, the West Riding of Yorkshire, was and the Rev. William Rees, of Pen- held at Wakefield, on the 11th of rhiw, closed the service with a Welsh June last. The business of the day prayer. On Tuesday morning the commenced with Divine Service; of service was introduced in English by which the introductory and devotional the Rev. R. Awbrey, of Swansea; part was conducted by the Rev. John then the Rev. T. Rees, of London, de- Kenrick, A. M. Solemn, earnest and livered a masterly statement of the impassioned was the address to the objections to the doctrine of the Trinity, Deity; and we trust, it ascended as from Isaiah xl. 25, « To whom will the incense of praise, from hearts sinye liken me, or shall I be equal, saith

cere.

The Rev. Thomas Jervis addressed results. Dr. Thomson, who may be the audience from John xiii. 17: truly considered as the parent of the If ye know these things, happy are cause, stepped forward and made a ye if ye do them.". The venerable most fervent and pressing appeal to preacher, in a strain of masculine ar. his friends in its behalf. It proved gument, and with a delivery the most irresistible. A liberal subscription impressive, pointed out the value of was immediately entered into, which Christian knowledge, and the pro. would more than cover all the expriety of using our rational faculties penses of fitting up our new place of in our researches after truth. He worship. then dwelt, with the happiest effect, The Rev. John Gaskell, who is on the practical influence this know- lately settled at Thorne, gave a most ledge should have on our lives. It pleasing account of the Society there, was a clear, copious, and irresistible He found them well-informed, united torrent of reasoning; exhibiting the in love and glowing with zeal. In same evangelical style and spirit, so the name of his congregation, he de. conspicuous in the discourses with sired that Thorne might be added to which that gentleman has already the Association, and the Annual Meetfavoured the religious world.

ing held there in rotation. After the service, the report of the The next Anniversary is to be conTract Society was read by the Rev. sidered as the Lidgate Meeting; owing, R. Astley, of Halifax, who had kindly however, to its proximity to Huddersaccepted the office of Secretary, in the field, and for the sake of convenience, room of the Rev. H. Turner, removed and the encouragement it will afford from Bradford to Nottingham. The our brethren there, it is proposed that report was highly satisfactory, and it shall be held in that town; when called forth some excellent observa- we hope a numerous attendance will tions from different members, expres- witness, and celebrate the complete sive of the utility of the Association, triumph of Unitarianism in Huddersnot only in the diffusion of Christian field. truth, by the distribution of tracts,

J. D. but also in forming a bond of union between the ininisters and members Western Unitarian Society, and Devon of different congregations. Before the and Cornwall Association. formation of this Society, the con. The Annual Meetings of the West. gregations of the Protestant Dissenters ern Unitarian Society, and the Devon seemed almost isolated; now they and Cornwall Unitarian Association, meet, co-operate, and by their united were held at Exeter, on Wednesday, and unslackened efforts, produce in July 9th. Divine service was introthese parts the most astonishing revo- duced by the Rev. Benjamin Mardon, lutions in the minds and hearts of of Glasgow; the Rev. Joseph Fawcett,

of Yeovil, offered the general prayer, When the business of the Tract and the sermon was preached by the Society was concluded, about sixty Rev. John Kenrick, N. A. Classical gentlemen sat down to a plain and Tutor at Manchester College, York, comfortable dinner, at the Strafford Mr. K.'s text was 1 Tim. vi. 4: “The Arms.

Many subjects congenial to doctrine according to godliness." The the purposes of the Meeting were in sermon was an able, judicious and troduced; among which, of major eloquent defence of the Unitarian docimportance, was the infant cause at trines as being best calculated to pro. Huddersfield. A statement of its mote godliness. We have great plearise, progress and present condition sure in informing the Unitarian public, was given by the Rev. J. Donoughue, that they may soon have an opportuof Lidgate. The success which had nity of perusing it, as Mr. K. has attended the labours of Messrs. Beattie promised to comply with the unani. and Donoughuein that populous place, mous and earnest request of both so. and the flattering prospects which still cieties by its speedy publication. After offered themselves for future exertion, the service the meetings for business, interested every heart, and awakened first of the Western Unitarian Soa generous desire to support an under ciety, and then of the Devon and taking whicb promised such happy Cornwall Unitarian Association, were

men.

