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In May 1719, the assembly again Let such men and such acts be formet. Some of the violent party were gotten, while we record with honoorfor making new declarations. Mr. able mention the names of those distinPeirce proposed that a fast should be guished ministers wbo, refusing to appointed, and that all should unite in receive imposed creeds themselves, or prayer to the Divine Being to conduct to be instrumental iu imposing creeds them into the path of truth; that all on others, signed a public protest animositics should cease, and that the against the proceedings of the assubjects of dispute should be discussed sembly :in a frank and friendly manner.
Joseph Hallett, reasonable a suggestion was as a matter
Isaac Gilling, * of course rejected. During the meet
James Peirce, ing, Mr. George Jacomb applied to
John Cox,t be ordained, but he was refused, be
Matthew Huddy, I cause he would not give his confession
Roger Beadon, s of faith in any other than Scripture
Samuel Carkeet, ll language, and in consequence, the fol
Samuel Adams, lowing singular record was proposed
Joho Parr, by the Moderator: “Whereas Mr.Ja.
Joseph Hallett, jun.** comb, out of respect to the Scripture, has refused to declare bis faith in other
# Of Newton Abbott. He was deserted than Scripture words ; so the assembly, by his congregation, calumniated and inout of respect to the Scriptures, refuse salted, for having asserted (10 a brother to admit it.” One individual said, that minister, who proclaimed Mr. G.'s heresy) now-a-days Scripture was not plain his belief in the subordination of Christ. enough without explanation ; and Ou another occasion, he said "he could another hoped that God would restore not, and would not, believe the Trinity in the ministerial and magisterial power Unity.”. At the September assembly, he to punish heretics. During the as
refused to make any declaration of faith. sembly, Mr. Samuel Carkeet preached
+ John Cox, of Kingsbridge, was rea most striking Sermon, in which he quired by his congregation to subscribe to
the Fifth and Sixth Answers of the Assemsays, he came forth from “unenvied, bly's Catechism : be refused, and was disuvmolesled obscurity, to bear his missed. He was a man of exemplary testimony” against those encroaching virtue, to which his enemies themselves anti-christian teachers, who presumed bore testimony. to erect their system as the standard of | Mr. Huddy would make no declaration faith and holiness, excommunicating at the meeting in September; and in one and anathematizing all who claimed of his Sermons he is said to have cautioned for themselves "the liberty with which his hearers “ against giving too much Christ had made them free."
honour to the Sop.” But the orthodox had determined Beadon.” lle was afterwards ejected by
Mr. Peirce calls hin “honest Mr. now to effect their object, anı' in con. his congregation at Budleigh, for denying sequence, forty-five ministers signed a
the genuineness of 1 John v. 7.; for refusing declaration, that they could not consent to teach the Assembly's Catechism; and to the preaching of any candidate, or for saying that the Son is not in all respects recommend any minister to a congre: equal to the Father. The western inqui. gation, who would not profess his sitors accuse him (p. 28 of their Answer) faith in the Trinity; they say they of having been unsound in his faith. See heartily pity and pray for those who Note, pp. 580, 581. had fallen into dangerous errors, and
U Mr. Carkeet resisted the anthority of warn their flocks against theni, inti. the assembly in September, and would make
no confession of faith whaterer. mating that their sole hope of future blessedness must depend on the sound- of Ephesians ir. 4–6, and would give no
Mr. Parr gaře as his creed the words ness of their opinions, which, to other. The synod accused him of heresy. preserve unshaken, they recommend
** Mr. Hallett succeeded his father 23 should be undisturbed by restless co-pastor with Mr. Peiree, in 1722. He inquisitiveness into the “ mysteries of published a Funeral Sermon for the latter, religion.
Himself died in 1744, æt. 52. Some of
his works are yet held in high estimation. Mr. Peirce sabjoins, “ May that good man's He was a man of uncommon gentleness of yoke sit easy on him! I cannot yet repent manners and integrity of heart, and was that I did not submit to the same.
honoured with the friendship and orper James How, *
making them the subjects of scurrilous John Force, t
ballads and runken songs. In the Nathaniel Cock, f
very streets they were attacked by Thomas Horobrook,
the brutal and the base, and there and George Jacomb
thus “judiciously confuted."
