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length being let loose, and banished, the Trinity. In 1608 he became the he travelled into Italy, and at l'errara chief master of St. Paul's school, was he was made a Doctor of Physic. In esteemed a noted Latinist, critic and the latter end of K. Henry VIII. he divine. His works are lived at Cologn, and other places “ Treatise conceruing the Trioity in Germany.-Returning, when K in Unity of the Deity. Lond. 1601, Edward VI. reigned," besides a pre- 8vo. written to Thomas Mannering, beudslip from the Archbishop of York, an Anabaptist, who denied that Jesus he had “a canonry of Windsor and is very God of very God. the deanery of Wells given him by Sacred Philosophy of Holy Scrip. the King. About which time, he was ture, or a Commentary on the Creed. incorporated “ Doctor of Physic" at Lond. 1635, fol. At the end of which Oxford. “He procured a licence to is printed, also, his Treatise of the read and to preach, as many laymen Trinity, before-mentioned. He died did that were scholars; practised his 17th Nov. 1635.” Dr. Knight menfaculty among the nobility and geutry, tiops Gill among the masters of St. and became physician to Edward, Paul's school, Life of Colet, p. 378, Duke of Somerset, Lord Protector. but gives no particulars except from After Q. Mary came to the crown, he Wood. went into Germany, with several Fasti. p. 840, 1621.

“ George English theologists, thence to Rome, Walker, B. D. born at Hawkeshead, and afterwards, for a time, settled at in Lancashire, educated in St. John's Basil. But when Q. Elizabeth suc- College, Cambridge, where he was ceeded, he returned, and was restored esteemed an excellent Logician, Ori. to his deanery.” Besides several pieces, entalian and Divine. When Walker, against the Roman Catholics, he pub- who was a severe Puritan, bebeld the lished

profanation of the Lord's day, he “A Preservative or Triacle against preached against it, and other practhe Poison of Pelagius, lately renewed, tices and opinions, which procured and stirred up again, by the furious him trouble and two years' imprisonsect of the Anabaptists. London, 1551," ment, as it is said. After the Long 12mu. which book being dedicated to Parliament began, he preached against Hugh Latimer, was ushered into the the King and his followers, and pubworld by several copies of Latin and lished several things, which before English verses set before and at the he was not permitted to do, among end of it, made by Nich. Grimoald, of which were, Socinianism in the FunMerton College; Thomas Norton, of damental Point of Justification DisSharpenboe; Randal Harleston, or covered and Confuted. Lond. 1641, Huddleston; and Thomas Soame, a 8vo. He died in 1651, aged about preacher.

70." Thongh Pelagius does not appear to

At the close of the first volame of have impugned the Trinity; yet, it the Athena, is the following account can scarcely be doubted that Anabap- of a Socinian, whose political propentists, in 1551, accused of Pelagianism, sities were such as have not been were also Anti-Triuitarians. Dr. Turner common among Christians who inwrote several pieces, more in the way dulged in free inquiry: of his medical profession; one entitled Fasti. p. 901, 1640. “ John Web“Of the Nature and Virtue of Triacle." berley, of Lincolne College, B.D. the By this double use of Triacle, he was son of Thomas W. of East-Kirbey, in not unlike Bishop Berkeley, who re- Lincolushire, was vow esteemed by commended, even in the same pam- all a high-flown Soci..ian, and afterphlet, tar-water and the Trinity. Dr. wards a desperate zealot for the King's Turner died in 1568.

cause, in the grand Rebellion. He No. 629, p. 512. “ Alexander Gill, had translated into English several born in Lincolnshire, 1564, admitted Socinian books: some of which he scholar of Corp. Christ. Coll. 1583. had published without his name set In 1590, left the College and became to them: and others, which were an instructor of youth," probably “ in lying by him, were taken out of his the city of Norwich, where he lived study by the parliamentarian visiters, 1597, and then wrote his treatise of an. 1648, in which year he suffered

much for his loyalty, by imprisonment calumny. It states, as I suppose, a first and afterwards by expulsion.” fact, and in terms not more offensive

