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tion we are indebted to an agreeable on the oath of the notorious Johnson, and writer in the London Magazine ;"* his fined ten shillings each." Next to the corporal Ineaments “ borrowed” barber's is “the Star eating-house," wita (with permission) from a new caricature f “ Ladies School" on the first-floor caseif it may be given so low a name, wherein ment, and " Mangleing took in." At the this figure stands out, the very gem and angle of the penthouse roofs of these jewel, in a grouping of characters of all dwellings “ an angel's head in stone with sorts and denominations assembled with pigeon's wings” deceives a hungry cat “ intinite fancy” and “fun," to illustrate into an attempt to commit an assault the designer's views of the age. It is upon it from the attic window. Opposite a graphic satire of character rather than the cook's door an able-bodied waggoner, caricatura; mostly of class-characters, with a pennen from his whip, inscribed not persons ; wherein the ridicule bears “Knowledge is Power,” obscures part of heavily, but is broad and comprehensive another whereon all that remains is enough to shift from one neighbour to “NICK’S INSTITUTION.”. A “steeled butanother.
cher," his left hand resting at ease within his apron, cleaver hung, and carelessly
capped, with a countenance indicating no The print, wherein our beadle is fore- other spirit than that of the still, and no most, though not first, is one of the plea- disposition to study deeper than the botsantest “ Jrolls" of the century, and seems
tom of a porter pot, carries the flag of the to hit at all that is. In this whimsical
“ London University :" a well-fed uichin, representation, a painted show-board, his son, hangs by his father's sleeve, and at the window of a miserable garret, de- drags along a wheeled toy, a lamb-emclates it to be “The Office of the Peru- blem of many a future “amb his riot vian Mining Company.” On the case dooms to bleed.” A knowing little Jewe ment of the first hoor, in the same here. boy, with the flag of the “ Converted ditament of poverty, is a bill of “ Eligant Jews," relieves the standard-bearer of the rooms to let." Wigs in the shop-win- “School for Adults” from the weight of dow illustrate the punning announcement his pocket handkerchief, and his banner above it—“Nature improved by Rickets,” hides the letter “d” on another borne by which is the name of the proprietor, a
a person of uneven temper in canonicals, capital barber, who stands at the door, and hence for “The Church in danger.” and points to a ragged inscription de
we read “ The Church in anger.” Close pending from the parti-coloured pole of at the heels of the latter is an object alhis art, from whence we learn that “ No
most as miserable, as the exceedingly mia body is to be s( )aved during di() ine serable figure in the frontispiece to the service, by command of the magistracy.” « Miseries of Human Life." This rearHe enforces attention to this fact on an
ward supporter of “the church in dania unshaved itinerant, with “Subscription for ger," alias in “anger,” is a poor, underputting down Bartlemy fair" placarded on sized, famine-worn, badged charity boy, his back. This fellow has a pole in his
with a hat abundantly too large for its right hand for “ The preservation of public hydrocephalic contents, and a coat to his morals,” and a puppet of punch Tolling heels, and in another person's shoes, a from his left coat pocket. An apple-stall world too wide for his own feet—he carries is taken care of by a fat body with a
a crooked little wand with “No Poscreaming child, whose goods appear to be coveted by two little beings untutored pery” on it; this standard is so low, that
it would be lost if the standard-bearer in the management of the eye. We gather from the “New Times," on the passionate person in a barrister's wig,
were not away from the procession. A ground, that the fruit woman is Sarah
with a shillelagh, displays “ Catholic Crumpage, and that she and Rickets, the
Claims.” Opposite to a church partly former for selling fruit, and the latter for
built, is a figure clearly designating shaving on the Sunday, were convicted
a distinguished preacher of the established church of Scotland in London, planting
the tallest standard in the scene upright • For December, 1822. + The Progress of Cant; designed and etched
on the ground, from whence is unfurled by one of the authors of “Odes and Addresses to “No Theatre”--the flag-bearer of “ The reat People ;” and published by T. Maclean, Caledonian Chapel,' stands behind, in the Haymarket, L. Relfe, Coruhill, and Dickenson, New Bond-street
acı o", tossing up a halfpeany with the
