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played their colours in triumph; blowing some time, with such rural sports as horns, and making merry in the best suited their taste, and dispersed quietly manner they could. About nine o'clock to their respective homes before sunset. they sat down upon the green; and each When two parties met, and one of them taking from his pocket, bread and cheese, yielded to the other, they marched togeor other provisions, made a hearty break- ther for some time in two separate bodies, fast, drinking pure water from a well, the subjected body behind the other; and which they always took care should be then they parted good friends, each pernear the scene of banquet.

forming their races at their own appointed In the mean time, scouts were sent out place Next day, after the ceremony was towards every quarter, to bring them over, the ribbons and napkin that formed notice if any hostile party approached; the colours, were carefully returned to for it frequently happened, that on that their respective owners, the tower was day the herdsmer of one district went no longer a matter of consequence, and to attack those of another district, and to the country returned to its usual state of bring them under subjection to them by tranquility. main force. If news were brought that a

The above is a faithful account of this hostile party approached, the horns singular ceremony which was annually resounded to arms, and they immediately peated in all the country, within the disarranged themselves in the best order they tance of six miles west from Edinburgh, could devise; the stoutest and boldest in about thirty years before Dr. Anderson front, and those of inferior prowess vrole, which was in the year 1792. How behind. Seldom did they wait the ap- long the custom prevailed, or what had proach of the enemy, but usually went given rise to it, or how far it had extended forth to meet them with a bold counte on each side, he was uninformed. He nance, the captain of each company carry- says," the name of Lammas-towers will ing the colours, and leading the van. remain, (some of them having been built When they met, they mutually desired of stone,) after the celebration of the fes. each other to lower their colours in sign tival has ceased. This paper will at least of subjection. If there appeared to be preserve the memory of what was meant a great disproportion in the strength by them. I never could discover the of the parties, the weakest usually sub- smallest traces of this custom in Abermitted to this ceremony without much deenshire, though I have there found difficulty, thinking their honour was several towers of stone, very like the saved by the evident disproportion of the Lammas-towers of this country; but match ; but, if they were nearly equal these seem to have been erected without in strength, none of them would yield, any appropriated use, but n.erely to look and il ended in blows, and sometimes

I have known some of those erected bloodshed. It is related, that, in a battle in my time, where I knew for certain of this kind, four were actually killed, that no other object was intended, than and many disabled from work for weeks. merely to amuse the persons who erected

If no opponent appeared, or if they them.** 'nemselves had no intention of making an attack, at about mid day they took down their colours, and marched with

THE COBBLERS' FESTIVAL AT PARIS horns sounding, towards the most con

ON THE FIRST OF AUGUST, 1641. siderable village in

their district; A rare old “broadside" in French, where the lasses, and all the people, came printed at the time, with a large and out to meet them, and partake of their curious wood-cut at the head, now before diversions. Boundaries were immedi- the editor, describes a feast of the cobblers ately appointed, and a proclamation made, of Paris in a burlesque manner, from that all who intended to compete in the whence he proposes to extract some acrace should

appear. A bonnet ornamented count of their proceedings as closely as with ribbons was displayed upon a pole, may be to the original. as a prize to the victor; and sometimes

First, however, it is proper to observe five or six started for it, and ran with as that the wood engraving, on the next page, great eagerness as if they had been to

is a fac-simile of one third, and by far the gain a kingdom; the prize of the second most interesting portion of the original. race was a pair of garters, and the third a knise. They then amused themselves for * Dr. James Anderson, in Trans Sic. Antio Srro,


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Festival of the Cobblers of Paris, August 1, 1611.

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The entire occupation of the preceding and seems a “ joculator" of the fist page by a cut, which is the first of order ;-and laying aside his dress, and die kind in the Every-Day Book, may the jaunty set of his hat, which we may tartle a few readers, but it must gratify almost imagine had been a pattern for a very person who regards it either as a recent fashion, his face of infinite hu. aithful transcript of the most interesting mour" would distinguish him any where jart of a very rare engraving, or as a However rudely the characters are cut, 'epresentation of the mode of feasting in they are well discriminated. The serving the old pot-houses of Paris.

man, with a spur on one foot and without Nothing of consequence is lost by the a shoe on the other, who pours wine omission of the other part of the engrav- into a glass, is evidently a personing; for it is merely a crowd of smaller

“contented in his station figures, seated at the table, eating and

who minds his occupation." drinking, or reeling, or lying on the floor inebriated. The only figure worth Vandyke himself could scarcely have notice, is a man employed in turning afforded more grace to a countess, than a spit, and he has really so lack-a-daisical the artist of the feast has bestowed on a an appearance, that it seems worth while cobbler's wife. to give the top corner of the print in facsimile.