VOL. XII.

8 т

held in the vestry of George's Meet- port, they have been favoured with ing, William Brown, Esq. of Cul- the services of the Rev. Thos. Howe, lumpton, a member of both societies, of Bridport, who spent two Sabbaths in the Chair. The Subscribers pre- with them, on the first of which he sent had the pleasure of witnessing a administered the Lord's Supper to a considerable accession to their body, few of the members; and, at their and amongst others, the venerable request, he preached again on the Mr. Bretland, whose learning and evening before he left Tiverton. His talents have long since made his name services were highly acceptable and familiar to the friends of Unitarianism, interesting to all who attended them; became a member of both societies. and more particularly so, from the Ilmiuster, Somersetshire, was fixed great degree of interest he has shewn, upon as the place for the next annual both by his personal exertions and meeting of the Western Unitarian solicitations, in behalf of their infant Society, and the Rev. T. S. Smith, cause. M. D. of Yeovil, was appointed to A letter was drawn up, and signed preach. The Devon and Cornwall by all the members, (previous to bis Unitarian Association resolved to hold leaving Tiverton,) expressive of their their next meeting at Tiverton. Up: grateful acknowledgements, accompawards of eighty of the subscribers and nied by a request that he would refriends to both societies dined together peat his visit to them, at some future at the New London Inn, Richard time convenient to himself. To which Hall Clarke, Esq. of Bridwell, in the he returned a most affectionate reply; chair. After dinner, Mr. Kerrick, assuring them that he should always Mr. Rowe, Dr. Carpenter, Mr. Wors- continue to feel the greatest interest ley, and several other gentlemen, ad- for their future welfare and prosperity, dressed the company. There was and be most ready, on all occasious, service at George's Meeting on Thurs. to render them any advice or assistday morning, at seven o'clock, when

ance in his power. the Rev. W. Evans, of Tavistock,

M. L. Y. conducted the devotional part, and

16th August, 1817. the Rev. Dr. Smith preached. The Subscriptions are received by the congregations were

and Rev. Dr. Carpenter, Bristol ; Rer. respectable; a great number of mi- R. Aspland, Hackney Road; Rev. nisters and many other distant friends Thomas Howe, Bridport; Mr. George of the societies were present, and the Dunsford, or Mr. M. L. Yeates, meeting was altogether a highly in. Tiverton. teresting and important one. Exeter, July 20, 1817. W. H. Parliament Court Chapel Auxiliary

Unitarian Fund.
Tiverton Unitarian Chapel.

Sır,
Amount of Subscriptions re-

HAVING read, with much interest ceived, inserted in Mon.

Dr. Thomson's remarks on penny-a. Repos. for June £73 15 week societies, in the Mon. Repos. for Since Received,

October last, and the accounts, in a Mr. Hornsey, Exeter

110 subsequent Number, of the adoption Mr. Matthew Dunsford, Teign

of his plan at Birmingham and Swanmouth

1 0 0

sea, it is with pleasure I announce The friends of the cause at Tiver- the formation of an Auriliary Unitaton, solicit the further assistance of rian Fund, by the congregation asthose who are desirous to promote sembling at Parliament Court Chapel. their object, in order that they may This society originated in an una. be enabled to pay the balauce remain- nimous resolution of the congregation, ing due from them, which amounts to which has been carried into effect about £25. Small as this sum may with great zeal and success. The appear, yet having already raised regulations are not materially different amongst themselves as much as they from those already before your readers. can with prudeuce contribute, they The number of subscribers is already are unable at present to obtain suffi- considerable, and is rapidly increasing. cient to discharge the few accounts I am requested to communicate this that are unpaid. Since their last re- fact, in hopes that, together with the

numerous

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instances already recorded in your Manchester College, York. pages, it may act as a stimulus upon The following sums have been received other congregations, to adopt means on account of this Institution. so easy and effectual for the promotion Congregational Collections. of our common cause. It is an impor- Stockton on Tees, by the Rev. tant recommendation of this scheme