standard bearer of “ No more State Lot- the difference by the powerful use of his teries." A black mask bears the “ Liberty pole; the affray being complacently of the Press." A well-ferd man with viewed by a half-shod, and half-kilted bands beneath his chin, rears a high pole, maintainer of “ Scotch Charity.” A inscribed “ No fat Livings,” and “The demure looking girl is charged with cause of Greece" follows. A jovial un- “ Newgatory Instruction.” At her elbow, dertaker in his best grave-clothes, raises a a female of the order of disorder, so mute's staff, and “ No Life in London :" depicted that Hogarth might claim her for this character looks as if he would bury his own, upholds “ Fry for ever," and is his wife comfortably in a country church- in high converse with a sable friend who yard, get into the return-hearse with his keeps “ Freedom for the Blacks” Hopecompanions, and crack nuts and drink less idiocy, crawling on its knees by the wide all the way to town. A little per- aid of crutches, presents the “ March of sonage, booted and buttoned up, carries a Mind.” An excellent slippered fruiterer staff in his pocket, surmounted by a crown, with a tray of apples and pears, beguiles and a switch to his chin, the tip whereof the eyes of a young Gobbleton, who disalone is visible, his entire face and head plays “ Missionary penny subscriptions," being wholly concealed by the hat; this and is suffering his hand to abstract „s“ The great Unknown"-he has close wherewithal for the satisfaction of his behind him “Gall and Spurs-him " “ No longings. Here too are ludicrous repreTreadmill" is exhibited by a merry rogue, sentations of the supporters of “Whitehalf disarmed, with a wooden leg. At a field and Wesley,” “Reform," &c. and a public house, “ The Angel and Funch Jewish dealer in old clothes, covered in duBowl,—T. Moore," the United Sons of plicate, with the pawnbroker's sign upside Harmony” hold wassail; their flag is hung down,finds wind for “The Equitable Loan." at one of the windows, from whence many A wall round Seneca-house is a contrived a panes are absent, and themselves are double debt to pay"-proffering seemfighting at the door, and heartily cheered ing security to the “ sightless eyeballs” of by the standard bearer of “ No Pugilism." over-fond and over-fearful parents, and A ferocious looking fellow, riding on a being of real use to the artist for the exblind horse, elevates “ Martin for Ever," pression of ideas, which the crowding of and makes cruel cuts with his whip on the his scene does not leave room to picture. back of a youth who is trying to get up This wall is duly chalked and covered by behind him with the banner of “ No bills in antitheace. A line of the chalkings climbing Boys.” We are now at a corner by an elision easi.y supplied, reads, “Ask messuage, denominated “ Prospect House for War.” One of the best exhibitions in the Establishment for Young Ladies, by the print is a youth of the “Tract Society," with Misses Grace and Prudence Gregory." a pamphlet entitled “Eternity," so rolled The corner opposite is “ Seneca House as to look like a pistol,which he tenders to a Academy for Young Gentlemen, by Dr. besotted brute wearing candidates' favours Alex. Sanderson.” Prospect House has in his hat, and a scroll “Purity of Elecan “ Assurance” policy, and from one tion.” The villainous countenance of the of its windows one of the “ young ladies" intoxicated wretch is admirable—a cudgel drops a work by “ H. More”-in eager under his arm, his tattered condition, and regard of one of the “young gentlemen" of a purse hanging from his pocket, tell that Seneca-house, who addresses her from his he has been in fight, and received the room, with a reward of merit round his wages of his warfare; in the last stage of neck. This Romeoing is rendered more drunkenness he drops upon a post inscribscenical by a tree, whereon hangs a lost ed “under Government." Among books kite, papered with a “ Prospectus" of strewed on the ground are “Fletcher's ApSeneca-house, from whence it appears peal,” “Family Shakspeare," “ Hohenthat pupils bringing a “knife and fork," lobe," &c.; at the top is a large volume and paying " Twenty Guineas per ann.," lettered“ Kant,” whích, in such a situaare entitled to “ Universal Erudition,” tion, Mr. Wirgman, and other disciples and the utmost attention to their “Morals of the German philosopher,will only quara and Principles." Near this place, the rel or smile at, in common with all who representative of “ United Schools” fells conceive their opinions or intentions misdo the earth the flag-bearer of “ Peace to represented. In truth it is only because the World;" while the able supporter of the print is already well known among “ Irish Conciliation," endeavours to settle the few lynx-eyed observers of manners
that this notice is drawn up. Its satire, If that the thunder chaunce to rore however well directed in many ways, is
and stormie tempest shake, too sweeping to be just every way, and
A woonder is it for to see is in several instances wholly undeserved.
the wretches howe they quake,
Howe that no fayth at all they have, The designer gives evidence however of
nor trust in any thing, great capability, and shouid he execute
The clarke doth all the belles forthwi:h another it will inevitably be better than
at once in steeple ring : this, which is, after all, an extraordi
With wondrous sound and deeper farre rary production.-In witness whereof,
than he was woont before, and therefrom, is extracted and prefixed Till in the loftie heavens darke, the “ Beadle" hereinbefore mentioned.
the thunder bray no more. For in these christned belles they thinke,
doth lie such powre and might NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.
