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Letter, written after the Battle of afforded me a great example of resig.

Waterloo, by the Queen of Westpha- nation; but our situation is dissimilar. lia to her Father, the King of Wir- Public interest niay command sacritemburg. (A Literal Translation.) fices of permanent duration, or which (We extract the following Letter, ex

may cease when the interests of a new hibiting a rare example of conjugal fidelity policy render other changes inevitable. and affection, from Sir Robert Wilson's “ Although chance has elevated us recent publication, entitled—“ A Sketch above the generality of mankind, we of the Military and Political Power of are much more to be pitied. A variaRussia, in the year 1817.” 8vo. The gal. ble will controuls our destiny; but lant Author's 'name is voucher sufficient there its power ceases—it is impotent for the docuinent. En.]

against the obligations Providence “ SIRE AND FATHER,

imposes on us. TOUR Majesty requested me to . The husband which God and you

descend this morning into your yourself gave me the child whom I apartment. For the first time in my have borne in my bosom-comprise life I declined the happiness of being my existence. I have shared a throne in your presence: I knew the subject with this husband, I will partake with of the interview; and fearing that my bim exile and misfortune: violence mind might not be sufficiently col- alone shall separate me from him. lected, I have dared to take the liberty But, O my King! O my father! I of developing the motives of my con- know your heart, your justice, and duct, and making an appeal to your the excellence of your principles : 1 paternal affection.

know what these principles have been “ Your Majesty knows the whole at all times on the subject of those truth. Yes, Sire, the Prince Jerome, domestic duties which should be reyour son-in-law, my husband and the spected by the Princes of your House. father of my child, is with me! Yes, “ I do not ask your Majesty, from Sire! I have withdrawn an instant affection for me, to make any change from the palace of my King, to suc. in that system of conduct which has cour the husband to whom my life is been adopted in conformity with the attached. My thoughts have accom- determinations of the most powerful panied him to the war-my care has Princes of Europe; but I throw mypreserved him in a long and painful self at your feet to implore permisjourney, where his existence was sion that my husband and myself may often menaced. My arms have em- remain near your person : but, O my braced him in his misfortune with father! if that must not be, let us at more tenderness than even in the time least be restored to your favour before of our prosperity!

we remove to a foreign soil. It is only “ The Prince Jerome is not the after having received some proof of husband of my own choice. I re- your paternal love, that I can feel ceived him from your hand, when strength sufficieut to appear before his house reigned over great king- you. If we must go this very evening, doms—when his head wore a crown. let us depart with the assurance of Soon the sentiments of my heart che- your affection and protection in a rished and confirmed the bonds which happier time. Our misfortunes must your policy had commanded.

have a period: policy will not always “ Marriage and nature impose command in respect to us that which duties which are not subject to the is humiliating, nor delight in the ruin vicissitudes of fortune: I know their and degradation of so many Princes, extensive obligations, and I know also acknowledged in former treaties, and how to fulfil them: I was a queen— who have been allied to the most anI am still a wife and a mother! The cient and illustrious houses of Europe. change of policy among princes, in is not their blood mingled with ours ? overthrowing the French empire, has Pardon me, my father and my Sovealso destroyed the throne, on which reign! for having thus expressed my. your goodness, and the Prince my self; but condescend, by a single husband, had seated me. We were word, to let me know that it has not obliged to submit to the force of cir- been received with dipleasure." cumstances! The august Maria Louisa

MISCELLANEOUS COMMUNICATIONS. Trinitarian Contrerersy at Exeter. upon by others. No king, no parlia

(Concluded from p. 525.) ment, no church, no council, no synod, R. STOGDON, haying been no minister or body of ministers, shall

invited by a cougrogatiou to be acknow ieriged by me to have any settle among them, wished to be or- power or rightful authority over me. dained when the assembly •should They may deprive me of my civil meet, in "eptember 1917, before he liberty, of my estate, or of my life, entered on the pisioral <h rge. This bit this liberty, by the grace of God, being known to the orthodox party, they never shall deprive me of, to so much intolerance was exhibited, think and speak of the matters of God that it was deemed desirable, for the and of religion only in that mavner in sake of reace, to abandon the design; which I apprehend they are spoken of but Messrs. bailett, Withers, and in the Holy Scriptures by God himself. Peire, highly appreciating his talents Tell me not what Athanasius or Arias and his character, gave him a written -what the Council of Nice or Rimini testimonial of their good opinion, have said; but what Christ and Peter, a proreeding which excited the hot and Paul, James and John, buve said. displeasure" of the “ sound in faith, I call no man master upon earth.” And that they should venture to speak well afterwards most earnestly, most pacheof a man so deeply tainted with beresy. tically, does he implore his hearers, Heresy, however, continued to make “by the mercies of God, and the genrapid and “

