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it. The Bill will have the further it is identically the same as that ingood effect of doing away one topic of troduced by Lord Greuville and Lord divisiou among us—for after this, at Grey, and this is acknowledged by no General Election, and in no County, The Courier. “ It is very true," says can the present Ministers presume to the writer in The Courier, “ that this revive the cry of No Popery,
bill is nearly the same in practical July 11th.
effect, as that brought in in 1806, by The Courier, in animadverting on Lords Grenville and Grey, and the the paragraph in our Paper respect- defeat of which was one of the grounds ing the Bill wbich removes the great of their retirement from office, but disability suffered by the Roman Ca. the event only shews how crude and tholics, says that we omitted a sentence undigested their measure was, and in the Bill, by which the measure is how little they understood of the case, misrepresented. We stated in a few since it is clear that the army was at words the substance of this sentence, that time in practice open to the Caviz. that there were doubts whether tholics, and that it is doubtful whether, the provisions of the ancient Acts in law, both army and navy were not were still iu force: the words being, $o.” It is not easy to conceive a train " Whereas the practice of taking the of reasoning more audacious than this, said oaths, and making and subscrib- and it betrays the pen from which it ing the said declarations by officers, came. Mr. Croker brought this faprevious to their receiving commis- mous bill into the House of Commons, sions in his Majesty's army, had been after it had passed through the House long disused; and whereas it is ex- of Lords, and this is the strain in pedient to remove such doubts, and which he supports it in The Courier! to assimilate the practice of the two The measure is in effect practically services.—Be it therefore enacted," &c. the same as that of the bill of 1806,
Now we submit to the consideration and yet the former was crude and unof our readers, whether we did not digested. This bill is to settle doubts state this curious concession of minis- that existed on the interpretation of ters fairly and candidly. In regard to ancient laws and so was the bill of the army, our Roman Catholic bre- 1806. This is to open both services thren lived upon sufferance. The ex- equally to the Catholics, and to proisting law was dispensed with. In tect them against the intolerance of the navy it was rigorously enforced. any map who might, by administering In the first it hung over them in ter- the oaths and requiring the declararorem. In the other it was a positive tions, prevent them from entering into exclusion. The liberal administration the military or naval service, and so of Lord Grenville and Lord Grey was the measure against which the exerted themselves to remove the ob- whole pack of time-servers, lords of stacle to the fair and honourable am- the back stairs, courtiers, bishops and bition of gallant men; and a cry was expectants joined in full cry; and set up, that his Majesty's coronation upon which the present Cabinet, in oath stood in the way. The whole an evil hour, was formed. So far, bench of bishops, with one single ex. therefore, from the measure being ception, stood up against the dreadful crude and undigested, the conduct attack on the conscience of the King of the present ministers serves only to The whole phalaux of the present prove its wisdom and liberality, since administration joined the cry-Lord after ten years' more experience, after Grenville and Lord Grey yielded their having doomed the Roman Catholic places to their principles. The cry of population to ten years more of doubtNo Popery was sounded all over the ful incapacity as to the army, and of united kingdom, and a new parliament total exclusion as to the navy, they was elected under the influence of come forward, ackuowledge the in. that clamour-a parliament that added justice of the intolerant system, and several hundred millions to the na. adopt the very measure for which tional debt, and to which we are so their predecessors were excluded from peculiarly indebted for the burthens office! In 1807 they gave a secret under which we labour! The curio- irresponsible advice to his Majesty, sity of the measure therefore is, that that such a concession would be at VOL. XII.
variance with his coronation oath; desired to transmit these resolutions and, in 1817, they give an official to the friends of Mr. Wright, in such advice to the Prince Regent, or his a way as he may judge most proper. confidential servants, to go down to The list of members received a parliament to give his Royal assent to considerable addition of names from the bill!
Costley, Wolverhampton and the neighbourhood.