Dr. Walker on the Legality of the
Affirmation of the People called The violent passions excited by this Quakers. controversy may be judged of by the Bond Court, Walbrook, 13, 8th. 1817. opprobrious language used by the FRIEND! orthodox against the Arians, such
as FROM thy giving, from time to
time, so much place in the Rebers, damnable soul-poisoners, dragons pository to the consideration of the and asps, and profane persecutors."'ll sect called Quakers, who, by the simTheir adversaries answered them not plicity of their fundamental dogma by “excellency of speech," and irre- (inward light) must always, consistsistible arguments, but by handing ently therewith, of necessity be Unithem over to the insults of the mob, tarians, I am induced to address to
thee this paper.
pondence of many of the learned of his
In considering the condition of the time.
Quakers not associated with their Mr. How was not a believer in the brethren under the organization of Trinity, according to the statement of the friends, overseers, elders, ininisters and inquisitors.
clerks, I have thought their lot often + Of Bovey. The Exeter Assembly to resemble that of the Hindoo who endeavoured to procure his ejectment, but has lost cast, who, deserted by his were baffled. lle had a conference with family and friends, can only console the disaffected of his congregation, one of himself with the assurance that the whom was honest enough to say, though Supreme Being “causeth his sun to I take the Scriptures for information, I go shine" on the tent of the outcast. further for confinnation." On one occasion Mr. Force declared " he never believed in Their peculiar principles sometimes his life the Father, Son and Holy Ghost to prevent their neighbours from uniting be one God;" and again, when the neces
with them in some of the most imporsity of an infinite satisfaction was vrged, tant concerns of human life; and they he replied, " Infinite satisfaction is infinite are estranged from their fellow-prononsense.
fessors, But, what I at present wish I of Bideford, was most slanderously to oifer to the consideration of thy and industriously vilified, and abandoned readers, which incjade both these deby many of bis congregation, in consequence of his refusal to acknowledge the scriptions of Quakers, is the matter of authority of the Western Synod; but the giving legal evidence. I have conwriter has heard his virtues proclaimed versed of lale with some of both these from lips (“ nuw still in death”) wbose descriptions of Quakers, on the subject praise was no unenviable, no unenvied, of their affirmation being equivalent honour.
to an oath in our courts, in cases not Mr. Jacomb's account of the pro- criminal; and both entertain the idea ceedings of the assembly in connexion that the law makes no distinction with bimself, is a very interesting pam- between them; that this was estaphlet. When they objected to bis proposal blished by the Judge, Lord Mansfield of making a declaration in Scripture lan; (in a case where counsel attempted to guage, that Arians and Socinians would invalidate the testimony of a Quaker, quote 'Scripture, he qnoted an interesting because of his being not associated), passage in Baxter's History: Some mi. nisters endeavouring to draw ap a list of in his observing that the law, in rethe fundamentals of Christianity, Mr.Baxter cognising the people called Quakers, made a more general proposal: they told him kuew vothing of them as a body, that a Papist or a Socinian might subscribe society, or meeting, that he therefore to his articles, and he answered, “So orucla must abide only by the profession of the better, and the fitter to be the matter of concord.” || Ipnocent Vindicated, p. 17.
q Mr. Peirce's Animadversions, p. 31.
the evidence; he knew no other eri- ordained as any minister of Oxford, or terion of his being a Quaker than that Geneva; as fully consecrated as the of his own profession.
Pontiff of Rome. I will say more: But does every judge and every though i acknowledge not any man to magistrate so interpret the law of the be the Reverend; yet, I acknowledge land, with regard to the people called it would be a breach of charity lo Quakers ? I meddle not with the assert that I may not sometimes have Unitas Fratrum, or people called Mo. had reason to believe him the revereut raviaas, who also are favoured, in their Richard Phillips. I mean on the ocreligious scruples, against the taking of casions of his changing his attitude an oatlı.
and uncovering his head, on his letting I knew an Ex.quaker in Dublin his voice be heard aloud in meeting. subpænaed as an evidence; the coun. Now, if an acknowledged minister of sellor, Curran, (what is it that coun. the Quakers of London could make so sellors may not be feed to do?) called public a declaration that I was no out in court, “ Hand him the book." Quaker, while I, mistaken man, in “I am a Quaker--cannot take an oath." different countries abroad, on being “You a Quaker, Sir! Pray do you interrogated on the subject of my attend their meetings of disciplive?" Quakerian peculiarities, have always
No." “Do they receive your col- declared myself a Quaker, what might lections?" “ No.” “What were you I not expect from the forensic acumen disowned for?" “I have no objection of the gentlemen of the long robe at to tell that. I married my wife without Westminster Hall? Beiug lately subconsulting my friends." My Lord! pænaed to the Court of King's Bench, here is a man whom the Quakers have there, as an evidence on behalf of the turned out for a breach of their laws, Defendant, I had intended appealiog, and yet be claims the privilege of in limine, to the judge, on the validity giving only his affirmation as a Qua- of my evidence, and to have utterly ker.” “I appeal to the court,” said withbolden it, if he withheld his exthe Quaker, “I avow myself not planation, as completely as if his de. in membership with the society of cis had accorded with the notions Friends, but hold myself liable to all of Richard Phillips, and not with those the pains and penalties incurred by of Lord Mansfield, or of his brother taking a false oath, if I affirm what is on the Beuch in Ireland. The Plaiountrue." “ Let his affirmation be tiffs, however, withdrew the cause, taken," said the judge.
