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ment was kept alive, and the Dis- of the orthodox scheme in Mr. P.'s senting clergy were thus involved in mind, after severe struggles and ferdisputes with those of the Establish- vent prayers for the light of truth and ment, * at the moment when other the guidance of heaveli
. discussions arose, (to us peculiarly in- In 1713 he was chosen unanimously teresting,) which led to the erection to be one of the ministers of the united of our primitive Unitarian church. congregations of Protestant Dissenters
As Mr. Peirce was the prominent in Exeter. actor in the events about to be re- It was about 1716 when Mr. Hucorded, the “ source of all the evil," bert Stogdon (who had been a warm the arch-heretic of his day in the west, advocate of Trinitarianism), saw rea(an honourable title which, indeed, son to cbange his opinions; and his his unwearied pen preserved for him conversation being one day overheard, to the end,) it may not be amiss to and communicated to Mr. Lavingdetail the progress of his religious ton, † the latter chose to make it the opinious.
subject of public crimination, and the He tells us that he was bred up in ferment was increased to a storm in the a scheme which he could call only following year, when Mr. Henry At. Sabellianism; but admitting the Scrip- kins, in a most furious sermon, accused tures as the only rule of faith, he was the heretical Dissenters of Exeter, with soon led to observe, in the course of his "denying the Lord that bought them." studies, that the Ante-Nicene writers Impatient to be acquitted of so dread never came up to his standard of or- ful' an accusation, and availing themthodoxy, and that the fathers, since selves of the reports which pointed at the fourth century, (and especially Mr. Peirce as one of the guilty, seBasil, seemed to teach the doctrine of veral of his congregation requested a common nuture, which he thought him to satisfy the world and them of no less than Tritheism. These reflec- bis orthodoxy, and, in compliance with tions both perplexed and alarmed their wishes, he preached a sermon him, so that he determined to banish on the propitiation of Christ. In this the subject from his thoughts and his (though he defends the common opiconversation; but when his friend and uion to a considerable extent), he correspondent Mr. Whiston was ac- objects to all the conclusions which cused of heretical propensities, Mr. P. suppose sin to be an infinite evil, dewrote to him, advocatiog the common serving infinite punishment, because opinion. In reply, he was referred to committed against an Infinite Being, Mr. W.'s Works in the press, the (a form of words, by the way, whose M.SS. of which he was requested to antithesis is more convincing than its examive; and at the same time was argument). recommended to study Novatian de When the spirit of inquiry is geneTrinitate, which, in consequence, he rally diffused, ils progress is not only again went throngh, but it served only triumphant but irresistible; and it to increase his perplexity and doubt: was soou most obvious, that a great With the auxiliary, however, of Dr. Clarke's “Scripture Doctrine,” (pub
* An accusation often brought against lished at about this period) Mr. Whis. bim was, that he had been the first to inton's Works completed the overthrow froduce the “new uolions" into that city,
but he declares that it had always been
one of his maxims to avoid controversial * It is worthy of note in elucidation of preaching, and besides, that before his the temper of the times, that the individna's arrival, Arianism had made considerable who most distinguished themselves in this progress there. controversy, (Mr. Withers, the able advo- † This gentleman seems to have been cate of non-conforunity, Mr. Peiree, the particularly active wherever mischief was shrewd historian of dissent, and Mr. Hal- io be done. The youngest of the four lett,) were the very men who soon became Presbyterian ministers at Exeter, the least the victims of the persecnting intolerance informed and the “ most assured,” he was of Dissenting Synods. Oue might have the individual who led on the array of hoped these exertions in favour of our com- bigotry and inquisitorial bitterness against mon liberty, would have obtained for their his co-pastors and fellow-citizens. There condnct and their creed a generous con- was vorbing like charity to temper his struction, and bave softened the asperity of zeal-nothing like candour to soften his unathematizing non-conformists.
