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Roman REMAINS at PancraS. When I came attentively to consider the A former notice of some antiquities in situation of it, and the circumjacent this vicinity, seems to have occasioned the ground, I easily discerned the traces of subjoined article on similar remains. Its his whole camp. A great many ditches or initials will be recognised as those of a
divisions of the pastures retain footsteps correspondent, whose communications of the plan of the camp, agreeable to their have been acceptable, and read with in- usual form, as in the plate engraved; and
whenever I take a walk thither, I enjoy a
visionary scene of the whole camp of Roman REMAINS AT Pancras.
Cæsar as described in the plate before us; Sir,-In the ninetieth number of your scene just as if beheld, and Cæsar Every-Day Book, (the present volume, present. col. 1197-1204,) a very interesting article His army consisted of forty thousand appeared on the subject of the Roman Four legions with his horse. The remains near Pentonville, and thinking camp is in length five hundred paces—the you may be inclined to acquaint your thirty paces beyond, for the way between readers with " Cæsar's Camp” at St. the tents and vallum, (where a vallum is Pancras, situate near the old church, made,) amounts to five hundred and sixty; which are likely in the course of a short so that the proportion of length to breadth time to be entirely destroyed by the rage
is as three to two. for improvement in that neighbourhood, This space of ground was sufficient for I forward you the following particulars. Cæsar's army according to Roman dis.
The only part at present visible is the cipline, for if he had forty thousand men, prætorium of Cæsar, which may be seen a third part of them were upon guard. in the drawing that accompanies this, The front of the camp is bounded but the ditch is now nearly filled up. Í by a spring with a little current of water visited the spot about a week ago, and running from the west, across the Brill, can therefore vouch for its existence up into the Fleet brook. This Brill was the to that time, but every thing around it be- occasion of the road directly from the gins to bear a very different aspect to what city, originally going alongside the brook it did about two years back, when my at- by Bagnigge; the way to lighgate being tention was particularly called to the spot at first by Copenhagen-house, which is from having read Dr. Stakeley's remarks straight road thither from Gray's-inn-lane. on the subject.
At that time I was able This camp has the brook running quile to trace several other vestiges, which are through the middle of it: it arises from entirely destroyed by the ground having seven springs on the south side of the been since dug up for the purpose of hill between Hampstead and Highgate by making bricks.
Caen wood, where it forms several large The following extracts are taken from ponds, passes by here by the name of the second volume of Dr. Stukeley's Fleet, washes the west side of the city of “ Itinerary.” The plan of the camp is London, and gives name to Fleet-street. taken from the same work. I shall feel This brook was formerly called the river pleasure if you will call attention to it, as of wells, from the many springs above, you have already to the Roman remains which our ancestors called wells; and it at Pentonville.
may be thought to have been more conI am, Sir, yours respectfully,
siderable in former times than at present,
S. G. for now the major part of its water is car.
ried off in pipes to furnish Kentish-town,
now in great rains the valley is covered over DR. STUKELEY's Account Of CÆSAR'S
with water. Go a quarter of a mile higher CAMP. .
towards Kentish-town and you may have
October, 1758. a just notion of its appearance at that Cæsar's camp was situate where Pan- place, only with this difference, that it is cras church is—his prætorium is still very there broader and deeper from the current plain-over against the church, in the of so many years. It must further be confootpath on the west side of the brook; sidered that the channel of this brook the vallum and the ditch visible; its through so many centuries, and by its breadth from east to west forty paces, its being made the public north road from Length from north to south sixty paces. London to Highgate, is very much lowerea
and widened since Cæsar's time. It was ticle may draw attention to the subject, then no sort of embarrassment to the the editor defers remark till he has been camp, but an admirable convenience for favoured with communications from other watering, being contained in narrow hands. banks not deep. The breadth and length are made by long tract of time. The ancient road by Copenhagen wanting repair,
THE ANTIQUARY. induced passengers to make this gravelly The following lines were written by an valley become much larger than in old and particular friend of the erudite Cæsar's time. The old division runs individual who received them :along that road between Finsbury and Holborn division, going in a straight line
To RICHARD Gougi, Esq. from Gray's-inn-lane to Highgate : its an. O tu severi Religio loci ! tiquity is shown in its name—Madan- Hail, genius of this littered study : lane.