dangerous progress," and tleness of Christ," to rultivate a spirit at a meeting sumimoved by the Ortho- of candour and kindness and generous dox, in January 1718, it was deter- feeling, thus emphatically concluding, mined that a deputation should be “ This has been my course, and in the sent to the ministers of Eseter, re. integrity of my heart I recommend it questing them to preach “in defence to you all. And now, whether you of the eternity of Jesus Christ." When will hear, or whether you will forbear, these ambassadors waited on Mr. Peirce, I I take God,-and now also I take your he told them that he believed in the own consciences, to record, that I have eternity of Christ; but they answered, honestly and faithfully delivered my that he was required to acknowledge whole soul." that ihrist was self-eristent and self- A temporary calm succeeded; but originated. On wliich he asked, if measures were taken by the Orthodox they would have him add that he was to make the period of the assembly in unbegotten too? They replied, that the following September, the moment he wanted to entrap them, and that for“purging the church" of the heresies they did not care to reason furthér. which had been introduced. Unknown

However, our reformers did so far to the individuals most nearly concomply with the wishes of the meeting cerned, advices were sent to London, as to express their belief publicly in and a meeting of ministers was called the eternity of our Lord; but as they

there to condemn the error's respecting chose to respect the consciences of the Trinity, which were making such others, and dealt out no damnation on progress in the West; and it was also those who differed from them, they determined that a subscription should were accused of not daring to be be required from all the ministers at “ clear, open and strenuous in their the Exeter assembly, to the first article opposition." Mr. Peirce, indeed, went of the Church of England. In the further: he boldly proclaimed his right, mean time (to keep up an appearance and the right of all men, to think for of liberality) Mr. Peirce and Mr. Wi. themselves in the spirit of unfettered thers were requested to meet Mr. Ball liberty:

and Mr. Walrond, to “consult upon « This liberty let others tamely give up as they please; I do, and will insist

* These two ministers, the first of Honiupon it for myself, as a reasonable with fire others, the honour of being fixed

ton, the second of Ottery, had afterwards, creature, a Christian, a Protestant, and

on to be the immediate instruments of the a Dissenter. As I pretend not to im- ejection of the Exeter miuistersma business bose on others, so nor will I be imposed for which their fiery intolerance well fitted

the subject." The former instantly right of private judgment is the great declared against the anti-christian pre- principle of dissent, and also contended tensions of the assembly to dictate in for the “supremacy of the Father." matters of faith; but the latter, after The liberal ministers proposed that the assuring them that nothing was in differences of opinion should be made tended against those already in the the subject of friendly and free disministry, it was proposed merely to cussion; but to this the majority guard against the introduction of “un- objected. To impose a creed is easier sound preachers" as candidates, insisted than to defend one. Mr. Withers (who on the necessity of removing the stain had anticipated this debate) read a and stigma of beresy which attached paper, arguing that the proposal of to the West.

any test whatever is an encroachment The day previous to the meeting of on our common liberty, abhorrent to the assembly, a long discussion took the spirit of dissent, and which (if place at a private house in Exeter allowed) must condemn the Puritans (where many ministers were collected), for refusing, and justify their adverin which Mr. Peirce insisted that the saries in imposing the ps-officio oaths;

that it would be the introduction of a them. I bave a letter in Mr. Ball's hand system of encroachment and churchwriting, from which the temper of his tyranny, which, though satisfied with mind” 'may be judged. The following one test to-day, would require another verbatim copy may elucidate the foregoing

to-morrow. narration.

He then learnedly ob« Mr. Twogood,

jected to the test itself. Though his « I hear your Mr. Stogdon is to be or- address was candid, conciliatory and dained' at your brother's meeting-house. convincing, he was several times most Doth your brother know what confession of rudely interrupted; and then (even in faith is carried about Exon as his, which the intercourse of social communion) all the ministers are against ? Has any one the friends of truth and free inquiry consulted any of the elder ministers about discovered the malignant spirit which Bristol? I am not willing my name should was at work to bring about their be mentioned, because Mr. Stogdon takes overthrow. me as bis enemy, which God is I never was; but must I hold my peace, fest their “ zeal for the glory of God")

The assembly (impatient to mani. and see the church overrun with Ariavism, to dethrone Christ, and bring in worship met half an hour earlier than usual of a creature? These things should be and after prayer, Mr. Ball moved, that considered, or where will faith be, and they should declare against those who what a stink will non-conformity end in? denied the divinity of our Saviour.

