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engage the active mind of Dr. Estlin, he never refused his purse to any as to prevent his giving to the world claim of distress, or useful project to several publications, all of them rela- which subscriptions were solicited; tive to those topics of religion and and the money he thus disbursed, if morals which were the favourite sub- put together, would be found to jects of his investigation. A list of amount to no inconsiderable portion these is subjoined; they testify that of his income. In the domestic circle, he approved himself the watchful his kindness, his candour, his hospitaand affectionate defender of the truths lity, his cheerful piety, the writer of he professed to teach, and that the this memoir has often experienced. powers of his mind were engaged with In truth, in his behaviour to his family sincerity and fervour in the duties of principle was not called into action, his profession. His style was elegant, tenper was sufficient. Though fond clear and flowing, rather turned to of his children, he was not apt to pathos than to dry argumentation; judulge that anxiety which saddens his delivery in the pulpit animated, the domestic circle, and perhaps often solemo and affectionate. Ile was fond defeats its own purposes; he lived to of preaching, and never spared himself see his family grown up, and some of when any occasions called him forth. them settled in respectable professions. Dr. Estlin's religious opinions were For some years past Dr. Estlin had what is called Unitarian, though, with experienced a decay of sight, and he his usual candour, he thought it wrong had often said that after threescore to restrict that term to those who hold and ten a preacher ought to be emerithe simple humanity of Christ. He tus. He therefore resigned his situaalways invited discussion, and though tion at Lewin's Mead, where he in the confidence of a sanguine dis- preached his farewell sermou the 22nd position (perhaps the best disposition of June, 1817. This respectable sofor happiness) he made no doubt of ciety shewed their regard for the the prevalence of the opinions he held, services of their minister by very and that in a very short time over the substantial expressions of their esteem whole Christian world, and the con- and affection, having presented him sequent overthrow of all. error, he 'with a handsome sum of money upon always shewed the utmost candour to his retiring from his ministerial duties. those of a different persuasion; the Dr. Estlin being thus exonerated from fervour of his religious feelings never all professional duty, having also given led him to bigotry, nor his liberality up his school, went for the summer to tv scepticism. He approved of forms Southerndown, in Glamorganshire, a of prayer, and published in 1814, a retired place by the sea side, where volume of such forms, great part of he had usually spent his vacations, which is taken from the Liturgy of and where he had amused himself by the Church of England, for the mode building a cottage. His health seemed of whose services, though not for its to be declining, yet there appeared doctrines, he seems to have retained nothing immediately alarming. On his early predilections. Dr. Estlin Sunday, the 10th of August, he peralso embraced with great ardour a formed the morning and afternoon doctrine so congenial to his temper as services to his family and a few the consoling one of Universal Resti- neighbours assembled in his house: tution, or the final salvation of all the subject of his sermon was the mankind; led to it as well by the be- resurrection. He appeared better that nevolent tendencies of his own mind day than usual, but retiring soon after as by the earnest and reiterated argu- into his chamber, he was seized with ments of a dear and beloved friend, who a sudden effusion of blood from his bore that all-consoling doctrine the lungs; the affectionate partner of his nearest to his heart. The characteris- life ran to him; he grew faint, leaned tics of Dr. Estlin's mind were an his head upon her bosom, and without amiable frankness and simplicity of a sigh expired. Dr. Estlin's remains heart, with a kind and sociable dispo- were conveyed, attended by his sor. sition, which made bim, even when rowing family, to Bristol, and interred years pressed upon him, always ac- in the burying ground belonging to ceptable in the society of the young Lewin's Mead Chapel, on the 23rd. and active. With openness of heart They were attended to the grave by more than one hundred and twenty The Union of Wisdom and Integentlemen on foot, the carriages of grity recommended, in a Discourse many of them following. The burial delivered before the Unitarian Society service was performed by the Rev. in the West of England. 1901. Dr. Carpenter, bis successor in the Sermons designed chiefly as a Prepastoral office; and on the next Sun- servative from Infidelity and Religious day an affecting and consolatory ser- Indifference. 1802. mou was preached by his old friend Discourses on Universal Restitution. the Rev. James Manning, of Exeter. 1813. The chapel was hung with black, The General Prayer Book; conand the whole congregation put on taining Forms of Prayer on principles mourning. . Dr. Estlin was twice common to all Christians, for Religimarried; first to Miss Coates, of Bris- ous Societies, for Families, and for tol, by whom he had one son who Individuals. Chiefly selected from died before him, but who has left a the Scriptures, the Book of Common family; in the second instance to Miss Prayer, and the Writings of various Bishop, of Bristol, who, with six chil. Authors. 1814. dren, survives to cherish and do honour General Instructions in the Docto his memory.

