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that futurity is not in his power; and that liament, and the best of the Bourbons, the present is given to him to cultivate Louis the Sixteenth, felt the effects of the those dispositions, which may secure a mal-administrations of his predecessors blessing on his projects. Men, especially Louis the Fourteenth and Louis the Fil. those in the higher ranks, are apt to frame teenth. very inconsiderate projects ; to lose sight In all cases of distress we naturally look of the dependence in which they live: but out for sources of consolation and matter he is best secured who sets God before him for future improvement. Here indeed is in all his ways, and spends his short time ample subject. On the virtues of the dehere in such a manner, that the fatal dart parted every one dwells with mournful shall never find him unprepared; who satisfaction ; and here is the proof that knows that here he is under the eye of an if princes are not wanting to theinselves, affectionate Father, that cares for him, the people will not be wanting in affection, and will take care of whomsoever bé May this reflection-sink deep in the hearts leaveth to his charge.
of all who govern and all who are goThe situation of the royal house cannot verued. Affection is better than myriads but force itself on our reflections. It of armed men, and Alexander of Russia seemed at one time to be so firmly settled, is safer from this cause, than from all the that a numerous progeny might long before terrors that autocracy could excite. this have been expected to secure the This melancholy subject absorbed the foundations of future stability. Two gene- mind 100 much for ihe fate of some wretched rations have been cut off at one blow, and men at Derby, expiating the crime of high from the loins of the aged king is not a treason by their death, to produce any descendant except those who derive their considerable sensation. The poverty of birth immediately from him. This is a these wretches, the evident folly of their case scarcely to be paralleled in the history. proceedings, and the general belief that not merely of a royal but of any private they were urged on by a spy to this crimical house. The branches, however, of the conduct, diminished very much the imfamily which was appointed by act of para pressions that a charge of high treason Jiament, to rule over us, are numerous: naturally excites. There had been murder and with wo distant part of the line of committed, and the chief culprit seemed te succession the blood of Buonaparte is con- be one of those hardened men capable of nected. This is one among those events engaging in any enterprise, but without which are deemed curious, that the history talents for the execution of any thing but of life frequently brings to our view : for the inere work of destruction. The old it is not unlikely, that through this very sentence of our law in these cases is very branch, in no great length of time, the disgusting, suited only to the manners of a blood of Buonaparte may flow in the veins barbarous age. A great deal of what is of every sovereign of Europe.
shocking to the feelings of humanity was The aspect of the United Kingdom, from omitted; but still the exposure of the the time that the fatal news had reached mangled head, after it had been severed its extremities, is a satisfactory answer to from the body, struck a horror in the atall that had been urged in various speeches tendant multitude, more likely to produce and publications respecting the people on a feeling of abhorrence of the mode of the suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act. execution, than of the crime which it was Melancholy as is the cause of this mani- intended to impress the inost on their festation of the loyalty of the people of minds. It may be justly doubted, whether England, still it is a decisive proof, that in a Christian country, any outrage should whatever might have happened in a few be committed on the dead. When the places from the distresses of the times, or breath is out of the body, the man can feel the criminal acts of spies set on, or others no more. Whatever indignity is offered combining to excite temporary confusion, to bis remains, attaches not to him. Yet still the great mass of the people were not fallen man is an object of respect for the affected by it, nor was it likely that any sake of the living; and if the vengeance of means could operate upon it, to withdraw the law were satisfied with the death of the its allegiance from the House of Brunswick. criminal, except when the body is applied It is indeed one of the most difficult things to useful purposes for the sake of anatomy, in the world to shake the loyalty of a peo and then it can no longer be called venple; and in general it is the disloyalty of geance, the living would be as much sovereigns, which produces at any time deterred from crime as by the present in. general confusion. The effect may not tended means to excite horror also. Still appear in the reign of the sovereign, who the executions at Derby prove a melioration conmitted first the act of disloyalty. His of feeling on this subject, and let us hope successors may rue the consequences of that a farther melioration may not be called previous misgovernment. Thus our Charles for for ages to come. fell a sacrifice to his own error in governing Another proof of the barbarity of our England for so long a time without a par. ancestors has been brought forth to public
notice by a singular appeal to a mode of this stain upon it. Yet many persons, who trial, which, however absurd in itself, was can see at once the folly of this expedient, held in very different estimation in former will not be the less ready to justify an times. A person was lately taken up on appeal to arms, in the case of a dispute suspicion of committing murder on a fe- between two nations. Has not such an male, attended with aggravating circum- appeal been nine times out of ten equally stances. He was tried before a jury of his absurd? And does not a great responsicountry, and found not guilty ; but onr bility lie upon one or other of the nations, laws allow in such a case the next of kin for the blood shed in the war? This is a to call for a new trial. This was done, serious question; and, if the nations enand the two parties, the appellant and the gaging in the combat, profess the Christian acquitted person, appeared in the Court of religion, how greatly is its wickedness agKing's Bench. There the latter was called gravated, if it takes up arms in an unjust upon as usual to declare whether he was or an unnecessary war! In such cases, guilty or not of the crime laid to his many excnse themselves as not participating charge. He denied the guilt, and threw in the guilt of the country which is in fault, down bis gauntlet in open court, as a because, they say, our voice