“ Yours, J. BALL." On one occasion, when Mr. Ball preached from Mr. Peirce's pulpit, he had the good

Richard Baxter's words will bardly manners to indulgein animadversions which be misplaced here :-“ Had not the devil could not but be applied to Mr. P. He turned orthodox, he had not made so introduced a Trinitarian doxology, which many true Christians heretics, as Epiphahad been discarded, and publicly returned nius and Austin lave enrolled in the black thauks to God for the liberty of so glori- list. Had not the enemy of truth and fying him. After the list was published peace got into the chair, and made so of the seven ministers who recommended pathetic an oration as to inflame the minds and procured the ejectinent of Mr. Peirce of the lovers of truth to be over zealous and Mr. Hallett, he said he would have his for it and to do too much, we might have name put in capitals in the list, and that had truth and peace to this day. Yea, had be been silent, he should not have died still if he see any man of experience and in peace. Mr. Walrond too, was so proud moderation stand up to reduce men to the of the distinction, that he says, “ he would ancient simplicity, he presently seems the have the enemies of Christ's Godhead know most real rus for Christ, and tells the that he counts it bis truest glory, and desires unerperienced leaders of the flocks, that that his name may stand on the list for ever." it is in favour of some heresy that such a There indeed it will stand, another monų. man speaks; he is plotting a carnal syn. ment of human folly, another proof that cretism, and attempting the reconcilement there are

who GLORY in their shame.” of Christ with Belial; he is tainted with After his exploits at Exeter, Mr. Walrond Popery, or Socinianism, or Arminianism, succeeded in inducing the congregation at

or Calvinism, or whatsoever may make Budleigh to discharge their minister, Mr. him odious to those he speaks to. O, what Beadon (a most exemplary and high-minded the devil hath got by overdoing!" man), on a charge of heresy.

Thirty-two Directions for Peace, XXVII.

my witness

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The proposal was seconded by a cla- concluded by saying, that oue of the morous concurrence of voices. When great plagues of the church had been (after some time) silence was restored, the composing, and then imposing several respectable ministers expressed creeds upon others in language of our their wishes that the expediency of so own. He wished men would have singular a proceeding should be calmly more manners and more humility than discussed, but no! it had been before to accuse the word of God of imper. determined that the stanıp of heresy, fection and obscurity, and more wis. of infamy, should be affixed to the dom than to endeavour to mend it by obnoxious advocates of civil and reli. their uncharitableness. gious liberty, and, in consequence, a Various were the declarations made. noisome tumult drowned the reason- Mr. Peirce openly avowed his belief able suggestion. Moderation, can- in the inferiority of the Son. † Some dour and charity were here successless refused to make any confessions of advocates.

faith whatever ; and one said, “I Mr. John Walrond then asked per. deny any authority that any man or mission to read letters he had received body of men, or this assembly hath to from Mr. William Long and Mr. demand my opinion." However, the Benjamin Robiuson, of London, * on scribe recorded, as the general sense the subject of the spreading errors; of the assembly, “ That there is but upon which Mr. Peirce proposed that one living and true God, and that the the representations which had caused Father, Son and Holy Ghost are the the now produced letters, should first true God.” During the discussions, be laid before the assembly. This rea- the wildest extravagancies of ultrasonable suggestion obtained no atten- orthodoxy were defended, and one of tion; though, after-inquiries made the high party, when the absurdity it obvious that the statements sent of his creed was urged upon him, said, to London were most unfair and ex- “ I leave God to reconcile his own aggerated, not a detail of facts, but a contradictions." string of eulogiums on the candour, The friends of free inquiry exerted forbearance and tenderness of the or- themselves as far as they were able in thodox party, aud of equally well- behalf of truth and charity. Mr. merited accusations against the hete Matthew Huddy preached a sermon I rodox. A number of silly stories were to the assembly, earnestly contending introduced respecting the “new no- for the right of private judgment, reLions,” and the whole combined was commending the use of reason in matadmirably calculated to alarm the ters of religion, and condemning the timid, and to inflame the intolerant. spirit of intolerance wbich had been The London letters were read, and it exerted so banefully and so extenwas immediately determined that all present should declare their faith. It * This language is borrowed from the was asked, “if the words of Scripture Preface to Part II. of Baxter's Saint's Rest; could be accepted as sufficiently or

and I may be excused, I hope, in introthodox ?" “ No! no!" was the im. ducing a passage from the same author mediate decision, they are not express know not what to call me, I will tell you.

