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In contemplating this state of religion Spanish America, but it is hardly likely the true Christian will not fail to bear in that they should produce a warfare, for mind the happiness lre enjoys in the liberty which Spain is so little prepared. It is with which Christ has made him free. He said that these differences are to be settled is not at all entangled in the disputes of the by the holy alliance, and as this is the world, which are occasioned by the mix. first watter of importance brought before ture of worldly sentiments with the pre- this doubtful hody, the public will be arcepts of the Gospel. He will, indeed, lentive to its actions. In America the latent the evils that this mixtare has in- mother-country seems to be upon the whole troduced, and will therefore be on his losing ground. In the Southern part its guard against every attempt to bring any cause is apparently lost, but it is said to be thing of the same kind into the community more successful in Mexico. The rumour of to which he belongs, the community of a fleet from Russia, keeps alive the idea, holy men of all nations and countries, who that this mighty power may enter into a in various times have acknowledged the contest, which it will thus prolong, but Holy Jesus as their only Master and most probably without effect. Teacher. Hence he will carefully watch Germany employs its writers on constitu. every symptom of Rabbinism, the great tions, but the effeci on the public is not very faolt in our Saviour's time, and which has decisive. Various sehemes are talked of to since had so great a part in the affairs of bring that immense country to act under one what is vulgarly called the Church. To system; but it is evidently the interest of this spirit of dictation, this attempt up- Russia, that it shonld be divided among in. hold the ark of God with anhallowed dependent states. Prussia has not given its hands, to prop it up by vain shows of subjects the constitution promised, and a learning and human tradition, he will considerable degree of jealousy prevails bestrenuously oppose himself, armed with the tween the military and the real defenders shield of faith and the sword of the Spirit of the country. It is lamentable to think of God. He is then invincible, and the that so great a portion of our fellow.creadarts of the adversary fall without effect. tares should dedicate themselves to the art

The political state of Europe is far from of war; an employment never to be justibeing settled. In France, the election of fied bút in cases of extreme necessity. representatives is over, and in many places One of the cases not uncommon in des. it has been sharply contested. But in no potical states has occurred in the assassinaplace have those scenes of riot and con- tion of the Dey of Algiers by his soldiers. fusion taken place, which are so common on As he reigned by the sword, it is no wonsuch occasions in England. The election der that he should fall by the sword; and is in fewer hands upon the whole than with one would think that reflections on sach us : but in no place is there so small a body of an event would make every sovereiga feel constituents, as are known in this country; the jusecurity of him who is at the head of and the electors are taken from that class of a military government. There can be no life, which are not completely under the nod security equal to that which rests in the of any person, whether minister or private confidence of the people, and the charms individual. Hence the minister has by no of despotical power are surely more than means obtained a decided snperiority, and counterbalanced by the wretched depenin many places the elections have gone con- dence on the armed men with which it is trary to his wishes. The representatives surrounded. Yet the throne, wherever it have to decide upon important matters, and is, and however mean it may appear, will the past scenes cannoi fail to have pro- dazzle the eyes of men; and the fate of the duced a due effect. The ultra royalists predecessor does not diminish the exciteseem to have but little influence, and the ments of ambition. What effect this tuwelfare of the country stands therefore a multuary act of the military will produce, better chance of being consulted.

respecting the treatment of Christians, The States of the Netherlands have been time will discover : but it is to be feared, assembled, and the speech from the throne that the chastisement the barbarians lately was mild and conciliatory. They are there received will not produce a change in their attending closely to their own affairs, and minds. It is melancholy to consider that seem likely to form as good a government a country formerly so rich, and so well as circumstances will admit.

cultivated, should have fallen into such The public has been alarmed with ru- wretched hands; but it is in the order of mours of an attack on Portugal by Spain; Providence, that fertile lands should be differences are known to exist between the come desolate for the wickedness of its 1wo courts, of account of proceedings in inhabitants.

NEW PUBLICATIONS IN THEOLOGY

AND GENERAL LITERATURE.

Sermons.

Considerations on the Poor Laws. By Unitarianism the Essence of Vital Chris- John Davison, M. A. Fellow of Oriel Col. tianity: A Sermon preached at George's lege, Oxford. 8vo. 48. Meeting, Exeter, July 10, 1817, before the Remarks on the Plans and Publications Western Unitárian Society and the Devon of Robert Owen, Esq of New Lanark. By and Cornwall Association. By John Ken- John Brown, Minister of the Associate Coorick, M. A. 8vo. ls.

gregation, Biggar. A Series of Sermons on Various Sub.

