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ple) to sweep the dust from his grave." some notices in your second Vol. p. Sir Henry then refers to the pious 535. uses of his will, and the struggles for The letter, which is undated, was his honours and offices, adding, “a most probably written in 1695, when, few days will determine these ambi- as appears by a Parliamentary Registions." Relig. Wotton, 1685, 4th Ed. ter, Viscount Cheyne was chosen one pp. 434436.

of the members for Newport, CornAccording to Lord Orford, the Earl wall, which borough he had waved at "died at the palace he had built at the election in 1690, and sat for HarCharing Cross, now Northumberland wich. House, supposed to be raised with

J. T. RUTT. Spanish gold.” He had founded “ three hospitals," and was described by Lady The Earl of Northampton to the Earl Bacon, mother of the Chancellor, as

of Somerset. "a dangerous intelligencing man, and,

(June, 1614.) no doubt, a subtle Papist inwardly, a

HON. AND WORTHY LORD, very instrument of the Spanish Pa. IF the plain dealing both of my pists." R. and N. Authors.

physicians and surgeon did not assure Such was the various fortune and me of the few days I have to live, I the undecided character of Henry should yet have deferred the putting Howard, Earl of Northampton, con- of these poor suits into your hands, cerning whom I have been tempted since I might be thought still rather to exceed the reasonable bounds of an to value your greatness, than your introductory letter, from perceiving goodness. that his life had been omitted in most, But, noble Lord, let me be beholdif vot all of the General Biographies. ing at my last for ever, for such poor

The second letter has the signature toys as do rather ease my mind than of Henry Compton, Bishop of London, pinch any man. the youngest son of Spencer, Earl of 1 humbly beseech your Lordship to Northampton, on whose father, the stay, with all the power you can, the title, extinct by the death of Lord conferring the office of the Cinque. Howard, had been bestowed by King Ports, either upon Pembroke or Lisle, James. This Prelate is sufficiently for as they hated me, so will they plague described in biographies and accounts my people and those whom I loved. of the Revolution. He is here em- Sir Robert Brette, at his coming to ployed, with no great propriety, as a the place of Lieutenant, was content Peer, interfering with a Peeress, re- to depart with a platt of ground for specting an election for the House of enlargement of my garden, which Commons The letter is endorsed, could have been bought of him, setting “ To the Right Hon. Her Grace the aside his love for me, for no money. Dutchess of Albemarle, at New Hall, My very conscience is pressed in this in Essex." Bibl. Sloan. 4052. point, and therefore cannot satisfy

This Lady was the widow of the myself, till I have put my earnest suit second Duke of Albemarle, whose rank into the hands of my dearest Lord, to and riches, his father, General Monk take care that his Majesty admit no had earned by his successful political warden before he have given his word profligacy. This marriage of the son, to him, vot to remove this poor disthe Biographer of Monk, Dr. Skinner, tressed gentleman out of his Lieutedescribes as “ the last of” the father's nancy, “ human cares," dying four days after,

If I die before Midsummer, the careless, probably of what uncourtly farms of the Irish Customs are not to history might say of him, since he had pay me, though it be but one day “ united the glories of the ancient before, which were a great wound to houses of Neweastle and Dorchester, my furtune. No man can help this Cavendish and Pierpoint, with his own inconvenience better than your Lordducal coronet." Of the Duchess and ship, by obtaining a privy seal, that her eccentricities, Mr. Granger has my executors may be paid, if it come given an entertaining account, in his to that hard straight of a day or two. Biographical History, 2d Ed. IV. pp. Assurance from your Lordship that 157, 158. Of New Hall, there are you will effect these final requests, shall send my spirit out of this transi. The Bishop of London to the Dutchess tory tabernacle, with as much com

of Albemarle. fort and content as the bird flies to

MADAM,

Sept. 25, (1695.) the mountain.

I am an humble petitioner to you, Dear Lord, my spirits spend and that when the election of Harwich is my strength decays. All that remains decided, you would give my Lord is with my dying hand to witness Cheyne leave to take the Burrow, in what my living heart did vow when Cornwall, for his option, and that you it gave itself to your Lordship, as to would give me leave to recommend the choice friend whom I did love another person to your favour. for bis virtues, and not court for his Were it upon my own account, I fortune.'

should be ashamed to ask this : but it Farewell, Noble Lord, and the last is for the government and charche's farewell in the last letter that ever I sake that I beg it. For the person I look to write to any man.

would have in, will be of very great I presume confidently of your fa- and important use to serve both, and vour in these poor suits, and will be therefore I am sure you will pardon both living and dying,

the importunity. Your affectionate friend and servant, Madam, your Grace's most obeH. NORTHAMPTON.

dient and obliged servant, Tuesday at 2.