could not be pledge, that he would maintain his inno- heard; but this will certainly not excuse cence in single combat with the appellant. those, who, by their language in converThe latter did not take up the gauntlet, sation or in sermons, encourage the spirit but by his counsel móved for tiine to con- of war, and foment, instead of assuaging, sider this novel mode of defence, which the causes of discord. The shedding of was allowed by the court; and on the next men's blood involves an awful responsiappearance of the two parties a plea was bility; and whether it be by the single set forth by the appellant against the trial combat in lists, witnessed by judges, or by by combat, and the argument upon it nations in the field of battle, or by indivi. was put off by loe judges till the next duals, according to the preposterous notions term. In this state the inatter now rests: of honour, in duel, the voice of the avenger but it may be here observed, that, when of blood cannot be stifled. The curse of the appellant's counsel urged the absurdity the first-born,Cain, rests upon the murderer. of permitting the man, who had murdered Yet these sentiments will ineet with a sneer. the sister, to remove his guilt by the chance from the men of this world. Even the of murdering the brother, be was called to other day, a duel was announced between order by the judge, who would not permit a foreign prince and a general, with all that to be deemed murder which was al- the circumstances of time and place, and lowed by the law of the land. This in- a set of seconds on each side. Unhappy volves a consideration of great importance. wretches! Little do ye think of the value The expiation of murder by the death of of your own souls, and the blindness, the murderer derives its origin from a wickedness and folly of your prejudices. higher source than the municipal laws of a The parliament of France is assembled, country. It is the Divine command to the and a great question is brought before them, whole human race, given at the time of the that of the liberty of the press. It will, covenant with Noah : and murder is mur- probably, end in the victory, as it is termed, der whether the laws of the country call it of the governors over the governed, in by that name or not. Indeed a whole nation exposing to the penalties of law those who may be involved in the guilt of it: for with bave the courage to speak the truth. There such a crime the apostle Peter boldly cannot be a doubt that the pen, as well as charged the Jewish nation, when he said, the tongue, may be guilty of great offences; “ Ye bave through lawless power mur- yet in the prevention of them, care must be dered the Just One.” Yet he was executed taken, that greater injury is not done to the with all the forms of law: a charge was cause of virtue and truth, by the laws brought agninst him to the proper judge, against supposed libellers, ihan could be and by him the sentence of death was past produced by the worst effusions of the on an imaginary crime. So also Calvin, worst of men. The debates upon this with the inhabitants of Geneva, murdered subject will be interesting, and afford Servetus, notwithstanding all the terms and matter for deep reflection. Yet, in spite forms of law, by which they carried their of every thing, the press is so powerful cruel sentence into execution. It there- an engine, that the maddest governors will fore is not so clear, as the judge seemed to find it out of their power to subdue it. think it, that the counsel made use of an Good governors will never be afraid of it. improper expression.
Its benefits are far superior to the trifling It is not necessary to expatiate on the inconveniences that may occasionally result absurdity of trying a case by single combat. from it. Fire is a most destructive element; It is felt by the whole pation; and most yet, who would consent to have his grates probably, our statute-book will be cleared destroyed, because houses have been burnt in the next sessions of parliament from down?
Biographical Memoir of the Public and Chapel, Windsor. By W. Hone. With Private Life of the Princess Charlotte of Engravings. 8d. Wales and Saxe Coburg. 8vo.
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À Letter respectfully adressed to both Wales and Saxe Coburg. By the Rer. Houses of Parliament, on the Importance. John Macauley, LL. D. Chaplain to the of Legislative Interference, to prevent the Lord Bishop of Kildare. Is. possible Succession of the Faraily of Bno
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Memoir of the late Rev. Jeremiah Joyce. good school for commou education, in EREMIAH , the
his native village, and afterwards put youngest
apprentice aud Joyce, persons in humble life but of truly respectable character, was born ation, so disadvantageous to a youth on the 24th of February 1763, at
whose first object was mental imCheshunt, in the county of Herts. 'His provement, he gave indications of that father carried on at that place for many he was afterwards so much distin
industry and perseverance by which years the trade of a wool-comber. The subject of this memoir has borne guished; for, after labouring all the public testimony to his worth as well day in his master's service, he would as that of his other parent, who died spend part of the night in the acquionly a few months before this affec- learned, the more desirous was he of
sition of knowledge. The more he tionate son. He was placed in a
learning; his views were gradually
turned towards the Christian ministry; • In the Appendix to the sermon pub- and at the expiration of his apprenlished after bis liberation from the tower, ticeship, he determined to prepare Mr. Joyce, speaking of his attachment to himself for assuming the office of a the principles of liberty, says, that it was not the effect of sudden impressions, but senters, the denomination of Christians
teacher amongst the Protestant Disthe consequence of instructions received in early youth. I can remember (says he) 10 which his family belonged. He nothing of earlier date than the honest
was directed and assisted in his preindignation of a late highly respected pa- paratory studies by the late Rev. rent, against the measures taken to enslave Hugh Worthington, on whose mi. our brethren across the Atlantic. From nistry he attended during his apprenhim ! learned to consider the cause of ticeship, and whom he used to call America as the cause of MAN. His gra. his “ favourite preacher.” To this titude to the opposers of that unnatural popular speaker and kind-hearted man, and malignant war was upbounded. The Mr. Joyce was ever forward to acnames of Chatham, Camden and their knowledge his deep obligations both coadjutors (the Jacobins of that day) were dear to his heart, and the continual theme the chief
advantages of his professional
for his best moral impressions and for of his praise.” P. 13.