Miscellaneous jects of Doctrine and Practice. By the Man's Diguity, or the Rights of ConRev. George Mathew, A.M. Chaplain to science, briefly asserted: A Poem. With the Right Hon. the Earl of Bristol; Alter

an Appendix, containing Extracts from the nate Morning Preacher of the Parish Church

Writings of the late Robert Robinson. By of St.James, Westminster; Alternate Even- Onesimus. 8vo. Is. 6d. ing Preacher at the Magdalen Hospital; Collections towards a General History and Vicar of Greenwich. 2 vols. 8vo. of the Systematic Relief of the Poor, &c. boards, 11. ls.

at all Periods, and in all Countries; with Sermons on the Doctrines and Duties of Observations on Charity, its proper Objects the Christian Life. By the late Mr. Archi. and Conduct, and its Influence on the bald M'Lean, of Edinburgh. To which is Welfare of Nations. By J. S. Duncan, prefixed, a Memoir of his Life, Ministry, Fellow of New College, Oxford. 8vo. 7s. and Writings, by W. Jones. 8vo. with

The Basis of National Welfare; consi. Portrait, 10s 6d, boards.

dered in reference chiefly to the Prosperity The Variation of Public Opinion and of Britain, and Safety of the Church of Feelings considered, as it respects Reli- England: with an Examiuation of the Pargion ; a Sermon, preached before the Right liamentary Reports on Education, the PoReverend the Lord Bishop of Sarum, on lice, the Population of Parishes and the bis Visitation, held at Devizes, on Friday Capacity of Churches and Chapels : and a the 15th of August, 1817. By the Rev. further Illustration of the chief Facts noG. Crabbe, LL.B. Rector of Trowbridge, ticed in “ The Church in Dauger:" in a in the Diocese of Sarum. Is. 6d.

Second Letter to the Right Hon. the Earl Two Sermons on the Sacrament of the

of Liverpool, K.G. By the Rev. Richard Lord's Supper. By the Rev. Charles Cole- Yates, B.D. F.S. A. Chaplain to his Ma. mau, M.A. M.R.I.A. ls.

jesty's Royal Hospital, Chelsea ; Rector of A Visitation Sermon, preached at Ox. Ashen; and Alternate Preacher to the Phiford, Aug. 29, 1817. By F. Haggett, D.D. lanthropic Society. Prebendary of Durham. Is. 6d.

A Journal of the Proceedings of the BriThe Nature and Tendency of A postolical tish Embassy to the Emperor of China. Preaching considered ; a Sermon, preached By Henry Ellis, Esq. Secretary of Eniat St. Michael's Church, Bath. By the bassy and Third 'Commissioner. 4to. Maps Rev. W. Dealtry, B.D. Rector of Clap- and Plates. 21. 2s. ham, &c. ls. 6d.

Personal Observations made during the National Distress.

Progress of the British Embassy through Suggestions for the Employment of the China, and on its Voyage to and from that Poor of the Metropolis, and the Direction Country, in the years 1816 and 1817. By of their Labours to the Benefit of the Ipba- Clarke Abel, Physician and Naturalist to bitants; with Hints on Mendicity. By the Embassy. 4to. Maps and Engravings, H. B. Gascoigne. Is.

CORRESPONDENCE.

The Editor must make it an ABSOLUTE RULE that all communications to him shall be uddressed to him at the PUBLISHERS; of communications sent in ANY OTHER way, the Editor does not pledge himself to take any notice.

Some articles in Intelligence, as well as other departments of the Work, are again unavoidably postponed.

W. B.'s Verses were received.

The Criticism on John xii. 31 is received: we gladly accept the offer of the papers promised in continuation.

Mr. Steward, late Unitarian Minister, now Trinitarian Minister, at Wolverhampton, has sent us a Vindication of his conduct, which will appear in the next Number.

In our next we hope to be able to disebarge a long-standing debt of justice by a brief Memoir of the late Rev. Jeremiah Joyce.