From the French of the author who drew up the account referring to the engraving, we learn that on the first day of August, 1641, the “Society of the Trade of Cobblers," met in solemn festival (as, he observes, was their custom) in the church of St. Peters of Arsis, where, after having bestowed all sorts of praises on their patron, they divided their con. secrated bread between them, with which not one third of them was satisfied; for while going out of the church they murmured, while the others chuckled.

After interchanging the reciprocal honours, they were accustomed to pay to each other, (which we may fairly presume to have been hard blows, many of the most famous of their calling departed to a pot-house, and had a merry-making. They had all such sorts of dishes at their diuner as their purses would afford; par

ticularly a large quantity of turnip-soup, We perceive from the page-cut that ai on account of the nuinber of persons the period when the original was executed, present; and as many ox-feet and fricasees the French landlords “ chalked up the of tripe, as all the tripe-shops of the city score” as ours do, and that cobblers had and its suburbs could furnish, with vamusic at their dinners as well as their rious other dishes which the reporter says betters. The band might not be so he does not choose to name, lest he complete, but it was as good as they should give offence to the fraternity. He could get, and the king and his nobles mentions cow-beef, however, as one of could not have more than money could the delicacies, and hints at their excesses procure. The two musicians are of some having disordered their stomachs and consideration, as well suited to the scene; manners. He speaks of some of them nor is the mendicant near them to be dis. having been the masters, and of others as regarded; he is only a little more needy, more than the masters, for they denomi. and, perbaps, a little less importunate than nated ihemselves Messieurs le Jurez, of certain suitors for court favours. The thei: honourable calling. He further singer who accompanies himself on the siys, that to know the whole history of guitar at the table, is tricked out with a their assembly, you must go to Gentily standing ruff and "uffles, and ear-rings, at the sign of St Peter, where, when ol

Vol. i.-86.


leisure, they all play together at bowls. opulence as to vie with princes, and enHe adds, that it is not necessary to de- able him to build several rich monasteries; scribe them all, because it is not the but his great pomp and immense wealth custom of this highly indispensable fra having drawn upon him the jealousy of ternity to do kindness, and they are the king and the archbishop of Canteralways indignant at strong reproaches. bury, he was exiled. After an absence

Finally, he says, “I pray God to turn of ten years he was allowed to return to them from their wickedness." He subjoins bis see, and died in the monastery of a song which he declares if you read and Oundle in 711, aged seventy-six, and was sing, will show he has told the truth, and interred there. In 940, his remains were that you will be delighted with it. removed to Canterbury, by Odo, archHe alleges, that he drew it up to make you bishop of that see. Amongst all the better acquainted with the scene repre- miracles recorded of Wilfrid by the author sented in the wood-cut, in order that you of his life,* one, if true, was very extramight be amused and laugh. Whether ordinary, and would go far to convert the it had that tendency cannot be detere most obdurate pagan. It is said, that at mined, for unluckily the song, which no this time, God so blessed the holy man's doubt was the best part, has perished endeavours towards the propagation of from the copy of the singular paper now the faith, that, on a solemn day for bap. described.

tizing some thousands of the people of

Sussex, the ceremony was no sooner Lammas Day

ended but the heavens distilled such

plentiful showers of rain, that the country Exeter Lammas Fair.

was relieved by it from the most prodi. The charter for this fair is perpetuated gious famine ever beard of. So great was by a glove of immense size, stuffed and the drought, and provision so scarce, that, carried through the city on a very long in the extremity of hunger, fifty at a time pole, decorated with ribbons, flowers, &c. joined hand in hand and flung themselves and attended with music, parish beadles, into the sea, in order to avoid the death and the mobility. It is afterwards placed of famine by land. But by Wilfrid's on the top of the Guildhall, and then the means their bodies and souls were fair commences ; on the taking down of preserved. the glove, the fair terminates.

The town of Rippon continues to this day to honour the memory of its benefactor by an annual feast. On the

Saturday following Lammas-day, the effigy Rippon Lammas Feast. of St. Wilfrid is brought into the town To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

with great ceremony, preceded by music,

when the people go out to meet it in Sir,- If the following sketch of St. commemoration of the return of their Wilfrid's life, as connected with his feast favourite saint and patron from exile. at Rippon, be thought sufficiently interest. The following day called St. Wilfrid's ing for insertion, you will oblige an old Sunday is dedicated to him. On the contributor.