and my evidence was consequently Being once subpoenaed myself, in not required. that city, I took the Act of Parijament Will, then, any of thy readers, in that behalf in my pocket. In Ire- Quaker or other, inform me what is land it is required that such evidence the law in the case of giving evidence, shall solemnly, sincerely and truly de- of a man professing himself a Quaker, clare, that he is and has been of the but not being formally in any religious profession of the people caled Quakers Society of his fellow-professors: Jani for a year and a day: I proposed to apprehensive the question will not be myself to make the declaration ; but casily answered. In the answers I was not called upon for my testimony. lave yet obtained from Friends, I But it has happened to me siuce, in cannot come at any certainty; and, in this city, that on a trial which was to thus soliciting further information, I determine (the decision by show of will suppose, by way of illustration, hands) on some points of professional a case of considerable complexity, or competency,consequently on my bread, of the greatest difficulty. on the whole shape, probablı, of my The legitimate children of the memfuture life, one of the company called bers of the society of Friends are, in a public friend (Quaker speaker), a later times, members by inheritance. man skilled in the law, publicly de- It is not necessary for them to make clared I was no Quaker, whereby the any confession of faith whatever. A number of hands in my favour was young couple in this city lately sent in diminished; though still, happily for their resignation, as members of the me (unheard), constituting ibe majo. society, on behalf of theniselves and rity. Acknow ledged in his society as their children. The meeting received a minister, I hold him as completely the resignation of the parents, but
retain the children in membership. and levity of appearance, the chariIf these children, unchristened, arrive table conclusion of the judge would at mature age, and be subpoenaed as be correct: but if the judge were in evidence, in what form is their testi- opposition to them, to prove as dog, mony to be taken? They generally, matical, or as positive, as Richard perhaps, make no profession of Qua- Phillips; if he were to conclude they kerism. Is the book of the Evange- are no Quakers; would the litigant lists handed to them? They never parties in the case, would the cause of were baptized after the example of jnstice be deprived of their evidence? Jesus and the other primitive Chris- Would they be still further degraded tians. They were not christened, or by the laws of their country than they sprinkled, like the babies of those were while in membership with the Christians who have rejected baptism associatiou of their sect, whose testiand adopted rantism. But they may mony in criminal cases is of no avail? say we are Quakers, and bring twenty Voila la question. Quakers, who pay scot and lot, to
J. W. satisfy the court. Ce n'est pas l'embarras. Their affirmation will be re- Sir,
Aug. 9, 1817. case: These said Quakers by inherit- years old, an extract from which ance, like others of the samedescription, will display the variety of conjectures, beaux or belles of the fashion of the drawn from the prophecies, which, day, who help to make up the out- according to a common remark, were wardly motley assembly, called a not designed to make their readers meeting of worship, may have ab- prophets. sented themselves from such meetings The MS. is dated May the 8th, of worship a certain number of times 1728, and is entitled, “Mr. Bedford's in succession (par parenthese, they Computation of Prophetic Scriptures, may stay away as long as they please guessing at Times of Fulfilment of, or from meetings of business, where all a probable Conjecture of the same." the affairs of their society are tran- This Computation extends to “ Anno sacted, and where attendance might, Christi, 3014, or thereabouts,” when with some sort of decency, have been the rapt Conjecturer sees. “ errors, imrequired), they may have been united moralities and disturbances arise, and in marriage by a priest, or they may those other particulars which are menhave paid him tithes; on any of which tioned as forerunners of the end of the considerations they may have been world." I shall confine my quotations disowned to-day by the society. To- to the Conjecturer's expectations reinorrow they appear in court, on a specting the period, which has now subpæna. Yesterday they were ac- passed, from the date of the MS. I credited Quakers; their affirmation omit the profusion of texts which, as would have been received. Now appears by the events, he so inaccu. Richard Phillips might, perhaps, at- rately expounded. tempt to prevent their affirmation from “1729. This year are terrible battles, being received: he might say they are with much effusion of blood; all Euno Quakers. Perhaps, however, the rope in confusion, and dismal apprejudge might have reason to conclude hensions. One of the ten kingdoms that they were, bonâ fide, Quakers, falls, and a reformation from Popery however little appearance of the sect immediately follows, which is the might appear about their persons. fatal blow to the Antichristian hierThe kissing of a book they might con- archy. sider a piece of idolatry. This would be “ 1730. The first vial is poured out Quakerism, Not being the original upon the enemies of the Church of record, they might doubt the accu- God. Germany is reformed, not with racy of the transcription; must doubt much effusion of blood, but by a disthe accuracy of the translation of the covery of vile practices of the Romish learned priests who interpreted it to Church. the modern nations, tongues, &c. who “ 1731. The second vial is poured now receive it; would not dare to say out. Spain is reformed with much “ It is the truth." This would be effusion of blood, and probably by a Quakerism, With all their gaiety revolution in those kingdoms.
