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TO THE EXILED PATRIOTS, MUIR And teach their lisping infants to exAND PALMER.
He who allows oppression shares the BY ROBERT SOUTHEY, POET LAUREATE.
CAIUS GRACCHUS. [In our poetical department, (p. The sixth day of the first decade 022,) we gave some verses under the of the fourth month of the third above title: we now add some re
year of the French Republic, maining stauzas necessary to complete
One and Indivisible. the poem: these are supplied by The Scotsman, No. 36.)
Thinks the proud tyrant, by the pliant
[From the Scotsman.] law, The hireling jury, and the judge anjust, Are ye the scious of that noble stock, To strike the soul of liberty with awe,
Are ye the offspring of those men of And scare the friends of freedom from
yore, their trust?
They who opposed, in fields of streaming As easy might the despot's empty pride
gore, The onward course of rushing ocean
Their bleeding breasts, a dauntless barrier
rock, stay; As easy might bis jealous caution hide
Against their tyrant master's deadliest
sbock From mortal eyes the orb of general' day.
They, on the plains of Runnymede, who For, like that general orbis eternal fame, Their native country free for evermore ? Glows the mild force of virtue's constant Are ye their true descendants; ye who light;
mock Though clouded by misfortune, still the A nation's sufferings; and in grave desame,
bate, For ever constant and for ever bright.
Unheedful of a nation's earnest cries,
Have sold the birth-right of a free-born Not till eternal chaos shall that light
state, Before oppression's fary fade away; And fool'd away its charter'd liberties? Not till the sun himself be quenched in Oh, ye have won a name that will not night,
die, Not till the frame of nature shall decay. It is
R. 11. Go, then-secure in steady virtue-go,
Nor heed the peril of the stormy seas, Nor heed the felon's name, the felon's
A THOUGHT. woe, Contempt and pain, and sorrow and
BY MR, WALTER PATERSON. disease.
[From the Edinburgh Magazine.] Though cankering cares corrode the sinking frame,
O could we step into the grave, Though sickness rankle in the shallow And lift the coffin-lid, breast,
And look upon the greedy worms Though death himself should querch the
That eat away the dead ! vital flame, Think but for what you suffer, and be It well might change the reddest cheek blest.
Into a lily-white !
And freeze the warmest blood to look So shall your great examples fire each
Upon so sad a sight! soul, So in each free-born breast for ever Yet still it were a sadder sigbt, dwell,
If in that lump of clay Till MAN shall rise above the unjust con
There were a sense to feel the worms, troul,
So busy with their prey. Stand where ye stood, and triumph where
O pity then the living heart ;
The lump of living clay,
And cure the ignoble spirit of the time, For ever, ever prey!
Lately, at Lloyd Jack, in Cardigan. made up to him by the particular shire, died Mr. DavID JENKIN Refs, notice and highly edifying conversa
: whose loss will be long regretted by tion of his most enlightened uncle and a numerous circle who felt the influ. aunt, David and Jane Rees. These ence of his character, and by many of lived in a state of comparative affluthe readers of the Repository who ence, such as farmers of credit in that knew his extraordinary worth, usc- country enjoyed, especially during a fulness and talents. With this man period of general prosperity, which the interest of religion in the Princi- forty or fifty years have nearly effaced. pality was, in no small measure, con- These, his second pareuts, had no nected; and, whatever may be the child of their own, but had no cause purposes of eternal wisdom, human to regret the circumstance, as it caused foresight can scarcely conjecture how their affections to be fixed on their that interest can find any compensa- nephew, who afforded them every tion for the injury it sustains by being hope that talent and virtue could deprived of his zeal and virtue and form from the prospect of still greater abilities. A slight sketch of D. J. talent, if not superior virtue, surviviag Rees may be seen, as it is supposed, them in his person. At a certain age in “ Particulars of the Life of a Dis- we look back with singular satisfacsenting Minister,'' a work little known, tion to the happy moments which we probably, to most of those for whose enjoyed in south; and the writer of perusal the present article is designed. this article recollects, with lively pleaThe sketch alluded to, begins at page sure, the hospitalities which, ou a 168 of that publication, with these very few occasions, he experienced words, viz. “ D. R. was a counter. from Jane Rees, who never thought part," &c.