trines and Duties of Religion, altered The writer of this memoir could from “ Practical Instructions." 3rd have enlarged upou feelings the result Edition. 1815. of private friendship, but has pre- A Unitarian Christian's Statement ferred touching upon no topics which and Defence of his Principles, with are not equally interesting to all who reference particularly to the Chargés knew the subject of it. A. L. B. of the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop Ştoke Newington,

of St. David's; with Notes. 1815. September 22nd, 1817.

A Sermon on Persecution, with List of Dr. Estlin's Publications. Extracts from the Rev. Clement

The Causes of the Inefficacy of Perrot's Report of the Persecutionis Public Instruction considered, in a of the French Protestants. 1816. Sermon preached at the Ordination of Dr. Estlin had also prepared for the Rev. David Jardine, Bath. 1790. publication two volumes of Lectures

Evidences of Revealed Religion, and on Moral Philosophy, which he had particularly Christianity, stated with been accustomed to deliver to his reference to a Pamphlet called the pupils and family on Sunday evenings, Age of Reason. 1796.

and to which many of them may The Nature and Causes of Atheism. probably trace impressions the most To which are added, Remarks on a favourable to the formation of a virWork called Origine de tous les cuites, tuous character. These will speedily ou Religion universelle. Par Dupuis. be given to the world, although they 1797.

have not received his last corrections. An Apology for the Sabbath. 1801.


From Messrs. Palmer and Muir.
[Communicated by Mr. Rutt.]

Clapton, Sept. 29th, 1817.

from the effects to which Mr. Palmer alludes; though I am persuaded, after having referred to what I then wrote to Mr. Muir, that Mr. Palmer did

I eral pro

fond of a favourite theme if I offer per spirit and high integrity. you a few more letters, wbich have The Third and Fourth letters are come in my way since those were copies, taken for me soon after the sent, which you inserted pp. 203 and originals arrived. The Fourth was 261. There are still surviving among written to a gentleman of Scotland, your readers, some who knew the who took the most affectionate inwriters, and a few more, who feel an terest in all Mr. Muir's concerns. I interest in their story.

hope he is still living, though I have The First letter refers to a circum- not seen him for more than twenty stance, very unpleasant at the time, years. The picture of Dr. Price, which was the print by Holloway, I near relations. I know and I esteem well remember to have seen adorning the motive. Every day I will enthe chimney-piece of the room where deavour to become more worthy of it. Mr. Muir was detained in Newgate. The signal for sailing is flying: two

The Fifth letter is the original, days are the limits, I apprehend, of our communicated to me, I believe, by stay. At present nothing can be more that gentleman, of Mr. Muir's two uncomfortable thau our situation; it friends, to whom it directed. Your is so damp and ur wholesome that the readers, by referring to the former health of us all is affected: but I pages of this volume, may preserve know that it will not last long; and the connexion of the letters, and per- I have very good reasons for believing, haps fiud them explaining each other. that our situation at B. B. will be in

J. T. RUTT. finitely better than we have been

taught to expect. Letter 1.

The doctor (Thompson) who goes Stanislaus Hulk, Feb. 7th, 1794. out with us is a very intelligent man, Dear Sir,

and a free settler, Mr. Boston, reI have received another affecting markably so. They have both a turn testiniony of your sympathy, and your for Natural History and Chemistry. concern for the liberties of your coun. In these pursuits I mean to amuse try, outraged in my person. Every myself, for in spite of the benevolence situation has its peculiar cousolations; and good sense of our friend - I am not mine are not wanting; the greatest Quixote enough to attempt reformaof all, possibly, the approbation and tion in religion or polities under a regard of such men as yourself. I military goverument, with a halter will do nothing to forfeit them. I round my neck. petitioned the king for justice, pe- You will indulge me with a letter tition the House of Commons as by every opportunity, and with the the constitutional guardian of the Cambridge Intelligencer of our friend rights and liberties of the subject, Flower. The letter you sent me was and as the overseer of the criminal from my most esteemed and excellent courts. In this I do what I think friend, Mr. Turner, of Newcastle. He right. My views are very limited, tells me that he has desired Mr. Johnand I may be wrong; but I think it son to transmit me a token of his every thing to bring on public dis- friendship. Possibly there will not cussion as often as possible. I am be time to get this now; but I should sorry that my friend Muir sees dif- be glad to bave it by the first oppor. serently, as it would be better if we tunity, together with Dunn's Atlas, if drew together. I am still more sorry that honest man Mr. Johnson, dare that my Scotch friends should repro- trust another. bate the measure with such freeness. Farewell, dear Sir: from your obBut I am sure that my petitions might liged and affectionate be signed by any man of honour and