As able is the tempest great, Mean Temperature ... 36. 37.
and storme to vanquish quight. I saw myself at Numburg once,
a towne in Toring coast,
A bell that with this title bolde
hirself did prowdly boast:
By name I Mary called am, 1826. Seragesima Sunday.
with sound I put to light
The thunder crackes, and hurtfull stormes, Accession of George IV.
and every wicked spright.
Such things when as these belles can do, 1820. King George III. died. A con
no wonder certainlie temporary kalendarian, in recording this It is, if that the papistes to memorable fact, observes, that “the slow
their tolling always flie, and solemn sound of St. Paul's bell an When haile, or any raging storme, nounced the event a short time after, and
or tempest comes in sight, was heard to a great distance around the Or thunder boltes, or lightning fierce, country." He adds, that he was remind
that every place doth smight, ed, by this “ mournful proclamation of
Naog eorgus departed royalty," of the following lines in Heywood's" " Rape of Lucrece,” We find from Brand, that “ an old written to go to a funeral peal from eight bell at Canterbury required twenty-four hells :
men, and another thirty-two men, ad sc.
nandum. The noblest peal of ten bells, Come list and hark, the bell doth •oll
without exception, in England, whether For some but now departing soul,
tone or tune be considered, is said to be Whom even now those ominous fowle, The bat, the nightjar, or screech owl,
in St. Margaret's church, Leicester. Lament; hark! I hear the wilde wolfe
When a full peal was rung, the ringers howle
were said pulsare classicum.'" In this black night ihat seems to scowle,
Bells were a great object of supersti. All these my black book shall enscrole. tion among our ancestors. Each of them For hark! still still the bell doth toll was represented to have its peculiar name For some but now departing soul.
and virtues, and many are said to have
retained great affection for the churches This opportunity the same agreeable to which they belonged, and where they writer improves to discourse on, thus:
were consecrated. When a bell was reBells.
moved from its original and favourite si:
tuation, it was sometimes supposed to The passing bell owes its origin to an take a nightly trip to its old place of re idea of sanctity attached to bells by the sidence, unless exercised in the evening early Catholics, who believed that the and secured with a chain or rope. Mr sound of these holy instruments of per- Wainer, in his “Hampshire," enume cussion actually drove the devil away rates the virtues of a bell, by translating from the soul of the departing Christian. two lines from the “ Helpe to Discourse." Bells were moreover regarded formerly as dispelling storms, and appeasing the ima Men's deaths I tell by doleful knell. gined wrath of heavell, as the following Lightning and thunder I break asunder. liens from Barnaby Googe will show :- On sabbath all to church I onll.
The sleepy head I raise from bed.
priests themselves used io toll the bell, The winds so fierce I doe disperse.
especially in cathedrals and great Men's cruel rage I do asswage.
churches, and these were distinguished by There is an old Wiltshire legend of
the appellation of campanarii. The a tenor bell having been conjured into
Roman Catholics christen their bells, and the river: with lines by the ringer, who godfathers assist at the solemnity ; thus lost it through his pertinacious garruliiy,
consecrating them to religious use. Ac.