Wood then refers to L. 1, p. 405, of than might be expected from a man Hist. and Antiq. Univ. Oron. the of Mr. Wardlaw's faith. If to believe Latin version of his History, His in “ plenary inspiration," is to acknoworiginal MSS. in the Bodleian, were ledge every word of the Old and New not many years ago edited by Mr. Testament to be the dictate of inspi. Gutch. In that work I find the fol- ration; and if to submit to the “unilowing paragraph :

versal authority of the scriptures," is “ 16-48, April 17, Monday. The to receive every book, and the whole visiters commanded a mad woman to of every book in the present Canon, be whipt for calling them roundheads 'as the undoubted word of God, I do and rebels. Mr. Thomas Smith, also, not think it is a calumny to affirm of Magdall. Coll. and Mr. Webberley, that Unitarians do not generally beof Lincoln, were committed to Bride. lieve in the plenary inspiration, and well for speaking boldly to and utter- acknowledge the universal authority ing rash words against them; and of the Scriptures. A railing and injuespecially for that Webberley did pre- rious and absurd accusation is indeed sume to take his commons in the brought against them, when it is preHall, after they had suspended him tended, that they withhold their faith from his office of sub-rector and the from what God has revealed, as if emoluments of his place.” Hist. &c. they disputed the veracity of God. 5 vols. 4to. 1786–1792, B. i. II. p. They do refuse to submit their under574.

standing to those interpreters of Divine Dr. Walker, a Churchiman, of the revelation, especially, who presume to school of Sacheverell, and worthy of array their own interpretation in the the highest form, has mentioned Mr. same authority as the revelation itself; Webberley, in his Sufferings of the but this is to question not the veracity Clergy. He has all his information of God, but the infallibility of men. from Wood, adding, “ I should have To an acknowledged declaration from been glad to omit bim, because he God no man in his senses. ever did, or was esteemed by all a high-flown ever could refuse his belief; and it is Socinian. So that his expulsion wanted manifestly absurd to accuse him of nothing but a lawful authority, to such extravagant and impious folly, make it a most commendable act." who refuses his belief only to what he Attempt, 1714, Pt. ii. p. 12).

does not acknowledge to be a déclaraShould you accept this offer of cor- tion from God, to what he considers respondence, you may, perhaps, hear on the contrary the mere doctrine of again from

man, unsupported and contradicted by CIVIS RUSTICUS. the revelation from God. This the (We beg Civis Rusticus to continue Unitarian does in refusing his assent to his correspondence. He will find some the popular creed; and to accuse him account of Mr. Webberley, Mon. on this ground of refusing to submit to Repos. X. 82, 83, 498, 499. Ed.] the authority of God, if it be not ca.

lumny, is misrepresentation and injusClapton, Aug. 30, 1817. tice. On this charge Mr. Wardlaw SIR,

and his brethren ought to plead guilty; N a note to the first article in the they construe dissent from their explaJuly (p. 413), Mr. Wardlaw is charged to the authority of God. But without with repeating a calumny, when he pretending to say what is the actual says,

truly the laxity of the views opinion of the body of Unitarian of Unitarians respecting the plenary Christians, I do not for myself cominspiration and universal authority of plain of misrepresentation, when it is the Scriptures, is a matter of such said, that they doubt the genuineness flagrant and lamentable notoriety, that of a part of the present Canon of I feel no anxiety to defend myself on Scripture, and the plenary inspirathis head from the charge of misre- tion of a much greater part. It should, presentation, to any who are at all indeed, be added, that they do this acquainted with their writings.” I because the evidence of plenary inapprehend the passage contains no spiration appears to be incomplete,