J. H. B. Warixickshire Unitarian Tract Society.
The Annual Meeting of the Uni- Protest against the Marriage Ceremony. tarian Tract Society, established in Sir, Birmingham, for Warwickshire and Your readers have doubtless heard the neighbouring counties, took place with pleasure the intentions of Mr. at Coseley, in Staffordshire, on Tues. Smith, of Norwich, that noble advoday, June 17, 1817. The Rev. James cate of the rights of conscience, par"Hews Bransby, of Dudley, read the ticularly as affecting Unitarians, to Scriptures and conducted the devo- bring the marriage question under tional service. The Rev. James Yates, the consideration of the legislatore. of Birmingham, delivered a very in-' It is really a disgrace to our age and teresting discourse from 1 Kings xviii. country, that men, whatever may be 21. “And Elijah came unto all the their sentiments and religions opinions, people, and said, ' flow long halt ye should be called upou to bow at the between two opinions? If the Lord altar of any mode of faith, established (Jehovah) be God, follow him ; but or otherwise. Marriage, in fact, is and if Baal, then follow him.'” Mr. Yates should be a civil contract ; it is a private first applied the words of the prophet agreement between the parties which to the present state of opinions in this is to be publicly sanctioned indeed by country: he then endeavoured to ob. law, and which should be so sanctioned viate the various excuses which men by the magistrate, not the priezt. commonly urge for declining the ex- The sole object of the legislature in amination of the most important reli- passing the marriage act, that act by gious controversies: he afterwards which every one who marries is now pointed out the dispositions with compelled to visit the established which such an examination ought to church, the sole object I say, Sir, then be conducted, and the proper em- in view was publicity, and to prerent ployment of religious truth when dis- illicit and unadrised unions; this covered.
should be ever kept in view in all After the usual business had been our endeavours to obtain redress ; till transacted, upwards of forty gentle- we obtain it, however, we must submit; men, members and friends of the so- though something may still be done ciety, dined togсther. In the course in the way of bearing our testimony of the afternoon several subjects, cun- against this grievous imposition on the nected with the progress of Christian conscience of all Dissenters, Cnitarians truth and with the interests of religious in particular. As a proof of this ! inliberty, engaged the attention of the close you the copy of a protesi u hich, mecting The Rev. John Kentish in a parish church in the city of Lone having read a letter, addressed to him don, was publicly delivered by two by the Chairman of the Committee, parties at the time of their marriage for conducting the defence of Mr.John last Sunday; every effort was, besides, Wright, of Liverpool, against whom made by them to resist the performa prosecution had been commenced, ance of the ceremony, particularly by on the charge of blasphemy, it was their refusing to kueel while the idola. resolved,
trous and unchristian rite was perI. That the meeting cordially sym- forming. pathize with Mr. Wright in his pre- Your giving publicity to their prosent circumstances.
test just at this particular moment, II. That they will be most happy, may essentially serve the cause of to contribute, individually, to the ex- freedom of conscience in this instance. penises which may be necessary for his Requesting, therefore, your speedy atdefence, at the ensuing assizes, at Lan- tention to it, I am, Şir, caster.
W. L. III. That thc Rev.John Kentish be London, Sept, 26th, 1817.
« To My.
commonly called a grand fète is to be celebrated, in the Rev. The undersigned being honour of the Reformation. It was Protestant Dissenters, present to you in this chateau that Luther resided the following protest against the mar- for several years, under the protection riage ceremony, to which, according of the Dukes of Saxe, when ordered to the law of the land they are coni- to be arrested by Charles V. pelled to subscribe. They disclaim all intention of acting disrespectfully to GERMANY --The Gazette of Air la the legislature, or to its civil officer Chapelle announces that the celebrated before whom they stand; they lament MADAME DE KRUDENER, has cm. that they are placed in a situation so braced the Catholic religion. unnatural, as that even forbearance to The Leipsic Gazette publishes a nowhat they consider as established tice from the Saxon Government, purerror, would be a formal recantation porting that the bodies of individuals of opinions which they received on committing Suicide through despair, conviction, and which they will only shall be delivered to the Amphithearenounce on similar grounds : against tres of Anatomy. the marriage ceremony, then they can but most solemnly protest,
NOTICES. “ Because it makes marriage a reli- In the course of the present month gious, instead of a civil act.
will be published, Part I. of an edition “ Because, as Christians and Protes- of the Hebrew Bible without points, tant Dissenters, it is impossible we to be completed in four parts; it is can allow of the interference of any uniform to the Hebrew Bible with human institution with matters which points, that was published in May concern our faith and consciences. Jast; either of these Bibles may be
“ Because, as knowing nothing of a had interpaged with Evglish, Greek priesthood in Christianity, the sub- or Latin ; and thus conjoined will not, mission to a ceremony performed by when bound, exceed one inch in thicka person ‘ju holy orders, or pretended ness, or, as a Hebrew Bible alone, holy orders,' is painful and humilia- half an inch. ting to our feelings.
