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or ill-meaning people: but always stitute: in various cases of sickness, study the things which make for peace, and other circumstances of distress, and things by which both your hus- especially among your own sex and band and his colleague may edify one children, the good offices of a female another, as well as those with whom may be more essentially useful than they are connected. I hardly need to those of any mun. " It is not oniy in caution you against a proneness to bis own person," says an eloquent take offence on your own account, or preacher, “ that the conscientious embarrassing your husband with any minister of the gospel can answer the of your own squabbles. You must high purpose of his calling : in his wife, alter very much before you engage in and even in his children, he may find any.
the most useful auxiliaries in his holy Neither do I think you are in any employment. To the former, in pargreat danger of contracting a meddling, ticular, both himself and those engossiping habit, or giving countenance trusted to his charge are often, in the or encouragement to those that have highest degree, indebted. I will not A more mischievous quality can enter into a full detail of the various scarcely be imagined: by which, in means by which the services of this stead of becoming her husband's help- invaluable partner of the cares and meet, a wife contributes more than duties of the ministerial office are disany thing to his trouble and vexation. pensed throughout the district of the I should otherwise be cautious of of. husband's labours: but the subject of fering my next piece of advice, to this discourse (letter) would be treated make yourself acquainted with the very imperfectly, if so important a parseveral members of the congregation, ticular were altogether omitted. Let it their characters, occupations, habits, be remembered, then, that it is to her wants, &c. &c. I dont mean that you assiduous co-operation that almost all should personally know them all; the good that can be rendered to her but the more extensively the better. own sex, out of the house of God, is You can, at least, learn all the par. principally owing. That quick percepticulars which your husband has col- tion, that nice sensibility, which are lected concerning each in his congre- the natural characteristics of the fe. gational common-place book. You male mind, peculiarly fit her for the will thus become acquainted with all occupation. It is she who can best the ways in which they can severally win the confidence of her neighbours, be of use to you, or you can render and penetrate the secret wants and yourself useful to them; you will also wishes, which modest poverty is often learn, by this means, who are the backward to reveal. It is she who persons with whom you can with the can best enter into the detail of their greatest mutual advantage, deal for domestic interests, and devise the the several articles you may want to readiest means of alleviating their dispurchase. For, certainly, all other tress or employing their industry. It things being equal, or even nearly so, is she whose fan iliar experience of the it is a reciprocity which is only fair cares and duties which belong to them, and reasonable that you should lay out as wives and mothers, aided by that among the congregation that income superior intelligence which leisure and which you receive from them. You education naturally give, enables her will thus, as well as by a mutual to briug her counsels home to the interchange of good offices in other hearts of her hearers, and to convince respects, strengthen your husband's them that her precepts are practicable interest with his people. Even by as well as just. In short, bv appearknowing their places of abode, and at ing in the character of a friend as well chapel, you will be prepared to receive as a benefactress, by engaging the and return the civilities of those who feelings of respectful affection no less will feel entitled to offer them, and than of gratitude, she establishes over not incur the hazard of having it said them an influence, which the harsher by any, “ that their minister's wife nature and dissimilar ovcupations of was too proud to speak to them." man disable him from acquiring. Now But you may thus besides have various to those who bear in mind how much, opportunities of assisting him, and under Providence, the success of every often may even be a preferable sub- endeavour to implant religious feej.
ings, and to promote the habits of Unitarians, as they may arise, with the virtue in the most numerous class of view of procuring for them suitable society, depends upon the conduct of chapels, and otherwise supporting its women, how entirely almost the them in their infant efforts, until they principles and the morals of the young shall attain to sufficient strength to of both sexes rest upon it, no argu- depend upon their own exertions. meut will be necessary to prove the We need not experience to teach importance of that aid, which the us the benefit which must arise from wives, and often, too, the daughters, such institutions. It is evident, at of the clergy, contribute towards the first sight, that if infant societies of great purposes of the Christian minis any kind can only be carried through try." "Philpott's Sermon at St. Paul's, the difficulties attendant upou that May 12, 1814. In various cases, also, stage of their existence, as a child is of co-operation in the management of carried through the helpless period of certain public charities, you may con- its infancy by parental care, many of tribute' those personal services which the impediments to their arrival at it will be out of your husband's line to maturity, may either be greatly lessoffer. See Mrs. Cappe's excellent ened or altogether removed, their fuPaper on Female Visiters in flospitals, ture permanence insured, and their in the Pamphleteer.