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and not, as is asserted by their op- the proof of the proposition to which ponents, from an unwillingness to they subscribe? Is it in tradition, in submit the controversy to the decision the decrees of councils, or in the of the Scriptures. None more readily writings then selves? In what part of acknowledge that the only safe appeal the Scriptures is it asserted that the is to the Scriptures, and that the only present Canon was all written under authoritative decision must be sought inspiration of God? The Apestles in the Scriptures; they wish their did, indeed, affirm that they redoctrine to be tried by no other test; ceived their commission from Christ, and they demand constautly and and, that they were instructed by earnestly that this test be applied him and by the holy spirit what was fairly, that is, critically. But it may Christian doctrine: but this was a be asked, with what consistency do very different thing from asserting they unite in this appeal to a book that every word they spoke or wrote of which they acknowledge not the in the discharge of their commission inspiration and authority in every was dictated to them by inspiration. part? The questiou might be returned Admit the former, and Unitarians do upon their opponents-Do they believe admit it as well as other Christians, every word in the present Canon of the and the authority of the Apostolic Old and New Testament to be the writings is sufficiently established; dictate of inspiration? Perhaps Mr. and the appeal to that authority, on Wardlaw does so; if he does not, his every question of Christian doctrine, own conscience will reveal to him, is made decisive. Yet, on this hypothat he has betrayed a want of sim- thesis, it is fair to ask, may not the plicity and candour in his accusation Apostles as well as other men have of the Unitarians, quoted above. He conveyed their meaning in such terms has not calumniated them, but he has as to make it difficult to ascertain at presumed to cast a stone, though all times what they did mean? Vohimself not without sin. It is, how. doubtedly they may: and, Peter ever, charitable to believe that Mr. being judge, it is certain that the Wardlaw's faith on the subjeet of Apostle of the Geutiles, whose Episinspiration extends farther than that tles form so large a part of the New of many of his brethren. Of them Testament Canon, did write things there are many who know, that there difficult to understand, and liable to is not equal evidence of genuineness be greatly mistaken even by men for every book in the Canon; aud who lived in the same age and spoke there are many too, who, admitting the same language as himself. It is, some difference of circumstances in therefore, in vain to contend that the the narration of facts substantially the interpretation, which would first, or same, are rational enougb to acknow. generally occur to the most simple ledge, that the narrators were not all and unlearned readers, must be the inspired. If any of this better in. true interpretation of his meaning. formed class of believers join also in The same labour and rules of criticism the popular cry against Unitarians, must be applied to some parts of the " that they do not accept the entire sacred writings, and especially to the Canon as the undoubted word of epistolary for very obvious reasons, God,” they may have their reward; which are applied to other ancient but it is not in the satisfaction of an writings, in order to arrive at the true honest mind. Let them not accuse interpretation. I apprehend it is in other Christians of want of reverence this opinion, and not in want of defefor the sacred writings in refusing to rence to the authority of the Christian subscribe to a proposition which is Scriptures, that the Unitarian differs not an article of their own belief; but from the majority of Christians, and to those who assert the pleuary in. as loug as this difference remains spiration of the canonical books of there is, indeed, little probability that the Old and New Testament a dif- he, and the great body of Christians, ferent answer is due: why appeal, should think alike on several of the they say, to an authority which is not most important articles of the Chris held sacred? In the first place it is tian faith. proper to ask, what are the grounds

J. M. of their own persuasion ? Where is

Letter to a Dissenting Minister's Wife. those public or more private duties,

[The following Letter has been by which he is to make the necessary communicated to us as no unsuitable provision for the common maintecompanion to the “ Letter to a Young nance. Dissenting Minister,” Vol. VI. (1811), But to have done with generals: it p. 471. ED.]

was my object to point out some of

those particular duties which may be THOUGH I have followed you in required fron, the wife of a minister,

,

from hour to hour since you left us,

as that at -

Such a person may amidst the various scenes through render herself a help-meet for her huswhich I pleased myself with supposing band in various respects. you to be passing, I have not thought, In order to form a full idea of all it necessary, or even seasonable, to the ways in which she may be so, it trouble you with either my good is necessary that she carefully consider wishes or my advice; because I was the nature of his profession, and the sure you would give my affection full ends of it. No less than the religious credit for the former; and because I and moral improvement of all his had no doubt of your conducting your hearers, in order to their usefulness self, through the various circumstances here, and their bappiness hereafter. attendant on your change of character, To answer such important purposes with that modest and unaffected pro- he is not to be a mere lecturer, to priety, which would render the latter make his weekly appearance before quite unnecessary, had I been qualified them with a set discourse; he is to be to offer it in this stage of your pro- their teacher, their exemplar, their ceedings. But now that the ceremo- friend and counsellor; the mediator nials attending your first introduction between his richer and poorer hearers, are over, and you are beginning to the director of the charities of the think of settling upon a plain do- former, and the consoler of the latter mestic plan, will you allow me to in distress; the institutor and manager pour forth some of the overflowings of of useful plans for religious education à father's heart, which has often, of of the young, and the religious inforlate, engaged the head to meditate on mation of persons of all ages; in short, your future duties and prospects? the promoterof religioustruth and prac.