change had taken place in the religious The authority for this accusation, views of many, (for discussion is the as given in the margin, is Socrat. Hist. fire which purifies the ore of human Mosheim (20d Ed. I. 339), mentions opinions from the dross of error). Some the return of Arius, but gives no bint of the strong holds of Trinitarianism of his equivocation. Priestley (Hist. were abandoned as unteuable; many ii. 63), says, of bis return, that “ Arius rejected the “ famous text” of John presented a confession of his faith, and i. v. 7, as spurious; * and the symptoms expressed his hope that as his simple of “heretical pravity" were so con faith was the doctrine of the church, firmed, that Judge Price, in his charge and agreeable to the Scriptures, he to the grand jury at the Devon assizes, might be readmitted into the commuspent most of his time in haranguing nion, without entering into matters of them on the obnoxious errors which doubtful disputation." This is said seemed taking so deep a root. J. B. on the authority of Soerat. Hist. L. I. [To be continued.]
Seet. 26. p. 61. One of your readers
may perhaps consult Socrates's His. Sir E. Coke against Arius. tory on this point. Shoulel such a SIR,
Sept. 2nd, 1817. charge against Arius be found there I brought incidentally by Sir E. formation which the Historian had Coke, in his speech, as Attorney Ge- received from orthodox partizans a neral, “ at the Arraignment of Henry century after the period in question. Garnet, Superior of the Jesuits," in A French biographer says of him, 1606. Having charged that society “ Quoiqu'il proteste qu'il s'est donné with a disposition to equivocate, he beaucoup de peine pour s'instruire thus proceeds:
exactement de tous les faits qu'il rap. “ Now for the antiquity of equivo porte, il y en a néanmoins plusieurs cation, it is indeed very old, within auxquels on ne peut ajouter foi." little more than 300 years after Christ, N. D. Hist. 1772. V. p. 420. used by Arius the heretic, who having But no one who has read of the in a general council been condemned, past, or has looked about him, will exand then by the commandment of pect an Attorney General to be scruConstantine the Emperor sent into pulous in arranging the materials of a exile, was by the said Emperor upon State-Prosecution. It exactly suited instant intercession for him, and pro- the purpose of Sir E. Coke to bring mise of his future conformity to the forth the Jesuits in the company of Nicene faith, recalled again : who re- heretics, so obnoxious, that, as a very turning home, and having before few years discovered, the ignorant bicraftily set down in writing his here- goted public were prepared, without tical belief, and put it into his bosom, rising in bonest indignation, to see when he came into the presence of the such men perish at a stake for no Emperor, and had the Nicene faith crime except a disbelief of the Trinity. propounded unto him, and was there
HISTORICUS. upon asked, whether he then did indeed, and so constantly would hold
Sept. 12, 1817. that faith, he (clapping his hand upon
Lord Nithsdale's escape,” (p. his bosom where his paper lay) an. 460,) the following account was swered and vowed, that he did, and given in 1717 : “ William Maxwell, so would constantly profess and hold Earl of Nithsdale, made his escape out that faith, (laying his hand on his of the Tower, February 23, 1715-16, bosom where the paper of his heresy dressed in a woman's cloak and hood, lay) meaning fraudeuily (by the way of which since are called Nithsdales." equivocation) that faith of his own, See pp. 137, 138, of “ The History of which he had written and carried in the late Rebellion, by the Rev. Mr. his bosom." The Gunpowder Treason, Robert Patten.” ed Ed. 1717. This &c. Re-printed 1679. Pp. 103, 104. divine had been chaplain to Mr. For.
ster, a zealous Jacobite, but made his * Mr. Pejice says, he contended for the peace with the government in possesgenuineness of this text as long as he could, siou, by becoming an evidence for the and had been quite displeased with Bishop
crown. It does not appear that he had Burnet for giving it up: but at last, “Dr. got up a plot for the Attorney General Clarke urested it from him."
of that day.