usefulness greatly increased. For But besides cheerfulness and active these reasons I consider our friends at co-operation, fidelity to admonish your Birmingham entitled to the cordial husband, if any case should occur of thanks of their brethren at large, for neglect or deficiency, and to remind their disinterested conduct on this ochim of duties, whether general or.par. casion, and would gladly hope that ticular, will never, I persuade myself
, their example will be speedily fol. be undervalued or ill-received by him. lowed by all other congregations of You may, indeed, be of great use to each Unitarians, who find their circumother in maintaining your respective. stances such as will enable them to provinces regular, by keeping an exact do so. Were such societies more account of the business of each day, numerous, the general result would be and by comparing notes every night great, probably beyond what we can at before bed-time, of what each has re- present conjecture, while the expense spectively done or omitted doing. to individuals would be scarcely per
I am far from pretending to claim ceptible. We should then see Unia right, from having myself observed tarian congregations more speedily them, to give either to you now, or formed, because their members would to your husband formerly, the advices more readily be induced to abandon with which you have both been trou- the Established Church, when they bled: but I persuade myself, you both saw some prospect of establishing will take them in good part; and themselves immediately, instead of will believe that there exists no jea- labouring for ten, twenty or thirty lousy of either of you excelling, as years, almost without hope and with much as you please, the friends who out friends, through an accumulation have gone before you.
of difficulties, which few men are With my best love, then, to your- fouud firm enough to endure. self and your dearest friend, I will at But while I would recommend the length relieve you by subscribing example above-mentioned, I would myself,
at the same time propose to these Your affectionate Father, infant institutions, the adoption of
V. F. another plan, which, while it would
tend to ensure to them the advantages Sir,
Aug. 28, 1817. of the benevolent societies already al. T is with peculiar satisfaction I luded to, would also greatly accelerate Numbers, (April, XII. 250,) that a view. The plan I would recommend benevolent fund bas been established to them is the establishment of a fund, at Birmingham, on the plan suggested to be exclusively appropriated to the by Dr. Thomson, of Halifax, which building of a chapel, in every case has for its leading object, the affording where such a measure shall be found pecuniary aid to new congregations of indispensably necessary. Let them
not wait in the hope that the day will consequence that would arise of the soon arrive when, by additions to absurdity of the supposition, that the their numbers and by liberal sub- Creator of the worlds should go about scriptions, they will be enabled to dying for every set of his rebellious provide the necessary means. But creatures. after they have adopted some method of conducting public worship among Addition to Names of Writers in the themselves, let them try whether a
Theological Repository. few individuals cannot be found who,
Oct. 2, 1817. while they may not have it in their
the Monthly Review for 1776, power to pay down a large sum at once, would be willing to contribute correct account of the writers in the annually or monthly to a fund for first three volumes of the Theological building a chapel; and if so, let them Repository, so far as they had come iminediately constitute such a fund. to the knowledge of the Editor, Dr. The accumulation of these subscrip Priestley, by whom they were furtious, in a few years, would amount nished to Dr: Kippis, the Reviewer of to a sum greater, perhaps, than what, the work. From that article, and even at the expiration of that period, from some private resources, I offer they might be enabled to raise by you the following additions to the immediate subscription; at all events, jist furnished you by T. R. S. p. 526. a sum to a certain amount would infallib!v be secured : and this sum,
Cuutus, 1, Rev. Newcome Cappe, York. added to the assistance they might
Cornelius, 2, Rev. William Lillie, Bing
ley, Yorkshire, obtain from such beuevolent societies
Eclecticus, 1, App. Rev. Dr. Calder as may hereafter be formed among (omitted by T. R.S.) other congregations, would secure to Erastus, 3, Rev. George Walker, F. R.S. them a small comfortable chapel, who republished this excellent article on which, in nine cases out of ten, is a the character of Judas in his Sermons. requisite of the first importance to Vol. I. Sermons xi. and xii. 241–297. their perfect establishment as a society, Eu sebius, 1, 2, 3, Rev. W. Turner, not excepting even the obtaining the Wakefield; whose Life is reprinted, with services of a regular minister.
some important additions in the Universal AN UNITARIAN.
Theol. Mag. Vol. I. p. 113; in p. 85 of which valuable Miscellany, is a correspondence
between Mr. Turner and John Buncle, Esq. Assumption of Dr. Chalmers's. [Extract from a Letter from a friend, dated (T. Amory), on the meaning of 2 Pet.'i. 19.
Jodradib, 6, Rev. Job David, Frome. August 8, 1817.]