H. LONDON.

MISCELLANEOUS COMMUNICATIONS.

Mr. Howe on the Opinions on the those opinions respecting the person Trinity.

of Christ, which he conceives to be Sir, Bridport, August 8, 1817. contained in the sacred Scriptures, yet IT

is often asserted by the advocates he can bring strong presumptive proofs

for the Trinity, that this doctrine of the truth of his sentiments, even has been professed in the Christian from the writings of the former. church, from its first formation to the Christianity, indeed, was corrupted as present time. In proof of this posi- early as the time of the apostles. tion, an appeal is confidently made to Some of its professors called Gnostics the writings of the primitive Fathers. entertained the fanciful notion reIf indeed their decisions be deemed specting the person of Jesus Christ, sacred to establish articles of faith, that he was a man in appearance only, and the religious sentiments they main- not in reality, and was incapable of tained be taken as the standard of suffering and dying. This sentiment, Christian truth, the advocates for the originating in a phantastic species of deity of Christ must be allowed to have oriental philosophy, is often referred to, the advantage over the Unitarian. To and censured by the apostles in their their authority, however, the latter epistolary writings. Errors of somewill not subniit. He makes his ap-. what a different kind from the revepeal to the New Testament, especially ries of these Phantomists respecting to the first planting of a Christian the person of Christ, gained some church recorded in the Acts of the ground among Christians in the seApostles, and challenges his oppo- cond century. Most of the celebrated nents to produce in them such lan- fathers had been philosophers, who, guage as “ the ever-blessed Trinity, when converted to Christianity, corthe Trinity in Unity, Three Persons in rupted the pure religion of the gospel, One God, the God-man Christ Jesus, by intermixing with it some of their the same in substance with his father, own philosophical or metaphysical equal in power and glory." These, notions. Among these, Justin usually Sir, are the inventions of after ages, called Martyr (because he nobly yielded for the support of metaphysical sys- up his life in the Christian cause, ratems of human device. Though the ther than renounce it), a native of SaUnitarian admits that the generality maria, a learned man and a pious phiof the ancient fathers did not entertain lusopher, makes a distinguised figure.

With re

He embraced Christianity about a amply proved, that whilst Justin hundred years after the death of our and the philosophic Christians after Lord. It appears probable that he him, indulged themselves in their unvery much contributed to establish scriptural speculations concerning the the subsequent doctrine of the Trinity Logos, the Word, as the Son of God among Christians, by applying the before all time, and his eternal generaPlatonic notion of the Logos to Jesus tion, ordinary Christians of plain unChrist. Plato maintained, that“ there derstanding kept close to the doctrine is only One Supreme, Spiritual and of the apostles concerning Christ, as Invisible God, whom he calls the being a man of the Jewish nation, and Being, the very Being, the Father the Son of God in no other sense, than and Cause of all beings. He placed that of having received his being, and under this Supreme God, an inferior extraordinary favours and communicaBeing whom he called Reason, (Asyos) tions from God.”—Lindsey's Second the Director of things present and fu- Address to the Students of Oxford and ture, the Creator of the Universe. In Cambridge. Note to p. 213. fine, be acknowledged a third Being, Dr. Priestley has throwo much light whom he calls the Spirit or Soul of on ecclesiastical history, by proving the world. He added, that the first from the writings of the primitive was the Father of the second, and fathers themselves of the second and that the second had produced the third centuries, that their opinions third.”—Le Clerc's Lives of the Pri- respecting the person of Christ are uo mitive Fathers, p. 68. English Ed. criterion of the sentiments of the