To his mother, Mr. Joyce paid a be- education. His memoir of bis decoming tribute of gratitude in the last ceased benefactor in this work, (VIII. volume of this work. (XI. 110.) She died 561-575,) is the best account of Mr. in her 90th year, February 9, 1816, leaving Worthington that has been published, a high character for personal piety and and is highly creditable to the writer's maternal wisdom, care and tenderness. feelings, especially as there was be
A few weeks after his mother, March tween him and his early patron a 29th, died an elder brother, Mr. Joshua considerable difference of theological Joyce, of Essex Street, a man of active opinion, which the latter could not and eminent virtue, of whom also Mr. Joyce gave an account in the same volume always contemplate with philosophical (XI. 244.) By an affecting coincidence, composure. It must not be omitted, bis death took place suddenly on the that Mr. Joyce applied himself at this morning of the day on which Mr. Joyce period with great assiduity to the preached before the Unitarian Society, and study of the mathematics, in which indeed appeared for the last time as Secre. he received the assistance of Mr, tary to that institution.
Taylor, the Platonist.
In the year 1786, Mr. Joyce was love of liberty, and his earliest attachadmitted on the foundation of the ments strengthened bis patriotic senNew College, Hackney, under the timents. In Lord Stanhope's family tuition of the Rev. Dr. Kippis, Dr. he was of necessity associated with Rees, and Mr. Worthington. Here the leading reformers of the day, of he remained four years, supported by whom no one was more zealous, and the liberality of friends and a small it may be added, more enlightened patrimony of about two hundred and more consistent than that noblepounds, which he owed to the inte- man himself. Thus educated and yrity and generosity of his brother, connected, he became an active poliMr. Joshua Joyce. His improve- tician. He had none of the intrigue, ment was answerable to the singular much less of the simulation and dissiadvantages which he enjoyed under mulation, that are usually thought to his eminent tutors ; besides whose belong to that character : he saw lectures, he, with two other pupils, great and growing corruption in the received the instructions of the cele system of government, and loving his brated Dr. Richard Price, in the higher country with a Christian's purity, he branches of the mathematics. So was desirous of contributing his talents pleased was Dr. Price with his appli. and exertions to the great and glo cation and behaviour, that at the ter- rious work of reform. He joined in mination of his academical studies he this sentiment with some of the wisest recommended him to the late Earl and best men of his day, and particu. Stanhope, as tụtor to his eldest son, larly of his religious circle: Price and Lord Mahon, the present Earl. He Priestley were ardent political reentered into this noble family in the formists, and their names are amply year 1790, and was connected with it sufficient to shield the party which for ten years, being actively and use they at once supported and adorned fully employed in his favourite pur- from the suspicion of any design suits of the education of youth and of which is not honourable to a man and self-improvement, and rendering him a Christian. Urged by a sense of self by his manly integrity, simplicity duty rather than an inclination for the and modesty, a general favourite. turbulence of political life, Mr. Joyce During life he enjoyed, we believe, entered into the Society for Constitu
, a remuneration of his services in this tional Information, the only society of flattering connexion.
the kind to which he ever belonged
. Whatever prospects were opened An association more respectable, wheto bim by Earl Staybope's patronage, ther its object or the rank and chahe maintained his purpose of devoting racter and talents of its members be himself to the Dissenting ministry, considered, never was formed
. The and before and after his engagements following extract from its first report at Chevening, he gladly embraced will explain its design :every opportunity of performing the “ In the venerable Constitution duties of the pulpit
. Some of the handed down to us through a long Dissenters in Kent still remember succession of ages, this is the basis and with gratitude the regularity and zeal vital principle, Laws TO BIND ALLA with which he officiated amongst MUST BE ASSENTED TO BY ALL. them, evidently feeling it to be an “As every Englishman
has an equal honour to retire on the
sabbath from inheritance in those Laws, and that the mansion of his noble patron to Constitution which has been provided join in the humble worship of a small for their defence, it is, therefore, peces, society of his Christian brethren, sary that every Euglishman should
At the time when Mr. Joyce be know what that Constitution is; when came connected with Earl Stanhope, it is safe ; and when it is endangered. there was much agitation in the public “ To diffuse this knowledge univers mind, respecting the great political sally through the realm, to circulate questions which were forced into it through every village and hamlet controversy by the French Revolu- and even to introduce it into the tion. He had been brought up in the humble dwelling of the cottager See Mr. Joyce's obituary of his bro, ciety. They trust it is a wish that
the wish and the hope of this sother, XI. 244.
will be approved by all good mehr