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"Twas all the unconsciousness of power Friday last. On his entering into the Aud life, beyond this mortal hour; county at Croft-bridge, which separates Those mountings of the soul within it from the county of York, he was met At thoughts of heaven, as birds begin by the officers of the see, the mayor and By instinct in the cage to rise,

corporation of Stockton, and several of When near their time for change of skies;

the principal nobility and others of the That proud assurance of our claim

county. Here a sort of ceremony was 'To rank among the sons of light, Mingled with shame! oh, bitter shame!

performed, which had its origin in the At having risked that splendid right,

feudal times," &c. For aught that earth, through all its range

The origin of the ceremony above Of glories, offers in exchange!

alluded to is this. About the commence.

ment of the fourteenth century, sir Johr. 'Twas all this, at the instant brought, Conyers slew with his falchion in the Like breaking sunshine o'er my thought ; fields of Sockburne, a monstrous creature, "Twas all this, kiudled to a glow

a dragon, a worm, or Aying serpent, that Of sacred zeal, which, could it shine

devoured men, women, and children. The Thus purely ever, man might grow,

then owner of Sockburne, as a reward for Even upon earth, a thing divine, And be once more the creature made

his bravery, gave him the manor with its To walk unstained the Elysian shade.

appurtenances to hold for ever, ou con

dition that he met the lord bishop of No, never shall I lose the trace

Durham, with this falchion, on his first Or what I've felt in this bright place : entrance into his diocese, after his election

And should my spirit's hope grow weak, to that see. And in confirmation of this Should I, oh God ! 'e'er doubt thy power, tradition, there is painted in a window of This mighty scene again I'll seek,

Sockburne church, the falchion just now At the same calm and glowing hour; And here, at the sublimest shrine

spoken of; and it is also cut in marble, That nature ever reared to thee,

upon the tomb of the great ancestor of Rekindle all that hope divine,

the Conyers', together with a dog and And feel my immortality.

the monstrous worm or serpent, lying at his feet. When the bishop first comes

into his diocese, he crossses the river NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

Tees, either at the Ford of Nesham, or Mean Temperature ... 63.80.

Croft-bridge, at one of which places the lord of the manor of Sockburne, or his

representative, rides into the middle of July 30.

the river, if the bishop comes by Nesham,

with the ancient falchion drawn in his The Old Gates OF LONDON.

hand, or upon the middle of Croft-bridge; On the 30th of July, 1760, the materials and then presents it to the bishop, adof the three following city gates were dressing him in the ancient form of words. sold before the committee of city lands Upon which the bishop takes the falchion to Mr. Blagden, a carpenter in Coleman- into his hands, looks at it, and returns it street, viz.

back again, wishing the lord of the maAldgate, for £177 108. nor his

health and the enjoyment of his Cripplegate, 91 0

148 0.

There are likewise some lands at
Bishop's Auckland, called Pollard's

lands, held by a similar service, viz. New BISHOP OF DURHAM

showing to the bishop one fawchon, at BISHOP AUCKLAND Custom. his first coming to Auckland after his To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

consecration. The form of words made

use of is, I believe, as follows :

July 30, 1826. My Lord,-On behalf of myself as Dear Sir,- In the “ Times,” of the well as of the several other tenants of twenty-second instant, there is the follow. Pollard's lands, I do humbly present ing paragraph, copied from the Newcastle your lordship with this fawchon, at your paper. “The bishop of Durham arrived first coming here, wherewith as the tradiat his castle at Bishop Auckland, on dion goeth, Pollard slew of old, a great

and venomous serpent, which lid much • Briti (ronologist.

harm to man and beast, and by 1.1? pero


« The corn

July 31.

formance of this service these lands are lane, but whether on the same day or not holden."

I cannot say; how long these custorns The drawing of the falchion and tomb have existed, or whence they originated in Sockburne church, I have unfortunately I do not know; they were before I, or lost, otherwise it should have accompanied the oldest man in the town, can this communication : perhaps some of member. your numerous readers will be able to

A SHOEMAKER. furnish you with it.

I remain,
Dear Sir, &c.

J. F.

By the “ Mirror of the Months,” the appearance of natural scenery at this sea

son is brought before us. The editor joins in his respected cor- fields are all redundant with waving gold respondent's desire to see a representa- gold of all hues—from the light yellow tion in the Every-Day Book, of “ the of the oats, (those which still remain falchion and tomb in Sockburne church.” uncut,) to the deep sunburnt glow of the A correct drawing of it shall be accurately red wheat. But the wide rich sweeps of engraven, if any gentleman will be pleased these fields are now broken in-upon, here :o communicate one : such a favour will and there, by patches of the parched and be respectfully acknowledged.

withered looking bean crops ; by occasional bits of newly ploughed land, where

the rye lately stood; by the now darkenNATURALISTS' CALENDAR. ing turnips--dark, except where they are Mean Temperature...63 · 57. being fed off by sheep Aocks; and lastly

by the still bright-green meadows, now studded every where with grazing cattle, the second crops of grass being already gathered in.