Or tell what name you most delight in The recovery of this noble antiquity For sure where all the ink is muddy, will give pleasure to a British antiquary, And no clean margin lest to write in, especially an inhabitant of London,
No common deity resides. whereof it is a singular glory. It renders We see, we feel thy power divine, the walk over the beautiful fields to the In every tattered folio's dust, Brill doubly agreeable, when at half a mile Each mangled manuscript is thine, distance we can tread in the very steps
And thine the antique helmet's rust. of the Roman camp master, and of the
Nor less observed thy power presides greatest of the Roman generals.
Where plundered brasses crowd the floor, We need not wonder that the traces of Hid by Confusion's puzzling door
Or dog's-eared drawings burst their binding this camp so near the metropolis are so
Beyond the reach of mortal finding. nearly worn out; we may rather wonder Than if beneath a costly roof that so inuch is left, when a proper saga Each moulding edged by golden fillet, city in these matters may discern them, The Russian binding, insect proof, and be assured that somewhat more than Blushed at the foppery of three or four sorry houses are commemor Give me, when tired by dust and sun, ated under the name of the Brill, (now If rightly I thy name invoke, called Brill-place-Terrace ;) nor is it un
The bustle of the town to shun, worthy of remark, as an evident confirma And breathe unvext by city smoke. tion of our system, that all the d:ches But, ah! if from these cobwebbed walls, and fences now upon the ground, have a
And from this moth-embroidered cushion,
Too fretful Fortune rudely calls, manifest respect to the principal members
Resolved the cares of life to push onof the original plan of the camp.
Give me at least to pass my ago In this camp Cæsar made the two
At ease in some book-tapestried cell, British kings friends--Casvelham and his Where I may turn the pictured page, nephew Mandubrace.
Nor start at visitants' loud bell. I judge I have performed my promise in giving an account of this greatest curiosity, so illustrious a monument of
October 23. the greatest of the Roman generals, which has withstood the waste of time for more
ST. SURIN. than eighteen centuries, and passed un St. Surin, or St. Severin, which is lis noticed but half a mile off the metropolis. proper name, is a saint held in grea. I shall only add this observation, that veneration at Bordeaux; he is considered when I came to survey this plot of ground as one of the great patrons of the town. to make a map of it by pacing, I found It was his native place, but he deserted every where even and great numbers, and it for a time to go and preach the gospel what I have often formerly observed in at Cologne. When he returned, St. Roman works; whence we may safely Amand, then bishop of Bordeaux, went affirm the Roman camp master laid out out with a solemn procession of the clergy bis works by pacing.*
to meet him, and, as he had been warned
to do in a vision, resigned his bishopric With the hope that the preceding ar to him, which St. Surin continued to enjoy
• Dr. Stukeley's Itinerary.
Dr Forrier's Perennial Calendar.
as long as he lived. St. Amand con founders of the principal churches in tinued at Bordeaux as a private person; Aquitaine."* but surviving St. Surin, he was a his death restored to the station from which he had descended with so much gentleness
On an oval marble in Egham church, and resignation. It is among the tra- Surrey, are the following lines written by ditions of the church of St. Surin at David Garrick, to the memory of the Bordeaux, that the cemetery belonging to Reverend Mr. Thomas Beighton who it was “ consecrated by Jesus Christ him was vicar of that church forty-five years, self, accompanied by seven bishops, who and died on the 23d of Ociober, 1771, were afterwards canonized, and were the aged 73.
NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. suitable envelope of leather. Now waterMean Temperature . . . . 48.00. cress women, or rather girls, with chubby
babies hanging on one arm, and a fiat
basket suspended from the shoulder by a October 24.
strap, stand at their station-post, near the AN OCTOBER SUNDAY MORNINO
corner of the street.t Now IN COCKNEYSHIRE.
mechanics in aprons, with unshorn, un
washed faces, take their birds, dogs, and For the Every-Day Book.
pipes, towards the fields, which, with dif“Vat's the time, Villiam ?”.
ficulty, they find. Now the foot and horse“ Kievarter arter seven."
guards are preparing for parade in the The “ Mirror of the Months" seems to parks—coaches are being loaded by pasreflect every object to the reader's eye; but sengers, dressed for “ a few miles out of not having read more of that work than by town"—the doors of liquor-shops are in extract, in the Every-Day Book, I think motion-prayers at St. Paul's and Westan addendum, par hasard, may not be minster are responded by choristers, without truth and interest.