T. F. PALMER. my principles.

Mr. Rutt. I have been indiscreet in revealing a sentence of Mr. Vaughan's letter,

Letter III. where I thought I was in perfect Sydney, New South Wales, safety. This gives me great pain.

Dec. 12th, 1794. Make up matters between us by Dear Sir, bringing him and Mr. to dinner. The gentleman who delivers this

· Farewell, dear Citizen: in behalf of letter and packet is Mr. White, Prinsuch men easy are the sufferings of cipal Surgeon to the establisbo:ent of your obliged, T. F. PALMER. New South Wales. Tell my friends Mr. Rutt.

that I am greatly obliged to him,

more indeed than I can estimate, for Letter II.

daring to countenance and to take Surprize, Spithead, Mar. 12th, 1794. by the hand, in the region of despot. My Dear Sir,

ism, an oppressed man accused of No one is more entitled to a letter the crime of murder. He has given from me than yourself, for I have not me a cottage and four acres of land. experienced more kiudoess from my His kindness to me in the situation that I arrived here in, will plead in his Tell Dr. Disney I gave away his favour to all the good' and worthy; Works at Rio Janeiro to an excellent but did they know his general cha- man, whom I am proud to call my racter they would not want my feeble friend, my affectionate friend, the Abtestimony to bis worth. His loss will bot of St. Antonio. In the magnifibe felt far and wide, but by none cent library of that monstery, the more than myself, to whom it was picture of Dr. Price, given me by his constant study to render every

is suspended. To that li. service. Though planted in the land brary I likewise presented the Me. of lawless power and rigorous disci.' moirs of Mr. Hollis, the gift of that pline, he has sentiments of liberty not excellent man Mr. B. Hollis. As a uncongenial with your own.

sm:ll matter of curiosity, I send you I am, dear Sir, your most obedient some Latin anidresses I received from and affectionate servant,

the good fathers. They may gratify TIIOMAS FYSHE PALMER, my friends; they may convince then Esq.

that liberality of sentiment is confined

to no soil and to uo climate. I shall Letter IV.

always with tender respect think upon Sydney, 13th Dec. 1794. Raymont Binna fort: the happiest, the MY DEAREST FRIEND,

most peaceful evenings of my life were For by that name I shall always spent in his apartments. You must address you, I am perfectly well: I am send him copies of my trial, of my pleased with my situation, as much as engraved picture, and of every thing a person can be who is for ever sepa. relating to me. This from you he rated from all they loved, and from all requests. The address is easy; to bim they respected. But I feel no regret, at the Monastery of St. Antonio, at for in the cause of the people I con- Rio Janeiro. I have a neat little house sider my life and my happiness as here. I have auother two miles disthings of no value. I can only write tant at the farm across the water. A you a few lines; I have been constantly servant of a friend, who has a taste for occupied in preparing the evidence in drawing, has sketched the landscape; excuipation, and the defence of Messrs. I have sent it to my mother; you Palmer and Skirving. That affair will may see it. make a noise in Europe.

I pray to Almighty God that all Skirving, Palmer and myself, now has succeeded with you, that you are live in the utmost harmony. From firmly settled : but, indeed, my dear our society Margarott is expelled. Motiatt, even in writing to you I feel Would you believe it? We have been pain, for I dread, but cannot know employed in celebrating the anniver- the storms which at this moment may sary of the first convention, which be blasting individuals and desolating met upon the 11th December, 1792. our country. I have not a moment's Last night we all supped in the Secre- time to write. Tell all my friends I tary's house [Skirving's], this night have been entirely occupied in drawin Palmer's, and to-morrow in mine, ing the papers in Palmer's and in over the water, in a small farm I pur- Skirving's case.

This must be my chased for £30 sterling. You see we apology, still have some little enjoyments. Of The sincerest wishes of my heart our treatment here I cannot speak too attend Mrs. Moffatt. Do you rememhighly. Gratitude will for ever bind ber Mrs. Thomsou? She has acted to me to the officers, civil and military. me in every respect during the voyage I shudder to ask the vain questioii

, as a sister; she begs leave to testify to What news? I avert my eyes from Mrs. M. her esteem.