The application of the Logos of Christian church within that period, Plato to Jesus Christ, Justin deemed if thereby be meant the general body a wonderful discovery, which he of professing Christians. thought himself inspired by heaven to ference to these, Tertullian, the first of make; and whenever a person feels the Latin fathers, who flourished an impression of his being taught any about the beginning of the third cenpeculiar tenet by immediate Divine tury, sadly complains that “ the simcommunication, (though in reality it ple, tac ignorant and unlearned, who be the offspring of his warm imagina. are always the greater part of the body tion) the voice of sober reason and of Christians,” cannot enter into his the plainest declarations of Scripture sublime speculations respecting the are disregarded by the pious enthu- economy. “ They therefore will have siast. As one false step generally leads it, that we are worshipers of two, and to another, so this error of Justin, from even of three Gods, but that they are the pure doctrine of Christ and his the worshipers of one God only."apostles, not only by degrees spread Priestley's History of the Christian in the Christian world, but also gained Church. I. p. 285. great additions to it, till at length it This evinces the difficulty which the led the human mind into the labyrinth speculative and philosophic teachers of incomprehensible mysteries, as they among professing Christians had, to afterwards appeared in established induce the general body to renounce creeds. The sentiment respecting the the plain iutelligible doctrine taught person of our Lord, advanced by Jus- by our Lord and his apostles, of the tin, does not seem to have extended supremacy of the Father, and that very rapidly, or to have gained ground Jesus Christ was a man possessed inwithout opposition. “All the learned deed of extraordinary divine commuChristians of that time (says a late nications, “ the spirit being given him venerable divine, who made a noble without measure," whereby he was sacrifice of his worldly interest to his qualified to reveal the will of God, iutegrity), were far from favouring and to be an all-sufficient Saviour. Justin's new doctrine of Christ being Greatly as they revered, and ardently a second God, spoken of in the He. as they loved their professed Master, brew Scriptures. Many, whose names their minds revolted at the representaare recorded, with numberless others tion of his deity, as interfering with unknown, continued to hold him to be the prerogative of the only true God. a human being, with extraordinary They were unable to enter into those powers from God. And it has been metaphysical distinctions and subtle

VOL. XII.

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ties, by which it was attempted to that the Father, Son and Spirit had evade this conclusion. For it is to each of them the same divine nature, be observed, that these philosophic as three or more men have each of teachers maintained both the supre- them the same human nature. They macy of the Father and the deity of allowed many things to be inexplicable Christ, yet denied that there was more in their scheme, wbich they charged than one God. The strict equality of to the weakness of our understandings, Christ with his God and Father, is and not to the doctrine itself. not I believe to be found in any of the “ Bishop Pearson, Bishop Bull and writings of the three first centuries. Dr. Owen agree in opinion, that though The doctrine of the Athanasian Creed, God the Father is the Fountain of as it is called, was unknown to the Deity, the whole Divine nature is comSaint whose name it bears, an irre- municated from the Father to the Son, fragable proof of its being a forgery of and from hoth to the Spirit, yet so as a subsequent age. This appears by that the Father and the Son are not the writings of St. Athanasius, as separate, nor separable, from the diviquoted by Dr. Clarke, in his “ Scrip- pily, but do still exist in it, and are ture Doctrine of the Trinity." P. 4. most intimately united to it. 2nd Ed. Let these quotations be “ Mr. Howe seemed to suppose, compared with the Athanasian Creed, that there are three distinct eternal and instead of a similarity, a contrast Spirits, or distinct intelligent hyposand contradiction to it will be found. tases, each having his own distinct,

Though a belief in the Trinity is singular, intelligent pature, united in often represented by its advocates as such an inexplicable manner, as that essential to salvation, various are the (upon account of their perfect barsentiments which the professors them- mony, consent and affection, to which selves of this doctrine, of both ancient he adds their mutual self-consciousand modern times, have entertained ness) they may be called the One God, concerning it. If it be said of a per- as properly as the different corporeal, son that he is a Trinitarian, you are sensitive and intelligent natures may still at a loss to determine (unless he be called one man. himself explain his own views) what “ Dr. Clarke's scheme is, that there are his precise ideas respecting his tenet. is ope Supreme Being, who is the Fa

I am led to these reflections, Sir, by ther, and two derived, subordinate, the recent perusal of a pamphlet, and dependent Beings. But he waves which I read in the early part of my calling Christ a creature, as Arius did, ministry with much satisfaction, and and principally on that foundation a sincere wish to imbibe that spirit disclaims the charge of Arianism. of candour towards my Christian bre- “ Mr. Baxter seems to have thought thren of every denomination, which it the Three Divine Persons to be one tends to generate. I refer to “ Candid and the same God, Understanding, Reflections on the Doctrine of the Willing and Beloved by himself, or Trinity,” by the lat Rev. Benjamin Wisdom, Power and Love, which he Fawcelt, of Kidderminster.

thinks illustrated by the three essenIn proof of the position above ad. tial formalities (as he calls them) in vanced, of the differences respecting the soul of man; viz. vital, active the person of Christ, subsisting among power, intellect and will; and in the reputed Trinitarians themselves, I take sun, motion, light and heat. the liberty of extracting part of the “ Archbishop Tillotson, Dr. Wallis, account he gives of some of the mo- and many others thought, the distincdern writers on the doctrine, chiefly tion between the Three Persons was taken, as the pious and liberal author only Modal, coinciding with the leadstates, from Dr. Doddridge's Lectures. ing sentiment of Sabellius.