she could sufficiently manifest her atAfter referring the reader to the tachment to his family by her attenabove notice of D. J. Reis, it becomes tions. She lived long, and maintained necessary to remark, that a more en to the last, with even increased ardour, Jarged view of such a man is den anded that affection for him which, at a by justice and friendship, on occasion more early period, she had warmly inof his removal from the society of his dulged. She spent her latter years friends, and from the scene of his in- in a small house close to Lloyd Jack, fluence. At the same time, the limits the residence of her pephew-in-law, of the Repository will not easily ad- who was fully sensible of her worth mit of so detailed an account as the and kindness, and cherished her, to most sincere affection and admiration her last monient, with that tender and would dictate, and the cause of rational affectionate attachment which is ex Christianity would require, of a person cited in a kind and enlightened soul. who was intimately concerued in al. The uncle had long paid the debt of most every transaction relating to it, nature, and bad “ slept with his fa
. that has happeued in South Wales thers." D. J. Rees entertained for during the last thirty or forty years
. him a very high veneration as the Attempting to combine compression early director of his mind in the pur: with copiousness, we will relate what suit of knowledge, and the guide of appears most worthy of note in the his youthful career in the path of virlife of our most valued friend, who tue. These were, in some respects, a was the friend of his couutry and of singular pair. They were possessed maukind.
of an extraordinary calmness of temD. J. Rees was the son of a small per, with a great contrast of person, farmer, and of a family not much dis as he was large, muscular and not tinguished, though respectable. It is well-favoured, and she delicate and understood that he did not derive handsome; they both loved know much advantage from education, or ledge, and sought it diligently from from the society furnished by his fa- books, from sermons, and from conther's house. But any deficiency that versation. They had both the rare might here have been felt, was amply advantage of being able to read and
understand the English language, and ther he could get read and understand became acquainted with many good the English language, there are now authors in it on the subjects of history no means of ascertaining: Prepared and religion. In their time, also, that by early thirst after knowledge, and a part of the country enjoyed the ad- confirmed spirit of impartiality, which vantage of the eloquent and enlight. he could not fail to imbibe from the ened ministry of David Lloyd, of sources already developed, it is certain Llwyn-rhyd.owen, whom no that he availed himself of such opporheard without improvement to his tunities as offered themselves to restock of information, or without being consider the principles which he had, a more determined friend to truth at first, viewed as the perfection of unand virtue.
adulterated Christianity. Among the The principal sources of D. J. Rees's advantages of this kind, of which he early attainments, the causes of his availed himself with the utmost dililove of knowledge, as well as of his gence, was his acquaintance with that future high attainmcuts in benevolence modest and learned man, the minister and virtue, are thus, it is thought, of the Unitarian congregation at Cul. with strict truth, found in the en- lumpton, in Devonshire. The Rev. couragement and example of his uncle John Davis was born in his near and aunt, and in the instructions of a neighbourhood; and his academical minister " whose name is still in the education at Carmarthen, served to churches."