crowds of the lower orders create discord Rise early,—be abroad, -and after you by the interference of the officious streethave inspired sufficient fog to keep you keeper—and the "Angel" and “Elephant coughing all day, you will see Jewboys and Castle” are surrounded by jaunty and girls with their fathers and mothers company, arriving and departing with veering forth from the purlieus of Hounds- horses reeking before the short and long ditch with sweetmeats, “ ten a penny !” stage coaches.-Now the pious missionary which information is sung, or said, ten drops religious tracts in the local stands thousand times before sunset. Now of hackney coachmen, and paths leading Irishmen, (except there be a fight in Co- to the metropolis.—Now nuts and walnuts penhagen fields,) and women, are hurrying slip-shelled are heaped in a basket with to and from mass, and the poorest crea some dozens of the finest cracked, placed tures sit near the chapels, with all their at the top, as specimens of the whole : own infants, and those of others, to excite bullace, bilberries, sliced cocoa-nuts, appity, and call down the morning smile of ples, pears, damsons, blackberries, and charity:-Now newsboys come along the oranges are glossed and piled for sale so Strand with damp sheets of intelligence folded under their arms in a greasy, dirty
+ This is the only month in the year in which piece of thick (once) brown paper, or i water-cresses are without spawn.
inposingly, that no eye can escape them. seeking home from divine worship witt -Now fruiterers' and druggists' windows, appetites and purple noses beer!' is like six days' mourning, are half shut echoed in every circle,—and post meridian tered.--Now the basket and bell pass assumes new features, as gravities ano your house with muffins and crumpets.* gaieties, in proportion to the weather, inPlacards are hung from newsvenders', at fluence the cosmopolitan thermometer, whose taking appearances, gossips stand
P. to learn the fate of empires, during the lapse of hebdomadal warfare.--Now beg
NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. gars carry the broom, and the great thở
Mean Temperature ... 48 · 47. roughfares are in motion, and geese
and game are sent to the rich, and the poor
October 25. cheapen at the daring butcher's shop, for a scrag of mutton to keep company in the
Crispin. pot with the carrots and turnips.--Now the Israelites' little sheds are clothed with
On this, the festival day of St. Crispin, apparel, near which “a Jew's eye” is enough has been already said* 10 show watching to catch the wants of the neces
that it is the great holyday of the numer
ous brotherhood of cordwainers. The sitous that purchase at second-hand.-Now eels are sold in sand at the bridges, latter name they derive from their workand steam-boats loiter about wharfs and ing in Spanish leather manufactured at stairs to take up stray people for Rich- Cordovan; their cordovan-ing has softened
down into cordwaining mond and the Eel-pie house. destrian advocate now unbags his sticks and spreads them in array against a quiet,
SHOES AND BUCKLES. but public wall.—Chesnuts are just com
The business of a shoemaker is of great ing in, and biscuits and cordials are handed amongst the coldstreams relieving artiquity. The instrument for cleaning guard at Old Palace Yard, where the hides, the shoemaker's bristles added to bands play favourite pieces enclosed by
the yarn, and his knife, were as early as ranks and files of military men, and the twelfth century. He was accustomed crowds of all classes and orders.-Now that there was a separate trade for an
to hawk his goods, and it is conjectured the bells are chiming for church, -dissenters and methodists are hastening to nexing the soles.f The Romans in classiworship-baker's counters are being co
cal times, wore cork soles in their shoes vered with laden dishes and platters, in winter; and as high heels were no
to secure the feet from water, especially quakers are silently seated in their meetings,—and a few sailors
are surveying the then introduced, the Roman ladies who stupendous dome of St. Paul's, under been formed by nature, put plenty of cork
wished to appear taller than they had which the cathedral service is on the inside of closed iron gates. —Now under
them. The streets of Rome in the
time of Domitian were blocked up by the beadle searches public-houses with the blinds let down. Now winter pat to be removed. In the middle
cobblers’ stalls, which he therefore caused
shoes terns, great coats, tippets, muffs, cloaks and pelisses are worn, and many a thinly- and oil, soap, and grease, were the substi
were cleaned by washing with a sponge; clad carmelite shivers along the streets. With many variations, the “Sunday Morn- in shoes in the fourteenth century. In an
tutes for blacking. Buckles were worn ing" passes away; and then artizans are returning from their rustication, and ser
Irish abbey a human skeleton was found
with marks of buckles on the shoes. In vants are waiting with cloths on their arms for the treasures of the oven-people are
England they became fashionable many years before the reign of queen Mary ;
the labouring people wore them of cop• In Bath, before Sally Lunns were so fashionable, per; other persons had them of silver, or (their origir shall shortly acquaint you with) copper-giltnot long after shoe-ruses muffins were cried with a song, beginning“Don't you know the muttin man
came in. Buckles revived before the Don't you know his name? And don't you know the muffin-man
revolution of 1689, remained fashionable That lives in Bridewell-lane/ &c." I reply, yes, I did know him, and a facetious little • See vol. i. col. 1395. short fellow he was, with a face as pocked as his + Foshroke's Ency. of Antiquitien crumpets; but his civility gained him friends and Beckmann. competence -- virtue's just toward.