Bibliography.-The Second Part of “ Because, as servants of Jesus, we Lackington and Co's. Catalogue, conworship the one living and true God, taining the classes-curious and rare bis God and our God, his Father and Books, Old Plays, Astrology, Poetry onr Father, and disbelieve and abomi- and the Arts, Philosophy, Natural uate the doctrine of the Trinity, in History, Games and Sports, &c. is whose name the marriage cereniony now published. The Third Part, conis performed.
taining Greck and Latin Classics and (Signed) WM. LAWRENCE, Books in all foreign languages, will
JANE CLARK, be published in October; and the “ Members of the church of God, Fourth and last Part at Christmas, meeting at the Crescent, Jewin street, which will contain a very large colkuown by the name of · Free Think- lection of Divinity and an Appendix ing Christians.''
of Additions to all the classes.Sept. 21, 1817.
Part the First of English and Foreign
Flistovy, Voyages, Travels and MiscelReformation Fête.
Janies is recently published. The following article from Frank- In the Press and speedily will be fort shews that the spirit of Luther published a Reply to the Rev. Mr. lives in his countrymen: we fear that Mathias's (of Dublin) Enquiry into a proposal in Scotland to hold a feast the Doctrives of the Reformation, or in celebration of the memory of John a right Convincing and Conclusive Knox, would not be well received at Confutation of Calvinism: to which the present moment :
is subjoined lenopaideia, or the true “ Frankfort, Sept. 15.-All the method of instructing the Clergy of Protestant Universities of Germany the Established Church, being a have been invited to send, by the end wholesome Theological Cathartic to of October, deputations to the Chateau Purge the Church of the Predestinaof Wartbourgh, near Lisenach, in the rian Pestilence. By a Clergyman of Grand Duchy of Saxe Weimar, where the Church of England.
NEW PUBLICATIONS IN THEOLOGY
AND GENERAL LITERATURE.
The New Testament, in an Improved By the Very Rev. William Vincent, D. D. Version. By the Unitarian Society. 4th laie Dean of Westminster. With a Life of Edition. Demy 8vo. 10s. 6d. Super the Author, by the Rev. Robert Nares, Royal 8vo. 11. 5s.
Archdeacon of Stafford. 8vo. 10s. 6d. The Complete Works of Nathaniel Lard- Of the Rev. Sydney Smith, Rector of ner, D. D. in 5 volumes, 4to. Portrait. Foston, Yorkshire. 2 vols. 8vo. 18s. 101. 10s. boards.
A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Sixteen Unitarian Missionary Discourses. Diocese of Rochester, and published at their By Richard Wright. 12mo. 79.
request. By John Law, D. D. Archdeacon Eight Familiar Lectures on Astronomy; of Rochester. Is. 6d. intended as an Introduction to the Science, A Visitation Sermon, preached July 1, for the Use of Young Persons, and others 1816, at Stamford, before the Bishop of not conversant with the Mathematics : ac. Peterborough, and the Clergy of Rutland companied by Plates, numerous Diagrams, and part of Northampton. In which are and a copious Index. By William Phillips. considered some of the most important Qua12mo. 6s. 6d.
lifications for the Ministry, and in which is A Continuation of the Emerald Isle. By especially evinced the necessity of Learning C. Phillips, Esq. Barrister at Law. 4to. 5s. to a Theologian, by an examination of the
Plurality of Worlds ; or Letters, Notes and chief Requisites for forming a skilful InterMemoranda, Philosophical and Critical, oc- preter of the Sacred Writings. Illustrated casioned by Dr. Chalmers's Discourses. 59. with Notes. By S. T. Bloomfield, M. A.
The Rev. R. Hall's Speech, delivered at Vicar of Bisbrooke, in Rutland. 35. the Guildhall, Leicester, July 15, 1817, at A Sermon, preached at Cowbridge at the Seventh Anniversary of the Leicester the Primary Visitation of the Right Rev. Auxiliary Bible Society. 6d.
the Lord Bishop of Llandaff. By the Rer. The Fulllment of Prophecy further illus- Henry Scawen Plumptre, A.M. trated by the Signs of the Times: or, an
Miscellaneous. Attempt to ascertain the probable Issues of Public Education : consisting of Three the recent Restoration of the old Dynasties; Tracts, reprinted from the Edinburgh Reof the revival of Popery; and of the pre- view, the Classical Journal, and the Pamsent mental Ferment in Europe: as like- phleteer; together with the Defence of wise, how far Great Britain is likely to Public Schools. By the late Dean of Westshare in the Calamities by which Divine minster. 5s. Providence will accomplish the final over
Observations on the Diseased Manifesthrow of the Kingdoms of the Roman tations of the Mind, or Insanity. By Monarchy. By J. Bicheno, M. A. 68. 6d. J. G. Spurzheim, M D. Royal 8vo. 145.