Their remembrance is Remember me to Lord Lauderdale, the only idea which disturbs the re- Messrs. Maitland, Grey, Sheridan, pose of my tomb; for so I must call Thomson. I foudly trust that they this situation of privation from all that enjoy the confidence of the people, was dear to me. Remember me ear- and no longer vote in the minority. nestly and affectionately to them all, Write me long and fully; send me the to Lindsay, Shields, Dr. Hamilton, newspapers, pamphlets, &c. &c. AnBell, Higginson, Maxwell, Dyer, vexed 10 this letter I will send you a Brand Hollis, Joyce, Dr. Disney, list of the articles I may want. When

my friends.

any money is transmitted, cause a sume time, in expressing sentiments of considerable part of it to be laid out which, if ever I had been devoid, I at the Cape or at Rio Javeiro in rum, never would have had any pretensions tobacco, sugar, &c. &c. which are to their notice. Their reflexions may, invaluable, and the only medium of 'perhaps, turn upon me. Tell them I exchange. We bought some rum at live, live faithful to the cause of freeRio for 18d. the gallon, and can sell it dom, and live in a manner not unfor 30s. Our friends can easily find worthy of its adherents. Surroumded some person at the Cape, at Batavia, by successive scenes of manifold aftlicto take the charge of this, with every tion, the prospect of life, as it lengthens, ship for the port, and will write to R. darkening, I say, and say in the sinBinnafort, at Rio Janeiro. Be ex. cerity of my soul, that the sufferings tremely attentive to this circumstance, of individual man ought never to be as it is of the highest moment. Our reckoned in account, if conducive to mercantile friends can easily settle the sum of general happiness. Let this. Let them likewise, upon con- then this end require greater sacrifices, sideration, settle it at Rio, as our friend life or years of exile, protracted unto the Abbot may be recalled to Por. the term of life, these sacrifices I am tugal, of which he had some idea. prepared to offer. Nor is this the In a country like this, where money effect of enthusiasm. Enthusiasm may is really of no value, and rum every dazzle its victim and his spectators in thing, you must perceive the necessity the glare of public exhibition, but in of my having a constant supply by dungeons, in the long years of obscure every vessel. For a goat I would pay, exile, surrounded by beings who de in money, £10 sterling : now, for grade the name of man, it must subless than cight gallons of spirits, at side, it must dissipate and leave to the 18d. the gallon, I can make the same mind a solitary and a fearful void. purchase. If it is possible, when you Let me then repeat, without ostentasettle your correspondence, cause £50 tion, what, upon entering the career or £60 sterling worth of rum to be pur- of life, I have proclaimed. I have chased at Rio Janeiro, or at the Cape. been, I am, and until I sink into the Tobacco at Rio sells for 3d. per lb. grave, I shall continue to be, the adhere at 3s. 6d. That, too, is an article vocate of the oppressed. to be considered. Now, my dearest Every letter I write, my friends, I friend, I must conclude, but even in consider as a renewal of my oath to closing a letter to you, it is like taking the cause of man, and, I hope I do it farewell for ever. I pray for every with a correspondent solennity. blessing of heaven upon you and your I wish my letters to reach you, ! family. No day passes without you wish them to afford no handles of living in my thoughts. I open to you persecution or misconstruction against my whole soul. Others might smile, you, and I purposely avoid all poli. but I close this letter in tears.

tical reflexions and all political con. Yours sincerely and unalterably, jectures.

T. MUTR. I pray Almighty God, my good Mr. Moffatt.

friends, that you enjoy in your persons,

your circumstances and your families, Letter V.

his choicest blessings. I again conSydney, Dec. 18, 1795. gratulate Mr. and Mrs. and let Messrs. and

them believe my heart is sincerely MY DEAR FRIENDS,

attached to them. It is painful for me PREVENTED by many reasons from to begin a letter. It is more painful writing to particular persons, whose to conclude. But in these days, idea must be familiar to your minds, My dear friends, I am ever yours, I beg leave, through your medium,

THOMAS MUIR. to transmit to them my recollections. Mr. They live, they will for ever live in P.S. I cannot help making one my memory. Their existence is en- observation--you will smile as I do trusted with every thought, and space I have seen my death announced. and distance render the knot more (Received Mar. 14, 1797.) indissoluble. But why should I con

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