“The woods, as well as the single timMAYOR OF BARTLEMASS.

ber trees that occasionally start up with

such fine effect from out of the hedge-rows, To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

or in the midst of meadows and cornJuly 4, 1826.

fields, we shall now find sprinkled with

wnat at first looks like gleams of scattered Sir,—The following is a brief notice of sunshine lying among the leaves, but the annual mock election of the “ mayor what, on examination, we shail find to be of Bartlemass," at Newbury, in Berk- the new foliage that has been put forth shire.

since midsummer. and which yet retains The day on which it takes place, is the all the brilliant green of the spring. The first Monday after St. Anne's; therefore, effect of this new green, lying in sweeps this year if not discontinued, and I believe and patches upon the old, though little it is not, it will be held on the thirty-first observed in general, is one of the most day of July. The election is held at the beautiful and characteristic appearances Bull and Dog public-house, where a din. of this season. In many cases, when the ner is provided; the principal dishes sight of it is caught near at hand, on the being bacon and beans, have obtained for sides of thick plantations, the effect of it it the name of the “ bacon and bean feast.” is perfectly deceptive, and you wonder In the course of the day a procession takes for a moment how it is, that while the place. A cabbage is stuck on a pole and sun is shining so brightly every where, it carried instead of a mace, accompanied should shine so much more brightly o: by similar substitutes for the other em- those particular sputs blems of civic dignity, and there is, of course, plenty of “ rough music.” A

NATURALIS;s' cauzNDAR. “ justice” is chosen at the same time,

Mean Temperature . 63 DJ some other offices are filled up, and the day ends by all concerned getting completely “ how came ye so."

In the same town, a mock mayor and ustice are likewise chosen for Norvuti


The ears are fill'd, the fields are white,
The constant harvest-moon is bright
To grasp the bounty of the year,
The reapers to the scene repair,
With hook in hand, and bottles slung,
And dowlas-scrips beside them hung.
The sickles stubble all the ground,
And fitful hasty laughs go round;
The meals are done as soon as tasted,
And neither time nor viands wasted.
All over-then, the barrels foam-

The “ Largess"-cry, the “ Harvest-home!” « Mirror of the Months” likens of youth are either fulfilled or forgatten,

“that brief, but perhaps best and the fears and forethoughts connected human life, when the promises with decline have not yet grown strong

In one

enough to make themselves felt; and con terious union which already exists be sequently when we have nothing to do tween them. bui look around us, and be happy.” For “ The whole face of nature has under. it is in this month that the year“ like a gone, since last month, an obvious chauge; man at forty, has turned the corner of its obvious to those who delight to observe existence; but, like him, it may still fancy all her changes and operations, but not itself young, because it does not begin to sufficiently striking to insist on being feel itself getting old. And perhaps there seen generally by those who can read no is do period like this, for encouraging characters but such as are written in a and bringing to perfection that habit of text hand. If the general colours of all tranquil enjoyment, in which all true hap- the various departments of natural scenery piness must mainly consist: with pleasure are not changed, their hues are; and if it has, indeed, little to do; but with hap there is not yet observable the infinite piness it is every thing."

variety of autumn, there is as litile the The author of the volume pursues bis extreme monotony of summer. estimate by observing, that “August is department, however, there is a general that debateable ground of the year, which change, that cannot well reinain unobis situated exactly upon the confines of served. The rich and unvarying green of summer and autumn; and it is difficult the corn-fields bas entirely and almost to say which has the better claim to it. suddenly changed to a still richer and It is dressed in half the flowers of the one, inore conspicuous gold colour; more conand half the fruits of the other; and it has spicuous on account of the contrast it a sky and a temperature all its own, and now offers to the lines, patches, and which vie in beauty with those of the masses of green with which it every where spring. May itself can offer nothing so lies in contact, in the form of intersecting sweet to the senses, so enchanting to the hedge-rows, intervening meadows, and imagination, and so soothing to the heart, bounding masses of forest. These latter as that genial influence which arises from are changed too; but in hue alone, not in the sights, the sounds, and the associa. colour. They are all of them still green; tions, connected with an August evening but it is not the fresh and tender green of in the country, when the occupations and the spring, nor the full and satisfying, pleasures of the day are done, and when though somewhat dull, green of the sumall, even the busiest, are fain to give way mer; but many greens, that blend all to that “wise passiveness,' one hour of those belonging to the seasons just named, which is rife with more real enjoyment with others at once more grave and more than a whole season of revelry. Those bright; and the charming variety and who will be wise (or foolishi) enough to interchange of which are peculiar to this make comparisons between the various delightful month, and are more beautiful kinds of pleasure of which the mind of in their general effect than those of eithe: man is capable, will find that there is of the preceding periods : just as a truly none (or but one) equal to that felt by a beautiful woman is perhaps more beautiful true lover of nature, when he looks forth at the period immediately before that at upon her open face silently, at a season

