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XI. At the child's baptism the scriptures There are more psalms read at the bape are read

tism of a bell than at the baptism of a

child; and a gospel also.

XII. At child-baptism there are public At the baptism of a bell there are more prayers made.

prayers used, and (excepting salvation)

greater things are prayed for, and more blessings on the bell, than on the child. But for the better proof of this point, I shall here give part of one of the very curious prayers put up for the bell at its bap:ism :

- Lord grant that wheresoever this holy beil, thus washed (or baptized) and blessed, shall sound, all deceits of Satan, all danger of whirlwind, thunders, lightnings, and tempests, may be driven away, and that devotion may increase in Christian men when they hear it. O Lord, sanctify it by thy Holy Spirit ; that when it sounds in thy people's ears they may adore Thee! May their faith and devotion increase, the devil be afraid, and tremble and fly at the sound of it. O Lord, pour upon it thy heavenly blessing ! that the fiery darts of the devil may be made to fly backwards at the sound thereof; that it may deliver from danger of wind and thunder, &c., &c. And grant, Lord, that all that come to the church at the sound of it, may be free from all temptations of the devil. O Lord, infuse into it the heavenly dew of thy Holy Ghost, that the devil may always fly away before the sound of it, &c., &c.

The doctrine of the church of Rome Partridge staked 1001., and won them of concerning bells is, first, that they have Henry VIII. at a cast of dice. merit, and pray God for the living and I conclude with remarking, that the the dead; secondly, that they produce Abbé Cancellieri, of Rome, lately pubdevotion in the hearts of believers; thirdly, lished a work relative to bells, wherein he that they drive away storms and tempests; has inserted a long letter, written by and, fourthly, that they drive away devils. Father Ponyard to M. de Saint Vincens,

The dislike of evil spirits to the sound on the history of bells and steeples. The of bells, is extremely well expressed by Abbé wrote this dissertation on the occaWynkin de Worde, in the Golden Legend : sion of two bells having been christened,

-" It is said, the evil spirytes that ben in which were to be placed within the tower the region of th' ayre, doubte moche when of the capitol. they here the belles rongen : and this is

I am, sir, the cause why the belles ringen whan it

Your obedient servant, . thondreth, and whan grete tempeste and Sept. 11.

R. II. E. to rages of wether happen, to the ende that the feinds and wycked spirytes should R. H. E. “ wise and good" as he was. ten abashed and fiee, and cease of the and he was both-he is now no moremovynge of tempeste."

would not willingly have misrepresented As to the names given to bells, I beg the doctrines of the Romish church, leave to add, that the bells of Little though he abhorred that hierarchy. It Dunmow Priory, in Essex, new cast A. D. seems, however, that he may be mistaken 1501, were baptized by the following in affirming, that the Romish church names :

maintains of bells that “they have merit, Prima in honore Sancti Michaelis and pray God for the living and the Archangeli.

dead." His affirmation on this point may Secunda in honore S. Johannis Evan- be taken in too extensive a sense: It is gelisti

no doubt a Romish tenet that there is Tertia in honore S. Johannis Baptisti. “ much virtue in bells," but the precise

Quarta in honore Assumptionis beatæ degree allowed to them at this period, it Mariæ.

would be difficult to determine without Quinta in honore Sancti Trinitatis, et the aid of a council. oninium Sanctorum.

In the clochier near St. Paul's stood the our greatest bells in England, called At Hatherleigh, a small town in Devon, Jesus's bella ; against these sir Miles exist two remarkable customs :-one, that

every morning and evening, soon after Saturday the 27th, he spent the next day the church clock has struck five and nine, in devout exercises. He refused to see a bell from the same steeple announces his friends, and ordered them to be told, by distant strokes the number of the day that his time was precious, and the best of the month-originally intended, per- thing they could do was to pray for him. naps, for the information of the unlearned On Monday the 29th, his children were rillagers : the other is, that after a funeral brought to take their leave of him, viz. the church bells ring a lively peal, as in the lady Elizabeth and the duke of Glouother places after a wedding; and to this cester. He first gave his blessing to the custom the parishioners are perfectly re- lady Elizabeth, bidding her that when conciled by the consideration that the she should see her brother James, she deceased is removed from a scene of should tell him that it was his father's trouble to a state of rest and peace.

