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2. Joseph Fownes from 1735 to 1748, cil, was inserted in Les Annales de la
removed to Shrewsbury, died 1789, Religion, Vol. XIV. p. 35.
It is well known that Bonaparte was 3. Noah Jones, 1748 to 1762, removed
not fond of Bishop Gregoire, because, to Walsall, died 1785, aged-, in the senate, he was always opposed
buried at Walsall. 4. Joseph Baker from Newtown, from plosion of his fury in 1810 gave occa
ta his ambitious projects; and an ex1762 to 1789, resigned, died 1805, sion to his fatterers. to manifest their
buried at Cradley. 5. James Scott, 1789 to 1807, sole-pas- odium against Gregoire, and again retor, co-pastor with
peat the falsehood which had been 6. Benjamin Carpenter, from 1807 to previously destroyed. His friends then
reprinted the report laid before the Park Lane Chapel built 1796. council, with a small preface, and
this served fully to establish the innocence of the accused.
How peculiar is the situation of this Gregoire, Bishop of Blois. venerable.man. The jacobins aceased THE Courier, as a palliative, has him for not having voted the king's
given to his readers a list of the death, and the anti-jacobins reproved persons who voted for the death of him for having done it! The purLouis XVI. copying it, most proba- chasers of negroes accused him, in the bly, from some list published by one convention, of being a friend and of the many libellist partizans, always partizan of the English, because he ready to add to the flame of kingly sought to destroy so illegal a trade; vengeance. He therein includes the and now an English paper, without name of the benevolent Gregoire, examining the facts, re-echoes the caconstitutional Bishop of Blois, thus lumny of his enemies. In the conrepeating a calumny which in France vention he was publicly reproached his enemies have in rain sought to for seeking to Christianize France; affix to his name.
(Moniteur, an. 2, No. 57), and the Gregoire, at the time of the death incredulous and jacobins besieged hiin of Louis XVI. was absent, as one in his own house, and kept his life of the four envoys sent to Savoy; and in jeopardy during 18 months, for on its being known that, in the letter having sustained his character and upsent to lim, he had expunged the held religion in the session of 17 Bruword death, he was accused to the maire, (an. 2), notwithstanding the club of the jacobins, in 1793, for cloud of enemies with whom he had not having voted for the death of the to contend, (vide Annual Register, king. In the speech he had pro- 1793, page 201, 202), whilst the nounced as early as 1792, he hadde- Catholics have since persecuted him manded that ihe penalty of death as a heretic. He was avowedly the should be abolished, and that Louis, principal support of religion in France, as the first to enjoy the benefit of the when it would have been extinguished law, should be condemned “a l'ex- by the flight of the greatest part of the istence." Thus the papers of that clergy, and the apostacy of others ; time, and principally the Journal des and when terror was still the order of Amis, &c. (No. 5, Feb. 2, 1763) took the day, from the tribune he demanded great care to inscribe his name among the freedom of worship, and eventually those deputies who had not voted for was the cause of 80,000 churches bethe infiction of capital punishment. ing operied. It was he who obtained Gregoire's enemies, nevertheless, in the freedom of the miserable priests scribed his name among those who crowded into the hulks at Rochefort had voted for the king's death; and (Moniteur, an. 3, No. 81, seance du although he treated the calumný with 18 Frimaire), and priests are now his contempt, when the bishops were chief caluinniators. When Bonaassembled in Paris to celebrate their parte returned from the Island of Elba second national council, in 1801, as he excluded him from the Chamber the calamny was extremely prevalent, of Peers (though he was formerly a they commissioned Moise, Bishop of senator), undoubtedly, because he St. Claude, to ascertain the facts and claimed and defended the rights of the make a report. This was perfectly people in his eloquent little tract, “ De satisfactory, and by order of the couri la Constitution Française de l'an. 1814,"
as well as in the vote with which he serve his fame to late posterity. His
ofte his time opposed the constitution sent by the principal performance is, “An Insenate 10 Louis XVIII. and as a re- quiry after Happiness," in two voward, the latter has now also excluded lumės, octavo, which has passed him from the number of his peers! through several editions, and is justly By these erents, however, Bishop held in high estimation. He also Gregoire had finished, as it were, his published, išt, "Practical Christianity, political career, and for the last year, or an Account of the Holiness which has been entirely absorbed in his the Gospel enjoins, and the Remedies efforts in favour of religion, humanity it proposes against Temptations," 8vo. and letters. Why then is he again zd, "The Morality of the Gospel." to be disturbed His virtues, in 3d, Christian Thoughes every France, it is well known, are proof Day in the Week: 4th, A Guide against all calumnies, and in England to Heaven 5th,
The Duty of this
same character, in union with his Servants. Gth, Severa) Sermons, in being the friend and defender of Pro- five volumes, some of which were testants, Anabaptists, Jews, Negroes, published by his son, who was of his Mulattos, in short, of the oppressed, own naine, and survived him, and who ought to have shielded him from the was bred at Sidney College, Camtaunts and designing statements of an bridge, where he took his Master of editor of a daily paper.-Morn. Chron. Arts degree. Dr. Lucas also translated
into Latin the Whole Duty of Man, Some Account of the Rev. Dr. Lucas.