which her charms begin to wane, than like the present, and drinks in that still she ever was before. Here, however, the beauty which seems to emanate from comparison must end; for with the year every thing he sees, till his whole senses its incipient decay is the signal for it to are steeped in a sweet forgetfulness, and put on more and more beauties daily, till, he becomes unconscious of all but that when reaches the period at which it is instinct of good which is ever present on the point of sinking into the temporary with us, but which can so seldom make death of winter, it is more beautiful in itself felt amid that throng of thoughts general appearance than ever.” which are ever busying and besieging us, in our intercourse with the living world. The only other feeling which equals this,

August 1. in its intense quietude, and its satisfying

LAMMAS DAY. fulness, is one which is almost identical Though the origin of this denoinination with it,—where the accepted lover is is related in vol. i. col. 1063, yet it seems gazing unobserved, and almust unconsci- proper to add that Lammas or Lambmas ously, on the face of his mistress, and day obtained its name from a mass or tracing their sweet evidences of that mys- dained to St. Peter, supplicating his bena


diction on lambs, in shearing season, to lished, each party endeavoured to cir. preserve them from catching cold. St cumvent the other as much as possible, Peter became patron of lambs, from and laid plans to steal upon the tower Christ's metaphorical expression, “ Feed unperceived, in the night time, and level my lambs," having been construed into it with the ground. Great was the a literal injunction.* Raphael makes this honour that such a successful exploit coninisconstruction the subject of one of his veyed to the undertakers; and, though great cartoons, by representing Christ as the lower was easily rebuilt, and was speaking to Peter, and pointing to a flock soon put into its former state, yet the of lambs.

news was quickly spread by the success

ful adventurers, through the whole disLammas Towers in Mid-Lothian.

trict, which filled it with shouts of joy

and exultation, while their unfortunate There was a Lammas festival, which neighbours were covered with shame. To prevailed in the Lothians from very early ward off this disgrace, a constant nightly times among the young persons employed guard was kept at each tower, which was during summer in tending the herds at made stronger and stronger, as the tower pasture. The usage is remarkable.

advanced; SO that frequent nightly It appears that the herdsmen within a skirmishes ensued at these attacks, but certain district, towards the beginning of were seldom of much consequence, as summer,

associated themselves into the assailants seldom came in force to bands, sometimes to the number of a

make an attack in this way, but merely hundred or more. Each of these com

to succeed by surprise; as soon, theremunities agreed to build a tower in some fore, as they saw they were discovered, conspicuous place, near the centre of they made off in the best manner they their district, which was to serve as the could. place of their rendezvous on Lammas

To give the alarm on these, and other day. This tower was usually built of occasions, every person was armed with sods; for the most part square, about

tooting horn;" that is, a horn perfour feet in diameter at the bottom, and forated in the small end, through which tapering to a point at the top, which was

wind can be forcibly blown from the seldom above seven or eight feet from the mouth, so as to occasion a loud sound; ground. In building it, a hole was left and, as every one wished to acquire as in the centre for admitting a flag-staff, on

great dexterity as possible in the use of which to display their colours. The the “woting horn,” they practised upon it tower was usually begun to be built during the summer, while keeping their about a month before Lammas, and was beasts; and towards Lammas they were carried up slowly by successive additions so incessantly employed at this business, from time to time, being seldom entirely answering to, and vying with each other, completed till a few days before Lam- that the whole country rang continually mas; though it was always thought that with the sounds; and it must no doubt those who completed their's soonest, and have appeared to be a very harsh and kept it standing the longest time before unaccountable noise to a stranger who Lammas, behaved in the most gallant was then passing through it. manner, and acquired most honour by

As the great day of Lammas aptheir conduct.

proached, each community chose one From the moment the foundation of from among themselves for iheir captain, the tower was laid, it became an object and they prepared a stand of colours to of care and attention to the whole colo

be ready to be then displayed. For this munity; for it was reckoned a disgrace purpose, they usually borrowed a fine to suffer it to be defaced ; so that they table napkin of the largest size, from r. sisted, with all their power, any at some of the farmer's wives within the tempts that should be made to demolish district; and, to ornament it, they borit, either by force or fraud ; and, as the rowed ribbons, which they tacked upon the honour that was acquired by the demoli- napkin in such fashion as best suited tion of a tower, if affected by those be- their fancy. Things being thus prepared, vnging to another, was in proportion to they marched forth early in the morning the disgrace of suffering it to be demo

on Lammas day, dressed in their best

apparel, each armed with a stout cudgel, • Jr. Brady's Clasis l'alendara

and, repairing to their tower, there dis

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