last desire that he should no more look upon his brother Charles as his eldest

brother only, but be obedient to him as When Mr. Colman read his Opera of his sovereign; and that they should love Inkle and Yarico" to the late Dr. one another, and forgive their father's Mosely, the Doctor made no reply during enemies. The king added, “Sweetheart. the progress of the piece. At the con- you will forget this.” “No," said she, clusion, Colman asked what he thought “ I shall never forget it as long as I live." of it. « It won't do," said the Doctor, He bid her not grieve and torment herself “ Stuff-nonsense." Everybody else for him ; for it would be a glorious death having been delighted with it, this de he should die, it being for the laws and cided disapprobation puzzled the circle ; liberties of this land, and for maintaining he was asked why? “I'll tell you why,” the true Protestant religion. He recomanswered the Critic; "you say in the mended to her the reading of “ Bishop finale

Andrews's Sermons," “ Hooker's Ecclesi• Now let us dance and sing,

astical Polity,” and “ Archbishop Laud's While all Barbadoe's bells do ring.' Book against Fisher.He further told It won't do there is but one bell in all her, that he had forgiven all his enemies, the island I"

and hoped God would likewise forgive

them. He bade her tell her mother, that With a citation from the poet of Erin,

his thoughts had never strayed from the present notice will “ring out" de

her, and that his love should be the same lightfully.

to the last. After this he took the duke Evening Bells.

of Gloucester, being then a child of about

seven years of age, upon his knees, saying Those erening bells, those evening bells,

to him, “Sweetheart, now they will cut How many a tale their music tells,

off thy father's head :" upon which the Of youth and home, and that sweet time Since last I heard their soothing chime.

child looked with great earnestness upon

him. The king proceeding, said, “ Mark, Those joyous hours are passed away, child, what I say, they will cut off my And many a friend that then was gay,

head, and perhaps make thee a king : but Within thie tomb now darkly dwells, And hears no more those evening bells.

mark what I say, you must not be a king

so long as your brothers Charles andJames And so 'twill be when I am gone,

do live; for they will cut off your brothers' That tuneful peal will still ring on,

heads when they can catch them, and cut While other bards shall walk these dells, off thy head too at last : and therefore I And sing thy praise, sweet evening bells ! charge you do not be made a king by

them.” At which the child fetched a NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

deep sigh, and said, “I will be torn in

pieces first.” Which expression falling Mean Temperature. . . 36 • 64. from a child so young, occasioned no

little joy to the king. This day the warJanuary 30.

rant for execution was passed, signed by

fifty-nine of the judges, for the king to King Charles's Martyrdom, 1644.-Holi. die the next day, between the hours of

day at the Public Offices, 1826. ten in the morning and five in the afterIt is recorded that, afier King Charles noon. the First received sentence of death, on On the 30th, “The king having arrived at the place of execution, made a long to be heard but shrieks, and groans, and address to colonel Tomlinson; and after sobs, the unmerciful soldiers beating wards turning to the officers, he said, down poor people for this little tender of • Sirs, excuse me for this same: I have a their affection to their prince. Thus died good cause and a gracious God: I will the worthiest gentleman, the best master, say no more. Then turning to colonel the best friend, the best husband, the Hacker, he said, "Take care that you do best father, and the best Christian, that not put me to pain ;' and said, “This the age in which he lived produced." and please you- A gentleman coming near the axe, he said, "Take heed of the axe-pray take heed of the axe. Then

Sir Philip Warwick, an adherent to speaking to the executioner (who was

this unfortunate king, says, “His demasked) he said, I shall say but very

portment was very majestic; for he short prayers, and when I thrust out my hands- Then he asked the bishop

my would not let fall his dignity, no not to

hop the greatest foreigners that came to visit for his cap, which, when he had put on,

him and his court : for though he was far he said to the executioner, Does my

y from pride, yet he was careful of majesty, hair trouble you?' who desiring it might

and would be approached with respect be all put under his cap, it was put up

and reverence. His conversation was by the bishop and executioner. Turning

free ; and the subject matter of it, on his to the bishop, he said, I have a good

own side of the court, was most commonly cause, and a gracious God on my side.' To which the bishop answered,

rational; or if facetious, not light. With There

any artist or good mechanic, traveller, or is but one stage more, which, though

scholar, he would discourse freely; and turbulent and troublesome, yet it is a

as he was commonly improved by them, very short one; it will soon carry you a

so he often gave light to them in their very great way. It will carry you from earth to heaven; and there you will find,

own art or knowledge: for there were

few gentlemen in the world that knew to your great joy, the prize you hasten

"more of useful or necessary learning than to,-a crown of glory.' 'The king added,

this prince did; and yet his proportion 'I go from a corruptible to an incorrupti.