which was published in 1680, in 8vo.
British Biography, Vol. VI. page 122, Dithe son of Richard Lucas,
in a Note to the Life of Mr. Howe. Presteigne, in Radnorshire, and born Among other respectable writers, of in that county about the year 1648. whom we have but a very slender acAfter a proper foundation at school, he count, is Dr. Richard Lucas, author was sent, in 1664, to Jesus College, of several volumes of sermons, which Oxford, where, after taking both his possess considerable merit, and of degrees in Arts, at the regular times, he an “ Inquiry concerning Happiness, entered into holy orders about the year which has passed through, at least, 1672, and was for some time máster eight editions. He was the son of of the free school at Abergavenny; Richard Lucas, of Presteign, in Rad. but being much esteemed for his ia- norshire, and born in that county lents in the pulpit, he was chosen about the year 1648. In 1664, he vicar of St. Stephen's, Coleman-street, was sent to Jesus College, Oxford; London, and lecturer of St. Olare, in and after taking both the degrees in Southwark, in 1683. In 1691, he Arts, he entered into holy orders took the degree of Doctor in Divinity, about the year 1672. For some time and was installed prebendary of West- he was master of the free school at ininster in 1696. His sighi began to Abergavenny; but in 1683, he became fail him in his youth, but he lost it ricar of St. Stephen’s, Coleman-street, Lotally about this time, and lived many and was also chosen lecturer of Si. years after this inisfortune. He died Olave, in Southwark. He took the on the 29th of June, 1715, and was degree of Doctor in Divinity in 1691, buried in Westminster Abbey, but and was installed prebendary of Westthere is no stone or monument there ininster in 1696. 'About this time he 10 point out the place of his inter- lost his sight, but lived many years ment.
after that misfortune. He wrote his It is somewhat remarkable that so “ Inquiry after Happiness" after he few particulars should have been pre- became blind, or nearly so. He was served of the life and character of a the author of several theological pieces divine of such distinguished merit, besides those which have been already We are only told in general that he mentioned. He died in 1715, and was greatly esteemed for his piety and was buried in Westminster Abbey, learning; and indeed that he was a but no stone has been placed there to înost excellent man may be justly in- point out the place of his interment. firred from his writings, which are Monthly Magazine. exceedingly valuable, and will pre
Prenapetud 1909 ad Two from the late Rev. R. Robinson, of appending to it, of which I had the
Cambridge, to the late Rev. Dan pleasure, when you was here, of knowTaylor, of London.
ing your approbation. Ever since, I Chesterion, Dec. 2, 1786. have been in the Alpine Vallies of MY DEAR SIR,
Dauphiny, Provence, Savoy and VOUR favour came to hand last Piedinont. Thence I was violently wade, where, at the ordination of three days time and my temper, for Mr. Bowers, I had the pleasure of in the middle of my story, I was seeing Mr. Birley. He told me of the obliged to leave off, and send home printing, and I desired him to inform my books. you, with assurances of my sincere Now have I got all to fumble out esteem, that I gave you an absolute again. I hope, however, within two power over my, scrap. I seldom or three weeks to finish this part, and quote chapter and verse in preaching, then my plan is this: I intend to for I have supposed it a loss of time, revise one sheet, and print it, as a and a temptation to divert my atten- sort of specimen, and to strike off tion from the thread of the subject in eight or ten proofs, and no more. hand. Were I to follow my ideas, These will be put into the hand of a I should always preach without quo- friend, and along with them an estiting, and always print with it. If mate of the expence of one volume. therefore you will please to mark This friend will divide them into Scripture in italics, and put figures in shares of ten books each, and when, the margin, as you propose, I shall be if ever, he hath procured subscriptions obliged to you. At the same time, enough to pay the press, the volume allow me to say, I think your scrupu- will be printed. If this take place, Tous delicacy on the subject more than you will hear from him. In what was necessary in regard to any thing inanner he will arrange the affair of mine, which, I believe, would I know not. All I ask is, that the always be improved by passing work be printed, but not hackneyed zhrough your refining band. Either by pressing subscriptions, as no money 1 ann mistaken, or your understand- will be wanted till the paper and press ing is superior and sound.