furnish his own mind with clearer At bis death he might be about views of the doctrine of Christ, and to seventeen years of age, and he has convey to his friend the lessons of been often heard describing the strong wisdom which he had himself learned. impressions made on his youthful Their intercourse continued occasionmind by the luminous argumentation ally during many years, and probably of this a man of God,” and by the till the period of the decease of D. J. strong emotions of his soul, which Rees. The singular esteem in which manifested themselves by the big the latter held the former, and the drops which coursed down bis digni- cordial intimacy which subsisted befied and handsome countenance, and tween them, furnished great efficacy which he was ever at great pains to to the instructions which the superior suppress and disguise, though in vain. education of the one enabled him to He had been, for many years, the convey to the other. Had Mr. John object of rancorous obloquy from the Davis' possessed no other merit, it orthodox, and was arraigned with a would be enough to render his name bitterness equal to that which assails illustrious, that he had the extraorthe Unitarian of the present day. dinary felicity of giving a direction so The first minister, in South Wales, noble and auspicious to such a mind who openly opposed the received doc- as that of D. J. Rees. Sure I am, trine, which arrogates to itself the that, though his singularly unassumtitle evangelical, was Jenkin Jones, ing temper may wish to disclaim an who built, on his own estate, the honour of which he may scarcely be chapel of Llwn-rhyd-owen. In a very conscious, he sympathizes sincerely in few years, his nephew, David Lloyd, the grief which dictates the present succeeded him, and died in 1779, account of his friend, and will not be having triumphantly planted many disposed to question the truth of that churches, numerous in members, flou- account which ascribes to him an efrishing in reputation and in know- fect that he may not have considered ledge, knowing, however, only the as originating with himself. The fact Arian and Arminian explication of the is certain, and it would be unjust to faith of Christ. Of David Lloyd â the merit of both these enlightened pretty long account appeared in the friends not to state it distinctly. From Monthly Magazine for the year 1812. this epoch, D. J. Rees may be con
As time advanced, and scriptural sidered as both a Necessarian and an knowledge became more extended, Unitarian. through the efforts of Dr. Priestley To an intellect so powerful as his, and others who, haud passibus æquis, the difficulty of comprehending a metrod the same path, the mind of D. J. taphysical system which has baffled Rees received new impressions. Whe- the faculties of so many, which those who embrace it ought to understand, low the head and smoothed the brow and which those who understand it of sullen hate in the presence of this do and must adopt, presented only a man of plain appearance and address. motive to thought and reflection, and As yet, however, he remained in consoon vanished like the morning dew. nexion with the old congregations, Bright sunshine followed, and few stemming the torrent of their animosity could be found that more clearly dis- against the "sect every where spoken cerned the sublime and consoling against," yet in a state of comparative doctrine of Hobbes and Hartley. The infancy. His efforts were efficacious terrors which have confounded others, in bringing many to favour the truth, and frightened them from embracing and many to embrace it with decision the clear “ truth as it is in Jesus," that and constancy. Since the time in there is “ ove God and one Mediator which Jenkin Jones and David Lloyd between God and men, the man Christ bad opposed themselves to the vioJesus,” could have little effect on one lence of clamour, when they began a who had been taught from his youth reformation of the general creed, conto “ obey God rather than man," and troversy had, in a manner, ceased. to follow truth whithersoever it should The enemy had quitted the field, and lead him. He had the happiness to a lifeless indifference had succeeded. embrace the pure gospel while yet With indifference came ignorance, young. Yet such was bis candour, and, for the most part, the people his openness to conviction, his teach- knew not on what ground they had ableness and childlike simplicity of been built, contenting themselves with heart, that, had the evidence of the the name which their predecessors bad truth been presented to him in matu- rendered illustrious by their intellirity or in old age, he, unlike many gence and zeal. Now, a fresh activity men who are obstinate in proportion was produced, and it would surprise as they are ignorant, and dogmatical those who think they excel many, how in proportion as they are advanced in much talent was called forth, and how years, would probably have received much penetration was displayed, in it with the same docility and readiness this remote district, in finding and as he manifested at an earlier period. managing arguments in support of the
An opportunity presented itself to doctrines that so many concurred to D. Jenkin Rees of shewing his zeal reprobate. In few instauces has the for truth in the latter years of the spirit of Jesus shewn itself more capa. eighteenth century, when Thomas ble of overcoming the world. Slander, Evans, principally by the assistance of which knew no bounds and observed Mr. Lindsey, erected the first chapel no decorum, was fairly driven to howl that, in South Wales, was devoted in the haunts that served to protect it expressly to the worship of “one from shame and confusion. God, the Father." Although that The time at length arrived when attempt to collect a congregation of D. J. Rees was called upon to act still Unitarians, at Brechva, eventually a more conspicuous part, when it beproved abortive, the spirit of inquiry came necessary to separate the wheat was then more decisively roused than from the chaff