“ Dr. Waterland, Dr. A. Taylor, “ Dr. Thomas Burnet maintained and many other modern Athanasians, one self-existent and independent, and carried their notion of the distinct per- two dependent Beings, but asserted, Bonality and supreme divinity of the that the two latter are so united to and Father, Son and Spirit to a very great inhabited by the former, that by virheight, and seemed to have imagined tue of such union, divine perfections that they sufficiently supported the may be ascribed, and divine worship Unity of the Godhead by asserting, paid to them.

" Dr. Watts maintained one Su- tion, and again directed it to the preme God dwelling in the human subject. nature of Christ, which he supposes

Allow me first to correct an error to have existed the first of all crea- in your Correspondent's statement. tures. He speaks of the Logos or di- The chapel in which the exemplary vine Word, as the Wisdom of God, and high-minded Mr. Peirce* taught and the Holy Spirit as the divine the Supremacy of the Father, is not Power, or the influence and effect of now in the possession of the Unitait, which he says is a scriptural per- rians. The congregation had declined son, that is, spoken of figuratively in so much, that the building and ground Scripture under personal characters." attached to it were lately sold to the Fawcett's Candid Reflections, p. 10. Wesleyan Methodists. The first edi

From the account here given of the fice which was dedicated, in England, last of these eminent men, it may be to the worship of the “One God, the said of him, he was not far from being Father,” is no longer employed in His an Unitarian Christian; and that before peculiar service. † he died, he was led by his inquiries to For some years before the Trinita. be completely one of that description, rian controversy, Exeter had been the is rendered very probable, by recent theatre of warm disputes between the publications respecting him, especially Presbyterians and the Episcopalians, by the testimony of a man so cautious which were first kindled by the inand of so respectable a character as temperance of a Mr. Agate, who, as a Dr. Lardner.

contemporary says, “ with a fluent The observation of the liberal au- tongue, a fiery zeal and a forehead thor of the pamphlet from which I harder than his very name," took have made the above quotation, is so every opportunity of abusing the Dis. just and appropriate, that I cannot senters from the pulpit, calling their refrain from inserting it. “ All the ministers “a pack of villains," and explications of this doctrine, under the adding, that “they took as much ancient and modern names now men- pains to damn men's souls, as Jesus tioned, have in this one respect an

Christ did to save them." He chalequality, that they are all of them lenged the Dissenters to a public conthe sentiments of mere fallible men.” troversy, which was accepted by Mr. P. 14.

Hallett. They met, but after some To this I beg leave to add also, that conversation, the preliminaries to the the more I reflect on the difficulties discussion proposed and insisted on by attending every species of the doc- Mr. Agate, were so illiberal and untrine of the Trinity, the more grate- fair, being apparently intended to ful I feel to the kind Disposer of my force such answers from Mr. Hallett, lot, by whose gracious dispensations I as would make him amenable to the have been led to the knowledge and civil law, that nothing came of the profession of the plain and intelligible, conference; but the spirit of resentyet sublime and animating doctrine of Unitarianism. That all who embrace, may adorn and recommend it and throughout the Mon. Repos. as else

* This name is almost constantly mispelt, by their tempers and conduct, is the where, I find it generally Pierce. ardent wish, in which I am sure, Sir,

+ This chapel was opened on the 15th you will heartily unite, of your occa- March, 1719, and Mr. Peirce preached in sional Correspondent,

it from 1 Cor. i. 13, the first time after his T. HOWE. expulsion. He asserts, (and indeed he is

“ an honest and true witness,'') that he had Sir, Hackney, Aug. 3, 1817. ever exerted himself to subdue, and when ONG since I intended to com

this could not be, to temper the burnings

of religious animosity, This sermon is of the events which occurred at Exe- written in the spirit of one who had learnt

“ not to return evil for evil, but contraryter about a century ago, in connexion

wise.” with the Trinitarian controversy there. On the death of Mr. Peirce in 1726, So much delayed, my purpose would the congregation proposed to invite Mr. have been quite forgotten, but for a Emlyn, who bearing of their intentions, hint in one of your late Numbers (p. excused himself on account of his feeble386), which has awakened my atten. ness and advanced years.

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