17th August, 1817. names marked with an asterisk, (*) [T is very desirable that the names I found written in a copy of the Theol. Repository, edited by Dr. Priestley, a nity of seeing; how far they may be work which contains so much invalu- correct, it is impossible for me to say, able matter, should be preserved. I but I am of opinion, they will be found was in expectation that a similar sug- so, this copy having originally begestion from one of your Correspon- Jonged to an Unitarian minister, now dents, some time ago, would have deceased. The signatures used by Dr. been attended to, as I have no doubt Priestley are given by him in Vol. III. that amongst the readers of your pub. p. 478,' and VI. 491. Those which lication a complete list might easily be have no name affixed to them may be made out. For this purpose I have left out or preserved at your discretion, sent you an alphabetical list of the though I think it would be as well to signatures, with the names of the dif- preserve them, as the blanks may be ferent writers affixed, as far as I am filled up in course of time, and the able to discover them, which, with list made useful for referring to. I your permission, I beg may be inserted need not say that I shall be glad to in the Monthly Repository. My au see any thing added towards rendering thorities you will find annexed. Those it more complete.
T. R. S. Adjutor,
5, 6, Rev. Thos Fyshe Palmer. Vide Mon. Repos.
1811, p. 136. Auxiliator,
Rev. S. Badcock of Barnstaple. * Bereanus,
Dr. T. Wright. * Beryllus,
Rev. S. Merivale of Exeter. * A Christian,
4, 5, 6, Christophilos,
4, 5, Rev. J. Palmer of Macclesfield. A Memoir of
him is given in the last vol. of the Theol.
1, 3, Dr. Priestley. Cornelius,
1, 2, Discipulus,
3, 4, Dubliniensis, Ebionita,
Rev. J. Palmer.
Rev, R. E. Garnhamn of Trin. Coll. Camb.
Vide Mon. Repos. 1815, p. 15. Eubulus,
5, 6, Rev. Ed. Evanson, M. A. Vide Mon. Repos.
1, 2, 3, Hermas,
4, 5, 6, Dr. Priestley. Idiota,
Rev. R. E. Garnham. Vide Mon. Repos. 1815, Inquirendo,
0, John Buncie
1, 2, Thomas Amory, Author of two singular works,
entitled, “ Lives of several Ladies of Great
Britain," and " The Life of J. Buncle, Esq." Josephus,
4, 6, Dr. Priestley. Liberins,
4, 5, Mosaicus,
4, 5, 6,
4, 5, 6, Dr. Priestley. Patrobas,
1, 2, 3,
Rev. Theo, Lindsey. . Paulinus,
1, 2, 3,
Dr. Priestley. Pelagius,
2, 4, 5, 6,
Hazlitt of Maidstone. * Philander,
2, 4, 6, Phileleutherns Vigorniensis, 1, 2,
Rev. P. Cardale of Evesham.
Rev. Dr. Toulmin. Vide Mon, Repos. 1815, Photinus,
Hazlitt of Maidstone: * Scrutator,
Dr. Priestley. Sincerus,
Mackay of Belfast * Socrates Scholasticus,
Rev. Theo. Lindsey. Subsidiarius,
Rev. Dr. Toulmin. Vide Mon. Repos. 1815, Symmachus,
4, 5, Rev. J. Palmer. Theophilus,
1, 3, Mottershead. Query Rev. Jos. Motters
head of Manchester. Verus,
1, 2, Brekell • Vigilius,
1, 2, 3, Rev. William Turner of Wakefield. Vide
Memoirs of his Life, &c. by his Son, affixed to his Funeral Sermon, by the Rev. Wm.
Wood, 1794. Wideheatb,
J. Whitehead of Glodwick. Vide Mon. Repos,
1815, p. 188. A. B.
5 A. B. C.
Dr. Williams, Sydenham. * A. N.
2, 3, Rev. Dr. Toulmin. Vide Mon. Repos. 1815, A. 0. C.
Rev. George Waters of Bridport. Vide Mon.
Repos, 1815, p. 674.