Samuel Kennedy

2 0 0 that, while it furnishes ready aid to

Liverpool (Paradise Street),
Rev, P. Houghton

38 8 6 necessitous congregations for building

Benefactions. or repairing chapels, &c.—to our book A Friend, by the Rev. John societies, academies and other institu- Kentish, Birningham

2 0 tions, it is also eminently useful to Mr. Joshua Miller

1 the congregations by which it is J. P. Heywood, Esq. Wakeadopted. Your former correspondents field, (third benefaction)

5 0 0 have shewn its advantages as forming Miss Hodgson, Hall, towards the a bond of union, and increasing or

discharge of the remaining creating in our youthful and poorer Joseph Oates, Esq. Weetwood

debt on the York buildings. 5 5 0 members, an interest about the prin

Hall, near Leeds

10 10 ciples and progress of the religion Thomas Colfox, Esq. Bridport 20 0 which they profess.

J. R. Freme, Esq. Liverpool Were such societies generally form- New Annuul Subscriptions. ed, they would remedy two great evils Mr. Edmund Ashworth, Bolton in the present mode of raising money le Moors

1 1 0 for building chapels. Of the sums Joseph Dawson, Esq. Royds now raised for this purpose, a con- Hall, near Bradford, York 2 2 0 siderable proportion is, of necessity, John Strutt, Esq. Belper, Der

byshire sunk in the travelling expenses of the

2 2

1

Rev. James Parry, Liverpool 1 collector. The amount collected is also much more dependent on tempo- Mr. R. W. B. Sanderson, Man

0 10

Mr, Eyre, Nottingham rary and accidental circumstances than

chester

1 0 on the merits of the case. By the Robert Andrews, Esq. Rivington proposed plan, the relative claims of

Hall, near Boston le Moors 2 2 the applications would, it is probable, be pretty correctly estimated, and the

£124 50 sum voted would be transmitted immediately, and without drawback.

G. W. WOOD, Treasurer. This would be advantageous both to

Manchester, July 12, 1817. contributors and recipients, I cannot conclude without express

Subscriptions towards defraying the ing my thanks to the benevolent and Expenses of the late Enlargement of zealous individual by whom this useful

the Burial Ground of the Unitarian plan was formed and recommended, Chapel at Thorne. and my wishes for its speedy and uni

By Dr. Thomson. versal adoption.

Abraham Crompton, Esq. Lune-
W.J. FOX.

villa, near Lancaster 5 0 0 Mrs. Heywood, Halifax

1 1 Hackney Road,

By Rev. T. Johnstone. 18th August, 1817.

The Misses Lumb, Wakefield 2 0 0

By Rev. R. Aepland.
Rev. B. Evans, Stockton

1 1 0 Subscriptions to the Unitarian Chapel, Mr. David Walker, Hoxton Glasgow.

Mrs. Severn, Broughton, Notts. Mr. John Bowring, Hackney 1 0 0 Mr Mace, Tenterden

1 Rev. John Evans

0 S. Gawthrop, Esq. Three small Subscriptions in

Birmingham Fellowship Fund 2 Worship Street

6

Rev. James Yates, Birmingham 10 Messrs. Balls

1

Thorne.
Rev. Joseph Hutton

6
Rev, J. Gaskell

1 1 0 Mr. Edward Bowring

1

N. B. There still remains a debt Mr. E. Batten, Yeovil

1 Senex Cornubiensis (By Mr. Asp

upon the Unitarian Chapel at Thorne, land)

1 0 0

of about nineteen pounds, incurred by

enlarging and enclosing the burying £6 18 0 ground, &c.