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IN

Mr. Manning's History of the Exeter that some of its rules should have Assembly.

breathed the contracted spirit of its SIR,

Exeter, Oct. 2, 1817. pious but misjudging founders. I Na late Number of the Repository, have just observed, that the Assembly

(p. 386,) a wish was expressed took upon itself to examine the testithat some one would send an account monials of those who offered themselves of the Assembly of Ministers held in for the ministry. In doing this, its the county of Devon. I very readily members too often insisted on such transmit to you what information i qualifications as the Scriptures did not can collect of the formation and con- require. It was, therefore, chargeable duct of the Assembly.

with assuming an unlawful jurisdiction Most of your readers will recollect, over the consciences of men. About that in the year 1653, Mr. Baxter and the middle of the last century many his brethren in Worcestershire formed members of the Assembly considered an association of ministers. Their ex. it in this light. They perceived that ample was followed in Devonshire, and admitting one unscriptural test to be I have in my possession the minutes proposed by an order of the Assembly, of their proceedings. The first meet- as a necessary term of admission to ing in this county was held Oct. 18, the Christian ministry, was a matter 1655. Thirty rules were laid down of very serious moment, and drew for the government of the Assembly, after it consequences extremely imsome of which breathe a very liberal portant. For, one being admitted, two, spirit. At the Restoration this associ- ten, or thirty-nine, might, with equal ation was dissolved; but the good vight, be hereafter added, the conseeffects it produced led the Dissenters, quences of which were too obvious in 1691, to form an Assembly, the not to be observed, and too formidable minutes of which, from the year 1721 not to be the object of dread. It being, to the present time, are now before therefore, proposed to the Assembly,

Mr. Saunders, M. A., ejected which met in May, 1753, to take into from Kentisbeer, presided as Mode- consideration, whether the Assembly rator at the first meeting, and Mr. will recommend any candidates who Caryl, another ejected minister who refuse to declare their faith in the was then settled at Crediton, preached. Deity of the Son and the Holy Spirit, In these Assemblies (and the custom it was debated whether the question is still continued), a Moderator was should be put, and decided by a machosen, who opened the service with jority in the negative. In consequence prayer, after which there was a public of this vote, it bas since been left with morning service, in which two or three the respective congregations to satisfy ministers took a part. They met again themselves of the qualifications of the in the afternoon to consult about the persons they choose for their ministers. affairs of their respective societies, Since this question has been decided, examine the testimonials of those who nothing has occurred to destroy the offered themselves as candidates for the peace and harmony of these meetings. ministry, and appoint the Ordainers. During more than forty years in which But as every human institution par. I have resided in this county, I do not takes of the imperfection of its origin, remember having been once absent, so this association being formed at a and am therefore a competent witness, · period when religious liberty was very · and have no hesitation in declaring, imperfectly understood, it is no wonder that these meetings have always been

me.

VOL. XII.

40

conducted with great order, and have gonist. Mr. Towgood entered the much conduced to the comfort and same field, and occupied the same encouragement of the ministers, che ground with Dr. Calamy. His letters rished mutual affection, and animated to Mr. White are composed with a them to more zealous exertions in the strength of argument, acuteness of disduties of their profession.

cussion, and animation of language, Were the Dissenting ministers, in which entitle them to a distinguished every county, to form similar associa- rank amongst controversial writings, tions on their general principles, and and will, most probably, continue to if the transactions of these Assemblies be read and be appealed to, as a comwere sent by deputies or by authenti- plete and unanswerable vindication of cated letters to a general Assembly of the rights of private judgment, and a Dissenters, meeting at Dr. Williams's dissent from all human authority whatLibrary, we should then have a general ever in matters of religion. Since sympathy, as a body should have with these publications, the Dissenters have its parts; no member could be op- rested their dissent chiefly, on the pressed or injured without exciting natural right which every man pos the concern and indignation of the sesses, of framing his system of faith, whole, and tyranny and persecution and choosing his form of religious wor. would see, that in their first steps to ship for himself. Among all the diwards injustice and cruelty, they must versity of opinion, here is an object encounter a whole body of people wbich ought to form an inseparable firmiy united to each other and ac- bond of union amongst us, and engage tuated by one general and noble prin. us to a zealous attentoin to our ciple. But it may be said, “ Amidst common interest. Were associations the diversity of opinions and tastes formed, throughout the kingdom, on which have prevailed among Protes. these general principles, they would tant Dissenters, from their first sepa- be attended, I am confident, with the ration from the Established Church most beneficial consequences. Such to this day, it would be in vain to Assemblies bring Protestant Dissenters search for any one principle which all of each denomination acquainted with have admitted as the common ground each other, soften the asperity which of dissent and the common bond of jarring interests are too apt to excite, union." This is partially true. When deliver them from the sad effects of this Assembly was formed, the non- their present divided, unconnected conformists seem, in general, to have state, and give them that share of in. had very contracted notions with re- Auence and weight in every affair of spect to the right of private judgment, consequence, relative to themselves or and little inclination to depart from the interests of their country to which the popular system of religious faith. they are entitled. They dissented from the Church of Should this history of the Devon England rather from a dislike of its and Cornwall Assembly be proper for rites and ceremonies, and an aversion admission into your Repository, it will to every address to the senses in the probably be followed with some ex. forms of religion, than from enlarged tracts from the minutes of the Arprinciples of toleration or a liberal sembly. spirit of inquiry. Dr. Calamy's " De- I have also in my possession a list fence of Moderate Nonconformity," of the students educated at the Acadepublished at the beginning of the last mies of Taunton, Exeter and Tiverton, century, was probably the first pub- a copy of which shall be much at your lication which contained the merits of service. * the cause; and Mr. Locke assured the