Marmos, 6, Mr. Jobn Marsom. This Y the admirable Review of Dr. excellent refutation of the doctrine of an -426,] I should have been desirous the Author's leave, by your present corto have added, if I had had the neces- respondent. sary documents, that the objection Moderatus, 4, 5, Rev. Benjamin Cararising from the Newtonian philo- penter, Stourbridge. sopby, did not originally occur among
Nepiodidascalus, 4, 5, 6, Rev. Gilbert
Wakeneld. the unbelievers, if it was ever brought forward by them, for which I have in the North’of Ireland, at that time de
Philander, 2, A Dissenting Clergyman only Dr. °C.'s information, and he ceased : so that the Philander of Vols. 4 quotes no authorities; but by the and 6, must be some other person. high orthodox, who make Revelation
Pyrrho, 1, 2, Rev. Wm. Graham, M. A. plaintiff against Plurality of Worlds of Halifax : an early and constant friend defendant. Baker's Reflections on of Dr. Priestley, and author of several very Learning, (Ch. viii.) is quoted by valuable Sermons and Tracts. Parkhurst, under the word add against - The Rev. Jeremiah Gill, of Gains. the "delusive idea" of the moon's being
borough. inhabited : but there is a book, under chester, and 'U', (not V,) Mr. Scott, of
Theophilus, is Mr. Mottershead, of Man. the title of Εις Θεος, Εις Μεσιτης, Ipswich. (written, I think it was said, by Mr.
Of Verus, Mr. Brekell, and of W.W Nares,) reviewed in the Gent. Mag. Mr. Willets, there will be found Memoirs fifteen or twenty years ago, the princi- in the Appendix to Toulmin's Life of pal object of which is, to argue against Bourn. the Plurality of Worlds, from the fatal
Leeds, Oct. 2, 1817. If organic matter is 50 impressed AM happy in being able to throw with vitality, that no separation can the contributors to the Theological surrection is not a calling into action Repository, edited by Dr. Priestley. the vital principle alone, but a recall The following I have extracted from to active exertions of the vitalized a copy of the said work, which be- organic body. This resurrection prelonged to an intimate friend of the sents innumerable difficulties in the Doctor's, during his residence at Leeds, way of our belief in it. To human and I have no doubt of their authen- reason, it is impossible; the believer ticity.
J. S. in it has no ground to rest on, but the B. Rev. George Walker.
miraculous and more than creative Vigilius, Eusebius, Erastus, Rev Wm. power of Deity. But if the vital, Turner, Wakefield.
conscious principle is as distinct from Theophilus, Rev. Mr. Mottershead, Man. the organized matter it animates, as chester.
the mouth is from the trumpet, then Pyrrho, Rev. —, Graham, of Halifax. all these difficulties vanish, the same V. Rev. Mr. Scoti, of Ipswich.
mighty power of God is still em. John Buncle, Mr. Amory.
ployed, but we shall see that he cre. Cautus, Rev. Newcome Cappe, York, ated with foresight, and looked forward Verus, Rev. Mr. Brekell.
before the birth to mau's future exisCharistes, Mr. Merivale. Philalethes, Rationalis, Rev. Mr. Haz- intention but a mean for that muta
tence, and death was in the Divine litt, of Maidstone.
Phileleutherus Vigorniensis, Mr. Car- tion the Creator desigued should take dale, of Evesham.
place. The fear of death then ceases. Cornelius, Rev, Mr. Lely.
It is looked to, by the believer in it, Barumensis, Rev. Mr. Badcock, of Barn- with expectation; it is the passage to staple.
a higher order of existence, and to a W.W. Rev. Mr. Willetts, of Newcastle- glory far beyond and exceeding that under-Line.
of this dispensation. Death becomes J. F. Rev. Jotham Foljambe.
a stimulus to virtue, an assured founPacificus, Rev. Mr. Badcock.
dation for the hope of immortality.