of books was but small, having, like ble crown, where do disturbance is, no

no Francis the First of France, learnt more disturbance in the world. The bishop

op by the ear than by study. His way of replied, You are exchanged from a

arguing was very civil and patient; for lemporal to an eternal crown, a good ex. change. Then the king asked the exe

he never contradicted another by his au.

thority, but by his reason; nor did he by cutioner if his hair was well. After which, putting off his cloak, doublet, and petulant dislike quash another's argu

ments; and he offered bis exception by his George, he gave the latter to the

this civil introduction, By your favour, bishop, saying, “Remember.' After

Sir, I think otherwise, on this or that this he put on his cloak again over his

ground;' yet he would discountenance waistcoai, inquiring of the executioner if &

any bold or forward address unto him. the block was fast, who answered it was. He then said, “I wish it might have been

And in suits, or discourses of business, he a little higher.'

would give way to none abruptly to But it was answered

euter into them, but looked that the him, it could not be otherwise now. The

ve greatest persons should in affairs of this king said, When I put out my hands this way, then-,' He prayed a few

nature address to him by his proper mi

nisters, or by some solemn desire of speakwords standing, with his hands and eyes

ing to him in their own persons." His downi, laid his neck on the block. Soon

exercises were manly, for he rid the great

horse very well; and on the little saddle after which the executioner putting some

he was not only adroit, but a laborious of his hair under his cap, the king thought

hunter, or field-man. He had a great he had been going to strike, bade him

plainness in his own nature, and yet he was stay for the sign. After a little time the

thought, even by his friends, to love too king stretched forth his hand, and the

much a versatile man; but his experience executioner (ook off his head at one stroke. When his head was held up,

had thoroughly weaned him from this at and the people at a distance knew the fatal stroke was over, there was nothing

# Clarendon),

lift up towards heaven. and then stooping

fast. He kept up the dignity of his court, ing them, that if he heard they kept good
limiting persons to places suitable to their company abroad, he should reasonably
qualities, unless he particularly called for expect they would return qualified to
them. Besides the women who attended serve their king and country well at
on his beloved queen and consort, the home; and he was careful to keep the
lady llenrietta Maria, sister of the French youth in his time uncorrupted. The
king, he scarcely admitted any great offi. king's deportment at his trial, which be-
cer to have his wife in the family. His gan on Saturday the 20th of January,
exercises of religion were most exem- 1648, was very majestic and steady ; and
plary; for every morning early, and though usually his tongue hesitated, yet
evening, not very late, singly and alone, at this time it was free, for he was never
in his own bed-chamber, or closet, he discomposed in mind; and yet, as he
spent some time in private meditation, confessed himself to bishop Juxon, who
(for ne dared reflect and be alone,) and attended him, one action shocked him
through the whole week, even when he very much ; for whilst he was leaning in
went to hunt, he never failed, before he the court upon his staff, which had a head
sat down to dinner, to have part of the of gold, the head broke off on a sudden :
liturgy read to him and his menial ser- he took it up, but seemed unconcerned ;
vants, came he ever so hungry or late in: yet told the bishop, it really made a great
and on Sundays and Tuesdays he came, impression on him; and to this hour
commonly at the beginning of service, well (says he) I know not possibly how it
attended by his court lords and chief at- should come. It was an accident I my-
tendants, and most usually waited on by self bave often thought on, and cannot
many of the nobility in town, who found imagine how it came about ; unless Hugh
those observances acceptably entertained Peters, who was truly and really his
by him. His greatest enemies can deny gaoler, (for at St. James's nobody went
none of this ; and a man of this modera- to him but by Peters's leave,) had artifi-
tion of mind could have no hungry appe- cially tampered upon his staff. But such
tite to prey upon his subjects, though he conjectures are of no use."
had a greatness of mind not to live preca-
riously by them. But when he fell into In the Lansdowne collection of MSS.
the sharpness of his afflictions, (than a singular circumstance before the battle
which few men underwent sharper,) I of Newbury is thus related :-
dare say I know it, (I am sure conscien- “The king being at Oxford went one
tiously I say it,) though God dealt with day to see the public library, where he
him, as he did with St. Paul, not remove was shown, among other books, a Virgil,
the thorn, yet he made his grace sufficient nobly printed and exquisitely bound.
to take away the pungency of it; for he The lord Falkland, to divert the king,
made as sanctified an use of his affic- would have his majesty make a trial of
tions as most men ever did As an evin his fortune by the sortes Virgiliana,which
dence of his natural probity,whenever any every body knows was not an unusual kind
young nobleman or gentleman of quality of augury some ages past. Whereupon
who was going to travel, came to kiss his the king opening the book, the period
band, he cheerfully would give them which happened to come up was part of
some goud counsel leading to moral vir- Dido's imprecation against Eneas,
tue, especially a good conversation; tell- which Mr. Dryden translates thus :-