are to be paid, and then only the Your zeal for the publication gives value of the books subscribed for. me animation, as it convinces me It has been supposed, that if thirty of your approbation of the work. churches would take ten each, the Whether your opinion be what I expence would be cleared: but this take it for or not, certain it is, it cannot be determined before an estioperates in due proportion on me mate is made. according to the worth I set upon it, I am of opinion, that the work and that is high. I have had similar ought not to be hurried, but proceed encouragement from other places, but, leisurely, for new facts and new light as I propose to myself no pecuniary daily rise on the subject. Ignorance, gain, so I shall endeavour to throw malice, political maneuvres, clerical the publication into a train, which sophistry, and party zeal have thrown may not encumber me, and yet be together a vast pile of materials, true, reputable to the cause. My plan is to false, doubtful, important, impertiprint it handsomely, that the cause nent, and so on. All these are to be of the contemptible Anabaptists may examined, assorted, arranged, and have a chance of being read by such even lies must be disposed of, or they as at present have our liberties and like vipers benumbed a while will properties in their hands; for to us, revive and poison true historical facts. Baptists, the New Testament is the The mighty mass often discourages whole body of our divinity, and quite me, and damps my spirits, especially sufficient to confirm us in the practice. when I recollect how ready prepared For this purpose I have thrown in to censure and abuse the most upright anecdotes and entertainment, not intentions some men stand-idle necessary to the argument, though souls, who do nothing but gape and
grin at those who are at work. You tention to leave a considerable sum for know, my friend, this is a very the benefit of our poor ministers and obscure, a very difficult history, and churches, and giving me at the same the writer of it deserves mercy toward time his particular views, desired me to his innocent mistakes; however, he advise and arrange the distribution of will meet with none, and he neither it. The leading feature in the comexpects nor asks for any. They say, plexion of the donor is a love of perfect there are no innocent mistakes. What religious liberty. There is, then, a answer can be made?
trust created, and a sum, yet accumuLast vight, along with your's, I lating, provided, to enable the trustees received from a clergyman of my ac- to pay annually five pounds or more, if quaintance, a perfect master of Ger- needed, to twenty, for certain, and it man literature, a great bulk of Ger- may be, if the donor lives a few years man history relative to the German longer, thirty or forty churches. There Baptists, and an engagement to visit is also a legacy of £400 to the four me in January to assist me in learning funds in London (for I named your German enough to enable me to fund, which my friend had not heard make out the records written in that of, and £100 accordingly was. betongue. I have time before me, for I queathed you), on condition the fundees query whether Germany will come up give security to the executor that they before my third volume. Spanish and will always pay the interest to one or Italian are nothing, for being only more Protestant Dissenting ministers dialects of Latin they are easily sure that shall apply, and profess to believe mountable; but high and low Dutch Jesus is the Son of God, and who shall are ruffian-looking rogues. I am half attest by their lives the sincerity of afraid of them; but my friend, who their
profession. The first £100 is to was here a week last summer, put me be offered on this condition to the Parin a way 60 that I got through the ticular Baptist fund, and if they refuse, translating of one paragraph of a , then the £100 bequeathed to them is German work, which he had with to be offered to you, along with your him. If he stays a month next visit, own £100, so that £200 is contingent I shall try, but with what success I to you; and if you refuse, then proviknow not. I have got Greece, Rome, sion is made from one to another, till Africa, and Navarre written fair for the donation vests where the receivers the press, and almost all the preliminary will not be crippled with human creeds. essays. Next week my amanuensis It is very likely the first fundees will begins either Spain or Italy, if I can not accept money under this restriction, get time to revise either of them. For- for one of their printed rules and orgive my prolixity. You asked to know ders is, that such, and such only shall the state of the work. Accept this de- receive any benefit from this fund, as sultory account.
profess to believe the doctrines of three We retain on our minds with sin- divine persons, eternal and personal gular pleasure a recollection of your election, &c. It should seem there excellent discourse to us at Cambridge, are many worthy, though poor miand we do ask one another what nisters, who do not believe either the the General and Particular Baptists one or the other ; but this condition differ about; for, say we, either Mr. does not prevent their believing what Taylor is a Particular, or we are Ge- they approve, it only prevents future nerals.