cording to Helgaudus, bells had certain and which say :
names given them like men ; and IngulIn spite of all the devils in hell
phus says, “ he ordered two great clocks Here comes our old Bell.*
(bells) to be made, which were called
Bartholomers and Bettelinus, and two Baron Holberg says he was in a con
lesser, Pega and Bega.” The time is pany of men of letters, where several con perhaps uncertain when the hours first iectures were offered concerning the origin began to be distinguished by the striking of the word campana ; a klocke, (i. e. bell)
of a bell. In the empire this custom is in the northern tongues. On his return
said to have been introduced by a priest home, he consulted several writers. Some,
of Ripen, named Elias, who lived in the he says, think the word klocke to be of
twelfth century; and this the Chronicon the northern etymology; these words, Ut
Anonymi Ripense says of him, hic dies et cloca habeatur in ecclesia, occurring in the
horas campanarum pulsatione distinxi. most ancient histories of the north. It ap
The use of them soon became extended pears from hence, that in the infancy of
from their original design to other solemChristianity, the word cloca was used in nities, and especially burials : which inthe north instead of campana. Certain
cessant tolling has long been complained french writers derive the word cloca from
of as a public nuisance, and to this the cloche, and this again from clocher. i. e. french poet alludes : to limp; for, say they, as a person who Pour honorer les morts, ils font mourir les limps, falls from one side to the other, so
vivans. do klocks (hells) when rung. Some have B esides the common way of tolling recourse to the latin word clangor, others bells, there is also ringing, which is a kind recur to the greek kalew, I call; some of chimes used on various occasions in even deduce it from the word cochlea, a token of joy. This ringing prevails in no snail, from the resemblance of its shell to
country so much as in England, where is a bell. As to the latin word campana, it is a kind of diversion, and, for a piece o was first used in Italy, at Nola in Cam
money, any one may have a peal. Ol. pania; and it appears that the greater
this account it is, that England is called bells only were called cumpana, and the the ringing island. Chimes are some. lesser mola. The invention of them is thing very different, and much more mugenerally attributed to bishop Paulinus ; sical: there is not a town in all the Netherbut this certainly must be understood lands without them, being an invention of only of the religious use of them; it being that country. The chimes at Copenhage plain, from Roman writers, that they had are one of the finest sets in all Europe : ihe like machines called tintinnabula.
but the inhabitants, from a pertinacious The use of bells continued long un- fondness for old things, or the badness of known in the east, the people being called their ear, do not like them so well as the to public worship by strokes of wooden old ones, which were destroyed by a conhammers; and to this day the Turks pro- Aagration. claim the beginning of their service, by vociferations from the steeple. Anciently The Rev. W. L. Bowles bas an effusion
agreeably illustrative of feelings on hear. • Dr. Forster's Perennial Calendar. ing the bells ring.
As when at opening morn, the fragrant breeze
Breathes on the trembling sense of wan disease
And hark! with lessening cadence uow they fall,
And now, along the white and level tide,
They tling their melancholy music wide;
When by my native streams, in life's fair prime,
The mournlul magic of their mingling chime
CONSECRATION OF BELLS.
“ The Times°'* has a literary corres a parish bell,” it has occurred to me that pondent, who communicates information the following description of the practice that it may be useful to record.
of baptizing bells, used by the Roman Catholics, may not be unacceptable to
your readers. This account is a true To the Editor of the Times. translatiou from a book entitled “ Ponti. MR. Editor-Having read in your ficule Romanum, Autoritate Pontifcia, paper of to-day, that the king of France impressim Venetiis, 1698. Lib. ii. Cap. á has been pleased to grant to the parish de Benedictione Signi vel Campanæ." I of Notie-Dame, at Nismes, two unser- have run parallel with their method on viceable pieces of cannon from the arsenal baptizing children and bells, in twelve of Montpellier, for the purpose of forming particulars, as follows:
of the Baptism of a Child.
of the Baptism of a Bell.
I. The child must be first bapuzed, before The bell must be first baptized, before it can be accounted one of the church. it
may be hung in the steeple.
II. The child must be baptized by a priest The bell must be baptized by a bishop or a minister.
or his deputy.
III. In bapuzing a child there is used holy In the baptism of a bell, there is used water, cream, salt, oil, spittle, &c &c. holy water, oil, salt, cream, tapers for
IN In baptism, the child receivetli a name. And so it is in the baprisni of bells.
V. The child must have godfathers, &c., The bell must have god fathers, and they
must be persons of great rank.
VI. The child must be washed in water. The bell must be washed in water by
the hands of the bishop and priests.
VII. The child must be crossed in haptism. The bell is solemnly crossed by the
VIII. The child must be anointed.
The bell is anointed by the bishop.
IX. The child must be bapt zed in the name
The bell is washed and anointed, ir. of the Holy Trinity.
the name of the Trinity, by the bishop.
X. At baptism incy pray for the child. At the baptism of the bell they pray
literally for ihe bell.
• Sept. 17. Join