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MONTHLY RETROSPECT of PUBLIC AFFAIRS;

OR,

The Christian's Survey of the Political World. THE events of the last twenty-five years In addition to these dignities, conferred are acknowledged, by the men of the upon three subjects of France, the Bourworld, to be amongst the most surprising bon king has entered into a treaty with the that have been recorded in the pages of republic, by which he is permitted to history; yet they seem to have made but make a new arrangement of ecclesiastical little impression on what is called the re benefices in his kingdom. The number of ligious or serious or evangelical public. archbishoprics and bishoprics is to be inTo this Protestant country the conclusion creased, by which means the kingly auof the war and the facts daily announced thority is expected to be more firmly conare deeply interesting; and every true solidated, and the republic, by the increase Christian will, notwithstanding the alarm- of its bigber dependents, cannot but be ing appearances they wear, preserve his benefited. This is one of the most extraconfidence in God, that however triumphant ordinary delusions that has ever taken the cause of the pretended Holy Church place. A sovereign applies to a foreigu may be, yet its inquisitions, its infallibility, state to erect offices in his own domivions. its rising pomp are hastening to destruc- A sovereign, priding himself on his birth, tion final and complete. The European bows down to ove, perhaps, born in the world has been set against republics. lowest situation of life; he who boasts of Every thing republican has, with the lit descent from kings for a thousand years, most care, in every instance, except that who looks upon legitimate authority to be which is the most important, been either vested in him by a kind of Divine right, is weakened or destroyed. Holland, Genoa, content to reign with divided authority; Venice, and most of the smaller republican the republic possessing the homage of a states have disappeared. Yet one republic great part of his subjects, of whom some remains, and before it, as in former times one may come to be its head, and to claim before its prototype, sovereigns bow down from his king allegiance next to Divine. with awful reverence, and receive its man That the sovereigns of Europe, with un. dates in the government of their own bounded authority, several of them in their estates. The former republic was founded respective states, should feel it necessary on force, the latter on frand. The writings to be dependent on a foreign republic, of our ancestors for the last three bundred which at times has exacted obedience in a years are filled with protestations against very harsh and severe manner, is only an. the latter : their descendants, in these days, other proof of the power of delusion over view it with complacency, and have been the minds of men; though, perhaps, in this mainly assissting in restoring it to a state, case they are not so completely shortfrom which at one time it seemed to have sighted as may be imagined. There are been precipitated for ever.

two parties in the fraud. The priest is to The Papal republic stands again upon support the despot, and the despot the its legs, for a republic it is, and of the priest, in the common cause, by which each worst species. The members of this re is to gain an advantage at the expense of public are spread through the nations of the people. This does not prevent the two Enrope, each individual in it deriving some parties, when the latter are not concerned, power from its head; and all who have from endeavouring to get the better of each sufficient talent may aspire to the highest other; and, as circunstances require, each dignities of this extraordinary state. The calls the people to his assistance. This the Pope, the pretended Holy Father, is elected Protestant sees through well enough; but from the dignitaries who form his council, the people, who are in subjection to the and who for the greater part are Italians; pretended holy republic, remain, and are but policy requires that some should be ad- likely to remain for some time, subject to mitted from the kingdoms which pay their the delusion. homage to the republic, and in general The necessities of Spain have also rethe men selected possess great talents na quired the assistance of ihe pretended Holy tural and acquired. With the nomination of See. A great part of the revenues of that their subjects the kings are much pleased, country is possese 1 by the subjects of the and the House of Bourbon, the great pro- republic, according to whose doctrines they tectors, sons and servants of this republic, are hallowed, and to be kept in violate has been lately gratified by the nomi: from the touch of the state in which they nation of three persons, on whom the are situated. But the republic has a power French king placed, with solemn pomp, over these revenues, and by an humble petithe Cardinal's hat received from the pre- tion of the king and an explanation of bis tended Holy Father, after the usual pre. circumstances, the republic has granted to tended apostolical benediction.

him a certain portion of these revenues, for

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