Rev. J. Palmer.
o nama o sinalinio
Book-Worm. No. XXV. It appears by Mr. Thomas Burnet's Reflections on Burnet's Travels. Life of his Father, annexed to his own SIR,
Aug. 8th, 1817. Times, that, “ in December 1684, by I AM disposed to send you some an extraordinary order from the Lord
Keeper North to Sir Harbottle Grimagainst Burnet, of an earlier date, and ston," Dr. Burnet“ was forbid preachfrom a very different quarter than the ing any more in the Chapel at the former. Instead of an orthodox mal. Rolls. Thus, at the time of King content of his own church, the fol- Charles's death (Feb. 1685), be was lowing title-page will discover a Ro- happily disengaged from all those ties man Catholic opponent, sheltered un- which might have rendered his stay der the wing of the Pope, and even in England any part of his duty. launching his critical thunders from Accordingly he obtained “ leave to go the Vatican.
out of the kingdom" on the accession “Reflexions on Dr. Gilbert Burnet's of James, “an excellent prince," acTravels into Switzerland, Italy, and cording to the Librarian of the Vaticertain parts of Germany and France, can, who thus dilates on the favourite &c. Divided into five Letters, By theme. Monsieur
London, printed “ England hath been blessed with 1688. 12mo. Pp. 164."
very many renowned and good princes, A former possessor of the book has all whose virtues seem to concentre in attributed it, on the title-page, to M. him, than whom certainly none ever Schelstrate, keeper of the Vatican Li. more promoted the safety of his peobrary. Dr. Burnet appears to have ple, and the glory and profit of his seen him in 1685, for he speaks of whole kingdom, with so much good“ the famous Greek manuscript of ness, prudence, courage and constancy. great value which the Chanoine Shel." His subjects own all this, and are senstrat, who was library-keeper, asserted sible of the bounty and magnificence to be 1400 years old.” He adds,“ The of their king, yet are uncapable of passage (1 John v. 7), is not to be taking so full a prospect as those who found in the Vatican M.S. no more from foreign parts calmly view and conthan it is in the King's M.S. at St. sider all things: even as men in a great James's." Travels, 1787. P. 45. Let. I ship, making its way to the haven ad fio.
through raging waves and furious temEmanuel de Schelstrate has no place pests, being each too intent upon his in any English collection of lives or own affairs, cannot so well judge of authors, which I have met with. A the dexterity and prudence of the Parisian biography has described him pilot, as they who carefully behold all as Canon and Chanter of Anvers, his at a due distance. So great is the renative place, and afterwards keeper of verence and renown of this prince the Vatican Library and Canon of St. amongst other nations, that what Peter's at Rome, where he died in Scipio said of the people of Rome may 1690. Aged 46. Many works have be truly applicable to him; There is been attributed to him. Those named no king upon earth they less desire should are, Antiquitates Ecclesiæ illustrata, be their enemy, or whose friendship they 2 v. fol. Ecclesia Africana sub Pri- covet more." Pref. mate Carthaginiensi, 4to. The biogra. What nation humbly could enjoy his reign? pher charges both with ultramontane If lost, with patience such a loss sustain? prejudices, referring, I apprehend, to As Young, a Courtier, even On the the questions between the retainers of Last Day, sang in 1713, of James's the Roman court, and those who con- grandson, the deceased Duke of Gloutended for the rights of the Gallican cester, a child who promised someChurch. Schelstrate published also what, yet never lived to perform any Acta Constantiensis Concilii
, and is thing, or perhaps to shew that he had said to have discovered in all his writ- been all promise, though under the ings more learning than critical dis- tuition of Burnet, to whose story I cerament, taste or philosophy, son sa- return. voir n'étoit pas éclairé par le flambeau Dr. Burnet, on leaving England, de la critique, du goût, et de la Philo. passed through France into Switzerland sophie. Nov. Dict. Hist. Paris, 1772: and Italy, returning through Germany V. p. 324.
into Holland, where he soon became