“ 1738. The fourth vial is poured
Dr. Carpenteria Remarks on Dr. out. An utter end is put to the Papal
Letter hierarchy, of all sorts. Many towns (Dr. Stock's Letter, given pp. 481 in Italy are burnt with fire, and Rome -484, was copied into The Bristol herself is levelled with the ground. Mirror, a newspaper: in the same
“ 1784. All the potentates in Europe publication of the 27th ult. appeared throw off the Popish yoke.
the following letter by Dr. Carpenter, “ 1735. Now Europe begins to enjoy which we extract. We cannot help a perfect and general peace; being observing, that Dr. Stock's change of the happy cousequence of the destruc- religion and bis letter have been magtion of Antichrist, and settling the nified by his new friends into ridikingdom of Christ in these parts. culous importance. Intelligent Cal
“ 1748. The fifth vial is poured out. vinists must, we should think, be The Turkish empire is now afflicted disgusted at the hubbub raised by this with many and great calamities. conversion, as if it gave the party
“ 1759. The idolatry of the Church something new in a man of education of Rome being now removed, which and respectable talents. In fact, we was the great stumbliog block that know that this sentiment has been prejudiced others against Christianity, strongly felt by persons who are disthe Jews are now converted, and, tinguished amongst the Calvinists for assisted by the European Powers, the excellence of their understanding recover the land of Canaan from the and character. We need not say that Turks, and are settled there. The Dr. Stock must be the first to feel Jews being now settled in the land of shame, at being used as an instrument Canaan, place the several tribes in to throw new reproaches upon those their order. They rebuild the city of whom vulgar bigotry misnames “ So. Jerusalem, and a famous church for civians."
ED.] the worship of God.
To the Editor of the Bristol Mirror. “ 1778. The sixth vial is poured out
Great George-street, upon the Turkish empire. The Ma- SIR,
Sept. 18, 1817.
N Three other vile and abominable he. Stock's letter to the Rev. John resies arise in that empire. These all Rowe, with the jutroductory letter of encourage the Turks to make war the person who communicated it to the with the Jews, and have frequent New Evangelical Magazine of this skirmishes; but the Turks are always month. As Dr. Stock's letter is now, beaten.
for the first time, submitted to the “ 1804. The seventh vial is poured Bristol public, I request the insertion out. The Turks briug their whole of the following observations. army against the Jews, and are most The anonymous writer is widely terribly beaten. Their empire is torn mistaken, if he imagine that the letter in pieces with wars and devastations, had been “ confined to the private and bombarding of towns. It is di- circle of the Doctor's friends," Copies vided into three kingdoms, and after of it had, long before, been handed that into six, and many kingdoms about in distant parts of the kingdom. revolt entirely from them; so that it had been shewn, with triumphant their whole power is broken. Here is exultation, to the advocates of bis now a glorious state of the Jews, as former opinions : it had been circu. couverted to the Christian faith, and lated by their opponents, to strengthen professing the true religion, and other the faith of the wavering, or to recal countries continually coming into the those who had wandered. same religion."
Dr. Stock too well understands the There is no mark on the MS. of its nature of evidence, to imagine that his having been copied from a printed letter assigns a single reason why book, which may have been the case; another should follow his example. nor any account besides the name of Those who have so much extolled it, the Conjecturer, whose fancy favoured and have recently given it a species of him with this vision through the ivory celebrity, which his refined taste cangate.
not relish, any more than his judgment J, W. T. can approve, shew that they consider
the question as one which is to be