Yet let a race untamed, and haughty foes,
His peaceful entrance with dire arms oppose ;
Oppressed with numbers in th' unequal field,
His men discouraged and himself expelled,
Let him for succour sue from place to place,
Torn from his subjects and his sons' embrace,
First let him see his friends in battle slain,
And their untimely fate lament in vain;
And when at length the cruel war shall cease,
On hard conditions may be buy his peace.
Nor let him then enjoy supreme command,
But fall untimely by some hostile hand,
And lie uzburied on the barren sand.

Encid, b. iv. I. $8.

" It is said, king Charles seemed con- upon him. But the place that Falkland cerned at this accident, and that the lord stumbled upon was yet more suited to Falkland observing it, would likewise try his destiny* than the other had been to his own fortune in the same manner, the king's; being the following expreshoping he inight fall upon some passage sions of Evander upon the untimely that could have no relation to his case, death of his son Pallas, as they are transand thereby divert the king's thoughts lated by the same hand :from any impression the other might have

O Pallas ! thou hast failed thy plighted word
To fight with caution, not to tempt the sword :
I warned thee, but in vain ; for well I knew
What perils youthful ardour would pursue.
That boiling blood would carry thee too far ;
Young as thou wert in dangers-raw in war!
O curst essay in arms,--disastrous doom,-

Prelude of bloody fields and fights to come. Æneid, b. xi. I. 230. Remarkable 30th of January Sermon. obliged myself to use the form prescribed

On the 30th of January, 1755, the rev. in the Book of Common Prayer. The John Watson, curate of Ripponden, in office for the 30th of January is no part of Yorkshire, preached a sermon there the Liturgy of the church of England. which he afterwards published. The By the liturgy of the church I mean the title-page states it as “proving that king contents of The Book of Common Prayer Charles I did not govern like a good and Administration of the Sacraments, king of England ” He also printed An and other Rites and Ceremonies of the Apology for his Conduct yearly on the Church, &c., established by the act of 30th of January." In these tracts he uniformity, in the year 1662; and whatsays, “ For some years last past I have ever has been added since, I suppose no preached on the 30th of January, and my clergyman ever bound himself by sublabours were employed in obviating the scription to use; the reason is because mistakes which I knew some of my con- the law requires no more." gregation entertained with regard to the Mr. Watson then says, on the authocharacter of king Charles I.; and in rity of Wheatly, in his “ Illustration of proving that if it was judged rebellion in the Common Prayer," Johnson in his those who took up arms against that un- “ Clergyman's Vade Mecum," and the fortunate prince, who had made so many author of “The Complete Incumbent," breaches in the constitution, it must be that the services for the 30th of January än aggravation of that crime, to oppose and the 29th of May are not confirmed the just and wise measures of the present by act of parliament, and that penalties father of his country, king George. The do not attach for the non-celebration on chief reason for publishing the sermon is the service on those days. “I cannot in to confute a commonly received opinion conscience read those prayers,” says Watthat I applauded therein the act of cut- son, “wherein the king is called a Martyr. ting of the king's head, which any one I believe the assertion to be false, and may quickly see to be without foundation. therefore why should I tell a lie before For when I say that the resistance he met the God of Truth! What is a martyr? with was owing to his own mal-adıninis. He is a witness, for so the word in the tration, nothing else can be meant than original impaits. Robert Stephens tells the opposition he received from a wise, us, that they are martyrs who have died brave, and good parliament: -not that giving a testimony of divinity to Christ. shown him by those furious men who de- but if this be true king Charles can be no stroyed both the parliament and him, and martyr, for he was put to death by those whose conduct I never undertook to vin- who believed in the divinity of Christ as dicate. It has been observed that I al- well as be. What were the grounds then ways provide a clergyman to read prayers for giving him this glorious title? his for me on the 30th of January; but not dying rather than give up episcopacy? I to read that service is deemed criminal, think lord Clarendon hath proved the because in subscribing the 36th canon I contrary : he consented to susnend point

• Lord Falkland engaged in a thoughtless skirmish and perished in it.

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