On the qualities which a man of tice, both by precept and example. sense will most regard in the choice

In most of these respects he may of a wife, you have read the judicious be materially assisted by his wife: in remarks of Dr. Aikin; * on the general many she may, with great advantage, duties of a wife you have availed yourself of the advice of Mr. Gisborne, If she be not fitted or disposed to and you have perused the strong and help him in any of them, he is greatly often coarse, though too often well-, to be pitied, and, perhaps, even in founded, strictures of Mrs. Wollstone- some degree to be blamed: it is, at craft. I need not, therefore, say any least, a sign that be has made a very thing to you on the general rights and injudicious choice. The conduct of a obligations of husband and wife: you minister's wife, may often benefit or are neither of you, I trust, disposed mislead his flock, almost as much as to be jealous of each other's rights, or his own. I have somewhere read, grudging in the discharge of mutual that in the Protestant churches of obligations. You will not be disposed Hungary, a minister has been degraded to exclaim with Mrs. Wollstonecraft, “whose wife has indulged herself in “ Is a wife to be an upper servant, to amusements which bespeak the gaiety provide her husband's meals and take of a mere lover of the world, rather than care of his linen?" No: not as an the gravity of a Christian matron :" upper servant; but as a companion a severity said to be grounded on the and helper, to make his home com- supposition, “ that a wise having profortable and his meals pleasant, when mised obedience to her husband, can he returns from acting the part of a do nothing but what he either directs fellow-servant, in the discharge of or approves.” It might have been

grounded on the apostolic precept, * Letters to a Son. Vol, I, that the deaconesses “must be grave,

be his proxy.

YOL. XIL

not slanderers, sober, faithful in all marriage day, you have submitted to things." i Tim. iji. 11.

be taught, as well as to exert yourself A minister's wife ought, therefore, to teach. In both these respects you to study her husband's reputation, will, I am sure, continue to set a good and give weight to his instructions, example, as far as your situation afby her own discreet and prudent con- fords you opportunity, will willingly duct. In the management of her place yourself on the bench of instrucfamily, aware that she has taken upon lion, under either your husband of herself the task of making a limited Mr. -; or will lend your assistincome support a respectable appear- ance to establish order in any school ance, she will study the arts of frugal which may at present subsist, or herebut decent housekeeping: and will be after be established. But while you particularly careful that no needless are thus actively religious yourself, expenses be incurred on her own ac- and engaged in promoting it among count.

others, you will not forget that you But this is, comparatively, a trifling are to help, encourage and support object, though by no means to be your husband, by cultivating a preoverlooked. The main object of the vailing cheerfulness, both of the counChristian teacher will naturally be, to tenance and heart. In the ordinary have his family set an example of at- course of his multiplied employments, tention to religious duties, and of he will often return from the school, general decorum and propriety of con- the study, or from visits abroad, fa duct: he will particularly look to his tigued and exhausted; let him find wife for ready and active co-operation his home made comfortable by plea in these important particulars. He sant looks and cheerful conversation, will be greatly disappointed if she or by a readiness to join in his plans. throw any obstacles in the way, if she of relaxation by such reading as you do not rather cordially joiu with, and can be both interested in. I hope he even encourage him, in the establish- will not often, but I cannot Hatter ment and maintenance of family him be will not sometimes meet with prayer; he will rejoice if she appear disappointments, from want of success disposed to qualify herself for the fu- in his public or private schemes, from ture education of her own young the misbehaviour of his friends, either family (if it should please God to en- in a general, moral respect, or to himtrust her with such a charge), by self in particular. In such cases you previous reading, by personal obser- must be his refuge, his comfort and vation and inquiry, and by an active counsellor. In no such cases will you attention, in the meantime, to the re- ever aggravate, but soften and coneiligious and other instruction of the liate as much as possible. lower classes of the congregation, ticular you will study to allay any either in charity or Sunday schools or little resentments he may feel upon otherwise; and if she set, in these such occasions. This caution may, respects, a good example to the young perhaps, be particularly necessary in women in general of her acquaintance. the case of two mivisters; for each of What better preparation can she make whom there will, of course, be partifor a successful discharge of duty in alities, according to the particular the education of ber own children; tastes and intimacies of individuals. who, in the natural course of things, Your husband is in this respect parfall to be almost exclusively the objects ticularly happy in a colleague who, of their mother's attention during that I trust, will always find himself equally most important period of their lives, happy in him; indeed, I persuade when those impressions are to be myself that there will never be any made which are most likely to be jealousies or heart-burnings, in conseJasting, and even to give the prevail. quence of preferences which are ineing direction to the whole of their vitable, and in themselves perfectly future lives! For this you are indeed innocent, either between them or better prepared than most young among the members of the congregawomen, by the care aud attention you tion. But if any thing of this kind have shewn to the management of the should occur, let it be your business Sunday schools at ; and by never to hear any officious, reports. the alacrity with which, even to your that may be suggested to you by well

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