Paul, in his reasoning on this subOn Vitality.
ject, appears to me most fully to argue SIR,
Aug. 30, 1817. on the ground of the most complete EFORE I resume my subject, distinctness between the man and his
may not be expected from me than I he asserts, that “flesh and blood can. have proposed to myself, I would ob- not inberit the kingdom of God;" serve, that it is not my intention to and his after reasoning shews, that prove what is vitality, or of what it is he did not mean these words figura. composed, or how it acts upon matter, tively in this place, that a man subject or whether it is material or immaterial, to carnal appetites could not, whilst or if the Deity can impress organized he was thus enslaved, be a Christian, matter with a principle of life and a by being a member of the kingdom thinking faculty, or to state what is of God on earth; though this may be the modus of its corporeal dominion, or True, the apostle was looking beyond how that dominion first took place, or this, to the next state of things, for he how its separation from the decom- explains,“ neither doth corruption inposed body is effected, or where is its herit incorruption." place after such separation ; these, and These strong and direct assertions many more curious questions, are con- arise out of the premises, v. 35, “ some nected with the subject, but do not will say, how are the dead raised ? come under this investigation, in With what body do 'they come ?"which, I only purpose to inquire, stating in these questions the greatest whether this our organized corporeal difficulties there are against man's beform is one with, or distinct from the lief in the resurrection. The objector vitality which animates it and gives seems to imply by his question, how us the consciousness of our personal is it possible to raise the dead? Some identity, and what is the Scripture bodies are consumed by animals, doctrine concerning it.
others by fire, others turn to vegetable
mould and become the food of vege- a desire to depart and be with Christ tation, after having been decomposed which is far better; nevertheless, to by the putrefactive fermentation, one abide in the flesh is more useful to way or other. Time dissolves every you.” So to 2 Tim. iv. 6, “ I am corporeal fabric, and their atoms are now ready to be offered, the time of dissipated and dispersed through the my departure is at hand;" thus ceaselements, and not a vestige of their ing to be in the flesh, is departing recrements can be found , how then from this earthly tabernacle to the is the body to be raised from death? kingdom of our Father. This first question of the objector alone But without multiplying passages belongs to our subjeet.
to shew that this was the general The apostle, in his reply, shews the tenour of the language of the apostles, objection was founded on the objec- and endeavouring to prove from histor's ignorance of facts. “ Inconsi- tory that such were the consequences derate man," replies Paul, “ that which of this their teaching upon the primithou sowest is not quickened except tive church, that for two or three cenit die; and that which thou sowest, turies the early Christians courted thou sowest not that body which shall death, in its most awful forms, from be, but bare graio, it may chance of the most perfect conviction that marwheat or some other, but God giveth tyrdom, whilst it destroyed the body, it a body as it hath pleased him, and liberated the mind from mortality, to every seed its own body." With- and prepared it to receive an ineorout entering into a philosophical ex- ruptible organization that could not amination of this argument, which I pass away, and a mansion in the think to be strictly analogous to na- palace of God, John xiv. 2:- instead ture, I need only observe, that whe- of doing this, I shall now endeavour ther Paul was right or wrong in his to shew that Jesus had the same ideas comparison, his conclusion evidently on this subject; probably both Jesus is, that we are not to expect the same and his apostles derived them from body to arise from the dead, but though the Jewish Church, and that church it is a medium for a future state of from primitive revelation. existence, when buried it is no more Mark relates, xii. 18, that the than a decayed and worn out garment Sadducees came to Jesus, and stated a waiting to be changed.
case, the decision of which they might Again, the same mode of reasoning think would overturn the doctrine of we find 2 Cor. v. 6, “ Whilst we are the resurrection. The case was this, at home in the body, we are absent seven brothers had, in succession, as from the Lord.” And that this at home one died after the other, married the in the body, signifies being in this same woman, in obedience to the law earthly tabernacle, instead of being in of Moses; and the question was, a state of utility, glory and happiness whose wife, of the seven brothers, with Jesus, is further evident from the the womau should be at the resurreeSth ver.
“ We are coufident, and on?. Obedience to the law of Moses willing, rather to be absent from the was righteousness. Here was, then, body and to be present with the Lord. a case of eight righteous persons who, Wherefore, we labour, that whether in the most trying of alleircumstances, present or absent we may be accepted obeyed uuto death. To this question of him.” In the 1st ver of this chapter Jesus replies, that the difficulty of the he speaks similar language : “ We case arose, first, from their ignorance know," says be, “ that if our earthly of the Scriptures, and secondly, of the house of this tabernacle be dissolved, power of God. And first, The Scripwe have a building of God, a house tures call the Deity," the God of not made with hands.” It was from Abraham, of Isaac and of Jacob." this confidence that injury done to “God," said he,“ js not the God of this mortal body does not affect the the dead, but of the living." Thereman farther than for the time being, fore, the consequence must be, that that Paul was enabled to anticipate though Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, death with joy: thus, in writing to died and were buried in the cave the Church of Philippi, Phil. i. 22, he of the field of Macpelah, and that says, “ If I live in the flesh." Ver. 29, their bodies there mouldered into “ I am in a strait between two, having dust and past away, yet they then