Dissertations on the Prophecies. By The Philological and BiographicalWorks the late D. Levi. Containing all such Pro- of Charles Butler, Esq. of Lincoln's Inn. phecies as are applicable to the coming 5 vols. 8vo. 31. 10s. of the Messiah, the Restoration of the Jews, Observations on the West India Islands, and the Resurrection of the Dead, whether Medical, Political and Miscellaneous. By 80 applied by Jews or Christians: revised John Williamson, M.D. 2 vols. 8vo. 11.5s. and amended by J. King. 2 vols. 11. 1s. Speech of the Right Hon. Robert Peele, Serinons
on Mr. Grattan's Motion on the Catholic On various Subjects. By the late Villiam Claims. 8vo. 2s. Bell, D D. Prebendary of St. Peter's, West- Speech of John Leslie Foster, Esq. On minster. Published by Joseph Allen, M. A. the same. 2s. Prebendary of Westminster. 2 vols. 8vo. Speech of Robert, Lord Bishop of Ossory, 18s.
on the same Is, 6d. On Faith, Doctrines, and Public Duties.
We have received an elegant and interesting Memoir of the late truly excellent Dr. Estlin, which will appear in the following Number.
We hope to be able to give in the next Number an abstract of the last Report of the Unitarian Fund.
The article op Public Affairs is not come to hand this month, owing to the writer' absence from towa.
Memoir of the late Rev. John Prior milies, or, perliaps, had left those Estlin, LL.D.
families to fill up their places in the THE Dissenting congregations religious assemblies; and Dr. Estlin
ful servant of the churches, in the numerous friends he had followed to person of Dr. Esilin, of Bristol, of the grave during his ministration, whom a short memorial cannot but always adding with energy, that he be acceptable.
should ever bless God for the circum. JOHN PRIOR ESTLIN was stance, that he had not known an born at Hinckley, in Leicestershire, instance of a person who regularly April 9th, 1747. He received his attended the worship of God in that school education under the auspices place, who had not hope in his death, of his maternal uncle, the Rev. John and of whom he had not the brightest Prior, Vicar of Ashby de la Zouch; hopes. In his funeral sermon on the and his earliest views in life seemed to deaih of his co-pastor, in the year 1797, be directed to the Church of England, he says,
“ Two buudred times have I towards which, and its religious ser- already been called to the discharge vices, notwithstanding the wide dif- of a similar melancholy duty." Soon ference with regard to doctrinal points after settling at Bristol, Dr. Estlin in the sentiments he afterwards enter- opened a school, which became a very tained, he always felt a certain degree fourishing one, and many of his pu. of respect and affection. From school, pils did credit to themselves and to where he imbibed a taste for classical their tutor by their proficiency in literature, he was, however, sent by classical learning, which they exhihis father to the Dissenting Academy bited when entered in the Universiof Warrington, where he was entered ties, to which many of them were in the year 1764; and the course of removed. Dr. Estlin treated his pustudies he there went through deter- pils with great liberality; and their mined his choice towards a different sense of the bappy hours they had persuasion. The divinity chair of this spent under his tuition was expressed seminary was filled at that time by by an annual meeting, which was the Rev. Dr. Aikin, for whose cha- held on his birth-day, by the gentleracter he ever entertained the bighest men who had been under his care, at respect and affection; and whose sen- which the Dr. was always a delighted timents in morals and religion be for and delighting guest. At one of these the most part adopted. Having finished meetings they presented loin with the his academical course with credit to degree of Doctor of laws, which they himself and satisfaction to his tutors, had procured for hin without his he was invited to the congregation of knowledge from the University of Lewin's Mead, Bristol, as colleague Glasgow. It was usul with Dr. to the Rev. Thomas Wright, in the Estlin, on these occasious, to address room of the Rev. William Richaruis, his former pupils iu a short speech, and he entered on his ministerial and that which he delivered on his services in January 1771.
With last birth day, when he completed this congregation, a numerous, re- his seventieth year, which conveyed spectable and affectionate one, be con- an intimation that ihis might protinued till those who had sat as bably be their last meeting, was pe. children under his early ministry, culiarly impressive. His school and had themselves become heads of fa. congregation did not, however, so