fundees from putting human creeds in Accept the best wishes of this family, the place of the gospel, and depressing and present them to your house. the servant of Christ into a slave of his I am, dear Sir,
brother, a servant like himself and no Most affectionately your's, · ROBT. ROBINSON. My neighbour, Mr. Payn, of Wal
den, has favoured me with the proChesterton, Feb. 21, 1789. ceedings of the General Assembly held My Dear MR. TAYLOR, on Wednesday, May 14th, 1788, at YOU may not have any concern Worship-Street, &c." I see no human with the subject of this letter for many test here, and it should seem you hold years, yet I think it a duty I owe you really as well as professionally the sufto give you a hint of it. A friend of ficiency of Scripture. I intend to send unine having informed me of his in- it among the friends of freedom in the
University, who have, somehow or tion. These ecclesiastical sheriffs, ap other, goi hold of the book of “ rules pointed by the crown, play Jupiter with and orders of the Particular Baptist' a better grace than our litile Anabaptist fund," and are extremely shocked at tyrants. Believe what they will, but the absurdity of their coneluct, the why pretend to write a creed for ine? more so as they thought the Baptists Why sap the foundation of the good were inalienable friends of the freedom old Baptists? Scripture alone is a sufof conscience. Your fund account I ficient guide for every Christian man. hope will be a corrective, and shew Pardon, dear Mr. Taylor, niy prothat all Baptists are not tyrants over lixity. I hate dominion overconscience, their brethren. I am asked by the because I am clearly convinced it disUniversity several questions too hard honours God, degrades man, tacitly for me to answer, as
denies the perfection of the divine 1. llad the London Particular Bar- word, dethrones the King of sainis, tists of 1775 the consent of their and introduces all manner of wicked country brethren to compile a human passions among Christians, withdrawcreed for them? Most certainly they ing them from the example of the mild had no anthority from Christ. and merciful Master, and imparting to
2. What makes Baptists so fond of them the contentious and cruel dispothe name and the creed of Calvin, sitions of bigots. They have turned seeing the barbarian burnt Servetus, the gospel into a miserable system of and denounced the vengeance of God metaphysics ; and to define natures, and the civil magistrate against all not to observe facts, is instead of talents Anabaptists?
natural and acquired, instead of good 3. How is the imposition of a human sense, exact reason, and often, instead creed consistent with their profession of of virtue itself. This depression lies the sufficiency of Scripture, and the sole upon all human systems, when they dominion of Christ over the consciences are made the tests of Christians. of his disciples ?
My wife, who sits by, asks how 4. With what face can such men people found the way to heaven before ask for the repeal of the test-acts, Calvin and Van Harmin were born ? seeing they iinpose human tests upon I answer, by the light of Scripture one another?
alone. Then, adds she, I shall content 5. Have the General Baptists of myself with my New Testament, and fended or injured the Particulars, that leave the great Latin folios to your they have thus excluded them from all friend Taylor and you. I reply, you, their favours?
may very safely, and we shall debate 6. Is the belief of election a virtue, our points with as little gall as if the or the denial of it a sin ; and is the ac- inquiry were which of us could most knowledging of persons in God any dexterously jump over a' five-barred test of grace in the heart?
gale. 7. Are a people likely to improve, If you think proper' to write to me, whose inquiries are bounded by human you may give your letter to my daughter, ereeds; and is it not a strong prejudice or ask her for a frank. She is the wife against Calvinism that it needs such of a Mr. Brown, wine-merchant, No.2, props ? &c. &c.
Love Lane, Little Eastcheap, where, I I'wish their book of rales and orders am sure, she will be glad to see you, had been at the bottom of the sea rather and where probably Mrs. R. and I than at Cambridge. You cannot think may have the pleasure of seeing you what disgrace it has brought upon the some time or other. My dutiful reLondon Baptists. Oar church behold spects to Father Britain, and to your it with astonishment, and the University whole family. say the authors were strangers to the
I am, dear Sir, first principles of Christian liberty. The Ever your's most affectionately, question is not of the truth of their
ROBT. ROBINSON. creed, but of the imposition of it, for By the way, inv frierd muy after his such only shall receive our charity as will, you will recollect, and then all believe as John of Geneva did. Could the former part of my letter is nothing. 1 subscribe a human creed I would not Is not Mr. Winchester in your cone do it for a poor Baptist dole, I would nection ? His book, on the restoration submit to iny lords the bishops, for of all things, is in the University library, some good thing in their rich corpora- and thence I had it to read. His ac