Monday and Tuesday there are horseThe town of Rippon owes its rise to the races for small sums only; though forpiety of early times, for we find that merly there were plates of twenty, thirty, Eata, abbot of Melross and Lindisfarne, forty, and fifty pounds. in the year 661 founded a monastery The following is a literal copy of part there, for which purpose he had lands of an advertisement from the “ Newcastle given him by Alchfrid, at that time king Courant" August 28, 1725. of Deira, and afterwards of the Northumbrians; but before the building was m o BE RUN FOR. The usual four miles' completed, the Scottish monks retired 1 course on Rippon Common, in the from the monastery, and St. Wilfrid was county of York, according to articles. On

Monday the thirteenth of September a purse wards raised to the see of York. This

of twenty guineas by any horse, mare, or prelate was then in high favour with Oswy

gelding that was no more than five years old and Egfrid, kings of Northumberland,

y the last grass, to be certified by the breeder. and the principal nobility, by whose liberality he rose to such a degree of

• V. Wilfridi inter xx Scriptores,
Gentleman's Magazine.


each horse to pay two guineas entrance, that whereon the “schism bill" was to run three heats, the usual four miles' course have taken place if the death of the queen for a heat, and carry nine stone, besides had not prevented it. If this bill had saddle and bridle. On Tuesday the fourteenth,

passed into a law, dissenters would have THE LADY'S PLATE of fifteen pounds' value by been debarred the liberty of educating any horse, &c. Women to be the riders:

their own children.*

Their each to pay one guinea entrance, three heats, and twice about the common for a heat,"

Dogget's COAT AND BADGE. During the feast of St. Wilfrid, which continues nearly all the week, the inha

Also in honour of this day there is a bitants of Rippon enjoy the privilege of

rowing match on the river Thames, inrambling through the delightful grounds of

stituted by Thomas Dogget an old actor of “ Studley Royal," the seat of Mrs. Lau

celebrity, who was so attached to theBrunsrence, a lady remarkable for her amiable

wick family, that sir Richard Steele called character and bounty to the neighbouring

him “a whig up to the head and ears." poor. On St. Wilfrid's day the gates of

In the year after George I. came to the this fairy region are thrown open, and

throne, Dogget gave a waterman's coat all persons are allowed to wander where

and silver badge to be rowed for by six they please.

watermen on the first day of August, No description can do justice to the

being the anniversary of that king's acexuberant distribution of nature and art

cession to the throne. This he continued which surrounds one on every side on

till his death, when it was found that he entering these beautiful and enchanting

had bequeathed a certain sum of money, grounds; the mind can never cease to

the interest of which was to be approwonder, nor the eye tire in beholding

priated annually, for ever, to the purchase them.

of a like coat and badge, to be rowed for The grounds consist of about three

out three in honour of the day by six young waterhundred acres, and are laid out with a

men whose apprenticeships had expired taste unexcelled in this country. There

the year before. This ceremony is every is every variety of hill and dale, and a

year performed on the first of August, the judicious introduction of ornamental

claimants setting out, at a signal given, at buildings with a number of fine statues;

that time of the tide when the current is among them are Hercules and Antæus,

strongest against them, and rowing from Roman wrestlers, and a remarkably fine

the Old Swan, near London-bridge, to the dying gladiator. The beauties of this

White Swan at Chelsea.t terrestrial paradise would fill a volume,

Broughton, who was a waterman, but the chief attraction is the grand mo

before he was a prize-fighter, won the nastic ruin of Fountain's abbey.

This first coat and badge.

This magnificent remain of olden time is preserved with the utmost care by the express This annual rowing-match is the subject command of its owner, and is certainly of a ballad-opera, by Charles Dibdin, Arst the most perfect in the kingdom. It is performed at the Haymarket, in 1774, seated in a romantic dale surrounded by called “ The Waterman, or the First of majestic oaks and firs. The great civility August." In this piece Tom Tugg, a of the persons appointed to show the candidate for Dogget's coat and badge, place, is not the least agreeable feeling on sings the following, which was long a à visit to Studley Royal

I am, &c.

J. J. A. F.

And did you not hear of a jolly young water


Who at Blackfriars-bridge used for to ply;

And he feather d his oars with such skill and The first of August, as the anniversary



Winning each heart and delighting each of the death of queen Anne, and the accession of George I., seems to have been

eye: 11


He looked so neat, and rowed so steadily, kept with rejoicing by the dissenters. In the

ine The maidens all flocked in his boat so readily,

Th year 1733, they held a great meeting in London, and several other parts of the

• Gentleman's Magazine. kingdom to celebrate the day, it being t Jones's Biographia Dramatica.

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