, and congregate, in one at any former period. The subject of body, the disciples that had been this account gave to the infant cause more silently formed in the bosom of an unequivocal support, and the in- the old connexion. For reasons that fluence of his talents and character cannot now be detailed, “ it seemed contributed largely to remove bigotry, fit to all the brethren" to form them. and conciliate favour to the doctrines selves into a society of professed Uniwhich he strenuously avowed. So tarians. The consequence of which great was the influence of his patron- resolution was, that two chapels were age, that the inclination to scoff at erected, one at Llwyn-y-groes, and the the truth and to calumniate its advo. other at Pant-y-defaid. These are the cates was powerfully checked by the mother churches of this respectable consideration that D. J. Rees was one name in the Principality of Wales, advocate of that truth. Those who They are the first in point of time, remember the time, can testify that and, it is humbly believed, the first the fierce enemies of the doctrine of in point of real consequence and inforone “God and one Mediator," bowed mation. They are pure and unmixed,
being of one mind in the faith of diffidence, which ever rendered him Jesus Christ. God only can foresee incapable of arrogating to himself the how long they may retain their en. least pre-eminence, was decidedly the viable distinction after this pillar of most conspicuous character. Persuatheir Christian edifice has been re- sion seemed always to accompany his moved. The heart bleeds and the eye address, which was expressed in words is suffused with tears, when the pos- the most proper and best chosen. After sible consequences of the departure of hearing him, one might be tempted this great and good man present them to exclaim, never man spake like selves to the imagination. Assuredly, this man." if these united churches should be- This gift of speech, which served to come extinct, a “ candle that was not display a mind filled with profound hid under a bushel but gave light" to knowledge, and some circumstances the whole district will be extinguished, in the society which made it desirable, leaving the whole country in compa. induced the people to urge the man rative darkness. Such a loss to a whom all so highly respected to speak country can scarcely be conceived, to them in public, and by slow degrees and it must be felt by all, of whatever he became a pretty constant preacher. name, that have any concern for the There is reason to think, however, moral and intellectual cultivation of that he lamented afterwards this acthe human race. The chapel of quiescence in the flattering solicitaLlwyn-y-groes owed its erection prin- tions of his fellow-christians. When cipally to the exertions, and greatly the evils to the general respectability to the contributions, of D. J. Rees. and success of the cause of the pure Another person saw the chapel at truth, arising from the public services Pant-y-defaid completed for the use of of uneducated persons, were, at a later the people. That branch of the church period, with an express exception which assembled at the former, flou- with respect to himself, briefly stated rished greatly under the auspices of in his presence, be could not help this enlightened man; and, though saying, that he was not entitled to some untoward circumstances have exception; and that, if he were worthy occurred, such as the present event, of it, yet his example had an unfait is believed that a foundation has vourable tendency. He regretted that been laid which no man shall be able 'he had taken a step which he did not to remove.
then believe was justified by the neTo the most distinguished talents, cessity of the case. D. J. Rees united a very happy felicity The gift of utterance was most hapof utterance. He spoke the English pily applied by D. J. Rees in exercises language with considerable fluency. of devotion. Many have prayed as But he was truly eloquent in his own well, for prayer is nothing else but tongue. It was remarkable also, that pouring out the heart before God. those among whom he moved, and But who are they who have expressed especially his religious associates, ac- the desire of the heart with such copiquired an extraordinary readiness and ousness, variety, suitableness and imcorrectness of expression. The writer pression as he, when he assembled his of this article was surprised, on be. numerous family at the commencecoming acquainted with them as a ment and end of day to seek the fareligious people, at the copiousness of vour and blessing of the “ Father in language which was at their command, heaven"? It is confidently believed, and the uncommon propriety, and that few who heard bim, however even elegance, of phraseology, which they were and must be edified by liis they employed. He was not before solemnity and pathos, could help enaware of the capacity of the Welsh vying the felicity and choice of senti. language to convey ideas on subjects ments and words which he poured of morality, metaphysics and general out at the footstool of the Divine Mascience. This was an excellent school jesty. Premeditation was less necesfor those who designed to become sary to him than to most men. His public speakers, and he was himself thoughts were habitually religious and not a little benefited by the advan- devotional; he spoke daily and printages which it afforded him. In the cipally on religious subjects; he conmidst of all, D. J. Rees, with a natural stantly read the Scriptures, and had