Preface to Church History:--" If you enough for such an occasion as this. I am a Christian, a mere Christian, of vo Mr. Joseph Hallett (the senior minis, other religion ; and the church that I am ter) then read his declaration, and of is the Christian church. But you must

know of what sect or party I am ? I am The conduct of these London divines against all sects and dividing parties. was scarcely less illiberal than that of their western co-adjutors. When Mr. " I, and such as I, call ourselves mere Walrond's letter reached town, and bad Christians, or Catholic Christians against been read at a meeting of ministers, it was all sects and sectarian names, and baters proposed, that before any proceedings were both of true heresy and schism, and prond, grounded on his statements, further in- nnrighteous hereticating and anathema. quiry should be made, and Mr. Peirce, in tizing." particular, be written to : but this propo- + It was a subject of after-regret to sition was immediately negatived, they Mr. P. that he had not manfully resisted

would not question Mr. W's veracity!" the usurping pretensions of the assembly and they hurried off their anathema without to question bim concerning his faith. delay.

I September 9, 1718.

sively. Though this admirable sermon in the early part of the following year, was clamorously railed against, Mr. though no intimation was given to Isaac Gilling resumed the subject two Mr. Peirce and his colleagues of their days after, in a discourse, “ On the having been sent for. These (as was mischief of rash and imeharitable expected or foreknown) jointly agreed, judging," in which he makes a noble that if a minister adopted Anti-Tristand against those inquisitors who nitarian principles, his congregation would dictate creeds and tyraunize would be justified in discharging him. over consciences.

A circular to this effect was sent over About two months after the assem- the county. It was known that at the bly, the trust of the Exeter congre- great meeting of ministers about to be gations applied to their ministers, re- held at Salters' Hall, the subject of quiring their professions of faith in the Exeter controversy was to be disthe words of the first article of the cussed, but so impatient were they to Church of England, the Sixth Answer manifest their zeal against their “ false of the Assembly's Catechism, or the brethren,” that they would not wait test agreed upon at the September for the result. The ministers were assembly. Mr. Peirce refused to therefore called before this tribunal, comply. They urged that he had and questioned and cross-questioned already subscribed (as required by as to their belief. Mr. Peirce was law) when he began to preach, but asked, if he would allow “Christ and he candidly told them, he had not the Father to be one God." He replied lived twenty years longer without that “ if they would refer him to one some enlightenment of mind, and if text which said so, he would own it, now he were called on to subscribe, but that he would subscribe to no he would on no account comply. test not expressed in Scripture lanThey next urged him quietly to lay guage; that if they came and authodown his ministry, but this, of course, ritatively required him to say that two he refused; telling them, however, and three make five, he would refuse that if they chose to dismiss him he to do so; that the days of blind suh. should not resist their proceedings. mission were past, for God had roused

That the trustees might appear to a noble spirit in men (when least exproceed with some sort of decorum, pected), and that he would not basely they called in seven neighbouring sacrifice the liberty they were so ministers to advise with them. These bravely defending." "Mr. Ballett made were

a similar declaration. Mr. Withers John Ball, of Honiton,

offered Bishop Pearson's explanation Samuel Hall, of Tiverton,

of the Trinity, which was not accepted. Johu Moore, t of ditto,

Mr. Lavingtou rouudly gave his assent William Horsham, of Topsham, to the formulary required. The result John Walrond, of Ottery,

was, that the Trustees (though not Josiah Eveleigh, I of Crediton, and unanimously) shut out the three mi.

Joseph Mauston, of Lympston, uisters from their chapels. Whatever who were among the most intemperate might be the opinion of the majority of the Trinitariau party. They met of the members, the trustees insisted

on their right to the sole management * When Fox, the martyrologist, was

of ecclesiastical affairs, and thus their requested to subscribe, lie pulled out a

anti-christiau proceedings were conGreek Testament from his pocket, declar

summated.|| ing that he would subscribe to that and to nothing else.

+ Mr. Moore afterwards objected to Here too, a similar spirit was mani. the method adopted for the ejectment of fested; for thongh it was not possible to Mr. Peirce and Mr. Hallett,

get a resolution passed (as was attempted) | Mr. Eveleigb pretends (in his Sober obliging all ministers to press their belief Reply, p. 21) to have felt a wonderful in the 'Trinity in a form of words to be interest in behalf of Mr. Peirce, and says prescribed, yet the majority did agree that he would have cut off his own right band a congregation may require a minister to to have preserved his usefulness : yet his prove to ihru the sonudness of his orthowritings and his conduct breathe a spirit of doxy. A great number of miuisters probigotry and slander, which ill become the tested again i this decision. pert self-complacency which so constantly || Mr. Withers afterwards assented to the intrudes.

first article of the Church of Eugland, and

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