J. MANNING. author, it was such a defence as could not be answered, and that on these • The communications here promised principlen he need not fear any anta- will be thankfully received. Ed.

ORIGINAL LETTERS.

UNDE

J. From Rev. Thomas Newman* to Mr. infinitely beyond what they can have Paice, on his going into Business. upon all other friendships and causes DEAR Josepn,

put together : that friendship, you are INDERSTANDING that you are more sure to obtain by a desire of

now actually engaging in busi- pleasing him in all you do, than you ness and entering upon the world, my are of obtaining any that are human, affection to you, and concern for your and there is infinitely more in it when real welfare, put me upon lending you obtained. my best assistance towards your lap 2. Whatever business your place piness, which I wish as heartily as I and relation call upon you to attend do my own. It is not in my power to, discharge it with that diligence and to instruct you in business, nor to faithfulness as if it was your own, and secure you one correspondent if you do it in obedience to God, or because live to the end of your apprenticeship. he requires it: therein you will be as All I can propose is to assist you in acceptable to him as in any acts of maintainiug a reputation with God, devotion and worship, but still look with yourself and the world, whereby upon this as your most important busiyou will bid fairest for safety and com ness, and therefore to be regarded, fort, and for that degree of success as whatever degree of other business you shall render you more happy than the have to attend to. Whilst you express greatest wealth without such a repu- all dutifül regards to a father and mastation will do. Accordingly, I would ter on earth, remember there is an recommend the following counsels to honour due to your father, and a you, which have been tried and have service due to your Master in heaven, never yet failed of procuring happiness, which nothing can justify the neglect which is what, I presume, you desire, of. Let these then go together. and what your tender parent and af. 3. Set it down with yourself, as a fectionate relations wish you.

certain truth, that religion was de1. Remember that the providence signed for your happiness: whatever of God hath a supreme and sovereign pleasures that forbids you to gratify, influence upon all causes and events. are only those that would entail misery He can blast what is most promising, and pain upon you, and will be found or he can prosper what is very un bitterness in the latter end; and this likely to succeed; he can deprive you consequence can no more be prevented, of the most valuable friends, or he can than you can prevent the fire burning render those friends to you from whom any thing that is thrown into it. There you expect nothing: hereupon as you is no one law or rule of religion that now set out in the world, set out with you violate, but is attended with proGod, I mean by serious daily applica. portionable mischief to yourself in this tions to him. Before you enter upon world. business, recommend yourself to his 4. Place your happiness in the approguidance, protection and blessing, and bation of your Maker, and in the peace act as under his continual inspection of your own mind. If your own heart all the day. Be sure to make him your condemns you for doing any thing friend, who is the Author of all your amiss, you will have no satisfaction in blessings, upon whom all your hopes what others say or think of you; for and happiness have a dependence, what doth it signify to be thought

well of by the world, whilst your con

science tells you, you do not deserve Minister of the Presbyterian Congre- it? There is nothing so hard to bear gation in Carter Lane, London: born in the

as your own accusing mind or your year 1692; died Dec, 6, 1758. He was the Author of Sermons on Happiness, two

own reproaches of yourself. Inno. volumes, 8vo. and of other Sermons.

cence is attended with peace, guilt is + For a pleasing proof of the conformity followed sooner or later with torment of 'Mr. Paice's life to the directions of his and terror, and no external circumfaithful preceptor, see the accounts of him, stance can make up the loss of peace, Mon. Repos. V. 458, 602, 640. VI, 640. no advantage can be a gain under that

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