till after the French revolution in 1789; from 10 in the Morning till 7 at Night;
tainty of the Success, they may come and
their Money if they will.
NELSON Dixon's “ Historical'aud Descriptive View The notice of the battle wherein this il. of the city of Durham and its Environs,” illustrious admiral received his deathwe are told of St. Goodrick, that“ in his wound, (on the 21st,) might have been younger age he was a pedlar, and carried properly accompanied by the following his moveable shop from fair to fair upon quotation from a work which should be his back," and used to visit Lindisfarne, put into the chest of every boy on his going “ much delighting to heare the monkes
to sea. It is so delightfully written, as to tell wonders of St. Cuthbert; which soe
rivet the attention of every reader whether enflamed his devotion, that he undertooke mariner or landsman. a pilgrimage to the holy sepulchre; and “ The death of Nelson was felt in Engby the advice of St. Cuthbert in a dreame, land as something more than a public repayred againe to the holy land, and calamity: men started at the intelligence, washing his feete in Jordan, there left his and turned pale, as if they had heard of shoes, with a vow to goe barefoot all his the loss of a dear friend. An object 01 life after."
our admiration and affection, of our
pride and of our hopes, was suddenly NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. Mean Temperature
taken from us; and it seemed as if we
had never, till then, known how deeply
country had lost in its great naval hero-
the greatest of our own, and of all former ROYAL DEBTS.
times—was scarcely taken into the ac
count of grief. So perfectly, indeed, had On this subject a curious notice is ex
he performed his part, that the maritime tracted from “ the Postman, October 26
war, after the battle of Trafalgar, was 28, 1708"-viz.
considered at an end : the fleeis of the Adertisement.
enemy were not merely defeated, but "He Creditors of King Charles, K. destroyed : new navies must be built, and
Jaines, and K. William, having found race of seamen reared for them, out and discovered sufficient Funds for before the possibility of their invading our securing a perpetual Interest for 4 Mil- shores could again be contemplated. It lions, without burdening the people, clog- was not, therefore, from any selfish reflecging the Trade or impairing the Revenue; tion upon the magnitude of our loss that and all their debts not amounting to ntar we mourned for him : the general sorrow that Sum; the more to strengthen their was of a higher character.
The people interest, and to find the greater favour of England grieved that funeral ceremo with the Parliament, have agreed that the nies, public monuments, and posthumous Army and Transports Debentures and rewards, were all which they could now other Parliament Debts may if they please, bestow upon him, whom the king, the joyn with them, and it is not expected legislature, and the nation, would alike that any great Debts shall pay any Charge have delighted to hononr; whom every for carrying on this Act, until it be hap- tongue would have blessed; whose pres. pily accomplished, and no more will be ence in every village through which he expected afterwards than what shall be might have passed would have awakened readily agreed to before hand, neither the church bells, have given schoolboys shall any be hindered from taking any a holiday, have drawn children from their other measures, if there should be but a sports to gaze upon him, and old men suspicion of miscarriage, which is impos- from the chimney corner sible if they Unile their Interest. They Nelson, ere they died. The victory of continue to meet by the Parliament Stairs Trafalgar was celebrated, indeed, with the in Old Palace-yard, there is a Note on the usual forms of rejoicing, but they were Door, where daily attendance is given without joy; for such already was the
to look upon